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No. 119.

Saturday, 18th. December 1841.

Price ld.

Grand Master.

THE RETREAT OF THE ORDER OF ST

JOHN

eighty thousand Turks had been killed in

the assault and many thousands had perish(KNIGHTS OF MALTA) FROM RHODES

ed from sickness. In former numbers of the Malta Penny Solyman, notwithstanding his terrible Magazine, we have recorded the exploits jealousy wbich led him into the commis. and disasters of the Order of St. John. We sion of domestic crimes of the deepest stain, now follow them in their celebrated retreat yet had so much magnanimity in public from the island of Rhodes, after a posses- transactions that he was a glorious excepsion of two hundred years, during which tion to the line of the perfidious Ottoman. long period they carried on incessant hos- Four thousand Janissaries who commenced tilities against the Turks, with their accus- the plunder of the city and the profanation tomed valour.

of the churches were instantly made to deThe brilliant exploits performed by the sist by the magnanimous Sultan; and Knights naturally excited the attention and afterwards desiring to see his new conquest

, envy of the Turks, and the young Solyman, being visited by L'Isle Adam, he treated elated with his success in Hungary, sought the Grandmaster with the greatest affability more glory in the siege and expulsion of exhorting him to support with courage the the Knights from Rhodes, who, to say the reverse of fortune, and assuring him that truth, greatly harrassed the commerce of he might embark all his effects, and the arHis Imperial Highness, and insulted his flagchives and celebrated relics of the Order, in the face of his capital.

with leisure—thus giving an example of In June 26th 1522, an army of a hundred moderation and generosity to the generals and fifty thousand men landed on the Island of the most enlightened nations, which, unof Rhodes, followed shortly after by Soly- fortunately, has since been scarcely ever man in person. To this overwhelming followed. Solyman, upon quitting L'Isle force the Grandmaster L'Isle Adam could Adam, said to his general officer, “ It is only muster six hundred Knights, and some not without some degree of pain that I force four thousand native auxiliaries and regu- this Christian, at this time of life, to leave Jar troops, but these Christian warriors had his dwelling. adopted the intrepid maxim “never to count The small number of Knights who had the number of the enemy.'

survived this murderous siege, together Traitors are found in every cause, and with four thousand inhabitants, embarked ope was found andgiven up to a righteous onboard the vessels belonging to the Order

. vengeance, though having the high post L'Isle Adam, like a tender parent watching of Chancellor!

over his children, was the last to embark After a four months' siege, and the most and leave the land of his glory. glorious defence that could possibly be After

many afflictive circumstances at sea made, the place was no longer judged from disaffection among his followers and tepable, which raised a most clamorous violent tempests, the Grandmaster, with demand amongst the inhabitants to capitu- three or four thousand of the inhabitants of late. But nothing could move the firmness Rhodes, who followed the fortunes of the of the Grandmaster, who determined to Order, arrived at Messina. “Before helanded bury himself in the ruins of the city rather in Sicily,” says the historian, he had been than surrender it into the hands of the infi. forced to touch at Gallipoli, where he was dels. Nature however has her limit, and received in the most flattering manner. In destiny prevails over the stoutest heart. order to prove himself still more worthy, Owing to the treason mentioned above, the he immediately almost insensible to the whole stock of gun-powder was exhausted, honours paid him, established an hospital, and Solyman making admissible nay hon- not only in the palace prepared for his reourable propositions, the Grandmaster con- ception, but in the neighbouring houses ; sented to surrender at last, but not before where assisted by all the other knights, he himself attended the wounded. Imagination is the greater; the comfort derived from cannot paint a more affecting spectacle order, or, the inconvenience brought about than these men, once so formidable in arms by disorder. Order renders all atfairs clearanimated by the spirit of charity, employer; disorder confuses them. Order relieves ed in the meanest offices, carrying broth the memory; disorder increases the duties to the sick, inaking their beds, and entirely it has to perform. Order removes a burden occupied in contributing to their relief! from the back, disorder lays an additional Such was the fate of Sicily; that it was load on the shoulders. If you have ever destined, more than two hundred

years

seen an impatient girl unravelling a kpotted afterwards, again to see the Knights of St. skein of silk, or a peevish boy vainly trying John, and to admire their charitable virtues to undo the tangled tail of his kite, you have in the exertions which they made for the seen a lively illustration of the additional relief of the unfortunate objects who escaped trouble which a want of order will produce. the dreadful catastrophe by the earthquake The poet says, "Order is Heaven's firs, of 1783.

law;" but as poets are not always the most No sooner were the duties of that charity diligent readers of the Bible; nor the most performed which the Order imperatively fervent petitioners at the throne of grace taught them to practice, than they com

for Divine illumination, so I consider they menced an inquiry into the proceedings of are not the best authorities in heavenly those who were sent with succours for the things. We will, therefore, leave this point, defence of Rhodes, and it appeared, that and rest satisfied in knowing that, whether the weather had been so boisterous that no order be the first law or not, it is a very essenvessel could proceed to sea. Only one ship tial and striking principle in God's creation. ventured, commanded by an old English System is seen in God's almighly power, naval officer and knight, named Newport,

In bird and beast, in herb, and fruit, and'nower;

And all throughout the vast expanse above, who contending with the stormy element,

Sun, moon, and stars, in matchless order move. with undaunted courage, was unfortunately

Order, though of great use, even in hand wrecked off Cape Desert.

work, is especially so where the head is The tribunal having found no persons

much employed. In intellectual things, it

is wonderful how little can be done without guilty: “God for ever be praised! exclaimed L' Isle Adam, who in our common misfor

order, and how much with it. tunes, has had the goodness to prove to me,

I knew a worthy man, (he has long since that the loss of Rhodes could not be attributed worn a crown of glory,) who used every to the negligence of any of my Order.

morning to mark down the most important things necessary to be done in the day. If, by any unlooked-for circumstance, he did not get through the whole list, he carried on

the remainder to the day following: by this The subject of Order is well worth your orderly mode he seemed, in the midst of an consideration, for it is one that may have active life, always to have time at his disan influence over the affairs of every day, posal. But I have a particular instance of and every waking hour of your lives. Now, order to mention. The other day I popped try to go with me in my view of the matter, into the study of an author, who, if he were and do not pass it over as a trifling affair. not orderly, could never, by any possibility, None can speak so feelingly of an advantage get through the fourth part of the literary as he who has suffered by his folly in neg. labours he performs. You may be sure that lecting it. The trouble that I have endured I looked around me; but bear in mind that in years gone by, through carelessness and

I am no pryer into the secret of others: I neglect of orderly habits, in some degree would feel ashamed if my roving eye fell qualifies me to give advice.

upon an opened letter, or a confidential paIt would be difficult to determine which per, with which I have nothing to do. No!

ON ORDER.

no! I would not willingly tread on forbidden her capers in the middle of them, I will not ground in these matters.

decide; but if one or both of these events Any one unaccustomed to literary pur- had taken place, scarcely could my literary suits, would have been frightened at the establishment have appeared in a more unvery thought of finding his way through the favourable plight. mass of papers piled around. Books of all Now, when I came seriously to take mysizes were there, some opened, and some self to the task, and recollected, that for some shut; some in leathern jackets, and some days 1 had sat down in my parlour, not fresh from the printer, without any jackets having been well; when I considered, too, at all. Some black lettered, hundreds of that during that time I had frequently gone years old; and some common type, of which into the study, and put things down carethe printing ink was scarcely dry; files of lessly, here and there, and taken up others letters, packets of papers, folded sheets of hastily, there seemed almost enough eviclosely written foolscap, scraps, periodicals, dence to convict me of being the author of engravings, and wood cuts. These things my study's disorder. I could not, with a would have driven me half crazy.

safe conscience, accuse either the kitten or While I stole a glance on the right hand my young relation, and I felt an accusing and on the left, the author went to one side glow on my cheeks, that either went to or of the room, and slided back a kind of came from my very heart. shutter, behind which were a number of Without waiting a moment longer, I set snug pigeon-holes, well supplied with pa- to work. The chairs were soon emptied; pers. Being allowed to examine these the letters assorted, and tied up in separate pigeon-holes, I saw that they were all label- bundles; the papers were placed in an or. led in a very orderly manner.

derly manner; and at the moment I am Now, it must be plain to you, that this noting down these remarks, my study makes method of reducing a mass of papers into a very creditable appearance. order, is an excellent one. It simplifies You see that I haye not spared myself; what is complicated, and greatly adds to the mind that you spare not yourselves in this despatch of important buisness.

matter, for order is an excellent thing. The lesson to be gathered from what I Ahithopel, though bent on self-destruction have told you is this, that if concerns of such set his house in order; David desired his magnitude can be orderly arranged, surely very steps might be ordered of God; Soloyou and I may conduct our little affairs mon set his proverbs in order; Job ordered without confusion. There is so much power, his cause before his Almighty Judge; Luke and so much peace, communicated by or- set in order the truths of the Gospel of derly habits, that we sadly stand in our own Christ; and Paul promised to order the light when we neglect them.

affairs of the church of Corinth when he After writing in my parlour thus far on

came among them. the subject of order, I had occasion to tramp In our worldly affairs, in our attendance up-stairs into my study, when the large on the word of God, in our religious exer. round table in the centre, and the chairs cises, and our appeals to a throne of grace, near it, presented a spectacle so complete let us be orderly. In short, “Let all things ly at variance with the orderly opinions be done decently and in order," and, with which had so recently dribbled from my a blessing from above, we shall reap from pen, that I stood amazed with my reinarks the practice incalculable advantage. mind.

Old Humphry. Whether a young relation of mine, who sometimes coaxes me over to let him enter my study, had been there among my pa

As the door tyrneth upon his hinges, so doth

the slothful upon his bed.-PROVERB. pers; or whether the kitten had been endeavouring to dechipher them, or cutting

Sold at No. 97 Strada Forni.

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in my

No. 120.

Saturday, 25th. December 1841.

Price ld.

STATE OF MALTA AT THE PERIOD WHEN THE

KNIGHTS WERE TAKING POSSESSION OF IT.

The success of the Grandmaster was

equally great with the magnanimous tyrant The Knights retired from Messina on ac

of England Henry VIII. This prince knew count of the plague, thence they proceeded how to appreciate brilliant actions and to the coast of Italy, when the Grandmaster military fame, and frequently conversed L' Isle Adam visited Rome, where the

with L Isle Adam upon the justly renowngreatest honours awaited him. The Knights ed siege of Rhodes and its noble defence. were also consoled in their misfortunes by Henry treated the hoary-headed Christian the election, after the death of Adrian', of warrior with the most distinguished and Clement VII., one of their own Order and cordial hospitality, supplied him with arms, the first who ever became a Pope.

and on taking leave sent him in his own Of the many plans for the re-establish- name, and that of his queen, a golden bason ment of the Order one was the reconquest

and ewer, enriched with precious stones, of Rhodes, which however failed by the

which were afterwards placed in the treaenterprise being discovered.

sury, and constituted one of the most magThe Grandmaster then visited the differ

nificent ornaments. ent Courts of Europe, and got all the con- In the meanwhile

, a commission had been fiscated property of the Order restored, the sent to Malta to inquire into the state of princes of Europe, counting on the sup- Malta, Gozo, (and Tripoli.). pression of the Order, having broken up It is said by some that the bistorians of the commandaries. In Spain he also me- the Order, being chiefly of the Order, have, diated between the two great rival princes to make the merit of the Order greater in Charles V. and Francis I. and was very populating, civilizing, and embellishing with successful in abating their mutual jealousies cities the islands of Malta and Gozo, repreand animosities. On one occasion, he was sented the state of the islands, both as to called upon to decide a subject of little their natural culture, and the social condipublic importance but of exceeding delicacy. tion of their people, much more miserable Charles and Francis going out together, than they really were. But unfortunately, the emperor gave precedence to the king if we attempt to controvert the Report of of France, which that prince refused to the Commissioners, we have no documents accept. The Grandmaster being called at hand to do so, and vone have yet been upon to decide, answered: “I pray God published that we have seen, neither do that no dispute of a more important nature those historians, who assert this, furnish any may ever happen between your majesties;" authorities for their statement. Confessedand addressing himself to the king of France, ly, the island flourished, ages before, when he added, "Sire, no person can deny that successively occupied by the Phænicians, the emperor is the first of Christian princes, Greeks, Carthaginians and Romans; but but being in his own dominions, nay, even

the deterioration which commenced under in his own palace, I am of opinion that you the Saracens, (or even under the dominacannot refuse the marks of respect which he tion of the Byzantine emperors,) and at thinks due to the greatest prince in Europe." the close of their power prostrated the The emperor was so pleased with his reply country, never met any sufficient opposing that he assured him he would make the force of reparation during the succeeding Pope arbitrator in the infeoffment of Malta. times till the arrival of the Hospitallers.

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