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slightest obstacle stops it; it turns round objects, burns them if they be combustible,
Dr. Arnott gives the following amusing and envelopes and petrifies them as it cools,
summary of the powers of the steam-engine, if they be not so. Thus it is that the city of
and of the objects upon which they have Herculaneum has been sealed into a semi
been employed. metallic mass, and, as it were, cast in the
In its present perfect state, the steam-engine lava which now covers it. Pompeii has
appears a thing almost endowed with intelligence. disappeared under a discharge from Vesu
It regulates with perfect accuracy and uniformity vius, under a shower of asbes and little the number of its strokes in a given time, and stones which have gradually, though rapid-counts and records them moreover, to tell how ly, covered it, just as certain Alpine villages beats of its pendulum; it regulates the quantity of
much work it bas done, as a clock records the disappear beneath the snow in our severe steam admitted to work, the briskness of the fire, winters. Such is the reason why so much the supply of water to the boiler, the supply of money has been expended in uncovering coals to the fire; it opens and shuts its valves but a few small parts of Herculaneum,
with absolute precision as to the time and manner;
it oils its joints; it takes out any air that may acnamely its theatre, which continues hid in
cidentally enter any part that should be vacuous: utter darkness; whilst a third part of Pom- and when anything goes wrong, which it cannot of peii has been cleared, exhibits itself to the itself rectify, it wants its attendants by ringing a open sky, and renders us contemporary with
bell ;-yet, with all these talents, and even when its inhabitants. Let us, therefore, hasten
possessing the power of a hundred horses, it is
obedient to the hand of a child :- it never tires, down the Vesuvius and view its ravages, and wants no sleep; it is not subject to malady, which have been miraculously preserved when originally well made; and only refuses to for us in its whole splendour, a city of thirty work, when worn out with age; it is equally acthousand souls buried for eighteen hundred
tive in all climates, and will do work of any kind;
-it is a water-pumper, a miner, a sailor, a cottonyears past. (To be continued.)
spinner, a weaver, a blacksmith, a miller, &c., and a small engine, in the character of a steam-pony,
may be seen dragging after it on a railroad a hundExcuses for not attending Public Worship.
red tons of merchandise, or a regiment of soldir-rs,
with greater speed than that of our fleetest coach. Overslept myself-could not dress in time, Too
It is the king of machines, and a permanent cold—too hot-too windy--too dusty. Too wet
realization of the genii of eastern fable, whose - too damp-too sunny-too cloudy. Don't feel
supernatural powers were orcasionally at the disposed. No other time to myself-look over command of man. my drawers. Put my papers to rights. Letters to write to my friends. Taken a dose of physic.
In order, however, that the steam-engine Going to take a ride. Tied to business six days may perform these wonders, and work in in the week. No fresh air buton Sunday. Can't any of the capacities which have been enubreathe in church, always so full. Feel a little merated, two things are necessary. The feverish. Feel a little chilly. Feel very lazy: engine must be fed; and as its parts become Expect company to dinner. Got a headache, Intend pursing myself to-day. New bonnet not worn by use, they must be repaired. It come bome. Wasn't shaved in time. Tore my must be supplied with coals, wood, charmuslin dress coming down stairs. Got a new no- coal, or other combustible matter, and wavel, must be returned on Monday morning. Don't like the liturgy, always praying for the same
ter, which it converts into power; and when thing. Don't like extempore prayer--don't know
the machinery is injured, what is imperfect what is coming. Don't like the band-—'tis too must be changed and replaced. noisy. Don't like singing-makes me nervous. The machinery of the animal frameworks Can't sit in a draft of air-windows or door open under the same conditions. In order that it in summer. Can't bear extempore sermon-too frothy. Dislike a written sermon—too prosing.
may energize, it must have food; and that Nobody to day but our minister-can't always it may not sensibly be deteriorated by use, it listen to the same preacher. Don't like strangers must undergo constant repairs. But there -spurn them with contempt. Can't keep awake is this difference in the two cases. In the when at church. Snored aloud last time I was
animal frame, the source both of its enerthere-shan't risk it again. Mean to inquire of some sensible person about the propriety of going gies and of its structural restoration is one to so public a place as church.
and the same. Its food furnishes both.
The blood, which is formed from our food, of themselves. And if the principles have flowing to the brain and the muscles, and already been laid down by many writers, the stomach, not merely maintains their no one, it is probable, can attentively repower, but in addition carries to the same consider this subject, without seeing some parts, and to all the rest, the materials of of its bearings more justly and usefully than their growth and renovation.
his predecessors have done. The supply of food to the steam-engine [Abridged froin Mayo's Philosophy of Living. } has one purpose only to effect. It is, again, administered with absolute precision as to time and quantity; for it is meted out by
ON QUIET CHRISTIANS. those who understand the construction and
Oh, how I love a quiet Christian! There must working of the machinery, who know its be men of energy and ardour; meu zealous enough wants exactly, and have po bias from pre- to undertake and carry on what more timid and judice or inclination to supply them other
retired spirits are unequal to; but there is somewise than with rigorous exactness.
thing very pleasant and wondrously influential
in a quiet Christian. The food of human beings, more compli
Do you ever meet with discipies of Christ of cated in its objects, is meted out under much this kind, who make no bustle about their proless favourable circumstances. The party
fession, but set it forth in their daily walk and
behaviour? Men, whose very appearance is a who apportions it, for the most part, does
text, and whose lives are profitable sermons. My not understand the action or the wants of the
old friend Nathaniel is one of this kind; you machine which he undertakes to supply; and never see his name at the head of a subscription what is more, for a long period is not only list, nor hear his voice in a controversy. These incurious on the subject, but often disposed
things are out of his way; and yet if I were called
upon to point out a truly God-fearing man, a deto repel any information which may fall in
voted servant of Christ, I would put my band on his way. His motive for conveying aliment
his shoulder, and say reverently, in the words into his inside is of a totally different com. used by our blessed Saviour, “ Behold an Israeplexion to a calculated forethought of the
lite, indeed, in whom is no guile!”
Nathaniel is a man slow to promise, and prompt needs of his economy: his exclusive object
to perform. Oh, what a fuss have I known a is to please two senses, and to gratify two
man, who has plenty to spare, make, before now, appetites ;--perhaps he besides takes de- with a subscription for a poor widow! running from light in the whirl into which the machinery one to another, quoting texts of Scripture in comis thrown by excess, that fills him with gid mendation of charity, and advocating the widow's
cause with a loud voice, wiping the perspiration dy transport, while it undermines his exis
from his face with his hankerchief, having a world tence. Well, indeed, may Dr. Beaumont to do, and a world to say about the affair, while all say, “In the present state of civilized society, the time his name was put down for only five shilwith the provocatives of the culinary art
, lings, Nathanie! is one that
, in such a case, and the incentives of highly-seasoned food, quietly inquires into the character and circum
stances of the party, and slips a ten-pound note brandy and wines, the temptations of ex- into the widow's hand when no other eyes are on cess in the indulgence of the table are rather him than the eyes of the Eternal. too strong to be resisted by poor human
Often and often have I sat with Nathaniel by nature.'
the hour together, without his uttering so much
as a single word, for he says little, and thinks Every one who has reached the middle
much. The peaceful repose of his countenance of life must have had occasion to observe when reading his Bible, is a study, and the placid how much his comfort and his powers of
smile that now and then spreads over his features, exertion depend upon the state of his sto
tells you that he is banqueting on heavenly food.
There is more influence over my affections in mach, and will have lost some of his origi
shadow of such a man as this, than in the pal indifference to rules of diet. Such rules
presence of half a dozen hot, vehement, hurlymust especially interest those who have burly Christians; and Christians there are of this the care of others,- of children with deli
kind.- Old Humphrey. cate health,—of the aged, who have ceased to exert their former care and observation
Sold at No. 97, Strada Forni.
Saturday, October 3rd. 1840.
EXCURSIONS AROUND NAPLES.
and he said, I will not destroy it for ten's sake. Gen. xviii. 24-32.
much extended without endangering the
safety of Portici, you distinctly perceive sev(Continued from No. 55.)
eral strata of lava, proying beyond a doubt Herculaneum and Pompeii. that Herculaneum was drowned in repeat
Peradventure there he fifty righteous ed eruptions of Vesuvius. within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteons that are therein ?
The difficulty of carrying on the excava
tions at so great a depth, and under the HERCULANEUM and Pompeii seem both very foundations of a new town, has caused very distant from the focus of Vesuyius. the ruius Herculaneum to be almost They are now separated from it by inhabi- abandoned for those of Pompeii, which tants and cultivated spaces which have been presents a far more striking interest. At conquered from the lava and recovered from Herculaneum there are only catacombs. the volcano. The village of Portico is built At Pompeii the Romans entirely revive; upon the roofs of the first of those two cities, the houses stand, and are furnished and orwhich was petrified on the day of its death, namented with picturesque paintings; the and into the tomb of which one descends cellars are stocked as well as the tables; in as into a mine, by a sort of shaft, ending at more than one dwelling the dinner has been the theatre, where, it is conjectured, the in- found on the table, and the skeletons of the habitants were assembled when the eruption guests ronnd it, and then you enter everysurprised them. It was in 1689 that the where on the same floor; and as the ashes, ruins of the city made their appearance for which lie but a few metres thick
the the first time in an excavation made at ran- ancient buildings, are cleared, the town apdom, which was resumed in 1720, and finally pears, as those come to light again when organized in 1738 with admirable success. the snow melts in mountainous countries. The discovery of the theatre and of every- You arrive by a suburb wholly lined with thing else has taken place since that period. Roman tombs, and walk over a Roman The theatre is of Greek architecture; it is pavement, worn out by Roman vehicles; ornamented with a fine front, and with you may enter the inn; there are the stabies, marble columns standing on thestage itself; with the rings to fasten the horses;close by is the spectators occupied twenty-one rows of the farrier, with his sign over the door. If steps, with a gallery above embellished with you penetrate into one of those tombs, you bronze statues. One can still distinguish will find urns containing ashes, hair, and the places allotted to the magistrates, the fragments of calcined bones. Every where scene behind which the actors withdrew, are displayed inscriptions, unaffected, dig. and a number of objects which excite in nified, and touching, such as the epitaph the traveller mingled astonishment and dedicated by a woman to her husband: emotion. There are also at Herculaneum “Servilia, to the friend of her soul.” Let us a Forum surrounded with particoes and tem- | advance; we are in town. To the right of ples, which are almost all of them damaged, the gate you behold the guardian's sentryand agaol with old rusty iron bars, to which box cut into the stone. Take the footway, the prisoners were chained--a melancholy for there are footways at Pompeii, Roman feature of all times, and a monotonous footways, with posts at intervals on both emblem of human society at all periods. sides, footways wherein one ceases not to As you leave these excavations, which have gaze on wheel-ruts, made eighteen hundred as yet made little progress, and cannot be ' years ago!