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No. 54.

Saturday, Sept. 19th. 1840.

[Price ld.


and mountain vale and town seemed to

revive with more than noon-day splendour. Village of Brummana.

Such I can imagine, and even far super'Tis now three years since I left Syria, ior, (for the whole country has long lanyet the pleasing impressions produced upon guished through tyranny and oppression) my mind whilst straying over the rugged must have been the glory of Lebanon in heights of Lebanon bave been nothing days of yore, when its beauty, grandeur and effaced : its tow'ring summits capped with fertility furnished so many bold and lively perpetual snow, or crowned with fragrant figures in the strains of the Hebrew prophets. pines, and cedars, its olive plantations and

Its wine, its cedars, its “cold flowing watvineyards, its clear fountains and pearly ers,” its snow, its wheat, all excelled, and streams, its fertile vales and odoriferous

all contributed to make it that "goodly shrubberies, are still fresh in my remem

mountain Lebanon,” which even Moses brance. Oft have I stood upon a craggy longed to behold before his death. (Deut. eminence and gazed with rapture on the iii

. 25). Of it an Arabian poet has said: verdant landscape which lay at my feet;

“Lebanon bears winter on his head, spring or, from the top of lofty Senneen,* viewed

on his shoulders, and autumn in his bosom, the cloud-lost hazy Hermon far away in while summer lies sleeping at his feet.” the south, the chain of Kesrouân to the And Isaiah, in his unrivalled imagery, makes Dorth, the sister-Lebanon to the east, bound- use of a beautiful trope, drawn from this ed by the arid desert, and the dark blue mountain, when he fortells the conversion waters of the Mediterranean to the west, as it

of the heathen nations, and the results which washed the Syrian shore with many a break

shall follow this happy event: “The wilding wave. The plain which stretches from

erness and the solitary place shall be glad the sea-shore to the foot of the mountain for them; and the desert shall rejoice and varies from three to six miles in width, and in

blossom as the rose. It shall blossom abunsome parts is surpassing lovely. The pro- dantly, and rejoice even with joy and singspect, for instance, of Beyrootfrom o'erhang- ing; the glory of Lebanon shall be given ing Lebanon is at once grand and beautiful,

to it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon.” nor perhaps can be viewed with greater ad (ch. xxxv. 5.) vantage than from the village of Brummana, Some hundred villages are scattered over To me, the first time I made the journey, the surface of Lebanon, often vying with the scene was enrapturing beyond descrip- each other in their picturesque situation, their tion. The stillness and calm of retiring fertility, or their romantic wildness;—somenature was scarcely disturbed by the sleep

times lost in a forest of trees, or perched less crickets as they chirped their tiny at the foot of a precipice, sometimes wedgsong from the neighbouring hills, or by the ed among perpendicular crags, seeming to occasional howl of a wandering jackal. The

defy all access, or sunk in a narrow vale sun was just about to hide his fiery disk be- richly interspersed with wood. Among the hind bis daily goal, and as he scattered his more romantic, Brummana deserves to have last faint rays of glowing heat, the verdant a place. It is situated on two summits of plain below was flushed with brightness, the

a deep and narrow glen, whose precipitous slender minarets reflected thesparkling light,

sides are covered with pines and poplars,

and watered with many a little spring of * One of the highest peaks of Lebanon. limpid water. The houses are built of mud

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and stone, rude, but comfortable, around which are numerous gardens, the care and King Henry the Eighth, as he was hunting in support of the humble tenants. The air of Windsor Forest, either casually, or (more probabthe village is pure and healthy, and its

ly) wilfully, losing himself, struck down, about

dinner-time, to the Abbey of Reading, where diselevation in the mountain secures it a tem

guising himself (much for delight, more for disperate climate at all seasons of the year. covery to see unseen), he was invited to the abbot's The inhabitants are chiefly of the Greek table, and passed for one of the king's guard, a Orthodox church, but there are also a few place to which the proportions of his person Maronite and Druse families

might properly entitle him.

A sirloin of beef was set before him, so knightThe Emeers or beads of the village are ed, saith tradition, by this King Henry, on which professedly of the Maronite creed, but there the king laid on lustily, not disgracing one of that is little doubt of their being Druses. They place for whom he was mistaken. are under the jurisdiction of the Emir Be.

*Well fare thy heart, quoth the abbot, and

here in a cup of sack I remember the health of his sheer, who dissembles as much as his infe

grace, your master. I would give one hundred riors; in fact, he it is who sets them the

pounds, on the condition I could feed so heartily example in this respect.

on the beef as you do. Alas! my weak and 'Tis to be regretted that the geology of

squeazie stomach will hardly digest the wing of a Lebanon has been so little noticed. No

small rabbit or chicken.” The king pleasantly

pledged him; and heartly thanking him for bis thing scarcely is known of the riches which

good cheer, after dinner departed as undiscovered it contains below its fertile surface. If the as he came thither. mine opened some time since was properly

Some weeks after, the abbot was sent for by the worked, it would yield an abundance of ex

Pursuivant, brought up to London, clapped in

the Tower, kept close prisoner, and fed for a short cellent coal. The only attempt made to time with bread and water. Yet not so empty obtain this mineral was at Kurnail, a vil- his body of food, as his mind was filled with fear lage eight hours ride from Beyroot and four creating many suspicions to himself, wben, and west of Brummana. In all this region in

how, he had incurred the king's displeasure. At

last a sirloin of beef was set before him, on which teresting specimens of geology abound.

the abbot fed as the farmer of his grange, and Beside the lignite, is found an abundance verified the proverb, that two hungry meals makes of the radiated sulphuret of iron, soap-stone, the third a glutton. In springs King Henry out pudding-stone of several kinds, many spe

of a private lobby, where he had placed himself,

the invisible spectator of the abbot's behaviour.cies of petrifactions and quartz, bituminous

*My lord," quoth the king, "presently deposit sbale, and brown statactical hematite, yield

your hundred pounds, or else no going hence all ing at least sixty per cent of iron. Sulphur the days of your life; I have been your physician is likewise said to be met with in different to cure you of your squeazie stomach; and here,

as I deserve, 1 demand my fee for the same. parts of the mountains, and also copper

The abbot down with his dust, and, glad he had

escaped so, returned to Reading, as somewhat Moreover the various sects and people lighter in purse, so much more merrier in heart who inhabit Mount Lebanon form another than when he came thence.-Fuller's Ecclesiasobject worthy the philanthropic research of

tical History our more cultivated Europe. Besides Mohammedans, Maronites and Greeks, both

LIBERTY.- Civil liberty, rightly understood,

consists in protecting the rights of individuals by Orthodox and Papal, there are three other the united force of society. Society cannot be sects, viz. the Mutualis, the Druses and the maintained, and of course can exert no protection, Ansairiyes, of whose peculiarities and tenets

without obedience to some sovereign power. And we know hardly any thing beyond conjec has a right to decide how far he shall obey.

obedience is an empty name, if every individual ture. The present commotions in Syria,

Bristol Mirror. will, it is to be hoped, terminate for her welfare in every respect, and soon open her more fully to the superior benefits

As the lark sings at the dawn of day, and the which our blessed land enjoys.

nightingale at even, so should we show forth the loving-kindness of the Lord every morning, and bis faithfulness every night.




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they may be as free, and easy, and unreThe due and proper use of any natural

served, as they can desire.-Bishop Butler. faculty or power is to be judged of by the

O** end and design for which it was given us. The chief purpose for which the faculty of

Give me the priest these graces shall possess— speech was given to man, is, plainly, that

Of an ambassador the just address ; we might communicate our thoughts to A father's tenderness; a shepherd's care; each other, in order to carry on the affairs A leader's courage, which the cross can bear;

A ruler's awe; a watchman's wakeful eye; of the world; for business, and for our im

A pilot's skill, the helm in storms to ply; provement in knowledge and learning.

A fisher's patience, and a labourer's toil; But the good Author of our nature design- A guide's dexterity to disembroil; ed us not only necessaries, but likewise en- A prophet's inspiration from above; joyment and satisfaction, in that being He A teacher's knowledge, and a Saviour's love.

BP. KEN. hath graciously given, and in that condition of life He hath placed us in.

MATRIMONY.-I shall always endeavour to make There are secondary uses of our faculties;

choice of a woman for my spouse who hath first they administer to delight, as well as to ne- made choice of Christ as a spouse for herself; cessity: and as they are equally adapted to that none may be made one flesh with me who is both, there is no doubt but He intended not also made one spirit with Christ my Saviour. them for gratification, as well as for the

For I look upon the image of Christ as the best mark

of beauty I can behold in her, and the grace of support and continuance of our being. The

God as the best portion I can receive with her. secondary use of speech is to please and be These are excellencies, which, though not visible entertaining to each other in conversation. to carnal eyes, are nevertheless agreeable to a This is in every respect allowable and right: spiritual heart, and such as ail wise and good men

cannot but be enamoured with. For my own part, it unites men closer in alliances and friend they seem to me such necessary qualifications, ships; gives us a fellow-feeling of the pro- that my heart trembles at the thought of ever havsperity and unhappiness of each other; and ing a wife without them. If I should court and is in several respects serviceable to virtue, marry a woman for riches, then, whensoever they

fail, or take their flight, my love and my happiness and to promote good behaviour in the

must drop and vanish together with them. world. And provided there be not too much

choose her for beauty only, I shall love her no time spent in it, if it were considered only longer than while it continues, which is only till in the way of gratification and delight, men

age or sickness blasts it; and then farewell at once

both duty and delight. But if I love her for her must have strange notions of God and of

virtues, and for the sake of God, who has enjoined religion, to think that He can be offended

it as a duty, that our affections should not be aliewith it, or that it is any way inconsistent nated, or separated by any thing but death, then, with the strictest virtue. But the truth is, though all the other sandy foundations fail, yet such sort of conversation, though it has no

will my happiness remain entire. If ever, there

fore, it be my lot to enter into the holy state of particular good tendency, yet it has a gen. matrimony, i beg of God, that he would direct me eral good one: it is social and friendly, and in the choice of such a wife only, to lie in my botends to promote humanity, good-nature, som here, as may afterwards be admitted to rest and civility.

in Abraham's bosom to all eternity-such a one as

will so live, and pray, and converse with me upon The government of the tongue, consider

earth, that we may be both entitled to sing, to reed as a subject of itself, relates chiefly to joice, and be blessed together, for ever, in heaven. conversation ; to that kind of discourse

Bp. Beveridge. which usually fills up the time spent in friendly meetings, and visits of civility. adorn it by the virtues which its duties require.

Be content to keep within your station, and And the danger is, lest persons entertain themselves and others at the expense of their wisdom and their virtue, and to the

The MALTA PENNY MAGAZINE is published and

sent to subscribers, in Valletta, every Saturday, injury or offence of their neighbour. If

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If I

Str. Forni.

No. 55.

Saturday, Sept. 26th, 1840. .

(Price ld.


Here pa

whilst from the lower part rise clouds of

sulphurous vapour, which escapes by numWhoever sojourns at Naples, were it only berless apertures, bordered with dust of a for a day, experiences the irresistible desire lively orange colour. If you stop to admire of going to see what is passing at the bot- in the distance the city of Naples, softly tom of that crater which perpetually smokes. spreading round the gulf

, and at your feet It is especially towards evening, when the the ever smoking crater, you feel the fire sun has disappeared beneath the horizon, penetrating your boots, and the guide will that the vapours of Vesuvius assume a en- urge you to walk, in order to avoid accidents.

and deck its summit with a bouquet The ground, when strongly struck, yields a of brighter whiteness. At Resina you find certain metallic sound, and as you go round horses, donkeys, and conducters, who con- the mountain you meet with gaping apervey travellers half way up the mountain to tures, at the bottom of which burns a red the spot called the “Hermitage.” This first and fattish flame. I have plunged into one ride is not an uninteresting one.

of these pits a long chesnut-tree stick, fresh ture is not yet dead. You pass through cut and covered with its still moist bark, vineyards, planted in ashes, which yield the and it has instantly caught fire. As you celebrated Lachryma Christi wine, two sorts kneel before those infernal gates to ascerof which are much inferior to their fame; then tain their depth, you distinctly perceive come some nameless trees, the foremost sen- within hand-reach the flame bending upon tinels ofvegetation, which the next eruption itself, dense, quiet, and almost limpid; it will devour, and lastly you reach the "Hermi- discharges clouds of sulphurous acid gas, tage," surrounded on all sides save one by which excite a cough, and soon compel the the lava of 1794, 1810, 1813, and 1822. Here observer to quit the spot. The ground, if you alight and enter a region of chaos. No such a name can be given to the dangerous more trees, vegetation, birds, or insects are floor which covers the orifice of the volcano, to be seen Every thing is dark, bristling is strewed with grey lava, ashes, melting with points, rent into deep and rugged frac- sulphur, and pyrite substances, whence estures, covered with scoria of a sulphurous capes, at intervals,

capes, at intervals, a white smoke, which smell, which tear your feet before they burn affects your eyes and lungs, and yet you them. You are now at the foot of the cone; cannot retire without reluctance from that all that remains to be done is to ascend awful scene. One can scarcely conceive vertically along the external sides of the how that crater, so narrow in its lower part, volcano, halting on your way to cast a glance has vomited heaps of lava large enough to at a lateral plateau, called La Somma, which form a mountain four times as bulky as was no doubt at one time the main focus the Vesuvius itself, without mentioning the of Vesuvius.

ashes, small pebbles, and masses of boiling If your heart has not failed you along water, which the wind has sometimes carthis ladder of dried lava, you will reach the ried to enormous distances. top of the volcano in three quarters of an Notwithstanding its fearful aspect, the hour. Here the sight begins — a terrible, Vesuvius may be easily approached even original, and unexpected one, notwithstand- when its eruptions take place. The lava ing all the descriptions given of it. Imagine itself, whose progress is so formidable and a sunnel five hundred mètres deep, whose inflexible, advances with extreme slowness. upper edges present innumerable crevices, 'One has time to avoid or fly before it. The

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