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ness of the reconciliation. But as they | which shewed that he was weary of the returned down the avenue leading to the struggle, and contented with the calamity gates, they found, to their alarm, its sides which was the price of its cessation, lined with armed men. The cry of treachery Again disengaged from war, he turned ran through their ranks. It was answered his attention to all the arts of peace; he built by perpetual volleys from roofs, windows, cotton-manufacturies, he planted cottonand walls. The Mamelukes rushed to the fields, he encouraged ship-building, he imgates; they were found shut, and covered ported steam-engines, and he sent out nawith musketeers. They now fought the tive youths to the European cities, to learn fight of despair, but their valour was useless; the trades, manufactures, and discipline of they were fired on until all were slain, with European life. The more recent history of the exception of one, who leaped his horse this extraordinary man is in the memory of from the ramparts, a fearful height, which the generality of readers. is still pointed to among the wonders of Cairo. Nearly six hundred of the most splendid horsemen upon earth perished on

Do you want to know the man against whom

you have most reason to guard yourself? your this bloody day.

looking-glass will give you a very fair likeness of The horrors of the act defy all disguise; his face. but no estimate of character can be rightly formed which forgets the habits of the coun- When we start back with unusual surprise at try, and the spirit

of the antagonist. Trea- the wickedness of others, may it not be a proof chery is the system of the east, deception that we are not sufficiently acquainted with our the instrument of power, and blood the ap

own heart?

* petite of the people. The question between the Pasha and the Mamelukes was simply one of the sword, and Asiatic honour feels

From idols vain, of folly born, no stain in using the shortest way. A more That long have led my feet astray, fiercely tyrannical, or hideously profligate O Lord my God, to Thee I turn, race than the Mamelukes never disgraced

To Thee, the Life, the Truth, the Way.

Shed thy bright beams of heavenly light mankind. Their massacre was an act of

Within this wandering heart of mine, palpable perfidy, but their extirpation was Tillo'er the turbid mists of night a relief to human nature.

The radiance of the Day-star shine. Mohammed's ambition was at length free O Friend, O Saviour, draw Thou near, to follow its course. Secure at the court of

Still at my side, to save and bless.

By Thee forsaken, could I bear the Sultan, and relieved from the hazard

This world's wide, lonely, wilderness? ous pressure of the Mamelukes, he seems to

Send thy blest Spirit from above, have been driven no more to the petty arts of To cleanse my soul's impurity, Asiatic policy, but to have followed the no- Each stain, each error to remove,

And make a Temple worthy Thee. bler pursuits of a mind made for dominion. Reinstating the army, the finances, and the Through the dark valley's solemn shade,

The path which Thou Thyself hast trod, police of Egypt, his home government be

Be Thou at hand, my steps to aid, came a model to the unsettled chieftains of

O Tholi, my comfort, staff, and rod, Syria, while his arms cleared the Nile and Till lost amid the gathering gloom, the eastern shores of the Red Sea of the

The world's false shews, like shadows, flee, robber-tribes, which had infested them for

And rises from the vanquish'd tomb

The Sun of Immortality. centuries. The single impolitic act of his

P. G. H. life was his expedition to Greece, but it was

Smyrna July, 1840. forced upon him by the Sultan. The alternative was war with the Porte, and he chose

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ported to Malta, and appointed to occupy

this fort. The officers who had been placed This fort was founded in the year 1670 over them were chiefly Germans; and in by the Cavalier Gianfrancesco Ricasoli, who order to perfect them more, an English contributed the sum of £3000 towards de- drill-serjeant or two, with an officer, were fraying the expenses of the building, and appointed to the same duty, and some arendowed it with a large portion of his in- tillerymen as usual remained in the garricome. The Grandmaster Cottoner publicly son to superintend the guns. The severity acknowledged his gratitude to the knight exercised over the Frobergs by their comfor so generous an action, and ordered that manders was increasingly aggravated, when it should be called after his name, Ricasoli. they found that all the specious promises

This fortress is built on the extreme point of professional dignity, with which they had of an angular projection, and corresponds been lured into the service, were vain and with St. Elmo on the opposite shore. The delusive. A frequent use of the bodily two forts together command the entrance punishment, often inflicted by caprice, riinto the Great Harbour. In itself it is a pened these soldiers for rebellion, and the place of considerable strength, and is addi- occasion of an officer striking a drummer tionally guarded by the bulwarks which on the face with a cane was the signal for extend and ramify towards the Cottonera open revolt. Several officers were killed lines. From the sea, this fort, if tolerably by the rebels, and finally they closed the garrisoned, would be quite impregnable. gates against the garrison of Valetta and From the land side it could only be reach- declared themselves independent. ed by surmounting a long succession of In their stronghold, these rebels bid destrongly defended posts, at each of which fiance to the numerous troops that were at the assailants would be subject to imminent, that time stationed in the garrison, and the almost insuperable, danger.

dubious measures of the military governor On the 3rd. of April 1807, this fort was Villetes, then second in command, so far the scene of an event, which, as it is but assisted them, as to leave nothing to be little known, may be worth recording. dreaded but the consequence of blockade, During the progress of the war, when the which was establised forthwith. An Eng. necessity of large military supplies was lish artillery-officer and several of his men, hardly satisfied by the resources of our who were still imprisoned within the fort, country, the expedient was adopted by our were obliged to assist in pointing the guns, Government of entering into a commercial and firing over shot into the city. contract with different speculators, who The scarcity of provisions, and the abengaged, for a certain remuneration, to sence of all subordination among the revoltlevy troops, according to the emergency, ers, soon produced intestine quarrels, which, from the peasantry of different countries, as might be expected in such a company, to be rendered disposable for foreign ser- soon terminated in bloodshed. This state vice, when that service did not seem to re- of things did not continue long; a large quire more trustworthy or veteran troops. section burst open the gates, threw themA French noble proposed to raise for the selves in the midst of the English troops, Mediterranean service a regiment, compos- leaving behind about one hundred and fifty ed entirely of Greeks. The bargain being of their companions in possession of the struck, he proceeded to gather together fort. from the Levant, Archipelago and the Con- These resolute fellows still continued to tinent, a horde of various men, Greeks, Al- man the walls, and to keep up their former banians, Sclavonians, and what not, who hostile proceedings. Their affairs, however, were to be enrolled under the English ban- were soon rendered desperate. An Engpers, with the title of Froberg's Regiment. lish Naval officer, named Capt. Collins, ofIn a short time they were equipped, trans- fered to take upon himself the capture of

the fort; and accordingly succeeded in in so horrible a design for their own destorming it by night, and in securing all the struction. All was still until the appointmen, with the exception of six, who took ed hour, when the fatal crash was heard, possession of the powder-magazine, and the stones of the magazine were seen rising there defied the courage of the assailants, in the air, and the whole building, with a by protesting that they would blow it up part of the fortification, was reduced to in case they persevered in their endeavours ruins. The loss sustained by the besiegers to seize them.

from this explosion was considerable. Or the number taken, ten were hung and Some time had already elapsed, and the fifteen musketted, on the plains of Floriana. affair of the rebels had ceased to be talked Their execution, however, was carried on in of, when a priest returning home on a donthe most inhuman and barbarous manner. key, from a rather solitary quarter in the Pinioned and handcuffed, they were made direction of the fort, was assailed by a man to kneel upon their coffins without being dressed in the Froberg uniform, who pointblindfolded, and after the first volley fired ed his musket at him over the wall, and at them, several, still clinging to life, rose apparently intended to make him the reup and ran about the plain pursued by the ceptacle of its contents. The affrighted soldiers like so many hares. One in par- father immediately took to his heels, and ticular made great efforts to escape; after upon his arrival at home made known the stumbling close by a well into which he circumstance to the police. An armed had attempted to throw himself, he manag: | body was forthwith sent in pursuit of the ed to reach the bastions, from which he i bandit, which succeeded in discovering the cast himself headlong the height of one retreat of the six poor wretches, whom it hundred and fifty feet. The soldiers in pur- was imagined had been blown up with the suit followed him to the place of his fall, magazine. Pale and emaciated they were where, finding that he still lived, they soon secured with ease, and led into the town, put an end to his miserable existence. and soon afterwards received the full reward

But to return to the six rebels, who con- of their inhuman deeds by a publicexecution. tinued in possession of the powder maga

From their own account of their escape, zine. Confident of making advantageous it appears, that during the siege they had terms with the Governor, they persisted in

continued to carry out one of the mines to their obstinate resistance, and made no ad- the precincts of the fortifications, leaving vances towards a surrender. From time to

but a slender wall to obstruct their retreat, time some one presented himself in order which they might throw down in a moment, to negotiate with the besiegers, but to no during the night, without any noise, when avail; nothing but an unconditional sur- they wished to escape. Until this work render would be listened to by the Com- was completed, they continued to make mandant. Five days passed away in this every appearance of holding out; but, when manner, during which time all their urgent all was ready, a train of powder was laid entreaties for provisions were obstinately

at a sufficient distance to secure them from resused, and the upsortunate wretches were the effects of the explosion, and which they reduced to a most pitiable condition. On kindled at the precise time of their threat. the sixth these entreaties were pressed with It seems to have been the hope of the readditional importunities, and seconded with bels, that in getting free from the fort, they the threat, that in case of a refusal, or the might fall in with some vessel on the coast, non-assurance of pardon, they would blow and thus make their escape from the island. up the fort as soon as the first vesper-bell It afterwards appeared, that they had actolled from St. John's cathedral.

tually attempted to seize a small boat, uptice was taken of this desperate menace,

on which occasion they narrowly escaped nor any thought entertained that these six being apprehended. men valued life so little as to join together

No no

Old Humphrey's Observations.


kindest deeds to every member of the housebold of faith? When shall we “live in peace,” that the God of love and peace may be with us always?

“Paul, an apostle, not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead.” Paul gave this injunction among others to the Corinthians, when he was bidding them as brethren finally farewell, “Live in peace," 2 Cor. xiii. 11.

There is no doubt his brethren at Corinth needed this exhortation, and sure I am that we need it too. On the warmth, the bitterness, the fierceness with which the professing followers of the meek, forbearing, and merciful Redeemer attack each other! How is the family of Christian worshippers divided against itself! How is the cup of Christian fellowship dashed with the wormwood and the gall!

Is a burning cheek, an angry eye, a hasty heart, or a clamouring tongue consistent with peace? I have known instances wherein meekness and forbearance, and charity, and brotherly love, have reclaimed a wanderer from his way of error; but no instance has yet reached me of fierceness, and intolerance, and uncharitableness, and apparent hatred, ever having convinced the judgment, or won over the affections of an offending brother.

Will it be proper defence to set up at the awful day, when accused of bitterness to a Christain brother, to say, “Lord, I knew that thou commandedst thy followers to love one another; knew that thou wert a God of peace, and that thou even enjoinedst us to love our enemies, I knew these things, and yet I did well to be angry: My brother believed in thee, and loved thee, and served thee: we had one Lord, one faith, and one baptism ; we professed to be fellow sinners, bought with the same sin-atoning blood, to be animated with the same glorious hope of everlasting life, and to be journeying onward to the same heaven; but my brother would not worship in the same temple in which I worshipped, he would not use the same word in his prayers and his praises that I used; he would kneel when I stood up, and stand up when I kneeled down; and therefore I felt angry and bitter against bim, and I hated him.”

Is there no danger of a reply of something of this kind, “Thou wicked, unfaithful, and unprofitable servant, thou knewest the will of thy Lord, but thou preferedst to obey thy own. Thou knewest that I commanded thee to forgive thy brother his trespasses, and to dwell with him in peace and love, but thou wouldst not forgive him, and wouldst live in discord and hatred; how then dwelleth the love of God in thee! Depart from me, for the unprofitable servant shall be cast into outer darkness, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”

When shall we strive to maintain the spirit of the gospel instead of our own spirit? and to obey the will of God instead of our own will? When shall we hold fast the truth without compromise, in faith and in love, fostering the kindest affections, speaking the kindest words, and doing the

It may be said that the course of events is so complicated and so tortuous, that conduct to hasmonize with it must be tortuous also, and that, in the necessity that exists for numerous and skilful combinations, simplicity must altogether be cast aside as unsuited to the present state and necessities of the social condition. I have come to a wholly different conclusion. I deem it most important, even on these very grounds, and for these (to me at least) always secondary objects, to preserve sincerity in the means, and simplicity in the end, however extensive may be the combinations by which that end is sought to be obtained. For if, in addition to the complications of society, and to the combinations necessary to our individual success, we superadd suppressions, and those moral falsehoods, which are worse and every way more injurious than direct lies, we render success far less probable, and even in its attainment less valuable, from the recollection of the unworthy means by which it has been achieved.

I well know the process by which men are led on to this fearful state of constant insincerity in matters of worldly interest, whether of fame, riches, or power, all of which might, and yet will, I hope, be estimated at their proper value (whilst they are permitted to have any value at all), as means, and not as ends. -Coleridge.


Alas! they had been friends in youth,
But whispering tongues can poison truth,

And constancy lives in realms above;
And life is thorny, and youth is vain,

And to be wroth with one we love
Doth work like madness in the brain ;

And thus it chanced, as I divine,
With Roland and Sir Leoline.
Each spoke words of high disdain,

And insult to his heart's best brother ;
They parted, ne'er to meet again,

But never either found another
To free the hollow heart from paining;
They stood aloof, the scars remaining,

Like cliffs which had been rent asunder.
A dreary sea now flows between ;

But neither heat, nor frost, nor thunder,
Shall wholly do away, I ween,
The marks of that which once hath been.


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