Page images


The population of Tripoli consists of a something at a distance that shone as brightmixed race of Moors, Arabs, and Turks. ly as a diamond; and a pretty scamper we They seldom exceed the middle size. had to get hold of it. A high hedge, a

Even from the imperfect notices yet af- deep ditch, and a boggy field lay between forded by travellers, it appears certain, that us and that which had so much excited our this region affords a rich magazine of Greek attention; but had the hedge been higher and Roman antiquities. Along the whole than it was, the ditch deeper, and the field coast, and in many parts of the interior, are ten times more boggy, it would not have found fine specimens of classic architecture. hindered us from obtaining the prize. AfThe spots most remarkable in this respect ter tearing our clothes, splashing ourselves that have been hitherto observed, are Ptolo. up to the neck, and running till we were mea (formerly Ptolemais), and still more out of breath, we found that what glittered Lebida, the Leptis Magna of the ancients. in the sun's rays like a diamond, was nothing The remains of the latter are about three more than a bit of glass; a piece of an old miles in length, and two in breadth, and broken bottle! Now, I will venture to say, consist of gateways, walls, an immense that you have many a time given yourself number of pillars, some of the very finest as much trouble as I did, and got nothing granite, and numerous inscribed marbles. better than a piece of broken bottle for your (To be continued.)


When a young man, Old Humphrey once

saw a beautiful blue cloud resting on the Old Humphrey's Observations.

side of a very highmountain, and he thought

it would be a very pleasant thing to climb Things are not exactly what they appear up close to it; so he made the attempt: in any case; but in some cases they are as Oh, how many times did I turn my back to different from what they appear as one

the mountain, to rest myself, before I had thing can be from another. To know this clambered half-way up its rugged sides! I in age is well, but could we know it in did reach the cloud at last, but had not youth, it would be inyaluable. This, how- much reason to congratulate myself. That ever, cannot be expected; it is experience, which appeared from the vale a beautiful and sometimes bitter experience only, that blue cloud, was, when I approached it, nocan correct our mistakes in this particular. thing more than a thick mist. Our very outward senses lead us astray, was it without beauty, but it hindered me until they are assisted by knowledge and from seeing any thing that was beautiful. judgment, from the days of our infancy. The lovely valley, and the magnificent lake A child thinks that the sun and the quoon below me, were completely hidden from my are no larger than they look to be; in his view; and I came down the mountain, to estimation they are about the size of a pot- my reproach be it spoken, in a much worse lid, or a wooden trencher. You may tell temper than that in which I had ascended it. him, if you will, that they are bigger than Often since then have I got into a mist in the house ; but you must tell him so many following out the foolish inclinations of my times over, before he will believe you. heart. How has it been with you?

A counterfeit may look very much like a What a world of trouble we give ourgolden coin, but there is a great difference selves to attain what is of little value! and between them; and when we have mistaken disappointment works no cure; the failure the one for the other, we feel sadly disap- of yesterday prevents not the expectation pointed. It is so with a thousand things in of to-day, and the blighted promise of tothe world; they are not half so valuable as day destroys not the hope of to-morrow. they seem to be.

Again I say, that things are not what In the days of my youth, when playing they appear, and we willingly allow ourwith half a dozen of my companions, we saw

selves to be cheated from childhood to old

Not only


[ocr errors]

age, by running after or climbing to obtain what is any thing but the thing we take it

Reason shows itself in all occurences of life ; to be. Oh that we could use this world as

whereas the brute makes no discovery of such a not abusing it, remembering that the fash- talent, but in what immediately regards his own ion of it passeth away! But, no! In vain preservation, or the continuance of his species.

Animals in their generation are wiser than the sons the wise man tells us of the things we seek,

of men; but their wisdom is confined to a few that “all is vanity and vexation of spirit.” particulars, and lies in a very narrow compass. In vain an apostle exhorts" to set our affec- Take a brute out of his instinct, and you find bim tions on things above, not on things on the wholly deprived of understanding. To use an

instance that comes often under observation : earth.” Disbelieving the assertion of the

With what caution does the hen provide herone, and disregarding the other, we still,

self a nest in places unfrequented, and free from like children, run after bubbles, that lose noise and disturbance! When she has laid her their brightness the moment they are pos

eggs in such a manner that she can cover them, sessed.

what care does she take in turning them frequent

ly, that all parts may partake of the vital warmth! Old Humphrey is ashamed to think how

When she leaves them to provide for her neceskeen a relish he has for the very things which sary sustenance, how punctually does she return have deceived him again and again. The before they have time to cool, and become incapglittering will-o'-the-wisps that surround able of producing an animal! In the Summer, him look so like friendly tapers in hospitable quitting her care for above two hours together ;

you see her giving herself greater freedom, and dwellings, that he still follows them, till the

but in Winter, when the rigour of the season bogs they lead him into convince him of would chill the principles of life, and destroy his mistake. We may safely conclude that the young one, she grows more assiduous in her “all is not gold that glitters," nor all pure

attendance, and stays away but half the time.

When the birth approaches, with how much nicethat looks like snow.

ty and attention does she help the chick to break But while we thus complain that things its prison! Not to take notice of her covering it are not what they appear, are we ourselves

from the injuries of the weather, providing it what we appear to be? Though I have been

proper nourishment, and teaching it to help itself,

nor to mention her forsaking her nest, if, after the speaking of other matters, this is the ques- usual time of reckoning, the young one does not tion that I wanted to come to. This ques- make its appearance. A chemical operation could tion brought home to our hearts, is like not be followed with greater art or diligence than cutting the finger-nail to the quick; taking is seen in the hatching of a chick ; though there a thorn out of a tender part; or indeed,

are many other birds that show an infinitely great

er sagacity in all the forementioned particulars.touching the apple of the eye: but it is

ADDISON. worth while to put it for all that. Other

ex people may pose us, but the closest method of questioning is, to question ourselves. Are

No other disposition or turn of mind so totally

unfits a man for all the social offices of life, as inwe then what we appear to be? For if we

dolence. An idle man is a mere blank in the are either ignorant of the evil of our own creation : he seems made for no end, and lives to hearts, or railing against others when we no purpose. He cannot engage himself in any are more guilty than they are, it is high employment or profession, because he will never time that such a state of things should be

have diligence enough to follow it; he can suc

ceed in no undertaking, for he will never pursue altered.

it; he must be a bad husband, father, and relaWere the Searcher of all hearts to put tion, for he will not take the least pains to prethe enquiry to you, and to me, Art thou

serve his wife, children, and family, from starving; what thou appearest to be? would not the

and he must be a worthless friend, for he would

not draw his hand from his bosom, though to prereply be, "If I justify myself, mine own

vent the destruction of the universe. mouth shall condemn me: if I say, I am perfect, it shall also prove me perverse. Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer

The MALTA PENNY MAGAZine is published and

sent to subscribers, in Valletta, every Saturday. thee? I will lay mine hand uponmy mouth.'

Subscriptions at 1s. per quarter received at No. 97 Job ix. 20; xl. 4.

Str. Forpi,

[merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][subsumed]


the Turk. The Pasha received him with

open arms, and put on his shoulders a peThe life of the present Pasha of Egypt lisse of honour; but, in a few days, he exis among the most remarkable instances of hibited to him an order to leave Egypt the distinction which may be attained by a without delay. Mohammed had already strong original determination of mind. felt

his ground, and he determined to cling Mohammed Ali was born in the year to Egypt. He at length obtained leave to 1769, a year made memorable by the births stay for two months, and even a small goof Napoleon and Wellington. He was the vernment, to occupy him until the time was son of a Roumeliote, and born in Roumelia. expired. The early part of his life was spent in the To overpower the resistance of the Rouusual pursuits of the young Moslem. He meliote troops in Cairo, the Pasha ordered hunted, became expert in the management the advance of a Turkish cavalry from the of the horse and the use of arms, and on neighbourhood of Aleppo. The Roumebeing employed in the service of one of the liotes murmured at the affront, and deofficers of the district, exhibited traits of in- manded their pay, the usual demand of telligence and activity, which recommend mutineers in the oriental armies, and of all ed him to the favour of his superior. The demands the most overwhelming to the soldier became a seller of tobacco, and Pasha. Kourshid Pasha had not a dollar marrying an opulent widow, seemed to be in his treasury, and his only resource was fixed in his reluctant trade for life. But to hasten the march of the cavalry: the the French invasion of Egypt changed his Roumeliotes were now ferocious, and they destiny, and led this extraordinary man to wanted only a leader, to storm the citadel; the spot on which he was to achieve such they soon found one. Mohammed Ali had eminence. Joining the Turkish army with continued a vigilant observer of the growthe Roumeliote contingent, he signalized ing discontent, he now came forward as the himself so much at the head of a small avenger of the wrongs of his countrymen, corps, as to attract the notice of the com- marched for Cairo with all who would join mander-in-chief, by whom he was espe- him, seized the gates, beat the Pasha's cially honoured, confirmed in his rank of guard, and made himself master of everycolonel, and transferred to the service of thing but the person of the Pasha. His Egypt.

arrival was popular, for the Turks had lived On the re-conquest of Egypt, and capture at free quarters, and Mohammed threatenof the French, a new enemy excited the vi- ed to hang the first man who stole a loaf gilance of the Pasha, and gave another op- or a flask of date brandy. Kourshid again portunity for the distinction of Mohammed. received him with honour, gave him a new The Mamelukes, who were expelled by the pelisse and a new government, and invited French, had returned, and making them- him to a feast of inauguration in the citadel. selves master of the open country, had shut If he had accepted this invitation, the first up the Pasha in Cairo. Mohammed was day of his new government would have employed to relieve the viceroy of these been the last. But Mohammed was too formidable assailants. He began, in the familiar with oriental arts to throw himself oriental style, by an attempt to dupe them within the talons of the Turk; he absolutein a negotiation; but this process advancing ly refused to enter the citadel, and demandbut tardily, his next attempt was to quickened that the investiture should take place in it by force of arms. He attacked the Mame- the house of one of his friends : he was acluke camp at night. The enterprise failed, cordingly appointed Pasha of Jiddah. the Mamelukes were on their guard; and His views extended with his elevation. Mobammed returned, without his prize, to Kourshid was inactive, unpopular, plagued face the disappointed and indignant Pasha. with Albanians, whom he could neither disNo man dissembles more profoundly than 'cipline nor pay, and with enemies whom

hammed was active, popular, the favourite |

he could neither subdue por deceive. Mo- was hopeless, for they had to cope with an

invisible enemy. Many fell on the spot, of the Albanians, and the terror of the the rest sprang from their horses, and fled Mamelukes. The Pashalic of Egypt was in the darkness; they were pursued by showa tempting prize to the ambition of this gal- ers of balls, which covered the streets with lant rebel; a sudden cry rose in Cairo for those gorgeous warriors. The few prisonthe deposition of the Pasha, and the ap- ers were thrown into a dungeon, and speedpointment of Mohammed in his stead. ily suffered the fate of Turkish war. Partisanship was vigorously applied, and The successes of the new Pacha now while Kourshid remained sunk on his sofas, awoke the proverbial jealousy of the Porte. and waiting till the firman from Constanti- A Capidgi Bashi was sent with a firman pople and the lightning from heaven should to demand a surrender of the government; extinguish the mutineer, a divan was sud- the next demand would have been his head. denly assembled, which proclaimed Moham- The Pasha put the firman to his forehead, med Ali Pasha of Egypt. Kourshid was and professed the deepest reverence for the doubly indignant, declared the whole divan Sultan, but kept his government. The Carebels and traitors, as well as his rival. But pidgi Bashi never returned to Constantinohe had neither troops por money; his rivalple. Stronger measures were now necessary. had both. The Pasha shut himself up in The Turkish high-admiral commanded him the citadel: Mohammed advanced to its to leave Cairo, and attend the arrival of the walls, and besieged him there. But the fleet off the mouth of the Nile. Mohammore effective siege was carried on, in the med again professed his reverence for aumean time, at Constantinople. At the end thority, but said that he was sick; and in of two months, an order signed by the Sul- the mean time, he began rapidly to fortify tan arrived, deposing Kourshid, and appoint- the citadel, collect troops, and lay up proing Mohammed Ali to the pashalic ! visions. A large sum of money opportune

All governors who affect popularity in ly applied to the Porte, the preparation in the East, begin by cutting off the heads of

which he had placed his capital, and the bakers and bankers, two classes of men ob

notorious intrepidity and acuteness of his noxious to the highest rank and the lowest, character, changed the scene at once, and and both being pre-eminent for plundering the threatened attack ended by a new re. all classes of the community. The new

cognition of his rank and title. Pasha first made examples of some of the

But the Mamelukes were still formidamost notorious of those public extortioners, ble; their plots were perpetually exercising and thus secured his popularity. The next his vigilance, and their force might hourly was to outwit the Mamelukes, and thus se- sbake his authority. He now adopted one cure his power. Insulting one of the offi- of those fierce and sanguinary designs, cers about his person, he apparently drove which all hostile parties in all the regions him into a correspondence with the enemy. of Mohammedanism adopt without scruple. The artifice was oriental, and as old as the He proposed a reconciliation with the Madays of Babylon and Persia: the new melukes, which they accepted, and on the Zopyrus urged the Mamelukes to take ad-strength of which considerable numbers of vantage of the festival of the Nile for enter- them were admitted into Cairo. When ing the city, while the troops were engaged their suspicions were sufficiently lulled, he in the ceremony, and Cairo was in a state invited them to a grand entertainment in of riot and revelry. The Mamelukes plung- the citadel, in honour of his son, Tousoon's, ed into the share, rode triumphantly into the appointment to the command of an army. city, which they conceived to be their own, The Mamelukes, utterly unwarned by their and had scarcely entangled themselves in old knowledge of the Pasha, came in all the narrow streets, when they were startled their pomp, were sumptuously received, and by a heavy fire from every side. To resist left his presence exulting in the complete.

« PreviousContinue »