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ments, why the writ of attachment gan to flourish, in his usual style, Mould not issue ]

upon the sacred privileges of am" In July, 1795, the ministry bassadors, the law of nations, &c. were changed; and a total revo- &c. repeated fomething about cola lution in politics took place. Mr. lufive motions, and took notice that Yorke, wno had been a pointed the application for redress oughs attorney-general, Has desirous of regularly to have been m de to continuing the profecution; but count Bruhl, or to his majesty's the marquis of lockingham, who attorney-general. was then minister, interposed, and 6. Mr. justice Afton said, delibe, prevented any farther proceedings rately, that he agreed eutirely with

"In the month of lovember, the lord chief justice, and that the 1768, a woma baving appeared motion ought not to be granted. before two of his majesty's justices 6. Sir Fietcher Norton then said, of peace, to twear a child against that, after he had declared himself the secretary to count Bruhl, the the adviser of the motion, he did Saxon minister; the court inter- not expect to have heard it again fered, and the justices were afraid called collusive; that he despised to proceed. The woman applied to and abhorred all ideas of collusion

r Fletcher Norton, who advised as much as any man in that court; that a motion should be made in that it was the first time, and he the court of King's Bench for a per- hoped it would be the last, that he emptory mandamus to the jus. thould hear the court of King's tices to proceed in that filiation. Bench refer an injured subject of The motion was accordingly made Englaad to a foreign minister, or to by Mr. Mansfield.

an attorney-general, for redress; " The lord chief justice Manf- that the laws of this country had field received it with marks of an. not left his majesty's subjects, comger and furprise; he faid he did plaining of injury, without a legal not understand what was meant by and certain protection; that their such collusive motions, unless it claim was a claim of right, upon was to draw from that court an which the court of King's Bench had opinion upon the privileges of fo. full authority to inquire, and must reign ministers, which they had no determine; that if his clients were right to meddle with; that the injured, he thould always bring motion was absolutely iinproper; them to that court for redress, let that he wondered who advised it, who would have committed the in. and that he certainly should not jury, and he would take care that grant the mandamus.

that court should do them justice; “ Sir Fletcher Norton then got that his motion was proper, and up and said, that the party was thould not be withdrawn. bis client; that his majesty's fub- “ Judge Yates then said, that jects, when injured, had a right to the reasons offered by fir Fletcher redress fomewhere or other: and Norton had clearly co' vinced him; that he knew of no place where that he had not the least doubt of such redress could be legally the authority of the court to proapplied for or obtained, but in the teet his majesty's subjects; and court of King's Bench; that there. that, for his part, he should neve fore he had advised the motion. refer them either to a foreign mi. " Lord Mansfield, upon this, be. nifter, or to an officer of the crown; that he thought the motion perfe&. courage to rise up in his place and ly regular, and that it ought to be defend his own judgmens. He fait granted.

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DOX 2 word. “ Judge Afon then began to re- " If he was ambitious of being cant. He said, that he was always shoughs a Mæcenas, which was glad to be convinced of a mistake, Supposed, that may be presented and happy in having an early op- to be some excuse for his judgment portunity of acknowledging it; that on this quelltion in the court of from what his brother Yates and King's Bench, but cannot apologize for Fletcher Noston had said, he fos abandouing his own charlier faw clearly that his first opinion in the house of lords. had been esFODEO 16, and that he 6 By his patronage of fis Jobs agreed the motion ought to be Dalrymple, who compiled The ganted.

• Meinoirs of Great Britain,' al“ Lord Mansfield then, in great ready mentioned is the preceding confution, said, that he should chapter; and of Mr. Lind, whe o take tinse to consider of it." To wrote fome tracts entitled, “Letters this fr Fletcher Norton replied, that, oon Poland, in which the late king as two of the three judges were of of Prussia is treated with great al the fame opinion, the motion mutt perity; and some tracts against A. be granted; but that, for his part, merica, during the American was, if his lordhip wanted any time to in support of the miniftry; and of confider, whether, when a subject fome other writers of the farse applied to the court of King's principles; perhaps be sterca Bench for redress, he was or was

himself with the hopes of being not to be referred to a foreign mic esteemed an eixourages of literary nister, or to an attorney-general, den. But avarice was his suling he had no objection to allowing pattion. He used to say, those who him all the time he wanted. purchased estates, preserved theis

« Thus wickedness and folly principal but received no inserei; were defeated, and the auhappy those who bought in the funds, bast foreign minister, in fpite of the interest bus, no principal. He laid law of nations, was obliged to out his money is mortgages, and comply with the law of nature, and good securities, Lwy which he had to provide for his child."

both principal and interes. « The canduet of lord Manf. “ His lordchip was also anditifield on the question concerning ous of being thevight a fatefinao. literary property is well known. Upon one occasion only be font as He gave a judgment in the court of a politician: this was his attack on King's Bench, by which tlre Lon. the suspending and dispenhag predon booksellers were induced to rogative in the king, which was uabelieve they had a permanent pro- doubtedly made with great abilty; perty in what they bought; and but the case may be laid to have when the matter came to be argued been more a matter of jurispru. in the house of lords, upon an ap. dence than politics; and although peal, and lie was firmly attacked he gave to his eloquence all the adby lord Tizurlow (then attorney- vantages he bad acquired by a long general

, and counsel for the appel- exercise, yet the merit of the attack jant), and all his doctrine repro- is: Jessened, when it is recollected bared by lord Camden, he lead not that lord Camden had maintained

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thie neceflity of a suspending power upon the Boston Port Bill

, in reply in a case of imminent danger of fa- to lord Dartmouth, at tbat time se mine, wliich was the fact, and that cretary of state for the colonies. lord 'Mansfield warmly embraced · His lordship faid, “ the sword was this opportunity of upholding a true drawn, and the scabbard thrown acontitutional doctrine, te gratify . way. We had palled che Rubicon;" his erry and hatred of lord Cam. alluding to Cæsar's march to Rose: den. His motive was founded in This was not less a prophetic and perfonal rancour, not in conftitutia dreadful denunciation in the interoaal. All those who are acquaint- efts of Great Britairs, then the ined with the history of tbe time will scription on the bridge over the not befitate to admit this distince Rubicon was to the fate of Cæfare zion. But the tract which was and the liberties of Rome. published, called ' A Speech an “ Montesquieu, in confidering

zaing the Suspending and Dispend the causes of the grandeur and de ing Prerogative, and contained all clension of the Romans, observes, tbas Lord Mansfield advanoed in his that policy bad not permitted are (peech upon this subject in the boufe mies to be ftationed near Rome, for of lards, was not written by his loved this reason considerable forces were thip, although.generally believed te kept in Cifalpine Gand; but to he have been his production, nor wa cure the city of Race againt thole the privy to the writing or pub .troops, the celebrated Senatas Cort lication. The pamphlet was writ- Juliuw was made, Itill so be foen enttea by lord Temple, and lord Lyt. graven on the way from Rimini to zelton, and a gentlenian, who was • Celena; by which bey devoted to present at the debate, and fates in the infernal gnds, and declared to abe form of one speech all the ar. . be guilta of sacrilege and parricide, guments on that lide. However, tkole who fould with a legion, lord Mansfield's motives may be • with an army, or with a cohort, excusad, if the severity of his attack pass the Kubicou.' Montanus gives makes ministers more aląduolls in the iuforipxion at lergia, which is their duty, for they had information stronger than Monteiquieu states, of the approaching danger, and did and lays, staat Aldus Manutius, in not attend to it, if they had, sucha the year 1565, in his way from attention would have preveuted the Venice to Rome, faw this infcripnecelity of resorting to fo violent a cion, and carefully tranferibed it. tcmedy.

When Cæsar, in his march for - Of his lonhip's political opi. Rome, had advanced to the Rubinions and conduct, it would have coin he paused a few moments at been happy for his country if they this infcription, but his ambition bad beca founded in those juct prin prevailing, ke pafled over the bridge, ciples of all government, which and then exclaimed, The lot is make the honour of the state and cast, let the gods do the rest !" the interests of the people perfe&tly

46 Whoever knows lord Manr. the fanne. His political ideas were field's influence in the Britifla cabilike those of lord Bute; they were net, will say this was the die of A. contracted, {plenetic, and tyranni- merica." cal. No better proof need be given “ In the progress of the Amerisban bis memorable apostrophe in can war, lord and general Howe. she bouse of lords, in the year 1774 had not the success which his lord

ship expected, and he could not field faid, "The Howes had no help exprefsing his disappointment "heads; to which ar- - Clay. at dinner at one of the Surrey af- neativ repiicd, •Then what fizes; the subject of convertation will become of the heads of those being the American war, lord Mans. "who fent thein?'

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ANECDOTEs of the R'EIGNING SULTAN, and of the RULING CABINET

at the OTTOMAN COURT. [From CONSTANTINOPLE ANCIENT and MODERN, &c. by JAMES

Dallaway, M. B. F.S. A. late Chaplain and Physician to the Bri.ith Embassy to the Porte.

“A

Few anecdotes of the ful. and sultan Mahmnod, the sons of

tan and the present ruling Abdul-hamid and the only remain cabinet, which I offer as genuine, ing heirs of the empire, are both may not be unacceptable, as vari- minors. They experience, a geneous causes seem at this juncture to rous return for their father's kind. confpire, by which the Ottoman nefs, and are treated with fuitable court may take a more active par on respect. Each has his separate fuite the great political theatre of Europe. of apartments, and fixty attendants, Sultan Selim III. is the eldest male amongst whom are thirty elderly descendant of the house of Or- female slaves, with an annual reveman, who in 1299 established the nue of £ 5000 sterling. The good fifth dynasty of the kalifes. At the musulman, who laments the poffideath of his father Mustafa IIl. in bie extinction of the imperial fami1775, he was fourteen years old. by, is comforted by the aftrologers

, According to the known precedent who have publicly declared, that amongst the Turks, Abuul-hamid, after he has attained to forty years

, bis uncle, succeeded to the throne; sultan Selim will be bleiled with a for they disdain to be governed ei- numerous progeny. ther by a woman or a boy.

“ His countenance is handsome “ At his acceffion Abdul-hamid and impressive, and his figure good; had reached the age of forty-nine, he is affable, and possesses much and during the fi:teen ysars' reign fpeculative genius, is not ill inof his brother Mustafa bad endured formed of the characters and sepa. a state imprisonment which the rate interests of his contemporary jealous policy of the seraglio bad princes, and has every inclination Jong ordained. As a folace of his to reconcile his subjects to the coutinement, he cultivated literature fuperior expediency of European and the arts of peace. His dispofi- maxims, both in politics and war. sion, inild and beneficent, induced But it is dubioas if he be capable him to forego the ancient prejudice, of that energetic aftivity, and that and ro fuperintend the education of personal exertion, which are requirfultan Selim, giving him every li- ed in an absolute prince to remoberal indulgence. Sultan Mustafa del a people whole opinions are not to be changed but by an universal “ Mehmet Melèk Pasha, the late. revolution,

vifier, refigned in 1794. He was a u Peter the Great and Charles favourite, in his youth, of Mustafa XII. in their plans of regenerating, III, who gave him his sister in maror conquering the Rullians, did not riage, and the appellation of Melek, depend solely upon the agency of or the Angel, on account of his finministers for success.

gular beauty, for the Turks usually “The curiolity of Selim respect. taketheir surname from some personing the other nations of Europe ori al excellence or peculiarity. After ginated in frequent conversations having enjoyed some of the most duwith Rachib Effendi, the present crative governments in the empire historiographer-royal, who was for he returned to Conftantinople, and fomne time envoy at Vienna, after was called to the visirate, at the adthe latt war. Those who have vanced age of ninety years, in 1789. gained his confidence since the He has retired to his palace on the commencement of his reign, have Asiatic fide of the Bosphorus, and, as consulted that inclination, and im- an extraordinary fact in costural proved every opportunity of extend history, bas had a son born to him, ing his intelligence on those sub. whose legitimacy cannot be invali jeds. I have heard it allerted that dated. the young men in the seraglio are “ The present system of governnow instructed in the French lan- ment aims at the suppression of the guage by his command; and his fornier rnie authority of the viser, partiality to French wine is no se. and has reduced him to a mere cret amongst the well informed. member of the cabinet council. As

“ The first efforts towards im. the sultan takes a more active share. provement have been applied to than his predecesor in public afthe army and marine. Forts have fairs, and liftens to more advisers, it been erected on the Bofphorus, regi- seems to draw to an end. Tke ments have been trained to Euro. viber now in office is likewise pean discipline, chiefly by French a harmless old man, so that they officers, and the feet will becoine may probably Coun • lit late-Ita. in a certain degree formidable. tues only.'

« Wben he has leisure to render “The ruling persons of the prehis vast territory, at least in the vi- sent day, are, 1. Yusuf Agha, cinity of his capital, more resem. kiayah, or high-fteward to the Tula blant of civilized nations, he will tan's mother, who retains a very probably establish a post, which decided influence with him. Yumay facilitate communication be. suf's private life has been marked tween diftant provinces. During by uncommon circumstances. He is che last war many places of impor a native of Candia, and was origitance were taken, or evacuated, nally a writer to a fhip, from which weeks before the ministry were in employment he passed into the serpoffeffion of the fact.

vice of Abdullah Pasha, beglerbey The only imperial works now of Anatolia, residing at Kutayah. seen in his dominions are mosques, During ten years he so ingratiated aqueducts, and fountains; he may himself with the pasha, that he dehereafter turn his attention to great terinined to secure to him his great roads, now barely paffable, which wealth in his life-time. Accordwould be as useful mouuments of ingly he gave him entire poffeffion, his fame.

ordering him to fly to the Porte,

and

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