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yery respectable and near neighbour phatically to exclaim, "'Tis d-d the archbishop of York. Their foolish to run our breasts against painful embassy was, to announce bayonets-d'ye see how they are that the avowed design of the riot- ready to pink us at the pärlour. ers that evening was to destroy by "windows? These pithy exclamafire the houses of the lord chancel. tions, and the light of a few pointe lor, and lord chief justice, and one , ed bayonets, had a wonderful efor two more, which were marked, fect. And the captain of the comand then well known. The magi. pany of guards, who was my au. Atrates having made an humble ten- thor, told me with some humour, der of their aslıstance and advice; that, as detachments of the guards the lord chief justice asked (as the were wanted in almost every part author was credibly informed), what of the metropolis, he thought it his grace the archbishop proposed fair to play the old soldier, and to to do. The answer was worthy of multiply his handlul of men in the a Briton: 'To defend myself and best manner he was able. A garmy family in my own mansion, den-door in the lord chancellor's while I have an arm to be raised house, which communicated with in their defence. The reply was, the fields, was very convenient for ''Tis nobly faid: but, while an this purpose. He placed three or

archbishop, like a true church. four centinels at the parlour-winmilitant, is strong enough to pro- dows, as has been noticed; and all tect himself-a feebler man, and the rest, being uljered through the an old man, must look up to the garden into the fields, wheeled

civil power for protection. This round by the duke of boiton's house conceffion having been made, the and Queen's square to Ormond. magistrates took a fair occasion to street again. But, ere they re-en. recommend the admission of a de- tered, the few rioters then assem. tachment of the guards into the bled heard the captain of the guard house; but whether the noble owner ask the corporal," • When wil the thought their admision might make next detachment arrive? The an: the enraged mob more desperate, swer was, “Please your honour, in or that it would be more efficient a trice-they are almost in sight.' to keep the guards at a small di- The corporal could speak with Itance, in the vestry room of Blooms- greater precision, fince in fact the bury church, until they were really men had hardly been ever out of wanted, is not in the power of the his fight-though perfectly conauthor to determine. The lord high cealed by art, as if under the sable chancellor preferred the admission cloud of night, from the rioters; of a ferjeant's guard into his house by one of whom, probably their in Great Ormond-street ; and by captain, the watch-word was given, the circuitous marches of this tmail • Let us decamp to the corner of body of men from Ormond-fireet · Bloomibury.' to the duke of Bolton's, and coun- “ The fatal consequence is too ter-marches from Bolton house to well known; and the irreparable Ormond-street, in a very short loss of all lord Mansfield's books space of time, the rioters had every and manuscripts, we repeat with reason to believe, and one of them forrow, is ever to be deplored. was heard to proclaim to his bre- " In this instance we can only thren, the chancellor's house is lament,, that so great a lawyer and • brim-full of the guards ;' and em. statesman was not, in this hour of 1797



imminent danger, so great a gene- on his lordship's resignation of the. ral as the then lord chancellor. high office of chief jufiice, was to

“So unexpected was this daring the following effect : outrage on order and government, My Lord, that it burst on lord Mansfield with • It was our wish to have waited out his being prepared in the Night personally upon your lordship in a eft manner to relift it. He escaped body, to have taken our public with his life only, and retired to a leave of you, on your retiring, place of safety, where he remained from the office of chief justice of foine time. "On the 14th day of England; but, judging of your June, the last day of terin, he again lordship's feelings upon such an took his seat in the court of King's occasion by our own, and confiBench. •The reverential silence, 'dering, besides, that our numbers says Mr. Douglas, “ which was ob- might be inconvenient, we desire • served whev his lordship resumed in this manner affectionately to af. . his place on the Bench, was ex- • sure your lordship, that we regret,

pressive of sentiments of condo. with a just senGibility, the loss of lence and respect, more affecting 'a magistrate, whose conspicuous than the most eloquent address the and exalted talents conferred dig. occafion could have suggested.' nity upon the profeffion; whole

“ The amount of lord Mansfield's enlightened and regular adminis loss which might have been efti- stration of justice made its duties mated, and was capable of a com- lefs difficult and laborious, and pensation in money, is known to • whose manuers rendered them have been very great. This he had pleasant and respectable. a right to recover against the hun- But, while we lament our loss, dred. Many others had taken that we remember, with peculiar sacourse; but his lord lip thought it tisfaction, that your lordship is more consistent with the dignity of not cut off from us by the sudden his character, not to resort to the stroke of painful distemper, or the indemnification provided by the le- more diftreffing ebb of those ex. gislature."

'traordinary faculties which have "lo 1784, the pressure of some so long distinguished you amongst bodily infirmities for the first time men; but that it has pleased God to admonished the venerable peer to • allow to the evening of an useful seek relaxation and relief from the and illustrivus life, the purest ensalutary springs and the vivifying joyments which nature has ever Loft air of Tunbridge."

aHutted to it-the unclouded “ He retired in 1788 from the reflections of a superior aud unfad. diftinguished office of lord chief bing mind over its varied events, justice of the King's Bench, which and the happy consciousness, thai he had held more than thirty years • it has been laithfully and eminentwith a reputation and splendour un- ly devoted to the highest duties of rivalled.

human society, in the moft diftin. “The very affectionate and pa- guilhed nation upou earth. May thetic address from the bar, signed the season of this high fatisface by the counsel who had practised tion bear its proportion to the in the court of King's Bench during lengthened days of your activity fome part of the period of his pre- and strength!' fiding there, which was transmitted " To which address lord Mans to him at Kenwood by Mr. Erskine, field, without detaining the fer



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vant five minutes, returned the fol. 'alleged, softened the rigor of law, lowing answer :

by the interposition of principles of • Dear Sir,

equity. But, although he did not • I cannot but be extremely flat- introduce novelty by this practice, tered by the letter which I this mo. candor muft allow that he cultivaté 'ment have the honour to receive. ed and improved this practice more

If I have given fatisfaction, it is successfully, and in a greater de. Cowing to the learning and can- gree, than any of his predecessors. • dour of the bar. The liberality He presided in his high station dur. • and integrity of their practice ing a period of thiriy years and up* freed the judicial investigation of wards, with the dignity of a great

truth and justice from many diffi- judge, and with an attachment to • culties. The memory of the af- the court wherein he presided, 'Giftance I have received from them, which could not be dissolved by re• and the deep impression which the peated offers of the custody of the • extraordinary mark they have now great seal. In many emergencies, 'given me of their approbation and and in times of difficulty and dan

affection, has made upon my ger, he discovered an intrepidity of mind, will be a source of perpe. mind, and delivered his sentiments • tual consolation in my decline of with a decided tone of voice, which life, under the pressure of bodily at once commanded admiration,

infirmities, which made it my duty and filenced the tongue of malevo. "to retire.

lence, not unfrequently apt to at • I am, Sir, with gratitude to you, tribute to him the want of firm

• and the other gentlemen, ness. * Your most affectionate and ob. “ His judgments were introdij. • liged humble servant, ced with all the embellishments

• MANSFIELD.' which the law on the subject, and Kenwood, June 15, 1788. which deep learning, could supply.

• Of lord Mansfield's benevolent His great and unremitted at ention, qualities, if a fair estimate is to be to improve and render plain and made from his. patronizing merit perspicuous the rules of the court wherever he found it, and where wherein he presided, will be ache had the least reason to think that knowledged and revered as long as his patronage would be of real fer- the rules themselves or the love of vice, his whole life will appear with good order Mall exist in our excela great lustre, exhibiting a regular lent constitution. And, in fine, if system of general benevolence, an he has left the practice of the highunclouded effulgence of benignity, est court of judicature yet improve and an innate love of conferring able, it must be allowed, that he favours on all those, who were has left the rules and orders of that zealous 10 obtain a good report, and court replete with so much excelwho deserved it.

lence, that they cannot fail to “ In his judicial capacity it may prompt his successors to emulate be. affirmed, without partiality or him, and to make farther improve encomiastic hyperbole, that his ments." great outline of conduct as a judge “ In fine, The summary of lord was to make the rigid rules of law Mansfield's legal and private characi subservient to the purposes of sub- ter may be given in few words. Rantial, justice. He was not the “ In all he said or did there was first who, as forec have erroneously a happy mixture of good-nature,



good-humour, elegance, ease, and “ His legal knowledge and pro dignity. His countenance was most found sagacity, not only promoted, plealag, he had an eye of fire, and but effectually secured, through a à voice perhaps unrivalled in its long series of years, that amazing (weetness, and the arellifluous va, increase of business in the court of riety of its tones.

King's Bench which dignified bis « His intuitive and acquired high office, and diffused opulence kaowlodge of men and things foon among the different officers of his atracted the attention, and pro- court, and all around him. cured the good opinion of the citi- “ Con Gidering his lordthip's de. zens of London and Westminster, cisions separately, it will appear so as to iruduce them to inftitute that, on all occasions, he was pero their fuits of different denomina- fectly matter of the case before tions in the court wberein de pre- him, and apprized of every prinGdede

ciple of law, and every adjudica« He excelled in the statement tion of the courts immediately or of a cale. One of the first orators remotely applicable to it. Confi. of the present age faid of it, that dering them colle&ively, they will • it was of itself worth the argu. be found to form a complete code * ment of any other man. He di- of jurisprudence on some of the veited it of all unnecestary circum- moft important branches of our kances; he brought together every law: a system founded on princicircumstance of importance; and ples equally liberal and juft, admi. thacke. he placed in ro ftriking a rably suited to the genius and cirpoint of view, and counected tbem cuintances of the age, and hapby obfervations to powerful, but pily blending the venerable doc. which appeared to arise fo naturally trines of the old law with the learafrom the facts themselves, that fre. ing and refinement of modern quently the hearer was convinced times: the work of a mind nobly before the argument was opened. gifted by nature, and informed When he came to the argument he with every kind of learning which Gewed equal ability, but it was a could serve for use and ornament. made of argument almoft pecutiar “ His great wisdom thed an un. to himself. His ftatement of the common lustre over his admoni. cale predisposed the bearers to fall rions, his advice, and his decisions into the very train of thought he in the public courts, and gave them wifted theri to take when they their due weight. All lie said and kould come to confider the argue did will be held in deserved admi. ment. Through this be accompa- ration, as long as the love of our bied skem, Leading them infenkbiny excellent laws, as tong as the im. to every obfervation facourable to provement of jurisprudence, and the conclufion le signed them to the power of eloquence, shall be draw, 200 diverting every objec. deemed worthy of pre-eminence, or tion to it; but all the time keep. have any charms to please. ing bimself concealed, so that the • The author has not presumed bearers thought they formed their to give his lord thip's political chaopinions in consequence of the pow. racter. More years inutt elapse, ers and workings of their own and party prejudice be laid aside, minds, wher, in fact, it was the before his abilities, principles, and effect of the mot subtle argumen. a&tiuns as a statesman, can be proLasion and the bolt refined dialectic. perly appreciated. His eminence

as a lawyer has ben already stated, nefs as if he would not have his left and universally acknowledged. He hand know what his right hand therefore begs leave briefly to con- did. Although his lordhip's powo fine himself to a few traits, which ers in converfation were unicom. eminently distinguished his lordfhipmonly great, yet he never affirmed in private life, where he shone, if a more than equal fisare of it to poflole, with greater lustre than in himself, and was always as ready the more elevated departments of a to hear as he was to deliver an opistatesman and a judge.

nion. The faculty of converling “ Few noblemen have had that with ease and propriety he retained happy method of combining dig- 'to the very last; and he was as nity with wisdom, and liberality quick at reply in his latter years as with frugality, equal to lord Mant- at any period of his life; whether field. Every thing in and about he fupported his own argument, or his mansion had the appearance of refuted those of his adversary, his Splendor and plenty, without that obfervations were delivered with show of oftentation and waite, that judgment and grace which which difgufts every fenfible mind; evinced the precifion of a scholar and which, at the same time it and the elegance of a gentleman. gives an idea of the wealth, Arikes He was a fincere Christian without us with the folly of the poffeffor. bigotry or hypocrisy, and he freBy his servants he was considered quently received the facrament, rather as a father and patron than both before and after he ceased to a master: many of them lived with leave home: and there was conhim so many years that they were ftantly that decorum, that exemfit for no other service; and peace, plary regularity to be seen in every plenty, and happiness, were depicted department of his household, which in the countenance of every domef- would have done credit to the pa. tic. His lordship's charities, which lace of an archbishop. were infinitely more extensive than " Such were the virtues, such is generally imagined, were given the endowments, and rare qualifiaway and diffused

with good cations, which pervaded, cherished, sense and nobleness of mind rarely and adorned his private life. There cqualled; fixpences, fhillings, and he feduloufly cultivated and diffehalf-crowns, he feldom conferred, minated through a long life. How considering such fums as doing nó powerful was their coincidence, how real good, as the object fo relieved happy their effects! would, on the day following the * We are arrived at a period donation, be equally difrelied as which is in genereal painful to relate on the day preceding it;' but, when the last hours of a great man! by sums of ten or twenty guineas or of a real friend! yet when we he could relieve the virtuous and calmly consider the very

advanced necessitated from embarrassments age of lord Mansfield, and the by debt, by fickness, or otherwise, whole tenor of his long life, we and put them in a way to provide may fairly draw this conclusion, for themselves and families, he did that for once death had lost his sting, it cheerfully, and with that ease and was no longer to him a king of and good-nature, which, instead of terrors. wounding, encouraged the feelings “ In many conferences with his of the receiver, and always, if pol. friend and phyfcian Dr. Turton,durable, with such secrecy and quiet- ing the three or four last years of

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