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nion of his life, without knowing fits in his carriage ; but he fre • where to direct his courte, or quently fainted on the stairs : it ( where to find a bed to die on.' was painful for him to write a pre The invasion of the electorate, the scription: he sometimes complained facking of Hanover, and the ne- of a confusion in his head, and he ceflity of abandoning it, was cer- at length gave over all business. tainly at that time to be feared, if This was at first taken for an effect the negotiation had not saved what of hypochondria, but it was foon the armies did not defend: but perceived, that his deep melancholy Zimmerman's manner of exprefling had destroyed the chain of his ideas. his fears announced the greatest What has happened to to many men depression. I saw therein a mind of genius betell him. One ftrong whose springs began to fail, and idea masters every other, and subwhich dared no longer say, as it dues the mind that is no longer able could have justly done, I carry either to drive it away, or to lose
every thing with me.' I neglected sight of it. Preserving all his prenothing in order to raise his fpirits, fence of mind, all his perfpicuity, and entreated him to come to me and justness of thought on other with his wife, to a country that subjects, but no longer defirous of was his own, where he would bave occupying himself with them, renained in the most perfect secu- longer capable of any bufivefs, nor rity, and enjoyed all the sweets of of giving advice, but with pain, be peace and friendship. He answered had unceasingly before his eyes the me in December, and one part of enemy plundering his house, as his letter resembled those of other Pascal always saw a globe of fire times; but melancholy was still near him, Bonnet his friend robbing more strongly marked, and the ill- him, and Spinello the devil opposite ness of his wife, which he unfor. to him. In February he commenced tunately thought more ferious than taking medicines, which were ei. it really was, evidently oppreffed ther prescribed by himself or by him: he had been obliged to take the physicians whom he consulted : three days to write me details which at the beginning of March he desired at another time would not have oc. my advice; but he was no longer cupied him an hour, and he con- able himself to describe his disorder, cluded his letter with, 'I conjure and his wife wrote me the account you perhaps for the last time,'
&c. of it. I answered her immedi. The idea that he should write no ately; but of what avail can be the more to his friend (and unfortu- directions of an absent physician in nately the event juftified him), the a disorder whose progress is rapid, difficulty of writing a few pages, when there must necessarily be an the still fixed idea of being forced interim of near a month between to leave Hanover, although the the advice atked, and the dire&tions face of affairs had entirely changed; received? His health decayed so all, all indicated the loss I was about fast, that M. Wichman, who, alto sustain.
tended him, thought a journey and “From the month of November change of air would now be the he had lost his sleep, his appetite, beft remedy. Eutin, a place in the his strength, and became fenfibly duchy of Holstein, was fixed upon thinner; and this state of decline for his residence. In going through continued to increase. In January Luneburgh on his way thither, M. he was still able to make a few vi. Lentin, one of the physicians in
whom be placed most confidence, and weakness, increased rapidly : was consulted; but Zimmerman, he took scarcely any nourishment, who, though so often uneasy on ac- either on account of infurmounta. count of hcalth, had, notwithstand able averfion, or because it was paining, had the wisdom to take few ful to him; or perhaps, as M. Wichmedicines, and who did not like man believed, because he imagined them, always had a crowd of objec. he had not a farthing left. Intense tions to make against the best application, the troubles of his advice, and did nothing. Arrived mind, his pains, want of fleep, and at Eutin, an old acquaintance and lastly (as I have just said), want of his family lavished on him all the fufficient nourishment, had on hinn caresses of friendship. This recep- all the effects of time, and hastened tion highly pleased him, and he old age: at sixty-lix he was in a grew rather better. M, Heasler Itate of complete decrepitude, and came from Kiel to see him, and his body was become a perfect skegave hint his advice, which was leton. "He clearly foretaw the itlue probably very good, but became of his disorder: and above lix useless, as it was very irregularly weeks before his death he laid to followed. At last, after a relidence the same physician, I thall die of three months, he desired to re- flowly, but very painfully;' and turn to Hanover, where he entered fourteen hours before he expired, his house with the same idea with he-faid, “Leave me alone, I am which he had left it; he thought dying.' This must have been a it plundered, and imagined himself sweet sensation for a man in the totally ruined. I wrote to entreat midst of so many incurable evils, him to go to Carisoad; but he was and who had lived as he had done. no longer capable of bearing the This excellent man died on the 7th journey. Dilgust, want of sleep, of October, 1795.
Sketch of the LifeandCHARACTER of WILLIAM, EARL OF MANSFIELD.
[Extracted from the Life of that NOBLEMAN, by JOHN HOLLIDAY, of
Lincoln's Inn, Esq. &c.]
Murray, afterwards earl of according to the computation of Mansfield, was a younger son and time in Scotland, but in 1704 acthe eleventh child of David vif- cording to the legal computation count Stormont, who was the fifth of tine in England, William, the viscount of the noble and illustrious fourth son of lord Stormoni, was family of Murray.
born at Perth in North Britain. "Sir William Murray of Tallibard, “ About the tender age of three in the shire of Perth, by Catharine years, he was removest to, and eduhis wife, daughter of Andrew lord cated in, London; and consequent. Gray, had four fons; and fir An- ly he had not, when an intant, imdrew Murray, the third son, was bibed any peculiarity of dialect, the progenitor of viscount Stor- which could tend to decide that mont, the father of lord Mansfield. Perth had a fairer claim than Bath
to the honour of his birth. The swered, 'that possibly the broad year of bis admillion, as a king's pronuciation of the person who Icholar at Weltmintter, appears to 'gave in the description, was the
* origin of the mistake.' " When he was a Weltıninster “ Bishop Newton, who was one scholar, lady Kinpoul, in one of of his cotemporaries at Westminster, the vacations, invited him to her bears this honorable testimony to home, where obterving him with his school-fellow's early fame. a pen in his hand, and feemingly “ During the time of his being thoughtful, she alked bim if he was at school, he gave early proofs of writing his theme, and what in his uncommon abilities, not fo plain English the theme was. The much in his poetry, as in his other ichol-boy's smart antwer rather exercises, and particularly in his furprised her ladyfhip: What is declamacions, which were sure 10
that to you?' She replied, “How kens and prognostics of that elocau you be so rude? I asked you quence which grew up to such ma
very civily a plain question; and turity and perfection at the bar, • did not expect from a school-boy and in both houses of parliament. • such a pert answer.' The reply " At the election in May, 1723, was, • Indeed, my lady, I can only when he was in the 19th year of 6 answer once more, What is that his age, he had the honour of • to you?' In reality the theme was standing firit on the list of those -Quid ad te-pertinet ?
gentlemen who were sent to Ox“Whether the affinity in Scotch ford, and was accordingly entered enunciation between Perth and of Christ's Church on the 18th of Bath, or whether the instructions June following. sent with the honourable Mr. Mur- “ About four years afterwards, ray for matriculation at Oxford he was admitted io the degree of were not written in a fair hand, B. A. ; and, on the death of George the miltake of Bath for Perth was the first, an elegant copy of Laactually made ; and, however fin- tin verses, written by Mr. Murray, gular it may appear, candour must as one of the members of the Uniallow, that such a mistake might versity, was honoured with the easily happen.
firit prize; and will probably be • Be that as it may, the entry of convincing to every classical readhis adınislion as a student of Chufte er, that the great declaimer, or the church, Oxford, of which a correct younger Tolly at Westminster, had copy is fubjoined, is contrary to either courted the mules with unthe real fact, respecting the place common success at Oxford, or that of his birth.
the learned prelate has depreciated Trin. Term. 1723, June 18. the worth of Mr. Murray's Latia Æd. Xti, Gul. Murray 18.
poetry.” David f. Civ. Bath.
“His oration in praise of DeC. Som. V. Com. fil.
mosthenes presented another early T. WENMAN, C. A. prelage of his rifing fame ; a va« Sir William Blackstone is said luable fragment of which has been to have mentioned this curious cir- preserved." cumstance to the lord chief justice “ Lord Monboddo, in his excel. of the king's bench, while he had lent treatise of the Origin and Prothe honour to fit with him in that gress of Language, has paid fo just court; when lord Mansfield an, a tribute of respect to this fragment
of his friend and patron's juvenile Italy, and returned to England in declamation, as to make it the fub- 1733.” ject of an entire chapter, where- • To give a new cait to Mr. with the fixth volume concludes, Murray's extent of thought, and to with a beautiful apostrophe ad- evince, that, however pleating and dress from the author in bis 77th bewitching the flowery fields of liyear to lord Mansfield, then on terature were to his well-itored the verge of 89.".
mind, he wisely determined not to “In April, 1724, Mr. Murray be bewildered therein, and early was admitted a student of Lin. discovered a great veneration for coln's Ino.
the adyice of Horace, “On the 24th of June, 1730, he Omne tulit punétum qui miscuit utile took the degree of M. A. and left dulci. the University foon afterwards, full " He was called to the bar in of vigour, and determined to travel Michaelmas term, 1735. In bis into foreign parts, before be fat career in the pursuit of legal knowdown to the serious prosecution of ledge his affiduity foon co-operated his legal studies, to which his ge- with his fhining abilities. , Two nius and his flender fortune, as fupporters like these, in perfect a younger son, forcibly and hap- union, not only exempted him pily prompted him. He travelled from all pecuniary embarrassments, through France and in Italy, at an which sender fortune in fome, and age fitted for improvement and juvenile indiscretion in others, too useful observation; not between frequently occasion, but also con19 and 21, a period which his great ciliated the esteem, the friendship, patron lord Hardwicke, in ore of and patronage, of the great oracles the numbers in the Spectator, un- of the law, who adorned that pe. der the modest signature of Philipriod, among whom lord Talbot Homebred, evinces to be too early and lord chancellor Hardwicke an age for our British youths to were looked up to as the foster-fas travel to any real advantage. At thers of the science. Rome Mr. Murray was probably in- “ Instead of submitting to the spired, and animated with the love usual drudgery, as some are pleased of Ciceronian eloquence; at Rome to deem it, of labouring in the he was prompted to make Cicero chambers of a special pleader, Mr. his great example, and bis theme. Murray's motto seems to have been At Tufculum,' and in his per- "Aut Cicero aut nullus.' ambulations over classical ground, Early in his legal career he why might he not be emulous to studied the graces of elocution unJay the foundation of that noble íu. , der one of the greatest masters of perstructure of bright fame, which the age wherein he lived. he soon raised after he becaine a
" Doctor Johnson, in his life of member of Lincoln's Inn ?"
Pope, says, ' his voice when he was " The letters intended for the ynung was so pleasing, that Pope use of a young noblem:ari, must was called in fondneis the little have been written about the year nightingale. Under this melodi. 1730, when Mr. Murray was a very ous and great master Mr. Murray young man, inasmuch as the fact practised elucution, and may truly can eafily be ascertained, that the be said to have brought the modu• young duke of Portland spent three lation of an harmonious voice to years in his travels in France and the highest degree of perfection.
“ One day e was surprised by in his legal character, were soon a gentleman of Lincoln's Inn, who laid atide, by his having been early could take the liberry of entering employed in bufiness of serious imhis rooms without the ceremonious portance, which fully engaged not introduErion of a fervant, in the only his attention, but also his af. singular act of practiling the graces fections, since human nature would of a speaker at a glass, while Pope bave revolted at the trials in which fat hy in the character of a friendly he perlevered early in life, if he preceptor. Mr. Murray on this oc- had not really loved his profcffion. cafion paid him the handiome com- “ lo 1732, we find our tyro in pliment of, "Tu es mihi Mæcenas.' the law associated with the two
“ The great benefit resulting shining lights in the court of chan. from an early friendihip between cery, as they were emphatically Murray and Pope, was, that the styled, lord Talbot and lord Hardyoung and graceful jurisprudent wicke, then his majesty's attorney could not be more sedulous to ac- and folicitor general, in a cause of quire éclat in his profeffion than appeal heard at the bar of the house the poet was to proclaim in be- of lords, on the 12th of March, witching verse the reputation of 1732- 3, relating to the purchase of his friend.
some Touth-sea stock in the memo“ Bishop Warburton, in his an- rable year 1720. notations on Pope's imitation of the “The counsel Sixth Epiftle of the First Book of for the appel. Will. Hamilton.
P. Yorke. Horacc, addressed to Mr. Murray, lant were elegantly defines the friendship “For the re. 1 C. Talbot. sublisting between them in a fingle spondent, W. Murray. sentence: Mr. Pope had all the 6 A fine and fertile field this for • warmth of affection for this great our tyro to travel over, to explore, • lawyer, and indeed no man ever and, by exploring, to exercise bis
more deserved to have a poet for dawning genius and opening ta. • his friend; in the obtaining of lents. A year pregnant with cre• which, as neither vanity, party, dulity, circumvention, and fraud, • nor fear, had a Mare, so he sup- could not fail, under the auspices of * ported his title to it by all the a Talbot to be fingularly fortunate
offices of a generous and true and favourable to his young friend • friendthip.'
and colleague. “ Young and gay, and seduced “ A respite of four days only inas he was, by feeing how despoti- tervened before Mr. Murray apcally Pope reigned in the regions peared again at the same bal, and of literature, is it matter of wonder, was clafled with the same great that several of the friends of Mr. colieigues as counsel for the young Murray, on his entrance into life, marquis of Annandale. From ho Thould be not a little apprehensive splendid and so early an introducof his having manifefted too great tion into business; from his being an attention to the belles lettres associated in his maiden causes with and to the regions of pleature ?" the two greatest luminaries of the
“ The fears, however, of Mr. law, we may conclude with HoMurray's friends, that the gaiety of race, Noscitur ex sociis.' May his heart would militate against that we not expect to find him frequently patient assiduity so absolutely ne. in the same good company? eessary to improvement and success " Accordingly, in the following