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continued : in such a state quacks emperor Joseph was making his find easy access to the fick; who reforms in the church: indeed, at is not then ready to seize the nor any other time such a severe satire trum of the bold pretender? One on the monks would not have been of these gave him, a decoction permitted. They are characterized which foon calmed his sufferings, thus: and which he was assured would • Monachus. cure him in a few weeks. He conti. Descriprio., — Aniinal avarum, nued the use of this for the last foetidum, immundum, fiticulofum, five months of his life : it really iners, inediam potius tolerans quam diminished his pains; but his laborem; vivunte rapina et quæsfriends observed that his cheerful. tu; mundum sui tantum causa cre. ness, which hitherto had not left atum esse predicant; coeunt clan. him, diminished likewise, and that deftine, nuptias non celebrant, fæspasms often, attacked his upper tus exponunt; in propriam fpeciem limbs. On the 21st of July, 1791, sæviunt, et hoftem ex infidiis ag. he was seized with spasms and cold; grediuntur. Ufus. Terræ pondus the former soon subsided on fric- 'inutile. Fruges consumere nati.' tion, but he lost his speech. On And upon the order of Dominicans the subsequent days he had differ he says—Eximio olfactu pollet, ent attacks till the 28th, when he 'vinum et hærefin e longinquo odo found himself better, but he was Efurit semper polyphagus. foon attacked again with spasms, "Juniores fame probantur. Veteand in these he expired.

rani, relegata omni cura et occu. “ Born was of a middle size and patione, gulæ indulgent, cibis suc. delicate constitution, dark com- . culentis mutriuntur, molliter cu. plexion, black hair, and large black baut, tepide quiescunt, fomnum eyebrows. Wit and satire, and a protrahunt, et ex suis diæta cuquick comprehension, were mark. rant, ut esca omnis in adipem transed in his eyes, and his lively and eat, lardumque adipifcantur: hinc penetrating genius appeared in his abdomen prolixum paffim præ fe countenance. Besides being a good ferunt; senes ventricoli maxime Latin claffic, he was master of most æftimantur. Virginitatis sacræ osoEuropean languages of note, and res in venerem volgivagam proni pofTeffed a deal of general informa- 'ruunt. Generi humano et laox tion no ways connected with rationi infettissima species, in cu. those branches of science required jus creatione non se jactavit aucin his profession. He was a great tor naturæ.'. wit and satirist, and a good com- " The archbishop of Vienna panion even under the sufferings of complained to the emperor against bodily pain. His too liberal and this work; who replied, that it unguarded use of satire made him was only the idle and useless part many enemies. In his youthful of the spiritual order which was days he wrote the Staats Perücke' attacked. This was seconded by for the amusement of his friends: his · Defenfio Phyfiophili ;' and to this was afterwards publiqued with this succeeded his . Anatomia Mo. out his knowledge. But nothing nachi.' He wrote likewise a faflows more his talent for satire tire on Father Hell the astronomer, than his Monachologia,' which by publishing a long Latin advertisehe published in 1783, just when the ment, full of irony, announcing a book written against the Free-ma. attentive to economy in his domes{ons, in the name of this learned tic concerns; though I believe his Jesuit.


insolvency was chiefly owing to “ It must not be forgotten, that usurers and money lenders,' to his house was always open to the whom he was obliged to have re. travelling literati who vifited Vi. course to carry on his expenfive enna; and that unprotected geni. projects. Through these, though us was always sure to find in him a bis patrimony , was very confia friend and patron. He carried this derable, he died greatly in debts perhaps too far, so far as to ruin this is the more to be lamented, his eftate; probably the expectations as he left a wife and two daughaof receiving a large iucome from ters." the amalgamation, made him less

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Memoirs of Dr. ZIMMERMAN.. [Extracted from the Lipg of M. ZIMMERMAN, Counsellor of State,

Chief Physician to the King of ENGLAND at HANOVER, &c. Trans

lated froin the French of S. A. D. Tissot, M. D. F. R. S. &c.] "JOHN George Zimmerman ken, and though he followed his

was born at Brugg, a town in studies in German cities, and paffthe German part of the canton of ed a very short time in France, he Berne, on the 8th of Dec. 1728. yet fpoke and wrote the two lanHe was the son of the fenator J. guages with equal facility. Zimmerman, of one of those fami. “He was brought up in his faa lies, as there are many even in the ther's house under able 'masters till smallest towns of Switzerland, and the age of fourteen, when he was without doubt in other parts of Eu- fent to Berne, where he studied the rope, which, without any of those belles lettres under M. Kirchbertitles of rank that are obtained in guer, professor of eloquence and munarchies, sometimes by money, history, and M. Altman, professor but often through favour or in. of Greek; to both of whom he alfiuence, have distinguified them ways acknowledged great obligafelves for ages by the integriy with tions. At the end of three years which they have filled the highest he paffed into the school of Philo. employments in their country for fophy, the professor of which, a the advantage of their zealous disciple of Mr. Wolf, knew zens. The mother of M Zimmer- of philosophy only the metaphyfics man was a miss Pache of Morges, of his master, and employed the a town in the French part of the whole year in explaining a very fame canton, and daughter to a small part even of them. It may eafia celebrated counseilor, who had ly be imagined how much such a formerly belonged to the parlia- method would tend to disgust an ment of Paris. This circumstance active mind with a science, which is mentioned because it serves to well taught, is of infinite use to explain why, though buru in a pro- every person who wishes to study vince where German only is spo. well; and which has even its al. -797

B Jurements,


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lurements, inasmuch as we feel the name of Haller, in which our minds enlarged in proportion Berne gloried, did not permit bim as we learn to generalize the ideas to think of studying any where but we have already acquired, and add at Goettingen. He arrived there to them others upon subjects, the on the 12th of September 1747, very aspect of which had at first and took his degree on the 14th of fight terrified us.

August 1751. By Haller he was “ Zimmerman, therefore, never received as if he had been his own thought himself indebted to M. fon; he took him into his house, Brunner for what he learned of true he affifted him with his advice, die philosophy at Berne (and he cer- rected his studies, and was to him tainly did learn a great deal there), a father, preceptor, and friend. but to Messrs. James Tribolet and Under MM. Haller, Richter, Seg. J. Stapfer, both of them ministers, ner, and Brendel,' he cultivated and distinguished by their genius with the same attention every and their learning.

branch of the medical art. He “ It was during his residence at followed the practical lessons of Berne, that in 1746, a short time Richter, a pupil of Boerhaave's after my departare for Montpellier, and bred up in his system, the he came to Morges to pass several principles of which will always be months with his mother's relations; fafe guides at the bed fide of the at my return, four years after fick, notwithstanding the conwards, his genius, his good sense, tempt which many physicians, de. his amiable and cheerful dispofi. firous of becoming chiefs of sects, tion, were still spoken of with have affected to throw on them, in pleasure ; and when in 1751 ( read hopes to raise the reputation of their his fine Dissertation on Irrita. own by discrediting those of that bility, I already knew and loved great man. the author; a partiality which con- " M. Zimmerman also attended tributes more than may be gene- the lectures of M. Brendel on the rally imagined to make one ap- fame subject. This gentleman prove'a man's doctrine, even when joined to an excellent understandit is not invincibly demonstrated, ing a profound knowledge of phyas it certainly is in the work of M. fic, and visited a great many pa. Zimmerman.

tients: he frequently conceived “ His father died a short time new and happy ideas; and his lel. after he had been placed at Berne; fons became on that account useful and just before the year 1747, in and interesting, although a foudwhich he was to have finished his ness for system has now and then studies in philosophy, he had the led tim astray. misfortune to jole his excellent " Zinimernian, did not, how mother. Thus was he left with ever, confine himself to the study out a friend to consult upon the of physic: under M. Segner he choice of a profession; a circum. studied mathematics and natural ftauce at all times to be lamented; philosophy; he also learned the but which has, in some cases, the English language and studied Eng advantage of allowing the inclina- lifli literature, wbich he loved and tion to follow its own bent, aud cultivated all his life. Pope and thereby 'perhaps of insuring suc. Thomson were as familiar to him ceis. Without beatation he de- as Homer and Virgil, and the bed termined in tavour of phylc; and French poets. He acquired under

M. Achenral

M. Achenval the knowledge of the glory of the discovery was reserved states of Europe. It is doubtful for M. Haller. whether the lessons he received “Gliffon, a celebrated English from this master. were lessons of anatomist, had remarked, in lome politics properly so called, or of parts of the human body, a finguthat science which now makes folar property of contraction upon much noise under the name of sta. being touched, although there tistics; but from several passages in should be no feeling in the part, his letters I am inclined to think and he called that property irriiathey comprized the principles of bility. M. Haller imagined, that both.

if the fibres of the heart had the “ The four years which he pas- same property, as several operaed at Goettingen were, as may be tions appeared to indicate, it was feen, well employed. He gave without doubt the cause of its himself up to study with the greate muveinents; and he assumed this eft ardour; and was supported by poftulatum in his Outlines of that inward feeling which already Phyfiology,' which appeared in told him what he should one day 1747. Still, however, it was only become. In taking poffeffion for a conjecture, which it was veces. him of an estate left him in this fary to demonstrate or overturn; country by an aunt, I found in one and M. Zimmerman undertook to of his letters, dated from Goettin. make the requisite experiments, gea in 1748, the following pal. The general plan was, no doubt, fage: "I lead here the life of a given him by Haller: it was ne. man who wishes to live after cessary that he should tell him

his death.' This life, however, what he wished to have discovered, is not that which brings good and point out the means which he health; and his began already to intended fhould be employed : fedecay. He had at that time a veral experiments he suggested, and flight attack of the hypochon- saw them performed; but it is not dria.

less true, that the greatest part of “ Part of the last year that he the work, its reduction to a plan, spent at Goettingen was employed the perspicuity of arrangement, and upon a work which afterward be many of the conciusions, , are by came the basis of his reputation. Zimmerman, who registered down The continual action of the heart, bis experiments, his researches, and whịch from the first moment of his reflections, in a thelis, which is animation, until death, never ceases the fundamental work upon this alternately to contract and dilate subject, and to which are fairly atitself, with a regularity which is tributable all the changes that have only deranged by certain passions since been made in the theory of and certain disorders, has been re- phyfic. From the moment when garded by observers' as one of the that book was published, the name most curious phenomena of nature. of Zimmerman resounded through Every physician who had studied all Europe." the animal economy had endea- “ Upon quitting Goettingen, voured to explain it; a multitude where he had for fellow-students of causes had been imagined, none the most distinguillied characters of which were satisfactory, because (Meffrs. Al, Auriviiius, De Brun, neither was the true one; and the Caftel, Meckel, Schobinger, Free


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delenbourg and Zinn), he went to “Shortly after his marriage, the pass some months in Holland, poft of phyfician to the town of where he became extremely at: Brug, the salary of which is very tached to M. Gaubius; and from moderate considering the extent thence to Paris, where he spent of the place, its revenue, and the much of his time with M. Senac, duties attached to the situation, be. in whon he found a great resem: came vacant, and the principal ciblance to his former instructor M. tizens requested. M. Zimmerman to Brendel.

undertake it. It is natural to love "In 1752,M. Zimmerman return- the places where we have passed Çd to Berne, where he almoft im• our youth; and he had there relamediately enjoyed great confidence tions, friends, and an excellent in his practice, and had the plea- house, which, notwithstanding his fure of again finding his early ac. agreeable situation at Berne, deter, quaintance, who received liim with mined him to return to his patal the utmost cordiality. It was then foil. that be published in the Neuchatel “ It was # this time that an ac. Journal, without his name, a Leto . quaintance commenced between M. tér to M. ****, a celebrated Phy: Zimmerman and myself; an acfician, concerning M. Haller." quaintance which has been endear.

“ While he resided at Berne, ed by reciprocal affection." Haller came there to see his friends, “ His reputation in practice was and to re-establish his health. At established when he arrived at the end of several weeks he deter. Brug, and he became immediately mined to return no more to Goet- the physician not only of the town, tingen, but to fix his abode at but of all the country, round, in Berne; in consequence of which which the patients were very nu. he expressed a wish that his pupil merous. Bui this was still not suffiand friend would go to Goettingen cient wholly to occupy his ardent to bring his family to him. Zimn- mind, or satisfy bis thirst for knowmerman undertook this journey ledge; each freth acquisition only with the more pleasure, as he, in served to increase the defire for common with all who had the hap: more, M. Zimmerman read much, piness of that lady's acquaintance, not only in phylic, but in morality, had the most perfect esteem for maphilosophy, literature, history, tra. dame Haller.

vels, and periodical publications, 6 Zimmerman's heart was suf. Even novels he did not despise. It ceptible of strong attachments, and is indeed difficult to discover why he formed one for a lady in all re good works of that sort hould be fpects worthy of him. She was re: lightly esteeined. There are no li. lated to Halier, and widow of a terary productions in which man is Mr. Stek. Her maiden name was so well drawn, the resources of his Meley. She poffefled good sense, mind so well disclosed, and the fee a, cultivated mind, elegant taste; cret receffes of his heart so clearly and what is still more valuable, that developed. Good novels are the na Tweetnefs of manner, that equabi. tural history of moral man, and lity of temper, that fouthing charın ought on that account to be read of wice, which fo frequently re. with attention. English novels, called his finking fpirits during the and those of M. Wieland, with time that it-pleafed heaven to con- whon he was intimately acquainttinue their unions

ed, gave him the greatest pleasure;


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