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judices against the Italians ?--pre- ed. I do not believe that, in all
judices, of which many are only Germany, fifiy men perith, by
grounded on our folly. There are murder, within the same period.
subjects enough to blame: serious But could this have been laid of
fubjects ; demanding serious confi- the middle ages! And yet our na-
deration : and such the love of tion has always maintained the best
truth will not fuffer me to over- reputation among pations.

" The people of Rome cannot “ The education of the daugh- be justly accuted of robbery, ' A ters of the nobility is wretched. ftranger is no where fater ; but is Hence, domestic happiness is rare. more frequently plundered in most Domestic happiness is a source of of the great cities of Europe. The tranquillity, of joy, and a preserva. Roman Nabs bis enemy, but does tive against vice ; and I think it not rob. Anger is his stimulus : probable that this kind of happi- and this anger frequently lingers ness is better undertiood in Ger- for months, and lometimes for many, than in any other country years, till it finds an opportunity on earth. With respect to niyfelt, of revenge. This paflion, which I can with inward peace and de- is inconceivable to those who do light affirm, with the good old not feel it, this most hateful of poet, Walter,

all the paflions, the ancients fre

quently suppofed to be a virtue; Und das ist meiner reifen frucht, and it' ftill rages among many of Dass mir gefällt die deutsche zucht *! the nations of the fouth. The par

sions of the people of Rome are « From the bad education of frequently rouled, by playing at the women, domestic virtues, and mora, though the law hias Teverewith them the domestic happinels ly prohibited this gime; and, if of the higher ranks, are injured; they are disappointed at the moand the poison of their vices Ihedsment of their revenge, they wait itself among their inferiors : whole for a future occation. Jealousy is passions, without his concomitant, another frequent cause of murder : are violent to excess. The people it being with thein an imaginary of Rome are rather led aftray and duty to revenge the feduction or bewildered than, as 10:ne would their wife, their daughter, or their perfuade us, addicted to vice by filter, on the reducer. The cathoa nature. Where the climate in- lic religion, ill wderttood, encoufames the passions, which are nei- rages the practice: the people bether reftrained by education noring perfuaded that, by the performcurbed by law, they must rise ance of trifling ceremovies, and the higher, and burn with greater ex- inflicting of penance, they can ceis, than in other countries. It is walh away the guilt of blood. dreadful to hear that, in Rome, the "All the atliduits of the prepopulation of which is estimated at sent pope is not fufficient to retorin a hundred and fixty-eight thou- the police; the faults of which fand persons, there are annually a- originate in the constitution of bout five hundred people murder- Ronie, Many churches attord a

• By travel taught, I can atteft,
I love my rative land the best.
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sanctuary to the pursued culprit. Roman nobility, more than any Foreign ambassadors, likewise, yield other people of fathion, of a want protection ; which extends not on- of personal affection: the apathy ly to their palaces but to whole of the great world is every where quarters of the city, into which the fame. The absence of the the officers of justice dare not pur- death of any man is in no country sue offenders. The ambassadors, it felt in fathionable society : but is true, are obliged to maintain a eyery where, except in Italy, it guard: but who is ignorant of the arrogates to itself an insupportable mischief arising from complicated tyranny over each of its affocijurisdiction. Many cardinals seek ates. to derive honour, by affording “ In the great cities of Germany, protection to pursued criminals. we talk of being social : but what Could we find all these abuses can be more upsocial than a comcollected in any other great city, pany of men, who sit down to a fimany men would be inurdered, lent card party? The animation of though not fo many as in Rome; the Italians obviates the degrading but robbery would be dreadfully deceflity of such parties. In comincreased, which here is unknown. pany, they play very little; but

“Were I to live in a foreign they converse with fire: and, notcountry, and condemned to spend withstanding their rapidity, many my life in a great city, it is proba- Italians express themielves excel. ble there is no place I should pre- lently. fer to Rome. In no place is the « A sense of the ancient gran. fashionable world so free from re- deur of Rome is not yet quite loft, straint. You may daily be present to the people. When the queen of at the conversazioni; and go from Naples was last here, and at the one to another. Numerous socie- theatre, she was received with ties, in spacious apartments, are great applause. Self-forbearance continually to be found ; and the induced her to make figns to the visitor is always received with the people to cease their loud clapping, most prepossessing politeness. The and their shouts of welcome. The intercourse of society is nowhere so people took this very ill; and, tho free as here: you may neglect your next day, a person of my acquaintvisits for weeks or months, and un- ance heard one orange- woman fay disturbed indulge your own bu to another, · Did you hear how the mour. You may return again, af- foreign queen despised our people, ter an absence of weeks or months, last night? She must surely have without being once questioned, forgotten that many queens, beconcerning the manner in which fore now, have been brought in you have disposed of your time. chains to Rome."

“ Do not from this accuse the



[From the same Work.] A , can

It is pernicious to popula- without a habitation. The class of tion, the fink of morality, and the people called Lazaroni, some of wide dispenser of its own poison. whom you meet with even in Rome, Naples is very large, and extreme- are here computed at forty thouly populous: it contains above four fand. Many of these live in the hundred thousand, or probably as open air ; and at night, or in bad many as five hundred thousand, in- weather, take shelter under gatehabitants; yet, so excellent is the ways, porticos, the eaves of houses, Loil, that the necessaries of life are or under the rocks. They cannot in great plenty, and very cheap. easily be persuaded to work, while Among these necessaries, we must they have the smallest coin in their include ice: the want, or the dear- pocket

. They think not of maknets, of which would enrage the ing provision for to-morrow. The people. The common people of serenity of the climate, and the Naples, and indeed of all Italy, are ever generous, ever fruitful lap of very moderate in eating and drink- earth, sympathise with their joyous ing: they would rather fuffer all hilarity. Their blood flows lightly the inconveniences of life than re- through their veins; with care move them by their labour. This they are unacquainted. Should appears a very natural inclination any one offer money to a Lazarone, in a hot country. What enjoyment when he is not pressed by necellity, can be greater than that of repof- he raises the back of his hand to ing in the shade? Those, who re- his chin, and tolles his head uppeatedly wonder at, and are dif- wards, being too idle to speak, in gufted by, the indolence of this token of refulal; but, if any thing people, shew that their remarks are delights him, I do not speak of his either the consequence of haste or passions, which may be kindled and incapacity. That the effects of in- extinguished as easily as a fire of dolence are prejudicial is undoubt- ftraw, if he be invited to partake edly true ; bat that the men, who, any pleasure, no man is more talkto satisfy fome of their artificial ative, more alert, more full of anwants, labour a few hours more tics, than himself, than others, are preferable to the “ These people have wires and last, who prefer the mott natural of children. At present, there is one all pleasures, rest, and shelier from among them whose influence is so the heat, is what I cannot difco- great ihat they call him Capo de gli yer

Lazaroni: the chief of the Lazaro, “ The principal wants of the ni. He goes barefoot, and in tatNeapolitan are supplied by benevo- ters, like the rest. He is the oralent nature; without requiring him tor for the whole body, when they scarcely to stretch out his hand. have any thing to demand of the Abstemious in eating and drinking, government. He then generally the clothing he needs is trifling, the applies to the Eletto del Popolo: the

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representative of the people: a : in the dress of a pilgrim, in the kind of tribune, as far as such an great square, who is diftributing ottice cau exist in an unlimited mo- French band-bills; the meaning narchy, like that of Naples. He • of which neither I nor any of us likewise appeals to the king in pera, yet understand; and he is killing fon. The demands of the Lazaro- a stone, which he has brought ni are moderate : they have a fente from the ruins of the Bastille. He of right and wrong; which the • will certainly excite an ipsurrecpeople feldom want, when they • tion. We would have thrown are not milled. To disregard any • him into the sea, but I wilbed first just remonttrance of this people, or to hear your opinion ; though I not to comply without itating the • think we ought to have thrown grounds of refulal, would be dan. him into the sea.' gerous. They love the present The minifter had much diffiking; and I am aflured that, in culty to make him conceive that 3 cate of neceility, he might depend preliminary inquiry was necessary. upon their allittance: of this, how. He continually returned to the neever, he is in no need.

ceflity of throwing the orator into " Before the king last year made the sea ; and, when the minifter a journey to Gerinany, Nicola Sab- told him he would send soldiers to bato, for so is the present chief of put the man in prison, Nicola rethe Lazaroni called, made him a plied, "There is no occafion for speech. He lamented that the i soldiers; I will undertake that king should be ablent to long from business. his people ; yet rejoiced in a jour- « The man accordingly was ney that thould afford pleasure to a taken to prison, by the Lazaroni. prince, who took 10 much satisfac- The contents of the hand-bill were tion in the good of his fubjeéts. entirely feditious. The infurgent • We are,' said he, 'thirty thou- was one of those emissaries that “ fand strong ; and, in your ab- were sent, by the too provident • Tence, we will preserve the peace care of the French clubs, over Eu

of the country. You certainly rope; to enlighten, improve, and • have nothing to fear from any make the people happy. He had • man: but, ihould any one have disguised himself like a pilgrim, • the infolence to spread inflamma- and was subject to the gallows, ac*tory opinions, we will tear him cording to the common rights of • into as many pieces as we are nations; but the government only

men ; and each of us will have a thought proper to banish him to ! morsel of him to smoke in our the island of Maritima ; one of the pipes.'

Ægades, on the west fide of Si“During the absence of the cily. king, this Nicola Sabbato visited • Tlie Lazaroni are develed to the princes and princesses; that, the present king. A body of many as he said, he might give the peo- thousand men, who have nothing ple an account of their welfare. to lose, may reasonably be dreadHe likewise visited the prime mi- ed; and may keep a tyrannical nifter, Mr. Acton; and, on one oc- king in yery wholesome awe. A cation, came to bim breathless, de- despotic constitution may perhaps mandivg to speak to him. I need a remedy like this, the terhave just seen a man,' said he, ror of which thall preserve a ba

Janpo lance between itself and a power of the thronis. The object of inthat is equally blind, and unwife. quiry was a tishing boat, the peos A free constitution requires order; ple of which were dragging up a for order is the foundation of free- large net; and the spectators were dom. Bodies of people, like the in eager expetation to know how numberless Lazaroni of Naples, or many filh had been taken. Had a the bags of the halls, the fishwives man of war, after a sea fight, reof Paris, could not exist among a turned to harbour, and had the people that shonld be truly free. mothers, wives, brothers, and' lif

" The streets are uncommonly ters, aii crowded together on the crowded; yet the crowd is much strand, to inquire how many of less inconvenient here than in other their dearest relations were on cities. The coachmen too are less board, or how many were cut off, infolent than such gentlemen usu- the emotion in their countenances ally are ; when, mounted upon could not have assumed a more anitheir throne, they look down with mated appearance.

The draught contempt on the multitude be- of fish was found not to be very neath. However, the number of great ; and the people retired in coaches is so great that the foot à disconfolate manner, with very pallenger must be continually on evident tokens of disappointment. his guard; which it is difficult to " In general, the city is well be, Itunned as the ear is by the built; you feel, however, the want rolling of the carriage wheels. Yet of the better style of the Romans; the coaches are much less danger- and still more of the more noble ous than the little one horse cabri- palaces of Florence. The bouses oles; which are driven through are most of them flat-roofed. The the city by the young gentlemen, pavement confists, as in most of the who imagine that the foot pallen- cities of Italy, of square flag stones gers should vanish before them, as of lava. The royal palace is capaeasily, and as instantly, as the cious, and has a noble appearance. yielding air before the breath of The situation of the city is inextheir snorting horses.

preslibly beautiful. No great city “There is great oftentation here in Europe, Constantinople alone of carriages and horses; which last excepted, can, in this respect, be are justly famous. They are finall, compared with Naples, but beautiful, full of fire, and are There is a long extensive walk treated with cruelty. Nothing is on the sea Nore ; from which the so highly displeasing, in the Itali- whole high mountainous coast is ans, as the manner in which they seen on the left, and opposite to the treat their animais.

city the promontory of Sorento. “ Horace called this city otiofa Mount Veluvius likewise rises to Neapolis: the indolent Naples. I, the leit; and Portici lies at its feet. and my fellow-travellers, were On the right of the city, the hill Jately taking a walk on the sea Pofilipo extends itself far into the Thore; when a great crowd of fea. men and women made us imagine “The fortress of Castell del Uovo there was something extraordinary is built on an island, which is conin agitation. All pressed forward nected with the city by a bridge. to the fame places for curiosity is On this rock, which the ancients catching, and we got into the midft called Megaris, and Magalia, Lu



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