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Letter of Convocation addresed to this blefling, that it is the mere re.
the Plenipotentiary Envoys of the sult of the indefatigable exertions
trality of Northern Germany, and
mult effectually protect it by a corps The underligned is charged, by of his own troops, and of those of the express coinmand of the king the two allied courts. His majesty of Pruilia, his most gracious fove- has further consolidated this neŭtra. reign, to make the following over- lity, by the formal accession of his tures to all their excellencies, the serene highness the elector of Saxplenipotentiaries of the associated ony, and the whole circle of Upper states of Northern Germany, dele. Saxony, in virtue of a supplemengated to assemble in convention tary article added to the convention at Hildesheim : The general cons of the 5th of August, 1796, by which cerns of Germany, with regard to a line of demarcation, extending the continuance of the war, still from the utmost coasts of the North remain in a moft undecided con. Sea, to the Lower Rhine, and from dition, and the consolatory hope of bence to Silesia, encompassed the a general peace, so devoutly to be whole north of Germany. The wished, remains as yet uncertain iwo associations in this vast extent and remote to the last degree, since of territory must remain separate, the negotiations entered upon for with respect to the maintenance of that purpose may, alas! produce a the troops, drawn out to cover their farther and more obftinate war, ra- neutrality, which is done in Upper ther than bring about its final con- Saxony by a corps belonging to the clufion. In this perplexing situ. elector himself; but with regard, ation, it certainly is a happiness to their common design they join which Northern Germany cannot hands, and by this enlargement, sufficiently praise, to see itself en. effected by his majesty, the neutratirely freed, not only from the mi- lity of Northern Germany receives series of this ravaging war, but also a new and manifest importance. from all the inconveniencies con- The king is likewile firmly re. nected with it, such as the requi- solved to secure farther, and until fitions of the belligerent powers, the conclusion of the war, the full the passage and marches of troops, enjoyment of the neutrality to all and many other, similar burdens. the associated states, to protect them It needs but a slight comparative and their territories against every glance at the most piteous state of power, and to defend them in parthe countries of Southern Ger, ticular at all times, and in the most many, formerly flourishing and effectual and powerful manner, now ruined for a long tiine to against the incursions of the troops come, in order to feel, in its whole of the belligerent powers, against extent, the happiness of the north- each and every demand of military ern parts, which have for the two requisitions, of whatever sort, and last campaigns enjoyed the most the levying of those requifitions perfect tranquillity.
which inight be attempted by exeThe king is fully convinced, cution, and against all fimilar burthat it can be unknown to none of dens of war; likewise to screen his co-states, who participate in them by his most forcible interpa
P-A P E R s. fition, during the period of this the corps of troops which is drawn neutrality, from all the subsequent out, covering the line of deniarca.. demands of supplies for the war of tion, maintaining farther, in the the empire.
most efficacious manner, the neutra. The underligned is expressly in- lity of the countries situate within structed to give once more these their precinets, to fulfil their prodefinite and most explicit assurances. mises previously given. Yet in this It affords infinite pleasure to his he will not compromise himself remajesty, to have thus fecured the specting those very possible events jovaluable benefits of the neutrality which accompany the viciffitudes to all his co-states, connected with of the fortune of war. But wherehis dominions by their topographi. as the king is under the neceffity of cal Incality, in the same manner as setting boundaries to the great fait has been done to his own terri- crifices he has already made; and tories, and to have thus given them whereas the concurrence farther so strong a proof of his friendly demanded of the protected counfentiments. Besides the gratifying tries for the maintenance of the consciousness of having hitherto troops who defend them, is so exaccomplished this happy end, his tremely juft and equitable; the unmajesty requires no oiner proof of dersigned has also express orders, gratitude on the part of his co- herewith to declare, that in the tates, than that they should contin unexpected case of the majority of nue as heretofore to co-operate in the states not displaying the neces. the maintenance of the troops. The fary zeal and alacrity, his majesty king flatters himself the more to will forthwith withdraw his troops,
find the most perfect readiness on renounce entirely all the obligations their part, lince the burden which which he has voluntarily taken upwill arise from this measure to the on him from motives of patriotism; countries thus protected, does not suppress totally the convention bear the most diftant comparison made for that purpose with the with the manifold evils, and the French republic, and confine himprobable and entire ruin averted self solely to the defence of his own from them, especially since the two dominions, abandoning all the rest courts allied with his majesty, and to their own means and resources, furnishing troops in a like manner, and making known his intention to made the major part of the facri. the belligerent powers. Should such fices required for that end. This a resolution once be taken, and the latter circumstance must strike all corps be withdrawn, no circumthe affociated states with the most stances, of what complexion foperfect conviction, that the conti- ever, thall induce his majesty to nuance of those measures will not recur again to the adoption of limi: be prolonged a single moment be. lar measures; and the underligned yond the period of their indispensa- is obliged to announce beforehand, ble neceffity. But the underfigned that his majesty will at no rate has his majesty's direct commands, interest himielf again in the fate of to declare in the inost positive man- those of his co-states, who shall not ner, that his majesty deems the now accept of the friendly proffer continuance of those measures ab- of protection, made with so much solutely neceffary for the present, as friendship, and so many personal he will only find himself enabled by facrifices.
The coldness which has for some three months longer, in flour, oats, time patt been manifested from va- hay, and straw, for the Pruffian, rious quarters respecting the main. Hanoverian, and Brunswick troops, tenance of the troops, has induced at two different periods, viz, the his majesty to authorize the under 15th instant and the 1st of April. figned to make this frank and ex- In order to secure the subsistence of plicit declaration, and to give the the troops in future, the states of well-meant warning, not to suffer Northern Germany are to meet in themselves to be deceived by the convention at HildeMeim on the hope of a speedy peace, but rather 30th instant, or to send plenipoto rely upon the fufficiently public. tentiaries to regulate the quotas of spirited and patriotic sentiments of supplies, in neceffaries or in money, the king, and his majesty's know. for as long as the war may last.) ledge of the general Gtuation of As thote deliberations (in conpublic affairs, and to entertain the vention in Hildetheim) will prefirm confidence that his majefty clude all the subjects not essentially would certainly and with great and directly relating to the mainte pleasure to his co-states, save the nance of the troops, the underburdens required by the mainte- figned will lose no time to termi. nance of the troops, if there were nate them with the utmost speed, the leaft poffibility of securing to and not to detain the plenipotentitheir territories the benefits of the aries a moment longer than shall be neutrality, and all the advantages necessary from following their other which have hitherto accrued from affairs. The flattering confidence it, without such a measure. with which the underligned has
That, however (the saving of the hitherto been honoured in the late burdens occafioned by the main- negotiations, makes him equally tenance of the troops), accordo confident that his zeal and a&tivity ing to the general fituation of af- will be entirely depended upon in fairs, being impossible, and his ma- that business. He has only most jesty deeming it absolutely necef- urgently to request, that, for the sary to preserve the corps of ob. fake of dispatch, the States may fervation till the conclusion of furnith their plenipotentiaries with peace, if the tranquillity and neu- full instructions for the purpose trality of Northern Germany are to which has been thus plainly notibe maintained, his majetty doubts fied, in order not to waste time not but all his associated co-states in lending for new ones, but that will now their readiness for that the necessary resolutions may be purpose, in the maintenance of taken, oot only for the farther fub. the troops, display proper zeal in ftantial regulation of the mainte. a measure so closely connected with nance, but for the obligatory affent self-preservation, and render prac- to the same to the end of the war. ticable the farther execution of the The underfigned has it likewise beneficent designs of his majesty in command to request, that their
With this confidence, the under excellencies the plenipotentiaries figned, by supreme command, has may arrange matters in such a man the honour to make known to you, ner, as not to quit the convention, &c. &c.
till the state of affairs shall permit Here follow two articles speci. its fufpenfion or conclufion, fince fying the supplies to be granted, tor the gradual departure of many ple.
aipotentiaries nipotentiaries has formerly occa- shall appear, and the duty on fioned a precipitate suspension of French brandy shall be regulated the first convention, which has been agreeably to the Ukala of Novemhighly prejudicial to the dispatching ber 25, 1793 of business. His majelty will also 4. The Ukasa of the 8th of consider the fulfilment of this will, April, 1793, thall be stri&tly observand the infallible meeting of the ed, as far as it forbids the importa. convention, according as it is ex- tion of various French goods and pected to meet, as a gratifying proof of others which are mere objects that his serene co-ftates wish to do of luxury; as likewise all commujustice to his efforts and facrifices. nication with the French, until a And the underligned al fo looks for lawful government and order of ward for the desired answer, re. things shall have been introduced specting the fourth sending of sup- in that country; the certificates of plies, before the expiration of the consul or government ordained by present month, and hopes to have the said Ukafa shall also no longer the honour and pleasure to see be demanded on the future importaagain their excellencies the pleni- tion of French goods, except for potentiaries at the second opening such articles for which some duties of the convention, on the 20th of are to be remitted. February
Done at St. Petersburgh, Jan, 22, (Signed)
Dohm. 1797 Halberstadt, Jan. 41b, 1797.
Paul I. &c. IMPERIAL UKASA, OR Edict,
We do hereby most graciously Ilued at Petersburgh, respecting tbe permit the free importation, in all
Importation of French and Dutch our harbours, of such Dutch goods Merchandise.
as are not prohibited in the † ariff PAUL I.
or the Ukasa, provided such im. By the grace of God emperor and portation takes place in thips befole governor of all the Rullias, goods are to pay the duties pre
longing to neutral powers. Those &c.
fcribed by the Tariff of September We do most graciously ordain,
1. The importation of all French 27, 1782, till a new. Tariff shall be wines without exception, also fa
published. lad oils of Provence, olives, capers,
Done at St. Petersburgh, Jan. anchovies, to be freely permitted 22, 1797. in all our harbours in neutral bot. toms.
Treaty of offenfive and defenfive At 2. French and Spanish brandy is
liance between the French Repubonly permitted to be imported by
lic and the King of Sardinia. neutral ships, in those harbours which are specified in the Ukafa of Ratified by the Council of Five the 11th of December, 1784, and
Hundred on the ift Brumaire to which we add the ports of Lie
(O&t. 21), and in the Council of bau and Windau.
Ancients on the 4th of the famo 3. The duties on wine, oils, &c.
month (O&. 24th). shall be taken from the Tariff of The executive directory of the September 27, 1782, till a new one French republic, and his majesty
the king of Sardinia, being desi. Sardinian majesty guarantee recirous by every means in their power, procally, by all the means in their and by the most intimate union of power, their respective poffetfions their respective interests, to contri- which they now hold in Europe bute as (peedily as possible to the during the existence of the present restoration of that peace which is alliance. The two powers shall the object of their wishes, and unite their forces against the comwhich will secure the repose and mon enemy externally, and shall the tranquillity of Italy, have de- give no aid, directly or indirectly, termined to enter into a treaiy of to the internal enemies of either. offensive and defensive alliance ; 4. The contingent of troops and have charged with full powers which his majesty
the king of Sarto that effect, viz. on the part of the dinia shall furnith immediately in executive directory of the French consequence of the present treaty, republic, citizen Henry James Wil. fhall be 8000 infantry and 1000 caliam Clarke, general of division in valry, and 40 pieces of cannon. In the armies of the republic; and on case the two powers shall think it the part of his majesty the king of necessary to augment this continSardinia, the chevalier D. Clement gent, such augmentation shall be Damian de Priocia, knight of the concerted and regulated by comgrand cross of the order of Saint missioners invested with full powers Maurice and Lazarus, first secretary to thạt effect by the executive die of state in his majefty's department rectory, and his majesty the king for foreign affairs, and president of of Sardinia. the home department; who, after 5. The contingent of troops exchanging their respective powers, and artillery shall be ready and concluded as follows:
assembled at Novara, viz. soo cas 1. There shall be an offensive valry, 4000 infantry, and twelve and defensive alliance between the field pieces, by the 30th of GerFrench republic and the king of minal current (April 19), and the Sardinia, until the period of con- remainder in a fortnight after. tinental peace. This alliance shall This contingent thall be mainthen become purely defensive, and tained at the expance of his mashall be established upon a basis jesty the king of Sardinia, and shall
agreeable to the reciprocal interests receive orders from the commander r of both powers.
in chief of the French army in 2. The present alliance having Italy. for its object to hasten the restora. A separate convention, settled in tion of peace, and to secure the fu- concert with the commander in ture tranquillity of Italy, its execu- chief of the French army, Thall retion during the present war shall be gulate the nature of the service of directed solely against the emperor this contingent. of Germany, he being the only 6. The troops which form this continental power that presents ob contingent shall participate, in prostacles to wishes fo falutary. His portion to the number which may majesty the king of Sardinia shall be under arms, in the contributions semain neuter with regard to F.ng. which shall be levied from the conland and to the other powers still at quered countries ; reckoning from war with the French republic. the day of the union of the contin
3. The French republic and his gent to the army of the republic.