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fire to quit Ruffia, after having not be obliged to show their books published their names and places of or papers to any person whatsoever, abode in the gazettes, according to unless it be to afford evidence in the cuftom of the present day, courts of justice; neither shall the without obliging them to give se faid books or papers be taken or curity; and if at the time there detained. If 'it' Mould happen, does not appear any just cause•for however, that a British merchant detaining them, they shall be per- becomes a bankrupt, the affair fhall mitted to depart, after providing be under the jurisdiction at St. themselves, however, with passports Petersburgh, of the college of comfrom the tribunals established for merce, or of that which shall herethat purpose. The same facility after be established for the purpose Thall be granted, on the like occa of adminiftering justice in commerfion, according to the custom of the cial affairs, and, in the other cities country, to Russian fubjeéts, whu at a distance, under that of the mafhall desire to quit the dominions of gistrate of the city: and the busiGreat Britain.
ness shall be carried on according XVI. British merchants, who to the laws which are, or shall shall hire or keep servants, shall be hereafter be made upon that subobliged to conform themselves to ject. If, however, British merthe laws of that einpire upon this chants, obstinately resolved not to subject; which Russian merchants become bankrupts, should refuse to shall be equally obliged to do in pay their debis either into the Great Britain.
banks of his imperial majesty or to XVII. In all lawsuits and other individuals, it fall be permitted to affairs, British merchants Mhall not arrest a part of their effects, equibe under any other jurisdiétion valent to their debts; and in case than that of the college of com- those · effects should prove inademerce, or that which shall be here. quate to that purpose, they may arafter established for the administra. reft their persons, and detain them tion of justice between merchants. until the majority of their creditors If it should happen, however, that both as to the number and value British merchants were to have of their respective demands, conlawsuits in any cities at a distance sent to liberate them : with respect from the above-mentioned college to their effects which shall have been of connierce, both they and the on arrested, they shall reinain in the ther party shall carry their com custody of those who shall be applaint before the magistrates of the pointed and duly authorized for that said cities. Ruffian merchants in purpose by the majority of the cre. Great Britain fall have reciprocal- ditors as aforesaid; and the persons ly the same protection and justice, fo appointed fall be obliged to ap. according to the laws of that king- praise the effects as soon as possible, dom, which other foreign mer- and to make a just and equitable chants have there, and Thall be, distribution to all the creditors, ac. treated in the same manner as the cording to their respective claims. fubjects of the most favoured na. The same course thall be pursued, rion.
in fimilar cases, with regard to RufXVIII. Russian merchants re- fian merchants in the dominions of siding in Great Britain, and British Great Britain, and they shall be merchants residing in Ruffia, fhall protected therein in the manner regulated in the preceding arti- delivering their merchandise at the cle.
place or at the time agreed upon XIX. In case of coniplaints and and mentioned in the laid bills or of lawsuits, three persons of irre. contracts, the college of commerce, proachable character, from amongst after complaints to that effect shall the foreign merchants, shall be, ac- have been made, and proofs given, cording to the circumstances of the fall summon them three times, case, appointed by the college of granting them a fufficient time to commerce, and in such places appear in perfon, and if they allow where there is none, by the magi- it to elapse without appearing, the strate, to examine the books and said college shall condemn them, papers of the complainants; and and shall send an express, at the the report which they shall make expence of the plaintiff, to the goto the college of commerce, or to vernors and to the tribunals of gothe magistrate, of what they shall vernment, enjoining them to put have found in the said books and the sentence into execution, and papers, shall be considered as good thereby compel the debtors to fulproof.
fil their engagentents. And if the XX. The custom-houses shall demands should be found frivolous take care to examine the servants or or unjust, then the British mer. the clerks of Russian merchants, at charits shall be obliged to pay the the time of their enregistering their damage which they shall have ocpurchases, if they are furnished, forçasioned, either by the loss of time, that purpose, with the orders or full or by the expences of the voyage. powers of their masters, and if they XXII. The brack shall be estaare not, they shall not be credited. blified with justice, and the brack. The same measures shall be adopt. ers shall be answerable for the quaed with the servants of British mer- lity of the merchandise and for chants; and when the faid ser- fraudulent packages, and obliged, vants, having orders or full powers upon sufficient proofs against them, from their masters, shall have enre. to pay for the losses wbich they gistered the merchandise on ac- bave occasioned. count of their masters, the latter XXIII. A regulation shall be thall be responsible therefor in the made in order to prevent the abuses fame manner as if they had them- wbich may be practised in the leives enregistered them. With re. Packing of leather, hemp, and lint; spect to Ruffian servants employed and if any disputes fhould happen in shops, they shall, in like manner, berween the purchaser and the selle te enregistered by the tribunals esta- er respecting the weight or the blished for that purpose, in the cities tare of any
merchandise, the cus. where those shops thall be ; and toin-house shall decide it according their masters shall be responsible for to equity. them, in matters of trade, and in XXIV. In every thing which rethe purchases which they fall have lates to taxes and duties upon the made in their name.
importation and exportation of XXI. In the case of Russian mer. merchandise in general, the subchants who are in debt to British jects of the two high contracting merchants upon bills of exchange, parties shall always be considered or who have made contracts for the and treated as the moft favoured delivery of merchandise, not pay- nation. ing their bills of exchange, or not XXV. The subjects of the two
contracting powers shall be at li
DECLARATION. berty, in the respective dominions, to assemble together with their con- We, the underligned, being fursul, in body, as a factory, and make pished with the full powers of his ainongst themseives, for the com- majesty the king of Great Britain mon intereft of the factory, such ar- on one side, and his majesty the rangements as they fhall judge pro- emperor of all the Rusias on the per, provided they are in no re- other, having, in virtue of those spect contrary to the laws, statutes, full powers, concluded and signed, and regulations of the country or at St. Petersburgh, on February the place where they shall be established. 10-21ft, 1797, a treaty of navigation
XXVI. Peace, friendship, and and commerce, of which the oth good intelligence fall continue for article states, “ The subjects of the ever between the high contracting high contracting parties thall not parties; and, as it is customary to pay higher duties, on the importafix a certain period to treaties of tion and exportation of their mercommerce, the above-mentioned chandise, than are paid by the subhigh contracting parties have a. jects of another nation, '&c.” degreed that the present shall last clare by these presents, in virtue of eight years, reckoning from the ex: those fame full powers, that by the piration of the convention conclud; words other nations, European naed between them on the 25th of tions alone are to be understood. March 1793; and this treaty Mall The present declaration thall be have effect immediately after its ra. considered as making part of the tification : this term being elapsed, above-mentioned treaty of naviga. they may agree together to renew tion and commerce, signed Febru. or prolong it.
ary 10-21, of the present year, and XXVII. The present treaty of this day ratified. navigation and commerce Dall be In faith of which, we, the respec. approved and ratified by his Bri
tive plenipotentiaries, have caufi tannic majesty and his imperial ed two copies of it, perfectly conmajesty of all the Ruflias, and the formable to each other, to be ratifications, in good and due form, made, have signed them with our shall be exchanged in the space of own hand, and have thereuntu three months, or sooner if it can be affixed the seal of our arıms. done, reckoning from the day of Done at Moscow, on the 30th April, the signature.
Ilth May, 1797. In faith of which, the respective (L. S.) ALEXANDER count of plenipotentiaries have caused two
Besborodko. copies of it to be made perfectly (L. S.) Prince ALEXANDER of conformable to each other, figned
Kourakin. with their hands, and have there. (L. S.) C. WHITWORTH.
unto affixed the seal of their arms. Done at St. Petersburgh the 10-21st of February, 1797.
Proceedings of a Meeting held in (L.S.) ALEXANDER count of
Palace Yard, Westminster, April 3. Besborodko. (L. S.) Prince ALEXANDBR of At a meeting of the inhabitants Kourakin.
householders of the city and liberty (L. S.) Peter of Soimonow. of Westminster, held this day, pur. (L. S.) C. WHITWORTH,
Suant to advertisement bgned by
seven householders for that puro ed their impotence, but not their pose,
errors: they discovered their most Peter Moore, esq. in the chair, hostile dispositions towards France,
It was resolved unanimously, at the very time they proved their That the following address and pe- utter inability to contend with her. tition be presented to his majesty. When they wanted to obtain out To the king's most excellent ma- consent to the war, they assured us jesty.
that it was necessary for the safety We your majesty's inost dutiful of our commerce.--At this moSubjects, the inhabitants house- ment most of the ports of Europe holders of the city and liberty of are fhut against us; goods to an Westminster, humbly beg leave to immenfe amount are lying upon the approach your majesty in a crisis of hands of our merchants; and the the greatest danger to our country, manufacturing poor are starving by that it has experienced since the re- thousands. volution.
They assured us the war was ne. Your majesty's ministers have in- cessary for the preservation of pro volved us in a war, in the prosecu- perty and public credit. They tion of which they have already have rendered every man's propersquandered upwards of one hun. ty subject to an crder of the privy. dred and thirty millions of money. council, and the bank of England They have already laid taxes upon has stopped payment. the people to the amount of fix They assured us the war was ne. millions and a half annually;'and cessary for the preservation of the the lives which they have facrificed, constitution. They have destroy. and the sum which they have added ed its best part, which is its liberty, to human misery, exceeds all calcu- by oppressive restrictions upon the lation or belief
right of petitioning, and upon the We humbly represent to your freedom of the press; by profecut. majesty, that in the hands of those ing innocent men, under false preminifters nothing has succeeded. tences; by sending money to
Instead of restoring monarchy foreign princes, without consent of in France, they have been com- parliament; while, by erecting barpelled to recognise the republic racks throughout the kingdom, they there established, and to offer pro- give us reason to suspect their inposals of peace to it. Instead of tention of finally subjecting the dismembering the territories of that people to military despotism. republic, they have suffered it to They assured us that the war was add to them the Netherlands, Hol. necessary for the preservation of the land, and a great part of Italy and unity of our empire.--But they have Germany; and even a part of these so conducted, and are still so conkingdoms, which the fleets of that ducting themselves in Ireland, as to republic have insulted, have only alienate the affections of that brave, been preserved from the calamities loyal, but oppressed and persecuted of an invasion, by the accidents of nation; and to expose the most flouthe seasons.
rithing of its provinces to all the horIn their negotiations for peace, rors of lawless, military violence. they have been equally unsuccess- These are not common errors. ful. It was to be expected. When They are great crimes and of they asked peace, they were abject, these crimes, before God and our but not fincere; they acknowledge country, we accuse your ministers.
Our affections to your majesty's That the thanks of this meeting perfon, our loyalty to your govern- be given to the seven independent ment, are unabated: your majesty's inhabitants who called this meet. virtues are a pledge for the one ; ing. the constitution which makes you Resolved, That the thanks of
, king, for the other. But duty to this meeting be given to the chairour fellow-countrymen, and to our man, for his able conduct in the pofterity, which is but another chair. name for that affection and loyalty, Resolved, That these resolutions impels us to represent to your be printed in the morning and majesty, that your ministers are de- evening papers, figned by the chairfrauding us of the benefit of those man. virtues, by deftroying the channels Peter MOORE, chairman. through which they flow. They have carnished the national honour and glory.
They have opprefred Speech of bis Excellency the Lord the poor with almost intolerable Lieutenant of Ireland, to both burdens. They have poisoned the Houses of Parliament, July 3. intercourse of private life. They have given a fatal blow to public My lords and gentlemen, credit. They have divided the I have the satisfaction of being empire; and they have fubverted at length enabled to relieve you the constitution.
from your laborious attendance in We humbly pray your majesty, parliament; and am commanded therefore, to dismiss them from by his majesty to express the jurt your presence and councils for ever. fenfe he entertains of that firm tem
Resolved vnanimously, That the per and vigorous determination thanks of this meeting be given to which you have uniformly mani. the right hon. Charles James Fox, fested in supporting his majesty's one of the representatives of this government, and protecting our city in parliament, for the firm and happy conftitution from the atfaithful discharge of his public tempts of every foreign and dow duty, in the most trying times, and mestic enemy. for his opposition to that cala- I have much pleasure in anmitous fyftem, of which he with nouncing to you, that the British prophetic fagacity foresaw and fore- parliament has passed acts for abge told the ruinous consequences. lishing tie bounty on fail-cloth ex
That the said address and peti- ported to Ireland, and for prohition be presented by the chairman biting the importation of cambric and by the several gentlemen who from all countries except this king. called this meeting, and the right dom. hon. Charles James Fox.
Gentlemen of the house of That his grace the duke of Nor
commons, folk, his grace the duke of Bedford, I am to thank you, in his ma. his grace the dukę of Northumber. jesty's name, for your unanimity land, the earl of Derby, the earl in voting the extraordinary supplies of Thanet, the earl of Lauderdale, which the public exigencies de lord Robert Spencer, and the hon. manded. However unprecedented Mr. Petre, be requested to accom- these supplies may have been in exo
tent, and however difficult they 1797