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out the existence of any danger be- surrendered to the English in 1655, ing even remotely proved. General took to the woods. In the account Tarleton then made some observa- which general Venables transmitted tions relative to the achievements, to government of these people, they mentioned in his majesty's speech, were represented as wild and lawless by our troops in different parts savages who had no moral sense ; on of the world. Considering the ex- whom neither persuasions nor genpense with which the armament tleness could make any impression, for the West Indies had been at- and with whom it was impossiblo to tended, and also the present state come to any treaty. They were of our islands there, he saw no great therefore left in possession of the cause for exultation; we had rather interior country, and continued borrowed from our allies than con- masters of it for near a century, quered from the enemy.

murdering, without mercy, all such Mr. Fox having made some re- white persons as attempted to make marks relative to the treaty with the any settlements near them. Maroons, Mr. Bryan Edwards rose, He then entered into a history of and gave to the house an historical the late war with these people, nearaccount of the late war between ly as it was stated in our preceding those people and the inhabitants of volume. Jamaica. The Maroon negroes, he After this digression, the house said, were descendants of the Spa- voted the following sums. nish negroes, who, when the island




For land barsons 60,765 effective men for guards

of} 40,096

and garrisons
For forces in the plantations, &c.
For difference between British and Irish pay of

forces for service abroad
For recruiting regiments in India
For contingencies for land forces
For charge of general and staff officers
For charge of embodied militia and fencible infantry
For contingencies for ditto
For clothing for ditto
For charge of fencible cavalry
For allowance to ditto

1,505,905 1 0 1,411,231 19 5

99 13,335 18 0 360,000 0 0

94,195 140 950,441 3 6 210,000 Ο Ο 112,811 0 0 397,734 4 2 95,000 0 0

The house being resumed, the those of last year, that he did not report was ordered to be received conceive it was necessary for him on the Monday following. On to say more than to move the that day the report was brought up different resolutions meant to be accordingly, and agreed to.

founded upon them. The first of On the 2d of December the house which was, that the sum of 70,000l. resolved itself into a committee of be granted for horses' furniture, &c. supply, when the secretary at war for the year 1797 observed, that the estimates upon General Tarleton said, that, when the table were so much matter of the army estimates were first brought course, and so little different from forward, he had remarked that the


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articles which had been omiited to observe, that they amounted to would amount to 550,0001. but, in 707,0001. justice to his own moderation in The whole sums granted this day that statement, he was bound now were as follows.


d. For borses' furniture and clothing for the augmentation 70,000 0 For allowance to reduced American officers

7,500 0 0 Upon account ditto

52,500 0 For Scotch roads

4,500 0 0 For allowance to reduced horse-guards

125 3 4 For reduced officers of land forces and marines

118,874 16 1 For increased rates of subsistence for quartering soldiers 180,000 0 0 For full pay to supernumerary officers

136,675 0 0 For officers late in the service of the States-General

1000 0 0 For allowance to paymaster.general, secretary at 136,779 17 1

war, &c. For ordinary of the navy

653,573 1 7 • For building and re-building ships of war

768,100 For ordnance land service not provided for in 1795 114,553 199 For ordnance sea service not provided in 1795

74,830 3 For ordnance land service not provided for in 1796 425,366 10 6 For the civil establishment of the province of Upper

7000 1 0 Canada For the civil establishment of Nova Scotia


( For the civil establishinent of New Brunswick

4,550 оо For the civil establishment of the island of St. John

1,900 0 0 in America For the civil establishment of Cape Breton

1,840 оо For ditto of the Bahama islands

4,100 0 0 For ditto of Newfoundland

1,232 10 o For ditto of New South Wales

5,523 10 0 For the salary of the chief justice of Bermudas

580 0 0 For ditto of Dominica

000 0 0

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In order to give our readers the General Tarleton said, that he whole of this subject at one view, was under a necessity of noticing we shall trespass a little on the chro- two particular objects of expense ; nological order, and mention the the advances to the emperor, and the whole of the extraordinaries of the campaign in the West Indies. He army previons to the account of the blamed the conduct of administrabudget

tion in both these points, and inThe secretary at war, on the 5th sisted that the emperor had contiof April, 1797, moved a resolu- nually lost ground, and that the tion “ That a sum, not exceeding war in the West indies, particularly 3,280,5131. 185. 2d. be granted for in St. Domingo, was to be conthe purpose of defraying the extra- sidered as the bane and destruction ordinaries of the army, from the of the British military, who perish6th of December, 1795, to the 6th ed ignobly, and who were sent to of December, 1796, voted, and not a grave in that charnel-house, as it provided for by parliament," had proved to them; and though


the island had cost so much money first, for in the June following he and the lives of 14,000 gallant men, brought up a second). He proceeded to this country, there was not a to state the resources upon which single post in our possession that the people might confidently rely could not be taken by three hun- to defray the expenses which they dred fresh troops : on these grounds had to incur. He premised thai, he opposed the motion.

The reso

great as the demand was, the nation lution, however, was agreed to by was fully equal to the emergency, the house.

and prepared to meet it. The chancellor of the exchequer, The amount of the supply which on the 7th of December, introduced had been then voted, and which it into the house of commons his first might be necessary to vote during budget for the year 1797 (we say the session, was as follows:


N A V Y.

L. For the ordinary of the navy for 120,000 seamen and marines 6,240,000 Extraordinaries for the same

1,420,000 To which might be added for this favourite service the fur. ther sum of


* Total for the service of the navy

L. 10,160,000

A R M Y.

MY. The amount of the sums which had been then voted for } 6,613,000 The account of the extraordinaries was not then complete;} 4,300,000

but Mr. Pitt estimated them at

Total for the army

L. 10,913,000

Sums for the diminution of the national debt

200,000 The amount of the ordnance

1,623,000 Miscellaneous services, including the relief to emigrant} 378,000

priests, &c. Deficiency of land and malt

350,000 The deficiency of taxes, after deducting the surplus of grants for 1796, which amounted to 420,0001. was

1,023,000 Total of the supply

L. 27.0+7,000

* Mr. Pitt, in his statement, omitted fractions, and computed the navy expenses at the sound sum of 10,160,0001. whereas the real sum was 10,161,000!, for the wavy.


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For raising this sum, the minister proposed the following

Land and Malt

2,750,000 Produce of the consolidated fund

1,075,000 Surplus of grants of 1796

420,000 Sarplus of the lottery, after deducting the sum due apon it?


to the loyalists
A voluntary loan

18,000,000 Exchequer bills to be issued


Total of Ways and Means

L. 27,945,000

Total of the ways and means
Total of the supplies

• 27,945,000


Surplus of ways and means

L. 298,000 The chancellor of the exchequer fund, would make the whole of then proceeded to state the terms of the interest to be provided, about the voluntary loan of 18 millions, 61. 15sfor every 1001. ; hence the so creditable and glorious to the interest on the 18,000,000 would country. The interest then to be be 1,215,0001. He proposed that provided for that loan was no more exchequer bills should be issued to than 5l. 128.6d, per cent. per an- the amount of 5,500,0001, because num; he said he should not think he was convinced that so many bimself justifiable if he were to pro- might be circulated both with æcovide a less sum than for the whole nomy and advantage. Other speas a permanent annuity; and also cies of floating debt had been found to add the usual sum of one per to be injurious, from the enormity cent to the sinking fund, as if the of the discount to which they fell loan was not to be paid off. In on account of the length of time this view, takiog the interest of they had to run. The interest on 31. 128. 6d. and adding one per these exchequer bills would be eent, on account of the sinking 275,000l.

The total excess of the navy debt beyond the estimate of
1796, was

} 8,250,000 Of this sum, a provision had been made for

4,000,000 Therefore interest must be provided for the difference, viz. 1,250,000

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Having taken 2,500,000l. in the The items of the different sums estimate of supply, he was confi- for which interest was to be providdent he should cover every possible ed, and for which new burdens demand under the head of navy were to be laid upon the people, debt, if he provided interest for when recapitulated, stood as fol3,000,0001. more.

lows :


For the interest of 18,000,0001. of loan
For interest on 5,500,000l. of exchequer bills
For ditto of excess of navy 8,250,0001.
For interest of future excess of navy 5,702,0001.
Substitute for abandoning the collateral succession bill

L. 1,215,000 275,000 315,000 277,000 140,000

L. 2,222,000


Froni this was to be deducted the interest upon the sub

scription to the loan of 2,000,000 by the East-India

company Therefore the sum of interest to be provided for by new

taxes would be



The following is the recapitulation of the new taxes which the chancellor of the exchequer proposed for raising the interest of the several sums above stated.


Ten per cent. on teas
Ten per cent on coffee
Additional duty on sales by auction, 2ļd. in the pound on

estates, and 3d. on goods
On bricks, 1s. per thousand
Spirits 1d. per gallon
Licences on Scots distillery

240,000 30,000 40,000 36,000 210,000 300,000

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CUSTOM S. Sugar, 2s. 6d. per cwt.

280,000 Pepper

10,000 Ten per cent. on brimstone, irón, oil olive, and staves


110,000 and wine excepted Other articles on import, such as starch, bricks, &c.


Total of customs L. 400,000 Addition to the assessed taxes and new house tax, 10 per cent. 290,000 Regulation of stamps

30,000 Additional postage, and regulation of the post-office

250,000 Stage coaches, additional

00,000 Stamps on parcels (given up afterwards)

60,000 Canal navigation

120,000 Total amount of new taxes L. 2,132,000 Amount of the annuity or interest to be raised


Excess of taxes

L. 22,000


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