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NEW CABINET CYCLOPÆDIA,
A COMPLETE SERIES OF
Essays, Treatises, and Systems,
WITH A GENERAL DICTIONARY OF
ARTS, SCIENCES, AND WORDS:
PRESENTING A DISTINCT SURVEY OF
Human Genius, Learning, and Industry.
THOSE ON NATURAL HISTORY BEING FROM ORIGINAL DRAWINGS BY EDWARDS AND
BY JOHN MASON GOOD, ESQ. F.R.S.
MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, AND OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY OF
OLINTHUS GREGORY, LL.D.
OF THE ROYAL MILITARY ACADEMY, WOOLWICH, AND HONORARY MEMBER OF THE LITERARY AND
MR. NEWTON BOSWORTH,
ASSISTED BY OTHER GENTLEMEN OF EMINENCE, IN DIFFERENT
PRINTED FOR J. WALKER; SHERWOOD, NEELY, AND JONES; BALDWIN, CRADOCK,
FLUKES. Worms of the intestinal order, found frequently in the liver and brain of sheep, and the chief source of the rot. See FASCIOLA.
FLUMMERY. s. A kind of food made by coagulation of wheat-flower or oatmeal (Loc.). FLUNG. The participle and preterit of fling.
FLUOR, in oryctology, a genus of the class earths, order calcareous. Consisting of carbomat of line and fluoric acid; somewhat pondercus, parasitical, never hard, shining in the dark, and crackling when heated to the degree of boiling water; not effervescing with acids; but if distilled with the mineral acids, emitting the fluoric acid gass which has the property of dissolving glass; melting before the blowpipe into a transparent glass. Six species.
1. F. pulverulentus. Sandy or earthy fluor. Earthy fluat of lime. Whitish, without lustre, powdery, with the larger particles not coherjug. Found at Kabola Poiana in the district of Marmaros in Hungary, between two beds of quartz; colour light gray, greenish white, or blueish green; when strewed on an iron plate a little below redness diffusing a blue or pale yellow phosphorescent light; feels harsh, and stains a little.
2. F. compactus. Solid or compact fluor. Hardish, compact, of an even texture, diaphonous, brittle, breaking into indeterminate fragments, of a common form. Found in Britain, and near Stolberg and Strasburg, whitish-grey, more or less passing into green, often spotted; fracture even or conchoidal, specific gravity from 3,120 to 3,165.
3. F. spatosus. Fluor spar. Sparry fluor. Hardish, shining, brittle, of a common form breaking into pyramidal fragments, lamellar. Another variety, with the fragments into VOL. V.
5. F. cubicus. Fluat of lime. Cubic fluor. Hardish, shining, smooth, lamellar, brittle, breaking into pyramidal fragments, cubic. Many varieties, cubes perfect; or imperfect; angles, or margins, or both truncate; margins terminating in a point, or in a three-sided pyramid. Found in Derbyshire and Northum berland, Spain, France, Saxony, Germany, &c. of the same variety of colours as F. spatosus; most frequently pellucid, rarely opake; the crystals solid or hollow, or containing a small drop of water, or some fossil, and placed in a decussate manner, laterally or irregular, or aggregate in a kidney or imperfectly globular form.
6. F. pyramidalis. Pyramidal fluor; fluor spar, fluat of lime.
With a single pyramid, inversed, or straight, or three-sided, or truncate, or six-sided.
6 With a double pyramid; the pyramid four-sided. Found in Derbyshire, Devonshire, and Cornwall; and in various parts of Sweden, Saxony, and Bohemia: the colours vary as in F. spatosus. See FLUORIC SPAR.
FLUOR ALBUS, a morbid secretion incident