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A. The Neceflity of our Union with Christ, in order to our Participation of his Righteousness and Redemption, ! Cor. xv. 22. For as in Adam all die, fo in Chrift fhall all be made alive.
Q. 8. What is the fourth Inference ?
A. Hence we learn the malignant and mortal Nature of Sin, in as much as our Sin defiled and destroyed a whole World.
R 9. What is the fifth Inference ?
A. That though all be not equally sensible of their Need, yét one Sinner needs Christ as much as another. Q. 10. What is the last Inference ?
A. That no Man hath any Cause or Reason to boast of the Goodness of his Nature, since the best were by Nature under the fame Sin and Misery as the worst, Eph. ii. 3. Among whom also we all had our Convirfation in Times paft, in the Luft of our Flesh, fulfilling the Defires of the Flejt, and of the Mind, and were by Natwe the Children of Wrath even as others.
Of Original Sin.
NTO what Eftate did the Fall bring Man
kind ? A. The Fall brought Mankind into an Ettate of Sin and Misery,
Q. 18. Wherein confifts, the Sinfulness of that Efate whereinto Man fell?
A. The finfulness of that Efate whereinto Man fell, confills in the Guilt of Adam's first Sin, the Want of original Righteousness, and the Corruption of his whole Nature, which is commonly called original Sin; together with all aclual Transgreffions which proceed from Sin.
Q. 1. How many Sorts of Sin are all Men under ?
A. An Men are guilty before God of two Sorts of Sin; of Original and Adual, Pfal. li. 5. Behold, I was hapen in Iniquity, and in Sin did my Mother conceive me, Eccles. vii. 20. For there is not a juf Man upon Earth, that doeth good and firmeth not. R 2. How can we be guilty of Adam's firft Sin?
A. We are guilty of it, because Adam finned not only as a single, but also as a publick Person, and Representative of all Mankind, Rom. v. 15, 16, 17. But not as the Offence; so also is the free Gift; for if through the Offence of one, many be dead: much more the Grace of God, and the Gift by Grace, which is by one Man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many, and not as it was by one that finned, so is the Gift; for the Judgment was by one to Condemnation.
Q. 3. How else came we under his Guilt?
A. We are guilty of his Sin by Generation, for we were in his Loins; as Treason itains the Blood of the Posterity, or the Parents Leprosy the Children, Pfal. li. 5. Behold I was shapen in Iniquity, and in Sin did
Mother conceive me. Q. 4. Wherein doth it confift?
A. It consists in two Things: First, in our Aversion and Enmity to that which is good, Rom vii. 18. In me, that is, in my Flesh, there dwelleth na good Thing : Secondly, In Proneness to Evil, Rom. vii. 14. But I am carnal, fold under Sin.
Q. 5. Is this Corruption of Nature in all Men?
A. Yes, In all meer Men and Women, none exempted, Rom. iii. 10. and 23. As it is written, there is none righteous, no not one, for all have finned, and come foort of the Glory of God.
Q. 6. In what Part of our Nature doth this Sin abide ?
A. It abides in the whole Man, in every part of Man, both Soul and Body, Gen. vi. 5. God saw that the Wickednefs of Man was great in the Earth, and that every Imagination of the Thoughts of bis Heart was only evil continually, 1 Thef. v. 23. Now the God of Peace fanctify you wholly, and I pray God your whole Spirit, and Soul, and Body, be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Q. 7: How is the Body infected by it?
A. În the readiness of the bodily Members to further Sin, and its Temptations in the Soul, Rom. ii. 13, 14, 15: Their Throat is an open Sepulcher, with their Tongues they have ufed Deceit, the Poison of Afps is under their Lips, whoje Mouth is full of Curfing and Bitterness, their Feet are swift to shed Blood. Q. 8. What learn we from Original Sin?
A. To bear patiently the Miseries we see on our Chil. dren, and their Death also without Murmuring, Rom. v. 34. Nevertheless Death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not finned, after the Similitude of Adam's Transgreffion.
Q. 9. What is the second Instruction?
A. It teaches us Humility, and shou'd be Matter of Confession and Humiliation, when we fin actually, Psal. li. 5. Behold I was hapen in Iniquity, and in S.r did my Mother ceive me.
Q. 10. What is the third Inftruion ?
A. It should provoke Parents to use their utmost Diligence for the Conversion of their Children, who draw Sin from them.
Q. 11. What is the last Instructions
A. It teaches us the Neceffity of Regeneration, and hould provoke us greatly to defire it.
Of Man's Misery.
whereinto Man fell ? A. All Mankind by their Fail loft Communion with God, are under his Wrath and Curse; and so made liable to all Miseries in this Life, to Death itself, and to the Pains of Hell for ever.
Q. 1. What Communion had God with Man before the Fall ?
A. Man then enjoyed the gracious Presence and Favour of God with him, which was better than Life.
Q. 2. How doth it appear this was lost by the Fall?
A. It appears by Scripture- Testimony, That Adam loft it as to himself, Gen. iii. 8. And Adam and his wife bid them felves from the Presence of the Lord God, among the Trees of the Ga din. And we in him, Eph. ii. 12. At that Time je were without Christ, being Aliens from the Commonwealth of Ifrael, and Strangers from the Covenants of Promise, having no Hope, and without God in the World. Q. 3. Was this the only Misery that came by the Fall ?
A. No; Man did not only lose Communion with God, but fell under his Wrath and Curse, Eph. ii. 3. And were by Nature Children of Wrath, even as others.
Q. 4. Doth the Wrath and Curse of God then lie on all Men?
A. It lies on all the Unregenerate in the World, Gal. iii. 13. Cursed is every one that continueth not in all Things which are written in the Book of the Law, to do them. But Believers' are delivered from it by Christ, 1 Thes. i. 10. Even Jesus, which delivered us from the Wrath to come.
Q. 5. How are the Miseries of Men by the Fall divided ?
A. They are divided into the Miseries of this World, and of the World to come.
Q. 6. What are the Miseries that come on them in this l'orid?
A. The Miseries of Life; as Sickness, Pain, Poverty on the Body, Fear, Trouble, Sorrow on the Mind, and at last Death itself, Rom. vi. ult. The Wages of Sin is Death.
Q. 7. What are the Miseries after this Life ?
A. The Pains and Torments of Hell for ever, Psal. ix. 17. The wicked Mall be turned into Hell.
Q. 8. What are the Torments of Hell?
A. Pain of Loss, and Pain of Sense, Mat. xxv. 41. Depart from me ye cursed into everlasting Fire.
Q. 9. What learn you from hence ?
A. The woful State of the unconverted. Miserable here, and miserable to Eternity.
Q. 10. "What else learn we hence ?
A. The great Salvation Believers have by Christ from all this Misery, Heb. ii. 3. How fall we escape if we negleet so great Salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by them i hat heard him. Of the Salvation of God's Elect, and of the Cove
nant of Grace. į Quest. 20. ID God leave all Mankind to perish in
the State of Sin and Misery? A. God having out of his meer good Pleasure from all Eternity, elected fome to everlasting
Life, did enter into a
Covenant of Grace, to deliver them out of the Estate of Sin and Misery; and to bring them into an Efate of Salvation by a Redeemer.
Q. 1. Are some Persons chosen to Salvation, and others left?
A. Yes: God hath chosen fome to Salvation, and passed by others; as the Scriptures speak. See Rom. viii. 30, Moreover whom he did predeflinate, them he also called. And Jude v. 4. For there are certain Men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this Condemnation, ungodly Men, &c.
Q. 2. Did God chuse some because he foresaw they would be better than others?
A. No: God's Choice was not on foreseen Works; but meerly of his Grace, and good Pleasure of his Will, Eph. i. 5,6. Having predeftinated us unto the Adoption of Children by Jesus Christ unto himself, according to the good Pleasure of his Will, to the Praise of the Glory of his Grace.
Q. 3. Is this Election of God made in Time, and that according as Men use their free Will, or from Eternity?
A. Election is an eternal Act of God before the World was, and depends not on Man's using his Free-will; as appears from Eph. i. 4. According as he hath cholen us in him, before the Foundation of the World, that we should be holy, and without Blame before bim in Love.
Q. 4. Shall all that be elected, be called, and saved ? A. Yes, the Scripture is full and plain for it, Acts xiii. 48. And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the Word of the Lord, and as many as were ordained to eternal Life, believed, Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom be did predestinate, them be also called, &c.
Q. 5. By whom are the Elect saved ?
A. By Christ the only Redeemer, Tit. iii. 4, 5, 6. But after that the Kindness, and Love of God our Saviour towards Man appeared not by Works of Righteousness which we have done, but according to his Mercy, he saved us, by washing of. Regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost, which he goed on us abundantly, through Jejus Christ our Saviour.
Q. 6. Is there no other Way of Salvation but by Christ?