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A. Though he was upright, yet his Will was mutable ; and by abusing that Liberty, he fell, Ecclef. vii. 29. Lo this only have I found, that God hath made Man upright, but they have fought out many Inventions.
Q. 3. How did God leave him to abuse the Freedom of Will?
A. Not by inclining him to abuse it; but by with hold. ing that further Grace whicli he was no way ob.iged to continue to him.
Q. 4. Did the Will of Man lose its Liberty to Good, by the Fall?
A. Yes, it did, and is so wounded, that it cannot without preventing and regenerating Grace put forth one fpiritual and saving Act, Eph. ii. 8, 9, 10. For by Grace are ye Javed, through Faith, and that not of ourselves, it is the Gift
Not of Works, kejt any Man Ahould boaft; for we are all bis Workmanship, created in Chriji Jesus unto good Works, &c.
Q. 5. What was the Aggravation of Adam's Sin?
A. It was aggravated in his being a publick innocent Person, so newly placed in a State of Happiness and Liberty.
Q. 6. What is the first Inference from the Fall
A. That the best Creature left to himself, cannot be long safe; as the Angels, and Adam, Pfal. xlix. 12. Nevertheless Man being in Honour abideth not, he is like the beast that feriți).
Q. 7. What is the second Inference ?
A. That since Man could not be his own Keeper, he can be much less his own Saviour, 2 Cor. iii. 5. Not that we . are sufficient of our felves to think any Thing as of ourselves; but our Sufficiency is of God.
Q. 8. What is the third Inference ?
A. That it is impossible for the Covenant of Works to justify any one, Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the Deeds of the Law there shall no Flesh be justified in bis Sight, Rom. viii. 3, For what the Law cuuld not do, in that it was weak through the Flesh; God fending bis own Son, in the Likenej's of hinful Flesh, and for Sin condemned Sin in ihe Flesh.
Q. 9. What is the last Inference?
A. What Cause have we to bless God for Christ, who recovered us when the Fall left us helpless ? Rom. v. 6.
For when we were get without Strength, in due Time Christ died for the Ungodly.
. 14. W "A. Sin is any Want of Conformity anto,
HAT is Sin ?
unto or Transgreflion of the Law of God.
Q. 1. What is meant by the Law ?
A. The Commands and Rules flowing from God's Sovereignty, whereby his Will is manifested, and the Creature bound to Obedience.
Q. 2. Where is this Law written?
A. It is written either in the Heart, Rom. ii. 15. Which fbews the work of the Law written in their Hearts, which we call the Law of Nature. Or in the Bible, which we call the written moral Law.
Q. 3. What Conformity is due to this Law of God?
A. A twofold Conformity is due to it: First, Internal, in our Hearts: Secondly, External, in our Lives; and the Want of either is Sin, 1 Joh. iii. 4: Whosoever committeth Sin, transgresjeth also the Law; for Sin is the Transgression of the Law. Q. 4. How doth it
that the Want of internal.Conformity is Sin?
A. Because the Law requires it, Mark xii. 30. And thou falt love the Lord thy God with all thine Heart, and with all thy Soul, and with all thy Mind, and with all thy Strength; for this is the first Commandment. And condemns the Want of it, Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say then? is the Law Sin? God forbid; nay, I had not known Sin but by the Law; for I had not known Luft, except the Law bad faid, Thou shalt not
Q. 5: Is nothing a Sin but what is against God's Law?
A. No, nothing can be a Sin but what God hath either expressly, or by Consequence, forbidden in his Word.
Q. 6. Wherein lies the Evil of transgressing God's Laws ?
A. The Evil of Sin principally lies in Offence and Wrong done to God, whose Sovereignty it labours to Shake off, .
and despises his Will, Pfal. li. 4. Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this Evil in thy Sight,
Q. 7. What further Evil is in Sin?
A. It highly wrongs the Sinner's Soul, by defacing, defiling, and damning it, Prov. viii. 36. But he that sinnet ) against me, wrongeth his own Soul: All they that hate me, love Death.
Q: 8. Wherein is the Evil of Sin manifested ?
A. It's manifested in the Death of Christ, the Terrors of Conscience, and 'Torments of Hell.
Q. 9. What Course must the Sinner take to recover himfelf out of his Misery?
A. Repentance towards God, Faith towards Christ; and both evidenced by new Obedience, Acts xx. 21. Testifying both to the Jew, and also to the Greeks, Repentance towards God, and Faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ.
Q. 10. What may we infer from hence?
A. That we have infinite Caufe to bless God for Christ's Satisfaction of the Law for our Sins,
of the Tree of Knowledge.
Quest. 15. W
HAT is the Sin whereby our first Pa
rents fell from the Estate wherein they were created?
A. The Sin whereby our first Parents fell from the Estate wherein they were created, was their eating the forbidden Fruit.
Q. 1. Why was this Tree called the Tree of Knowledge?
A. Not from any natural Efficacy it had to give Knowledge; but the Knowledge he should have by catiag, or not eating, was experimental Knowledge, i.e. Knowledge to his Sorrow.
Q. 2. Why did God forbid him this Tree?
First, For the Discovery of his Dominion over Man : Secondly, For the Trial of his Subjection and Obedience : Thirdly, For the Aggravation of his Sin, if he should eat.
Q. 3. What Evil was there in eating of it?
There was a twofold Evil, the Evil of Sin, and the Evil of Punishment, both very great.
Q. 4. What was the Evil of Sin?
A. A threefold Evil of Sin: First, against God, called Disobedience, Rom. v. 19. For as by one Man's Disobedience many were made Sinners : Secondly, against himself, Soul, Body, and Ettate : Thirdly, againit his Pofterity, Rom. v. 12. Wherefore as by one Man Sin entered into the World, and Death by Sin; and so Death pofid upon all Men, for that all bave finned.
Q. 5. What was the Evil of Punishment ?
A. First, Loss of God's Image : Secondly, Horror of Conscience : Thirdly, Sorrow on the Female Sex: Fourthly, Curse on the Creature: Fiftl.ly, Expulsion from Paradise Şixthly, Death both of Body and Soul.
Q. 6. What is the first insiruction from it ?
A. To take heed of small Beginnings of Temptations, and refilt it in the first Motions, jam. iii. 5. Behold how great a Maiter a little Fire kindlath.
Q. 7. What is the second Inference?
A. Not to hold a parly with the Tempter. See 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear left by any Means, as the Serpent beguiled Eve, through bis Subtilty ; So your Minds should be corrupted from the Simplicity that is in Chrift.
Q. 8. What is the third Inference?
A. That Satan's Policy lies much in the Choice of his tempting Instruments, as Eve and Peter, &c.
Q. 9. What is the fourth Inference ?
A. A Neceflity of keeping strong Guards on our Senfes, Isa. xxxiii. 15. That stoppeth his Ears from bearing of Blood, and futteth his Eyes from peeing Evil, be shall dwell on high, his Place of Defence ball be the Munition of Rocks.
Q. 10. What is the fifth Inference ?
A. That Covenant-breaking is a heinous Sin, which God will punish, Hof. viii. 1. He hall come as an Eagle again the House of the Lord, because they have transgredid my Covenant, and trespassed against my Laws.
Q. 11. What is the last Inference ?
A. That the Corruption of our Nature is much feen in defiring forbidden 'Things, Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say then? Is the Law Sin? God forbid : Nay, I had not known Sin but by the Law; for I had not known Luft, except the Law had said, Thou soalt not covet.
Of the Fall of Adam, and ours in him. Queft. 16.
ID all Mankind fail in Adam's firft Transe
greffion? A. The Covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself, but for his Posterity; all Mankind descending from him by ordinary Generation, finned in him, and fell with, him in his firit Tranfgreflion.
Q. 1. Did no Man ever escape the Sin oi Adam? A. Yes, the Man Christ Jelus did, and he only, Heb.. vii. 26. For such an high Pried became us, who is boly, harmlefs, undefiled, separate froin Sinvers.
Q. 2. Why was not Christ tainted with it,?
A. Because he came into the World in an extraordinary Way, Mat. i. 18. Now the Birth of Christ was on this wilė, when as his Mother Mary was pouled to Joseph, before ibey came together, she was found with Child of the Holy Ghoft.
Q. 3. How doth it appear all others were tainted with it?
A. It appears by Scripture-Testimony, Rom. v. 12. Wherefore as by one Man Sin entered into the World, and Death by Sin, and so Death passed upon all Men, for that all have finned. And Experience of the best Men, Rom. vii 21. I. find then a Law, that when I wouid do good, Evil is present
Q. 4. How came all Men to fall with Adam ?
A. Because all were included in Adan's Covenant, as a Man's Covenant includes his Children before they be born or the Treason of the Father affects his Pofterity.
Q. 5. What infer you from hence ?
A. The stupendious Wildom of God in sending Chrift'in our Nature, and yet without the Sin and taint of it, 1 Cor. i. 24. Christ the Wisdom of God.
Q. 6. What is the second Inference ?
A. Hence we learn the admirable Love of Christ in taking our Nature, with all the finless 'Infirmities thereof, Rom. viii. 3. For what the Lar could 1200 do, in that it was weak through the Flesh, God sending bisoten Son in't be Likeness of fnful Flesh, and
for Sin condemned Sin in the Flih. Q7. What is the third Inference i