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that labour, and are heavy laden, and I will give you ret. Ver. 30. for my Yoke is easy, and my Burd:n is light, John xv. 4, 5. Abid: in me and I in you, as th: Brancés cannot bear Fruit of itfilf, except it abide in the Vine: no more can yexcept ye abide in me. lam ibe Vine ye are the Branches: he that ebideth in me, and I in him, the fame bringuth forth much Fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.-Ver. 7; if ye abide in me and my Words abide in you, ye shall ask what we will, and it sball be done unto you, John jfi. ult. He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting Life: and he that believeth not the Som, fall not fee Life; but the Wrath of God abidith bin.
Q..4.. Why do we pray for Forgiveness, cannot we make amends for our Sins, and be freed from their Guilt without Pardon?
A. No, all that we can ever do or suffer, can never expiate the Guilt of the leatt Sin, Psal. xlix. 7, 8. None of them can by any Means redeem bis Brother, nor give to God a RanJom for bim: (For the Redemption of their Soul is precious, and it cea feth for ever,) 1 Sam. ii. 25. If one Man fin against anothir, the Judge foall judge him; but if a Man fin against the Lord, who full entreat for him.
Q. 5. Does God then freely, and out of meer Grace for
A. Yes, without any Respect had to any Thing we can do, or be, Ifa. xliii. 25. I, even I am he that blotteth our thy Trnasgressions for my own fake, and will not remember thy Sins, Rom. ix. 15. I will have Mercy on whom I will have Mercy; and I will have Compaffsan on whom I will have Compassion, Ver. 18. Tberefore harh he Mercy, on whom he will have Mercy, and whom he will be baxdneth.
6. How doth God forgive Sins ? A. (1.) Universally all Sins, Exod. xxxiv. 6, 7. And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, the Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in Goodness and Trutb, keeping Mercy for Thousands, forgiving Iniquity, and Tranfgreffion, and Sin, Jer. xxxiii. 8. And I will change them from all obeir Iniquity, whereby thry bave finned against me, and I will pardon all their Iniquities wbereby tbey bave sinned, and whereby th y bave tranfgrised against me, Hof. xiv. 2. Take away all Iniquity and receive us gracieusly
. (2:) Compleatly and perfe&ly, Ifa. xliii. 25. I, even l'am
be that blotteth out thy Transgresions for my own fake, and will not remember thy Sins, Pfal. ciii. 12. As fur as sbe Eaf is from the Weft: fofar hath be removed our Tranfgrefsions from us, Mic. vii. 19. He will subdue our Iniquities, and thou wilt cast all our Sins into the Depths of ibe Sea, Ifa. xxxviii. 17. For thou hast casi all my Sins behind 1 hy Back. (3.) Everlaitingly, Jer. xxxi. 34. For
. I will forgive their Iniquity, and I will remember their Sin no more, Heb. viii. 12. and their Sins and their Iniquities will I remember no more.
Q. 7. But doth not God punish them afterward whom, he has justified and forgiven?
A. No, not with a proper and vindi&tive Punishment; but he brings Evil upon them for their Sins, as a Father chastises his. Child; and other Sorts of Aflictions for their fpiritual Good : He
angry as a Father, with those he has pardoned, but never hate them as a condemning Judge, Pfal. Ixxxix 28. My Mercy will I keep for him. for evermore, and my Covenant pall. fand fair with him. Veg. 34. My Covenant will I not break, nor alter the Thing that is gone out of my Lips.
Q. 8. How can God be faid freely to pardon, all our Sins; when we
be done for Christ's fake; does not that imply that Christ has satisfied God for our Sins, and deserved our Remission ?
A. Yes, it does fo; for the Lord Christ by his Life and Death did satisfy divine Justice, and did merit our Forgivepess; but if he did so, we did not so; our Sins cott him dear, but their Pardon cost us nothing ; our Pardon is perfetly free to us; though due to Cbrift, for God gave Christ freely for us; God accepts of his Merits, and applies them to us freely, Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by bis Grace, through the Redemption that is in Jesus Chris..
l. 9. But is there nothing required from us as the Condition of Pardon, and if so, how can it be absolutely free?
A. There are required Repentance from Sin, and Faith in the Lord Chrilt, Luke xiii. 3. But except ye repent, je suis all likewise perish, foh. iii. ult. And be that be.ipveth not ike Son, shall not fee Life ; but the. Wraib.of God a'id.in on kim.
This is required from us towards our Pardon; büt yet it is frce, (1 Because God freely ordains thus to pardon. (2) Because both these are the free Gifts of God, Acts xi. 18.
Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted Repentance unto Life, Eph. ii. 8. For by Grace are ye Javed, through Faith; and that not of your selves; it is the Gift of God.
Q. 10. When then are our Sins forgiven?
A. Just upon our Closure with Christ by Faith, in that very Moment, Rom. v. I. Therefore being justified by Faith, we bave Peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, Rom. viii. 1.
There is therefore now no Condemnation to them which are in Cbrif Jesus.
l. 11. Why do we pray in the Answer for the Forgivenefs of all our Sins ?
A. Because if the least Guilt hould remain upon us, it would exclude us from God's Favoúr, and lodge us in everlasting Bärnings, Rom. vi. ult. For the Wages of Sin is Death.
R 12. What are the Privileges and Blessings that accompany Pardon ? A. Juftification is accompanied with Adoption, John i.
But as many as received him, to them gave he Power to become the Sons of God, even to them ihat believe on bis Name. With the Spirit and Principle of all Grace and Holiness, i Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of you : but ye are washed, but ye are fanétified, but ye are justified in the Name of the Lord Jejus, and by the Spirit of our God. With an infallible Title to eternal Glory, John iii. 16. That whosoever believeth in bim, fhould not perish, but have everlasting Life, Rom. viiko 30. W hom he justified, then he also glorified.
Q. 13. How may we know that we are pardoned and justified?
A. Ordinarily by our Sanctification, by our loathing of Sin, our Contempt of the World, our valuing of Christ, our Love and Thankfulness to God, &c. I Cor. vi. 11. Bnt ye are sanctifed, Rom. vii. 24. O wretched Man that. I am, who fall deliver me from the Body of this Death ? Gal. vi. 14. By whom the World is crucified unio me, and I unto the World, 1 Pet. ii. 7. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious, Luke vii. 47. Her Sins which are many are forgiven; for she loved much.
Q, 14. What is meant by [Our] is it only fach Sins as we have personally and actually committed ?
A. No; but also Adam's Sin, which is ours by Imputa.. tion, Rom. v. 19. By one Man's Disobedience many were
made Sinners. And original Sin which is ours by Inhesion, Pfal. li. 5. Behold I was hapen in Iniquity, and in Sin did my Moi her concei've me. And other Mens Sins which we have made ours, by exciting them to them, not hindering of them, filence at thein, and other ways, 2 Sam. xii. 9.
Thou hat killid Uriah the Hittite zith the Sword, and has taken his Wife to be thy Wife, and hast sair him with the Sword of the Children of Ammon, 1 Tim. v. 22. Neither be Partaker of other Mens Sins,
Q. 15. Wherefore are Sims called Debts ?
A. Because they are a Non-payment of God's Dues, a Non-performance of our Duty, which makes us liable to the Arrest of Death, and to the Prison of Hell.
Q. 16. Why do we plead our own Forgiveness of others ?
A. Not as any Merit of our own Pardon, but either as an Incouragement to our selves to beg Pardon; seeing such evil, envious and malignant Perfons are enabled to forgive others; much more may we hope the good and gracious God will forgive us : Or as a Condition, without which we can have no Pardon, and with which we shall, Matt. vi. 14. For if ye forgive Men their Trespaffes, your beavenly Father will also forgive you, : Q. 17. How do others trespass against
us? A. When they injure us either in our Persons, or Names, or Families, or Estates, or Souls, &c. 1 Sam. ii. 25: If one Man fin against another, the Judge shall judge him; but if a Man sin against the Lord, who shall intreat for him ?
Q13. Can we forgive our Neighbours freely, fully, and perfectly, as God doth forgive us ?
A. We cannot.
Q. 19. What then is the Meaning of God's forgiving us as we forgive others ?
A. Not as to the Quantity and Perfe&tion of Forgiveness, but as to the Sincerity and Quality thereof, Matt. xviii. ult. So likewise hall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your Hearts forgive not every one his Brother their Trejo pales.
Q. 20. Are we always bound to manifest outwardly our Love and Forgiveness to all our Enemies; and to behave our selves towards them as Friends?
A No, if we have experienced them to be treacherous and falle, and see no Change, we are not bound to trust them, if they be and remain wicked and profane, we must not associate with them, Pial. xxvi. 5. I have hated the Core gregation of evil Doers: and will not sit with the wicked. Ver. 4. I have not late with vain Perfons, neither will I go in with Differnblers.
Q. 21. What then must we do to fuch?
A. We muli heartily forgive them all their Injuries ; we must love them with the Love of Benevolence, pray for them, and be ready and willing to do them all good both of Body and Soul, Matt. v. 44, 45. But I say unto you,
love your Enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and perfecute you.
That you may be the Children of your Father which is in Heaven; for he maketh his Sun to rise on the evil, and on the good, and fendetb Rain on the jufi, and on the unjuft.
Q. 22. If we forgive others, shall we be forgiven our selves?
A. We shall, if out of Obedience to God, and love to Chrift, we do it.
Q. 23. What is the first Inference from hence ?
A. That except our Sins be forgiven, we are loft and undone Creatures, and therefore we must never be contented till we are pardoned.
Q. 24. What is a fecond Inference ?
A. That God is a God of Love, Goodness, and Pardon; seeing he will not pardon us, if we do not pardon others; but will if we do so.
Q. 25. What is a third Inference ?
A. That if we live in Hatred when we pray the Lord's Prayer, we pray for our Damnation, Matt. xviii. 22. Jesus faith unto him, I say not unto thee, until feven times fever, but until ferventy times feven. Ver. 35. So likewise fhall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your Hearts forgive not every ane bis Brother their Trepalës.