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Tben Ahalt thou understand Righteousness, and Judgment, and Equity; yen every good Path.
Q. 21. What is the fourth Inference ?
A. That the Law ftill hath the Authority of a Rule to Believers; because it reveals God's Will, which they must do.
Concerning our daily Bread.
Quet. 14. W nition
HAT do we pray for in the fourth Pe.
tition? A. In the fourth Petition, which is (Give us ibis Day our staily Bread} we pray, that of God's free Gift we may receive a competent Portion of the good Things of this Life ; and enjoy his Bleffing with them.
Q. 1. Why is this Petition placed after the three former?
A. Becausé those concern immediately and generally God's Glory, in the Advancement of his Name, Kingdom, and Will, which ought to be preferred to all our personal Concerns, Pfal. Ixix.
9. For the Zeal of thire House bath eaten me up, Acts xxi. 13. For I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the Name of the Lord Jesus.
Q. 2. Why is it put before the two following Petitions ?
A. Not for its worth, but for its Order ; for we can have no Spiritual Blessings unless we have a natural Being in this Life.
Q. 3. What kind of Bread is here meant?
A. Not Spiritual Bread, or our Lord Christ, (as fome) but Corporal and Temporal.
Q. 4. What is included in this Word Bread?
A. Not that only which we call itrictly Bread, but all the good Things of this present Life.
Q. 5. Do we hereby beg pure Necessities only?
A. No, we pray for Conveniences for our Comfort, as well as Necessaries for our Life.
Q. 6. Do we herein pray only for personal good 'Things for our Being?
A. No, we pray for civil good Things for our Condition, that according to our Degree in the World in which God hath placed us, we may have a convenient Allowance.
Q. 7. Do we pray here for ourselves only!
A. No, but allo for our Charge, Children and Family ; that under and with us they may have the good Things of this Life.
Q. 8. Why do we pray to God for these good Things, can we not get them ourselves, or our Fellow Creatures give them to us?
A. Not without God: Whatever we have of these Things they are from God; whoever be the second Cause or Initrument; if ourselves, God gives us Ability and Success to get them; if others, God inclined their Hearts, and opened their Hands to bellow them, Deut. viii. 17, 18. And there fay in thine Heart, my Power and the Might of my Hand bath goiten me this Wealth. But thou shalt rememter ibe Lord thy God; for it is he that giveth thee Power to get Wealıb.
Q. 9. Why do we pray to God to give us Bread ?
A. Because the least Crumb of Bread is a free Gift, and never can be merited by all we can do or fuffer, Luke xvii. 10. So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all these Things which are commanded you, say, we are unprofitable Servants.
Q. 10. Why are all these good Things couched under the Expreffion Bread?
A. (1.) Because Bread is one of the most neceffary and useful Things to preserve Life. (2.) Because we must not as Delicacies and Dainties of God.
Q. 11. What is meant by Day in the Petition ?
A. Either (1.) a Natural Day of twenty four Hours: Or (2.) the Day of our whole Life.
Q. 12. Why do we pray for daily Bread?
A. Because God must give us the Mercies and good Things of every Day, or else we cannot have them.
Q. 13. Why should we not pray for weekly, or monthly, or yearly Bread, as well as daily!
A. (1.) Because it is fit we should be still sensible of our Dependence upon God. (2.) Because we do frequently pray to God, and so exert our Graces, and maintain communion him, and daily render Thanks for daily Favour, Pfal. lv. 17. Evening ard Morning, and at Noon will I pray, and cry aluud; and ye ji all hear my Voice.
Q. 14. What need we to pray for daily Bread when we may have Stores laid up for Years i
A. They that have the good Things of this Life need to pray this Petition, as well as they that have them not. Not that they may have Bread; but that it may be Bread to them ; for except God give his Blessing upon it, Bread would be Ashes and not fultaneous; neither could all the Comforts of this Life do us any good, Ifa. iii. i. For behold, the Lord, the Lord of Hofts doth take away from Jerusalem, and from Juda, the whole Stay of Bread, and the whole Stay of Water, Mal. ii. 1, 2. And now Oye Priests, this Commandment is for you. If you will not bear, and if je will not lay it to Heart, 10 give Glory unto my Name, faith the Lord of Horts, I will even fend a Curse upon you, and I will curse your Bleffings; yes I bave cursed them already, because you do not lay it to Heart.
Q. 15. Why do we pray only for daily Bread, or a Competency, may we not pray for Abundance and Riches ?
A. No, because Riches are a great Snare and Temptation, Matth. xix. 23, 24: Then said Jesus unto his Disciples, Verily, I say unto you, that a rich Man mall bardly enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. And again I say unto you, it is easier for à Camel to go through the Eye of a Needle, than for a rich Man to enter into the Kingdom of God, Prov. xxx. 8,9. Remove far
from me Vanity and lies, give me neither Poverty nor Riches, feed me with Food convenient for me; left I be full and deny thee, and say, who is the Lord? Or left I be poor and steal, and take the Name of my God in 'vàin.
Q. 16. What shall we then do with Riches if Providence cast them upon us, shall we cast them away?
A. No, for some of the best of Men, and greatest of God's Favorites, have lived and died rich. But (1.) Wé muft u ean our Hearts from them, Psal. lxii. 10. Truft not in Oppression, and become not vain in Robbery: if Riches increase Jet not your Heart upon them. (2.) Be thankful for them, and (3.) Fruitful with them in Acts of Piety and Chatity, 1 Tim. vi, 17, 19. Charge them that are rich in this World, that they be not high minded, nor fruft in uncertain Riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all Things to enjoy. Laying up in Store for themselves a good Foundation against the Time to come, that they may lay hold
on eternal Life. Q. 17. Wherefore is the Bread called our Bread?
A. Not because we are absolute Eords and Poffeffors of it, for so it is God's only, Psal. xxiv. 1, 2. The Earıb is
the Lord's, and the Fulness thereof; the World and they obat d-well Therein.
For he hath founded it upon the Seas, und eflablished it upon the Floods, Pfal. 1. 10, is. for every Beast of the Forrejt is mine, and ih: Cattle upon a iko:tfand Hills. If I were hungry, I would not tell thee, for the world is mine and the Fulness ibereof. But (1.) Because we muit have a Covenant Right to it. And (2.) a civil Right; we must come lawfully and honestly by, and fo keep the good Things of thiş Life, 2 Theff. iii. 10. For even when we were with you, ibis we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither fbould be ear.
Q. 18. Having prayed for our daily Bread; need we to labour and endeavour to get it?
A. Yes; we must labour in good and honest Callings; God's Blessing and Man's Industry must concur towards the present Maintenance of Life, Psal. cxxviii. 1, 2. Blefjed is every one that feareth the Lord: that walketh in his Ways, for Thou shalt eat the Latour of thine Hands : happy shalt thou be, and it N.all te well with thee, Prov. x. 4, 22. He becometbe poor that di aleth with a fack Hand: but the Hand of the diligent maketh rich. The Blessing of the Lord maketh rich, and be addeth no Sorrow wiih it.
Q. 19. What is the first Inference from it ?
A. That we must not seek great Matters for our selves, neither make them the Matter of Prayer to God; nor the End and Design of our Labours and Callings anong Men.
Q. 20. What is a second Inference from hence ? A. That having Focd and Rayment, we must be therewith content, and therefore thankful, i Tim. vi. 8. And having Food and Rayment let us be therewith Content, i Theff. v. 18. In every Thing give Thanks.
Q. 21. W’hat is the third Inference?
A. That we ascribe not our Success in the World to our own Skill and Industry, for the wifeft, and most induftrious do sometimes labour in the Fire, and put their Gain in a Bag of Holes; but to God's free Donation to us, and to his Blefling upon our Endeavours, Gen. xxxii. 5, 11. And he lift up his Ejes, and saw the Women and the Children; and jaid, who are those with thee? And he said, the Children which God hath graciously given thy Servant.-Take. I pray t're my Bleffing that is brought to thei, becaise God hash dialt
graciously with me, and because I have enough. Deut. xxviii: 3. Blessed shalt thou be in the City, and blessed shalt thou be in the Field. Ver. 6. Blefed shalt thou be when thou comeft iis, and blefed salt thou be when thou goefit out,
Concerning Forgiueness of Sins.
Quet. 105. W tion?
105. HAT do we pray for in the fifth Peci
tion? A. In the fifth Petition which is (and forgive us our Debts, as we forgive our Debtors] we pray that God for Christ's fake would freely pardon all our Sins: which we are the ra+ ther encouraged to ask, because by this Grace we are ena. bled from the Heart to forgive others.
Q. 1. Why doth this Petition immediately follow the former
A. To teach that all temporal and corporal good Things, without special and spiritual ones are little Worth, Pfal. iv. 6. There be many that say, wbo will few us any good? Lord lift thou up the Light of thy Countenance upon us, Pfal. xvii. 14, 15. From Men which are thy Hand, O Lord, from Men of the World which have their Portion in this Life, and whose Belly tbou filleft with thy hid Treafure: they are full of Children, and leave the refit of their Sabstance to their Babes. As for me, I will beboldtby Face in Righteousness; I shall be satisfied, when I awake with thy Likeness.
Q. 2. Why is it annexed to the former with the Copu lative and ?
A. To teach that to be one Minute in the Confluence of all earthly good Things without the Pardon of Sin, is a very dangerous and dreadful Condition, Luke xii. 16, 20. And he spake a Parable unto them, saying, the Ground of a certain rich Man brought forth plentifully, but God said unto him, thou Fool, this Night jhall thy Soul be required of tbee : then whoje Ball rhofe Things be wbich thou has provided?
Q. 3: Why is-Forgiveness of Sins placed in the Front of fpiritual Blessings
A. Becaufe till Sin be pardoned we are under Wrath, and can have no special saving, Grace applied to us, till we are accepted; till we are in Chrift we have no Covenant Right to the Blessings of Christ, Matt. xi. 28. Come unto me all ye