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through Patience and Comfort of the Scriptures might have Hope.
Q: 21. On what Account are we to receive it with love ?
A. We are to love it for its Author's fake, because it is the Word of God, Psal. cxix. 159. Consider how I love shy Pre
Q. 22. What is the fecond Motive of Love to the Word ?
A. The Holiness and Purity of it deserves and engages our Love to it, Pfal. cxix. 140. Tby Word is very pure : therefore thy Servant loverb it.
Q.23. What is the third Motive to engage our Love to it?
A. The great and constant Usefulness of it to our Souls, as that we cannat fubiilt without, Job. xxiii. 12. - I have esteemed the Words of his Mouth more than my neceffary Food,
R. 24. How doth this Love to the Word manifeft itself?
A. Our Love.manifests itfélf in our longing after is, Psal. cxix. 20. My Soul breakerh for the longing ibai it haih unto thy Judgments at all Times. Our diligent Attendance on it, Acsix. 38. Immediately therefore I fent unto thre, and thou haft well done that thou:ant come. Now.therefore are we all bene present before God, to bear all Things that are commanded thee
Q. 25. How is Faith and Love evidenced to the Word after hearing it?
A. By preserving it.carefully in our Hearts and Memojies, Pfal.cxix. 11. Thy Word have I bid in my Heart : that I might not fon against thee.
Qe 26. What is the best Cure for a bad Memory!
A. Labour to get an high Efteem of the Word, and an experimental feeling of it, and frequently meditate on it, Pfal. cxix. 16. I will delight myself in by Statutes: I will not forget thy Word, Psal. cxix. 93. I will never forget tby Pruepts; for with them ibon bast quickned. me, Plal. cxix. 99.-Tby Testimonies are Meditation.
Q. 26. How is Faith and Love principally manifested to the Word after hearing?
A. It is principally manifested by bringing forth the Fruits of it in our Lives, Col. i. 5, 6. For the Hape which is laid up for you.in Heaven, whereof ye bear.d before in the the Word of ibe Truth of the Galpol, ruhich is come unto you, as
it is in all the World, and bringitb forth Fruit, as it doth also in you, force the Day ye heard of it, and knew the Grace of God in Iruth
Q. 28. What is the Use of all this?
A. This serves to reprove our formal and dead Hearing the Word, and excites us all to evidence and exercise. more Faith, Love and Obedience in hearing it.
Of Sacraments as Means of Salvation.
Ow do the Sacraments become effectual
Means of Salvation ? A. The Sacraments become effectual Means of Salvation, not from any vertue in them, or in him that doth administer them, but only by the Blessing of Christ, and the working of his Spirit in them, that by Faith receive themi
Q. 1. What is the first proper Sense of this Word Sacrament!
A. It privately fignifies a solemn Oath taken by Soldiers when they lift themselves under a Prince or General; and and this Oath was mutual.
932: Why do we use it feeing. it is not a Scripture Word ?
A. Though the Word be not found in Scripture, yet the Thing intended by it is, and that brings the Word in Use, for in the Sacraments God obliges himself to us by confirming his Covenant by it, Rom. iv. 11. And he received the Sign of Circumcision, a Seal of the Righteousness of the Faith, -iwhich he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the Father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised, that Righteousness might be imputed unto them also. And we oblige ourselves to God, Rom. vi. 3, 4. Know ye not that so many of us as were baptized into Christ, were baptized into bis Death? Therefore we are buried with him in Baptism into Death, that like as Chrif was raised up from the dead by the Glory of the Father, even so we also bould walk in Newness of Life:
Q. 3. What is here meant by Salvation ?
A. By Salvation is meant our compleat and final Deliverance from Sin and Misery, both temporal and eternal.
From Sin, Matth. i, 21. - For be shall Jave his Pre;l from sheir Sins. From Miley, 1 Thef. i. 10.--Even y jus which deliv reth us from tbe Wrath to co ne.
Q. 4. What is a Mean of Salvation ?
A. A Mean of Salvation signifies any Appointment of God, whereby be promotes and accomplishes his Design of faving our Souls, in the Word is a Mean, Rom. i. 16. For I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Chrift, for it is the Power of God unto Salvation, to every one that believeth.
Qe 5. How doth the Word and Sacraments differ as Means of Salvation ?
A. The Word is appointed to be the firt Means of beğeting Faith; 1 Cor. ii. 5. Who then is Paul? or who is 1.4 Apollo ? but Ministers by whom ye believed, &c. . Sacraments are to feal and confirm it, Rom. iv. II. And he received the Sign of Circumcision, a Seal of the Righteoufness of Faith, &c.
Q. 6. What is meant by an effectual Mean of Salvation ?
A. By an effetual Mean, is meant such a Mean as fully obtains and accomplishes" the End it was appointed 'for, 1 Thes. ji. 13: --- Because when ye. received the Word of Gode whichiye heard of us, ye received it not. as the Word of Men, but (as it is'in Truth) the Word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.
Q.7. Don't all the Means of Salvation prove effectual to Men:
A. Though the Means of Salvation prove effe&tual to all God's Eleet, yet they are so to no others, Acts xxviii. 23, 24. And when they had appointed him a Day, there came many to him into his Lodging, to whom he expounded and testified the Kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jefus, both out of the Law of Moses, and out of the Prophets from Morning till Evening. And some believed the Things which were Spoken, and some believed not. ... 8. Do not the Sacraments save all that partake of them? .: A. No, they do not; Baptism may pass on a cast-away, Acts viii. 23. For I perceive that thou art in the Gall of Bitterness, and in the Bond of Iniquity. And the Lord's Supper may be received unworthily, i Cor. xi. 27. Wherefore suheSoever fall eat this Bread, and drink this Cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilly of the Body and Blood of the Lord.
Q. 9. What is the Reason they prove not effectuat to all ?
A. Because their Virtue and Efficacy is not in themselves, but in God; for we see they, work as God's Spirit concurs, or not concurs with them, as in the Instance before given. R. 10. But is not that for Want of Wisdom, Holiness
, or Zealin the Minister, that they have no more Efficacy?
A. No, it is not principally, or only from thence ; for it is not in the Power of the holief Minister in the World to make them ellectual, 1 Cor. iii, 7. Neither is he that plantab any. Thing, neither be that watereb: but God that giverb tbe Increase.
Q. 11. Whence is it that Sasnaments become effe&ual?
A. It is only from the Spirit of Chrift working in them, and by them, on the fouls of Men, 1 Cor. xii, 13. For by one Spirit are we are all baptized into axa Body, and have been all made to drink into one Spirit
Qc 12. What is the firft Intruction hence!.
A. That Men enjoying all the Ordinances of the Gospel, and partaking of the Sacraments, annexed to the Covenant of Grace, may yec. perish for ever, i Cor. x. 3, 4, 5. And did all eat the same spiritual Meat: and did all drinkihe same spiritual
. Drinks (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that fel lowed them; and ibat Rock was Chrift) but with many of them God was not well pleafeds for they were agerthrown in the Wilderness, Luke xiii. 26, 27. Then fall ye begin to say, have eaten, and drank in thy, Presence, and thou bafti taught in our Streets,
But be snall say, I tell yau, I know you not whence you are; depart from me all ye. Workers of Iniquity.
Q. 13. What is the second Inference ?
A. That Men hould not idolize some Ministers for the excellency of their Gifts, and despise others, seeing it is not in them to make the Means effectual.
Q. 14. What is the last Inference ?
A. That in all our Attendance upon the Means of Salva. tion, we should be careful to beg the Spirit and Blefling of Christ, without which they cannot be effectual to our Šalvation.
Of the Nature of Sacraments.
HAT is a Sacrament?
A. A Sacrament is an holy Ordinance instituted by Chrift; wherein by sensible Signs, Christ and the Benefits of the New Covenant are represented, sealed, and applied to Believers.
Q. 1. How many Sorts of Sacraments are found in Scripture?
A. Of Sacraments there are two Sorts, some extraordinary and transient, as the Fiery Pillar, Manna, and Water out of the Rock, 1 Cor. x. 1, 2, 3, 4. Moreover, Brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our Fathers were under the Cloud, and all passed through the Sea : and were all baptized unto Moses in the Cloud, and in the Sea: And did all eat the same spiritual Mea:: And did all drink the same spiritual Drink (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them; and that Rock was Chrift). And some ordinary and standing, as Circumcision and the Passover, before Christ; and Baptism and the Lord's Supper since Christ's Death.
Q. 2. How many Things are to be considered in every Sacrament?
A. In every Sacrament five Things must be considered, (1.) The Author, (2.) The Parts, (3.) The Union of those Parts, (4.) The Subje&ts, (5.) The Ends and Uses of it.
Q. 3. Who is the Author of the Sacraments?
A. The Lord Jesus Christ as King of the Church, by whose sole Authority Baptism was instituted, Matth. xxviii. 19, 20. Go ye therefore, and teach all Nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft: teaching them to observe all Things whatsoever I have commanded you, &c. And the Lord's Supper, 1 Cor. 11. 23, 24. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same Night in which he was bez trayed, took Bread, and when he had given Thanks, be bruke it, and said, Take, eat, this is my Body, which is broken for you: This do in Romembrance of me.
Q. 4. Are the old Sacraments yet in being and Use in the Church?