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Q. 6. Wherein else doth it confift?
A. In turning from Sin as well as grieving for it, Ifa. lv. 7. Let the wicked forsake his Way, and the unrighteous Man bis Thoughts, &c. Prov. xxviii. 13. He that covereth his Sins, hall not prosper, but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them, fhall have Mercy.
Q. 7. Is turning from Sin fufficient ?
A. No, that is but the negative Part of Religion, there must be also a fincere turning to God, Psal. cxix. 59. I thought on my Ways, and turned my Feet unto thy Testimonies, Acts xi. 23.
And exhorted them all that with Purpose of Heart, they would cleave uuto the Lord.
Q. 8. Is all Sorrow for Sin saving ?
A. No, there is a Repentance that doth no good, Matth. xxvii. 3. Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, &c. And a Repentance unto Life, Acts xi. 18.-Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted
Repentance unto Life.
A. Fear of Sin, Care to preserve ourselves from it, and Zeal to honour God. by new Obedience, 2 Cor. vii. 11. For behold, this self same Thing that ye forrowed after a godly Sort, what Carefulness is wrought in you, yea, what clearing of your Selves, yea, what Indignation, y:a, what Fear, yea, what vehement Desire, jea, what Zeal, yea, what Revenge? in ell Things you have approved yourselves to be clear in this matter.
Q. 1o. Is there a Necessity of Repentance in order to forgiveness
A. Yes, there is, and they are therefore conjoined in Scripture, Acts v. 31.–For to give Repentance to Ifrael, and forgiveness of Sins. And destrruction threatned to the Impe'nitent, Luke xiii. 3. - Except ye repent, je shall all likewise peris.
Q. 11. What is the first Inference hence ?
A. That it is a false Doctrine which teaches us that Sins are actually forgiven from Eternity, and therefore no Need either of Repentance or Prayer, fave only for the Manifestation of Pardon. Q. 12. What is the second Inference hence ?
A. That an hard Heart is a dreadfal Sign of a loft State of Soul, Rom. ii. 5. But after thy hardness and impenitent Heart, treasureft up unto thyself Wrath against the Day of Wrath, and Revelation of tbe righteous Judgment of God.
Q. 13. What is the last Inference hence ?
A. That there is no Cause to despair of the vileft Sinner, seeing there is Power enough in the Spirit of God to break the hardest Heart, Ezek. xxxvi. 26. — I will take away
the fony Heart out of your Flesh, and I will give you an Heart of Flesh.
Of Christ's Ordinances.
Quest. 88. HAT are the outward Means whereby
Christ communicateth to us the Benefits of Redemption ?
A. The outward and ordinary Means whereby Chrift communicateth to us the Benefits of Redemption, are his Ordinances, especially the Word, Sacraments and Prayer, all which are made efféctual to the Elect for Salvation.
Q. 1. What makes any Thing become a Divine Ordinance ?
A. The Infitution or Appointment of God, is that alone which makes a Divine Ordinance, Matth. xxviii. 20. Teaching them to observe all Things whatsoever I have commanded
Q. 2. Are the Institutions of all Ordinances alike clear in Scripture.
A. No, fome are more explicitly and clearly revealed in Scripture than others; as the Lord's Supper than Baptism, but whatever hath Scripture Warrant in the Words or Consequence, is of divine Appointment.
Q. 3. May not Men institute Ordinances of Divine Worship?
A. No, this in Scripture is condemned as Will-worship, Col. ii. 20, 22, 23. Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the Rudiments of the World, why, as though living in the World are ye subjeet to Ordinances ? &c. Which Things have a Shew of Wisdom in Will-worship, &c.
Q. 4. Why cannot Man institute a Divine Ordinance ?
A. He cannot do it, because it is the Prerogative belong. ing to Christ's Kingly Office, Matth. xxviii. 20. Teaching, them to observe all Things whatsoever I have commanded you.
5. For what other Reason cannot Man do it? A. Because he cannot bless them, and make them effectual to their Ends, but they will be in vain, Matth. xv. 9. But in vain do they.worji.ip mne, teaching for Doctrines, the Conmandments of Men.
Q. 6. Why are the Ordinances called Means of Salvation:
A. Because by and through them, the Spirit of the Lord conveys Spiritual Graces into Mens Souls, 1 Cor. i. 21.It pleafed God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe, 2 Cor. iii. 5. Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves : but our Sufficiency is of God.
l. 7. Whence is the Virtue of Ordinances ?
Ą. It is not in and from themselves, or the Gifts and Abi. lities of him that administers them, but from the Blesling and Spirit of the Lord, 1 Cor. iii. 7.-Neither is be that plantetb any. Thing, neither be that wateretb, but God that givCeth the Increase.
Q. 8. Do all God's Ordinances attain their Endir
A. Yes, there is none of them in vain, but do attain their End, in the Salvacion or Damnation of all that come under them, Isa. ly, 10, 11. For as the Rain cometh down, and the Snow from Heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the Earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give Seed to the Sower and Bread to the eater : So all my. Word be that goeth. forth out of my Mouth: it fall not return unto me void, but it all acctmplish that which I please, and it fall profper in the Thing whereto I send it, 2 Cor. 2. 15, 16. For we are unto God a sweet. Savour of Christ, in them that are faved, and in them that periso: To the one we are the Savour of Death unto Death, and to the other the Savour of Life unto
Q. 9. Are instituted Ordinances the only Means of Salvation ?
A. They are not the only Means; for God can convert Men to Christ without them, Acts.ix. 4, 5. And be fell to the-Earth, and beard a Voice, saying unto bim, Saul, Saul,
why perfecutest thou me? And he said, who art thou, Lord! And the Lord Juri, I am Jejus whom thou perfecutefi : It is hard for thee 10 kick against the Pricks. But they are the ordinary Standing Means, Rom. X. 14, 15. How then Boll thy culi on kim in whom they huve noi believed: and how skall they teliev; in h:11, of whom they have not heard? and how small they bear without a Preacber; and bow Mail they preachexcept they te fent? &c.
Q: 10. To whom are the Ordinances made effectual to Salvation ?
A. To all God's Elect they are effe&ual to Salvation, and to them only; Afts xiii. 48.-_- As 12.291y as were ordained to eternal Life, believed, John X. 26. But je believe n01, because ye are not of my Sheep, &c.
Q. 11. What is the first Instruction from hence ?
A. That great Freparation is due to all the Ordinances before we engage in them, Job xi. 13, 14. If thou prepare shine Heart, and ftretch out thy Hand towards him. If Iniquity be in thine Hand, put it far away, and let not Wickedness dwell in thing Tabirnacles, 1 Chron. xxix. 18. And prepare their Heart unto thre.
Q: 12. What is the second Inference from hence ? · A. That great Reverence is due to God's: Ordinances, when we are actually engaged in the Use of them, Pfal. Ixxxix. 7. God is greatly to be feared in the Afsembly of the -Saints: 'and to be had in Reverence of all them i hat are about him.. Q. 13. What is the third Inference from hence?
A. That thote People that want Ordinances, are in a sad and deplorable Condition, Eph. ii.'1, 12. Wherefore remember i hat ye being in Time pasid Gentiles in the Flejh, who are celled uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the Flesh made by Hands; that at that Time
without Christ, teing aliens from the Common-wealıh of Israel, and Strangers from the Covenants of Promise, having no Hope, and without God in the World.
Q. 14. What is the last Instruction hence?
A. That those that perith in the midt of Ordinances, Means of Salvation, will perish with aggravated perdition, Matth. xi. 23. And thou Capernaum, wbich art exalied unto Heaven, fali le brought down 10 Hell; for if the mighty Works,
which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would bave remained until this Day.
Of the Word read and beard. Queft. 89. OW is the Word made effectual to Sal
Homes the Word made effettual to SalA. The Spirit of God maketh the Reading, but especially the Preaching of the Word, an effectual Means of convincing and converting Sinners; and building them up in Holiness and Comfort, through Faith unto Salvation ?
Q. 1. What mean you by the Word ?
A. By the Word is meant the Word of God, consigned to Writing in the Books of the Old and New Testament, which though it be ministred by Men, yet it is no other than the very Word of God, and as such to be received, i Theff. ii. 13. For this Cause also thank we. God without ceasing, because when ye received the Word of God, which ye heard
of us, ye received it not as 'the Word of Men : brit (as it is in Truth) ihe Word of God, &c.
Q. 2. Whence is the Eficacy of this Word ?
A. It is wholly from the Spirit of God that it becomes effectual to any Man's Salvation, i Cor. iii. 6. I have planted, and Apollo watered, but God gave the Increase: So then neither is he that planteth any Thing, neither be that watereth; but God that giveth the Increase.
Q. 3. Is the reading of the Scripture an Ordinance of God for Mens Salvation ?
A. Yes, it is, Deut. xvii. 19. And it Mall be with him, and he shall read therein all the Days of his Life, that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the Words of this Law, and these Statutes to do them. And in reading of it, God sometimes comes in by his Spirit to Mens Conversion, Ads viii. 27, 28, 29. And be arose and went, and behold a Man of Ethiopia, an Eunuch of great Authority under Candace Queen of the Ethiopians, who had the Charge of all her Treasure, and had come to Jerufalem for to worship, was returning, and fitting in his Chariot, read Ifaias the Prophet. Then the Spirit Said to Philip, go near, and join thyself io his Chariot, &c. Q. 4. Is the hearing of the Word a Means of Salvation ?