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A. It is the receiving of Christ by the full and hearty Confent of the Heart that justifies us, John i 12. But as many as received him, to them gave be power to become the Sons of God; aven to tbem that believe on his Name.
Q. 7. What is the Object of Faith?
A. The primary Object of Faith is the Perfon of Chrift, and the secondary are his Benefits, Isa. xlv. 22. Look unto me, and be saved, all the Ends of the Earth, &c. Phil. iii. 8, 9. Yea, doubtless, and I count all Things but Lofs for the Excellency of the Knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom. I have suffered the Loss of all Things, and do count them but Dung, that I may win Christ, and be found in him, not having mine own Righteousness which is of the Law, but that which is through the Faith of Christ: the Righteousness which is of God by Faith.
Q. 8. May not a Man look partly to Christ, and partly to his own. Works and Duties for Righteousness ?
A. No, he must eye Christ only, and exclude all others, or he cannot be justified, Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, izot having mine own Righteousness, zuhich is of the Law, but that which is through the Faith of Chrift: ihe Righteousness which is of God by Faith, Rom. iv. 5. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifietb the ungodly, his Faith is counted for Righteousness.
Q. 9. Is it enough to eye the Person of Christ only in bes Heving?
A. No, we must eye the Person of Christ, as cloathed with all his Offices, A&s xvi. 31. And they said, believe on the Lord Jefus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thine House. Our Ignorance needs him, as a Prophet, our Guilt as a Priest, our Sins and Enemies as a King.
Q. io. Is true Faith exclusive of all Fears and Doubts ?
A. No, it is not, but true Believers are troubled with many.
Fears and Doubtings, Ifa. 1. 10. Who is be among you that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth the Voice of his Servant, that walkerh in Darkness, and hath 20. Light, &c. Mark ix. 24. And straitway the Father of the Child cried out with Tears, Lord, I believe, help thou mine Unbelief. Q: 11. Is no Man actually justified till he believes ?
A. No, he cannot be justified actually till he believes actually, Gal. iii. 22. But the Scripture hath concluded all under Sin, that the Promise by Faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe, John iii. 18. He that believeth on him, is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the Name of the only begotten Son
Q. 12. Is every Man that believes justified immediately and fully upon his believing?
A. Yes, he is, Rom. v. I. Therefore being juftified by Faith we have Peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, John v. 24.—He that heare:h my Words, and believeth on him that fent me, hath everlasting Life, and shall not come into Condemnation: but is passed from Death unto Life.
Q. 13. What is the true Character or Description of a Believer ?
A. He is one that having been convinced of his Sin and Misery, and of his own and all other Creatures Inability to fave him, and of the Ability and Willingness of Christ to save him, lets go all Hold, and Dependence on Creatures, and his own Righteousness, and casts himself entirely upon Chrift for Righteousness and Life.
Of the Properties, Signs and Means of Faith. Q1. W
It is a most precious Grace, 2 Pet. i. 1.To them that have obtained like precious Faith with us, &c. And must needs be fo, seeing it is the Bond of our Union with Chrift, Eph. iii. 17. That Christ may dwell in your Hearts by Faith, that ye being rooted and grounded in Love. That by which we are justified, Rom. v. 1: Therefore being juftified by Faith, &c. And that by which our Souls do live, Hab. ii. 4. The juff shall live by his Faith.
Q. 2. What is tae second Property of saving Faith?
A. The second Property of Faith is this, that it is the moft.useful Grace in this World to a Believer, it being the Soul's Eye, Heb. xi. 27. By Faith he forfook Egypt, not fearing the Wrath of the King : far he endured as seeing him, who is invisihle, &c. It's hard to apprehend Christ, Phil. fi. 12.
164 Of the Properties, Signs and Means of Faith. That I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jejus. It is Cordial in a fainting Season, Psal. xxvii. 3. I had fainted, unless I had believed, &c.
Q. 3. What are the Foundations that support Faith?
A. The first Foundation or Prop of Faith is the Power of God, Rom. iv. 20, 21. He staggered not at the Promise through Unbelief: but was strong in Faith, giving Glory to God. And being fully persuaded, that what he had promised, he was able also to perform, Heb. vii. 25. - He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, &c.
Q. 4. What is the second Prop of Faith?
A. The Truth and Faithfulness of God in his Promises, Hebi X. 23. Let us hold fapt the Profession of our Faith without wavering, for he is faithful that hath promised, Heb. vi. 18. That by two immutable Things, in which it was impossible for God to liv, we might have a strong Consolation, who have fled for Refuge to lay hold upon the Hope set before us. Q. 5: What encourages
the Faith of the Saints ? A. The manifold sweet and sensible Experiences of others, Pfal, lxxiv. 14. Thou breakest the Heads of Leviathan in Pieces, and gavest him to be Meat for the People inhabiting the Wildernejs. And especially their own Experiences, Joshua xxiii. 14.—Ye know in all your Hearts, and in all your Souls, that not one Thing hath failed of all the good Things which the Lord your God spake concerning you : all are come to pass unto you, and not one Thing bath failed thereof.
Q. 6. What is the first Sign of a weak Faith! A. Staggerings in our assent to divine Truths argue the Weakness of Faith, Rom. iv. 20. He staggered not at the Promise of God through Unbelief, but was strong in Faith ? &c.
Q. 7: What is the second Sign of weak Faith?
A. Inability to truit God in Time of Danger, evidenced by sinful Haste to avoid it, 182. xxviii. 16-He that believeth shall not make hafte.
Q. 8. What is the third Sign of a weak Faith?
A. When we cannot live purely by Faith, except we have fome fensible Encouragement, John xx. 25. -Except I fall Jee in his Hands the Print of the Nails, and put my Finger into the Print of the Nails, and thrust my Hand into his Side, I will not believe
Q. 9. What is the fourth Sign of a weak Faith?
A. When a new Temptation makes us easily let go our former Confidence, Luke xxiv, 21. But we trufied that it had been be which foould have redeemed Israel: and besides ali i his, to day is the third Day fince these Things were done,
Q. 10. What is the fifth Sign of a weak Faith?
A. The Prevalence of carnal Fears in Times of Trouble argues weak Faith, Matth. viii. 26. And he faith unto them, why are ye fearful, Oye of little Faith? &c.
Q. 11. What is the sixth Sign of a weak Faith ?
A. Too much Carefulness and Anxiety about the Things of this Life, Matth. vi. 30. Wherefore if God la clothe the Grass of the Field, which to day is, and 10 morrow is cast into the Oven, fəall he not much more clothe you, Oye of little Faith?
Q. 12. What is the first Benefit of a strong Faith?
And being not weak in Faith, be considered not his own Body now dead, when he was about an hundred Years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarab's Womb: He flaggered not at the Promise of God through Unbelief: but was firong in Faith, giving Glory to God.
Q. 13. What is the second Benefit of a strong Faith?.
A. It gives the Soul the ravishing Foresight and Foretastes of Heaven upon Earth, ; Pet. i. 8. Whom having not seen, ye love ; in whom though now you see him not, yet believing ye rejoice with Joy unspeakable and full of Glory,
Q: 14: What is the last Office Faith doth for a Believer in this World ?
A. It supports and encourages him at Death by the Promises, when all other Comforts fail, Heb. xi. 13. These all died in Faith, not baving received the Promises, but having feen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were Strangers and Pilgrims on the Earth.
Of Saving Repentance.
Queft. 87. HAT is Repentance unto Life ?
A. Repentance unto Life is a faving Grace, whereby a Sinner out of a true Sense of his Sin, and
Apprehension of the Mercy of God in Chrift doth with Grief and Hatred of his Sin, turn from it unto God with full Purpose of, and endeavour after new Obedience.
Q. 1. Who is the Author of saving Repentance ?
A. The Spirit of God is the Author of it; the Heart by Nature is so hard, that none but the Spirit can break it, Ezek. xxxvi. 26, 27. A new Heart also will I give, and a new Spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the stony Heart out of your Flish, and I will give you an Heart of Flesh. And I will put my Spirit within you, &c.
O. 2. In what Act doth all true Repentance begin?
A. It begins in a true Sight and Sense of Sin, and the Danger and Misery we are in by Sin, Acts ii. 37. Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their Hearts, &c.
Q. 3. Why doth God work such a Sense of Sin and Mifery?
A. He doth it to make Christ desirable in the Sinner's Eyes, that he may fly to him, Matth. ix. 12, 13. But when Jesus heard that, he jaid unto them, they that be whole need not a Physician, but they that are fick. But go ye and learn what that meaneth. I will have Mercy and not Sacrifice : for I am not come to call the Righteous, but Sinners to Repentance.
Q. 4. Is the Sight of Sin sufficient to Repentance?
A. No; there must be Apprehension of Mercy and Forgiveness with God, or else no Man can fincerely repent, Rom. ii. 4.-Not knowing that the Goodness of God leadeth thee to Repentance. And this Mercy must be discerned in and through Chrift,--Zech. xii. 10. - And they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for bim as one mourneth for his only Son, and shall be in Bitternefs for him as one that is in Bitterness for his first-born.
Q. 5. Wherein doth Repentance chiefly confift?
A. Ít confifts in real inward Sorrow for Sin, as committed against God, Pfal. li. 3, 4. For I acknowledge my Transgres; frons, and my Sin is ever before me. Against thee, thee only have I finned, and done this Evil in thy Sight, &c. A Loathing of ourselves for it, Ezek. xxxvi. 31.-And fall loath yourselves in your own Sight for your Iniquities, and for your Abominations. And of our beit Duties as finful and insufficient Things, Ifa. lxiv. 5, 6.-We are all as an unclean Thing; and all our Righteousness are as filthy Rags, &c.