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new Moon be gone that we may sell Corn? and the Sabbath that we may set forth Whiat? &c.
Q. 8. What is the first Reason annexed to this Command ?
A. The first Reason is the sufficient and large Allowance of Time God hath given us for our civil Callings and earthly Business. Six Days in the Week is a large Allowance.
Q. 9. What is the second Reason annexed to this fourth Command?
A. The second Reason is God's sanctifying and separating this Day by a special Command and Institution for his Service; fo that to profane this Time is to sin against an express divine Statute.
Q. 10. What's the third Reason annexed to this Commanda
A. The third Reason is God's own Example, who rested the seventh Day from all his Works, and blessed this Day, by vertue of which Bleii ng we are encouraged to fanctify it.
Q. 11. Is it not enough to fanctify this Day in our own Persons ?
A. No; if God hath put any under our Acthority, their profaning the Sabbath will become our Sin, though we be never so itrict in the Observation of it ourselves.
Q. 12. May we continue our civil Employments to the last Moment of our common Times
A. Except Necefsity or Mercy urge us, we ought to break off before, and allow fome Time to prepare for the Sabbath ; Luke xxiii. 54. And that Day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew on.
Q. 13. What is the first Inference from hence ?
A That we have all great Cause to be humbled for our Sabbath Transgressions, either in our unpreparedness for it, our want of Delight and Spirituality, in it, or the due Government of our families, as God requires.
Q. 14. What is the second Inference from hence?
A. i hạt Christians on the Sabbatl: Day have a fair Occafion and Help to realize tu themfcives the reavenly State, in which they are to live abstract from the World, and God is to be all in all to them,
Of the fifth Commandment. Qued. 63. W
HICH is the fifth Commandment?
A. The fifth Commandment is, (Ho. nour thy Father and thy Mother, that thy Days may be long in the Land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Queft. 64. What is required in the fifth Commandment?
A. The fifth Commandment requireth the preserving the Honour, and performing the Duties belonging to every one in their several Places and Relations, as Superiors, Inferiors -or equals.
Queft. 65. What is forbidden in the fifth Commandment?
A. The fifth Commandment forbiddeth the neglecting of, or doing any Thing againft the Honour and Duty which belongeth to every one in their several Places and Relations.
Queft. 66. What is the Reason annexed to the fifth Commandment?
A. The Reason annexed to the fifth Commandment is, a Promise of long Life and Profperity (as far as it fall serve for God's Glory, and their own Good) to all such as keep this Commandment.
Q. 1. What Relatives are dire&ly and more especially concerned n this fifth Commandment?
A. All Superiours and Inferiours are consented in it: Especially (1.) Political Fathers and their Children; that is, King's and Subjects: Mark xi. 10. Blessed be the King, dom of our Father David, &c. (2.) Spiritual Fathers and their Children ; that is, Ministers and their People : 1 Cor. iv. 15. For though you have ten thousand Inftru&ers in Cbrif, yet have se not many Fathers: For in Christ Jefus I bave beget. .ten jou through the Gospel. (3.) Natural Parents and their
Children, Ephef. vi. 1. Children obey jour Parents in tķe Lord. (4.) All civil Superiours and Inferiours, as Husbands Land Wives, Matters and Servants, Ephef. v. 22. Wives fub mit yourselves unto your own Husbands, as
unto Ephes. vi. 5. Serwants be obedient to them that are your Maflers according to the Flesh, &c.
Q. 2. What is the Duty of Political Fathers or Magiftrates, to their Political Children or Subjects:
the Lord. And
A. It is to rule and govern the People over whom God hath set them with Wisdom, 2 Chron. i. 10.
Give me now Wisdom and K'noueledge, that I may go out and come in before this people. Justice, 2 Chron. xix. 5,6, 7. And be set Judges. in the Land, throughout all the fenced Cities of Judah, City by City. And he said to the Judges, Take heed what ye do; for ye judge not for Man, but for the Lord, who is with you in the
Judgment. Wherefore now let the Fear of the Lord be upon you, take heed and do it, &c. And Piety, 2 Sam. xxiii. 3:-He that ruleth over Men mut be juft, ruling in the Fear of God. Carefully providing for their Souls in every Place of their Dominions, 2 Chron. xvij.9. And they taught in Judah, and had the Book of the Law of the Lord with them, and went about throughout all the Cities of Judah, and taught the People. And for their common outward Peace and Safety, 2 Chron. xvii. 12. And Fehosaphat waxed great exce:dingly, and be built in Judah Cafiles and Cities of Store.
What are the Duties of Subjects to their Rulers ? A. It is to pray for them, 1 Tim. ii. 1, 2. I exhort there. fore, ibat first of all Supplications, Prayers, Interceffions, and giving of Thanks be made for all Men: For Kings, and for all ihat are in Authority, &c. To honour them, 1 let. ii. 17,Fear God, honour the King. To obey their juft Laws, Rom.
Let every Soul be fubject unto the ligher Powers, &c. And to
them the Tribute that is due to them, Rom. xiii. 7. Render therefore to all their dues, Tribute to wborn Tribute is due, Cuftom to whom Cuftom, &c.
Q. 4. What are the Duties of Minisfers to their.People! A. Their Duty is, (1) To feed their Flock constantly with wholesome Food, 2 Tim. iy. 2. Preach the Word, he inftant in Seafon, and out of Ssafon, rebuke, reprove, exhori, with all long-suffering and Doctrine. (2.) To be full of Bows els of tender Affection to them, i Theff
. ți. 7, 8. were gentle among you, even as a Nurse cherisch ber Cbiliren: So being afé&tionately desirous of you, we cuere willing to base imparted into jou, not i he Gospel of God anly, but also our own Souls, because we were dear unto us. (3.) To pray for them, Eph. i. 15, 16. Wherefore I also, after I heard of your Faith in the Lord Jesus, and Love untö all the Saints, ceaje not 10 give Thanks for you, making Mention of you in my Prayers. (4.)
To watch over them, i Pet. v. 2. Feed the Flock of God which is among yon, taking ihe Owerlight thereof not by Constraint, but willı:gly, &c. And (5.) To walk as an Example of Godlinens before them, Tit. ii. 7. In all Things Shewing thyself a Partern of scod Works, All which Duties require their Refidence aniong them, i Pet. V. 2. Feed the Flock of God which is among you, &c.
Q. 5. What are the Peoples Duties towards their Ministers?
A. Their Duty is, (1.) To esteem and love them dearly for their Works Take, 1 Theff. v. 12, 13. And we beseech you, Brethren, to know them which labour among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish jou; and to esteem them
very Lig?ly in Love for their Works sake. (2.) To attend on the Word preached by them, as the Word of God, 1 Theff. ii. 13. For this Caujė also thank we God without ceasing, because when ye received the Word of God, which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the Word of Men, but (as it is in Truth) the Word of God. (3.) To pray for them and the Success of their Labours, Heb. xiii. 18. Pray for us, &c. (4.) Not to receive light and malicious Reports against them, 1 Tim. 5. 19. Against an Elder receive not an Accufation but before two or three Witnesses. (5.) To make a competent and comfortable Provision for them, Gal. vi. 6. Let him that is taught in the Word, communicate unto him that teacheth, in all good Things.
. 6. What are the Duties of Natural Parents to their Children ?
A. It is their Duty, (1.) to be tenderly, but not fondly affectionate to, and tender over them, la. xlix. 15. Can a Woman forget her fucking Child, that peould not have compaffion on the Son of her Womt? (2.) To educate them for God, Ephef. vi. 4. And ye Fathers provoke not your Childrin 10 Wrath, tu: bring them up in the Nurrure and Admonition of the Lord. (3.) To restrain their Sins by Correction, Prov. xxix. 15. The Rod and Reproof give Wisdom, but a Child left to himself, bringeth his Mother to Shana
. (4) To provide for their Livelihood, 1 Tim. v. 8. But if any provide : not for his own House, he hath denied the Faith, and is worse shan an Infdel. (5.) To pray daily for them, Job i. 5. And
it was fo when the Days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and roje up early in the Morning, and offered Burnt-offerings according to ihe Number of them all : For job said, it may be that
Sons have finned, and cursed God in their Hearts: Thus did Job continually. (6.) To encourage them with endearing Language in the Way of Godliness, Prov. xxxi. 1, 2, 3, The Words of King Lemuel, the Prophely that his Mother taught him. W’hat, my Son! and what the Son of my Womb! and w at the Son of my Vozws! Give not thy Sirength unto Women, nor thy ways to that which destroyeth Kings.
7. What are the Duties of Children to Parents ? A. Their Duty is, (1.) To obey them only in the Lord, Eph. vi. 1. Children obey your Parents in the Lord. (2.) To reverence and honour them, Levit. xix. 3. Ye shall fear every Man his Mother and his Faiher, &c. (3) To submit to their Reproofs and Corrections, Heb. xii. 9. Furthermore we have had Fathers of our Flesh, which corrected us, and we gave thim Reverence. (4.) To provide for them, if they be poor and needy, and we have Ability, Gen. xlvii. 12. nourished his father and his Brethren, and all his father's Houphold with Bread, according to their Families.
0. 8. What shall Children do, when Parents abuse their Authority, by forbidding Duty or commanding Sin?
A. In such Cases Children are to obey God rather than their parents, Acts iv. 19. But Peter and John answered, and said unto them, Whether it be right in the Sight of God, ta hearken unto you, more than unto God, judge ye. But yet to manage their Refusals of Obedience with all Meekness and Humility.
Q. 9. What is the first Duty of Husbands to their Wives ?
A. The first Duty, on which all other Duties depend, is Cohabitation with them, i Pet. iii. 7. Likewise ye Hufands, dwell with them according to Knowledge, &c. And nothing can make this Duty void, but a lawful Divorce for Adultery, Matth. v. 31, 32. But I say unto you, that whosoeur jhall put away his Wife, Javing for the Cause of Fornication, caufeth ber to commit Adultery, &c. Q. 10. What's the Husband's second Duty to his Wife?