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ever since, to continue to the End of the World, which is the Christian Sabbath.
Q. 1. What special Marks of Honour hath God set upon this fourth Commandment?
A. God hath set four peculiar Marks of Honour on it. (1.) It is the largest of all the Commands. (2.) It hath a solemn Memento prefixed to it.
(3.) It is delivered both positively and negatively, which the rest are not. And, (4.) It is enforced with more Arguments to strengthen the Command on us, than any
other. Q. 2. Why will God have a Sabbath observed on Earth?
A. God will have a Sabbath on Earth, to give us therein an Emblein of that eternal Sabbath in Heaven, wherein his People shall be serving him, and praising him without Interruption, or mixture of any other Business throughout Eternity; Heb. iv. 9. There remaineth therefore a Rest to the Pecple of God.
Q. 3. For what other Reasons will God have a Sabbath?
A. he will have a Sabbath for the Honour of his Name, Isa. lviii. 13. If thou turn away thy Foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy Pleasure on my holy Day, and call the Sabbath a Delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable, and nali honour him, not doing thin? own Ways, nor finding thine own Pleasure, kor Speaking thine orun Words. For the good of Mens Souls, Mark ii. 27. And he said unto them, the Sabbath was made for Man, not Man for the Sabbath. And in Mercy to the Bodies of Men and Beasts.
Q. 4. Is this Commandment moral and perpetual, or ceremonial and temporary!
A. It is, and must needs be moral, and not ceremonial; because all the Reasons that enforce it, are perpetual, and the Sabbath continued, when the ceremonial Law ceased, and was vanished, Matth. xxiv. 20. But pray ye, that your Flight be not in the W’inter, neither on the Sabbath-Day.
Q. 5. What Day, of, the seven is the Christian Sabbath?
A. The first Day of the Week is our Sabbath, since the Resurrection of Christ. This is the Day which was foretold to be our Sabbath, Psal. cxviii. 24. This is the Day which tne Lord hath mode; we will rejoice and be glad in it. The
Lord hath marked it for himself by setting his own Name on it, Rev, i. 10. I was in the Spirit on the Lord's Day. And the Apostles and primitive Church constantly set it apart to religious Uses and Ends, Acts xx. 7. And upon the first Day of the Week, when the Disciples came together to break Brend, Paul preached unto them, &c. 1 Cor. xvi. 2. Upon the firft Day of ihe Week, let every one of you lay 'by him in Store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.
Q. 6. When doth the Christian Sabbath begin?
A. It appears that this Day is not to be reckoned from Evening to Evening, but from Morning to Morning ; because. the Christian Sabbath must begin, when the Jewish Sabbath ended, but that ended towards Morning, Matth. xxviii. 1. In the End of the Sabbath, as it began 10 dawn, towards the first Day of the Week, came Mary Magdalene, and the oth.r Mary to see the Sepulchre.
. 7. What is the Ground of changing the Day? A. The folemn Commemoration of our Redemption by the Resurrection of Christ from the Dead, is the Ground of translating the Sabbath from the seventh to the first Day of of the Week, Pfal. cxviii. 24. This is the Day which the Lord hath made ; we will rejoice and be glad in it, Mark xvi. 9. Now when Jesus was risen early the first Day of the Week, be appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cali Seven Devils.
Q. 8. Is it the whole Day, or only fome Hours of the Day that are set
for God? A. Not a Bart, but the whole Day is the Lord's, and it is as dangerous to halve it with God'in Point of Time as it was for Annanias and Sapphira to halve their dedicated Goods, and bring ia but a Part. Remember that thou keep holy ihe Sasbath Day, is the Command. l. 9.
Is there any other Day holy beside this? A. No Day but this is holy by Institution of the Lord; yet Days of Humiliation and Thanksgiving may be lawfully let apart by Men on a Call of Providence ; but Popish Holydays are 1100 warran table, nor to be observed, Gál. iv. 1a. Ịe objerve Days, and Months, and Times, and lears.
10. Buc seeing every Day should be a Sabbath to a Chriltian, what needs any other fet Time?
A. Though Christians must walk every Day with God, yet every Day cannot be a Sabbath, because God calls us to other Duties on those Days, but will have this to be a folemn und entire Day to himselt:
Q. 11. But if a Man fcruple the change of the Sabbath, may he not keep both Days weekly?
A. No; for then by doing more than God requires, he breaks a plain Command, Six Days Malt thou labour.
Q. 12. At what Time should Chriftians be' up, and at, their Duties on the Lord's Day ?
A. As early in the Morning as their Strength will permit, to prepare by private for publick Duties; yet the publick are not to be entrenched on by private Duties, AtsX. 33.Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all Things that are commanded thee of God.
Of the Sabbath.
Quet. Go. Ow is the Sabbath to be fanétified ?
A. The Sabbath is to be fanctified by an holy resting all that Day, even from fuch worldly Emplöyınents and Recreations as are lawful on o:her Days, and ipending the whole Time in the publick and private Exerciles of God's Worship, except fo much as is to be taken up in the Works of Neceflity and Mercy.
Quyet. 61. What are the Sins forbidden in the fourth Coinmandment?
A. The fourch Commandment forbiddeth the Omiflion or careless Performance of the Datiés nequired, and the pros faning the Day by ITeness, or doing that which is in itself finful, or by unnecessary Thoughts, Words of Works, about our worldly Employments or Recreations.
Quest. 62. What are the Réafons annexed to the fourth Commandments
A. The Reasons anrrexed to the fourth Commandment are, Gods allowing us fix Days of the Week for our own Employ nent, his challenging a special Propriety in the fe. venth, his own Example, and his Blessing the Sabbath Day.
Q. 1. What is the rett which God requires on the Sab. bath?
A. It is not a meer natural or civil, but an holy Rest, refembling the Rest in Heaven, wherein the Mind'is most adlive and busy in the Work of God, though the Body be at rest, and the Spirit not wearied with its Work, Rev. iv. 8. And the four Beasts had each of them fix Wings about him, and i hey were full of Eyes within, and they reft not Day and Night, Jaying boly, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
Q. 2. May not any. Works of our civil Calling be ordinarily done on that Day?
A. No; it is sinful to put our Hands ordinarily to our Callings on that Day, and God usually punishes it, Neh. xiii. is, 16, 17, 18. In those Days Jaw *I'in Judah, some treading Wine-presjes on the Sabbath, and bringing in Sheaves, and leading Ajës, as alfo Wine, Grapes and Figs, and all Manner of Burdens, wbich they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath Day; and I teftified against them in the Day wherein they sold Vičuals. There dwelt Men of Tyre also therein, which brought Fish and all Manner of Ware, and sold on the Sabbath, unta the Children of Judah, and in Jerusalem. Then I contended with the Nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil Thing is this that ye do, and profane the Sabbath Day? Did not your Fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this Evil upon us, and upon this City ? Yet ye bring more Wrath upon Ifrael by profaning the Sabbath.
Q. 3. May we not refresh our Bodies by Recreations, or our Minds by Thoughts of Earthly Business or Discourses on that Day?
A. Recreations of the Body which are lawful on other Days, are sinful on this Day, and all the Recreations of the Mind, allowed on this Day, are Spiritual and Heavenly, Ifa. lviii 13, 14. If thou turn a way thy Foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy Pleasure on my holy Day, and call the Sabbath a Delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable, and shalt honour him,
' Lord, and I will cause thee to ride upon the bigh Places of the Earth, and fed i hee with the Heritage of Jacob thy Father; for the Mouih of the Lord hath /poken it. Q. 4. "What Works may lawfully be done on that Day!
A. Chrill's Example warrants Works of Neceflity, and Works of Mercy, but no cther, Matth. xii. 3, 4. But he faid unto them, have ye not read zehat David did, zuhen he was an hugred, and they that were with him, How he entred into the House of God, and did eat the She w-Bread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the Priests. And ver. 7. But if ye had known what this mt uneth, I will have Mercy, and not Sacrifice, &c.
R 5. What are the holy Duties of the Sabbath ?
A. The publick Worship of God in reading and hearing the Word preached, Isa. Ixvi. 23. And it shall come to pass that from one new Mcon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, shall all Flesh come to worfeip before me, faith the Lord, Luke iv. 16.-And as his Cufiom was, he went into the Synagogue on the Sabbath Day, and flood up for 10 read. And Prayer, Acts xvi. 13, 14. And on the Sabbath Day we went out of the City by a River fide, where Prayer was wont to be madi, &c. And receiving the Sacrament, Acts xx. 7. And upon the firsi Day of the Week. when the Disciples came together to break Bread, Paul preached unto them, &c.
Q. 6. Are private Dlities in our Families required, as well as publick on the Sabbath ?
A. Yes; it is not enough to fan&ify the Sabbath in publick Ordinances, but God requires it to be fanctified in Fa. inily and private Duties, Lev. xxiii. 3. — But the seventh Day is the Sabbath of Rif, en holy Convocation, ye shall do no Work therein : It is the Sabbath of the Lord in all your Dwell. ings.
Q. 7. With what frame of Spirit are all Sabbath Duties, both publick and private to be performed ?
A. They are to be performed with spiritual Delight, Ifa. lviii. 13. If thou turn away thy Foot from the Sablath, from doing thy Pleasure on my holy Day, and call : he Sabhath a Delighi, &c. And all grudging at, and weariness of spiritual Exercises is a Sin forbidden, i al. i. 13. Ye faid alfo, bebold what a Weariness is it, and ye have snuffed at its ithihe Lord of Hofts, and ye brought that which was torn, and the Lame, and the Sick: Thus
s ye brought an Offering : fonid I accept this of your Hand faith the Lod? Amos viii. 5. When will the