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Night perveth Knowledge. And these Messengers of God were mistaken for God himself, Job xxxi. 26, 27. If I beheld the Sun when it shined, or the Moon walking in Brightness, and my Heart hath been secretly inticed, or, my Mouth bath kissed nry Hand; This also were an Iniquity, for I should have denied the God that is above.

Q. 5. What do these Words [before me) import?

A. It notes God's perfect Knowledge and Abhorrence of all Idolatry, or worshipping of another God, as what he cannot endure to behold, Jer. xliv. 3, 4. Because of ibeir wice kedness which they have committed to provoke me to Anger, in that they went to burn Incense to serve other Gods, whom they know not, neither they, you, nor your Fathers; howbeit I Jent unto you all my Servants the Prophets, rising early, and sending them, saying, 'O do not this abominable Thing that I hate.

Q. 6. Are none guilty of this Sin but heathenish Idolaters?

A. Yes, all that place their supreme Love or Trust in any Creature, make that Creature their God, and in Scripture are called Idoláters, Col. ii. 5. And Çovetousness which is Idolatry.

Q. 7. How doth the Idolatry forbidden in the first, differ from that forbidden in the second Commandment?

A. The Idolatry forbidden in the first Commandment is a Sin respecting the object of Worship, when we set yp any Thing in the Place of God, which by Nature is not God, Gal. iv. 8. Howbeit then when ye knery not God, ye aid Service unto them which by Nature are no Gods. But that against the second Commandment is, when we pretend to worship the true God, but do it by such Means, and in such a Manner as he hath not required, or hath forbidden, Exod. xxxii. 41 5. And be received them at their Hands, and fashioned it with a graving Tool, after he had made a molten Calf, and they said, These be thy Gids, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the House of Egypt.

0. 8. What is the first Inference from the first Commandment?

A. That it is a special Mercy to be brought forth in a Land where the true God is known and worshipped, Pfal.


exlvii. 20. He hath not dealt so with any Nation; and as for bis Judgments they have not known them; praise ye the Lord.

O. 9. What is the second Inference from the first Commandment?

A. That it is a great and dreadful Sin to live without the Worship of God in the World, Eph. ii. 12. That at that Time ye were without Chriff, and without God in the World.

Q. 1o. What is the third Inference from the first Commandment?

A. That Christians` must not comply with idolatrous or fuperftitious Worship, when they are cast into idolatrous Places,


great soever the Danger be, Psal. xvi. 4. Their Sorrows shall be multiplied, that hasten after another God; their Drink-offering of Blood will I not offer, nor take up their Names into my Lips.

Q. 11. What is the fourch Inference from hence ?

A. That the supreme Love, Fear, and Trust of the Soul is God's peculiar Right and due. Whosoever places them on any other befides God, is guilty of a very heinous and great Sin against him, 1 John ii. 15. Love not the World, neither the Things that are in the World; if any Man love the World, the Love of the Father is not in him. Compared with Job xxxi. 24, 28. If I have made Gold my hope, or have said to the fine Gold, Thou art my Confidence ; this also were an Iniquity to be punished by the Judge, for I hould bave denied the God that is above.

Q. 12. What is the fifth Inference hence ? A. That God's Eye discovers the closest Idolatry in the World, whether it be in secret Actions, Ezek. viii. 12. Haft thou feen what the Ancients of the House of Israel do in the Dark? Every Man in the Chambers of his Imaginary; for they say, the Lord seeth us not, the Lord hath forsaken the Earth. Or inward Affections, Col. iii. 5. Mortify therefore your Members which are upon the Earth, Fornication, Uncleanness,, ' inordinate Affection, evil Concupifcence, and Covetoufness, is Idolatry.

Q. 13. What is the fixth Inference from hence ?

A. That an high and full Condition in the World, is a dangerous Condition, and lies moft exposed to the Danger of Heart-idolatry, Prov. xxx. 9. Leji I be full, and deny


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thee, and say, Who is the Lord? Mark X. 24. How hard is it for them that træft in Riches to enter into the Kingdom of Hea


Q. 14. What is the last Inference ?

A. That in covenanting with God, and avouching him for our God, we must wholly renounce all others, and take God alone for our Portion ; and the Object of our Love and Dependence, Hof. iii. 3. Thou svalt not be for another Man. So will I also be for thee, Luke xiv. 33. So likewise whosoever be be of yoit

, that forjaketh not all that be hcth, he cannot be my Disciple.

Of the Second Commandment.

. 49. HICH is the second Commandment?

A. The second Commandment is [Thou fhalt not make unto thee any graven Image, or any Likeness of any Tling that is in Heaven above, or that is in the Earth beneath, or that is in the Water under the Earth ; thou fhalt not bow down to them, nor serve them : For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the Iniquities of the Fathers upon the Children, unto the third and fourth Generation, of them that hate me, and shewing Mercy unto Thousands of them that love me, and keep my Commandments. ]

Queit. 50. What is required in the second Command. ment?

A. The second Commandment requireth, the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire all such religious Worthip and Ordinances, as God hath appointed in his Word.

Quelt. 51. What is forbidden in the second Com.mandment?

À. The second Commandment forbiddeth the worshipping of God by Images, or any other way, not appointed in his Word.

Queft. 52. What are the Reasons annexed to the second Comunandment?

A. The


A. The Reasons annexed to the second Commandment are, God's Sovereignty over us, his Propriety in us, and his Zeal he hath to his own Worship?

Q. 1. What is the Sin especially forbidden in the second Commandment ?

A. The Sin here forbidden is the Corruption of God's Worship, by making any Similitude of any Person in the Godhead, and performing Divine Worship before it, or to it, Exod. xxxii. 8. They have turned aside quickly out of the Way which I commanded them : They have made them a molten Calf, and have worshipped, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, the;e be thy Gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the Land of Egypt, Deut. iv. 15, 16. Take ye therefore good herd unto yourselves, (for ye saw no Manner

Simi: litude on the Day that the Lord spake unto you in Horeb, out of the midt of the Fire; ) left ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven Image, the Similitude of any Figure, the Likeness of Male or Female.

Q. 2. What is the second Sin forbidden in this Commandment?

A. The second Sin against this Commandment is Will. wor.hip, consisting in the Addition of Man's Inventions to the Worship of God as a Part thereof, Matt. xv. 9. But in l'ain do they worship me, teaching for Doerines the Commandnients of Men, Col. ii. 20, 21, 22, 23. Ilberefore if ye be dead with Christ from the Rudiments of the World; why, as though living in the World, are ye subjeal to Ordinances, (Touch 16t, tafle not, hardie nal: Which all are to perish with the afing) after the Commandments and Doctrines of Men : which Things bave indeed a Shew of Wisdom in ii'ill-zvorship and Humility, and negle&ting of the Body, not in any Honour to the satisfying of the Fleph.

Q. 3. But if thóle Additions be for the more decent worhipping of God, is it not allowed by, 1 Cor. xiv. 40. Lei all Things be done decently and in Order?

4. No; That Scripture commands that God's Inftitutions be regulily and decently performed, but not that we invent Ceremonies that are fyın, to make them more decent than Christ left them.

Q. 4. Why is the second Commandment left out in all the publick Offices of the Popish Church?

A. Because it expressly condemns their idolatrous Images, kneeling at the Sacrament, Prayers to Saints, and all their fuperstitious Crosses, Surplices, Chrisme, as finful.

Q. 5. Do they not clear themselves from Idolatry, by telling us they only worship God before, or by them, but not the Images themselves?

A. No, they do not ; for the Use of Images in God's Worship is expressly condemned in this Commandment; and if this would excuse the Papifts, it had also excused the Ifraelites in worshipping the Calf, Exod. xxxii. 4.- And they faid, these be thy Gods, Ifrael, that brought thee up out of the Land of Egypt.

Q. 6. What's the first Reason annexed to the second Commandment ?

A. The first Reason annexed is God's Sovereignty, I the Lord; which thews that it belongs to God only to institute his own Worship, and make it effectual ; and therefore to do that in his Worship which he never commanded, is finful and dangerous, Jer. vii. 31. And they have built the high Places of Tophet, which is in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, to burn their Sons and their Daughters in the Fire, which I commanded them not, neither came it into


Heart. Q. 7. What's the second Reason annexed to the second Commandment?

A. The second Reason is God's Propriety in us; he is our God, and we belong to him ; and therefore to corrupt his Worship. greatly aggravates our Sin, Hof. ix. 1. Rejoice not, oIfrael, for Joy as other People ; for thou haft gone a Whoring from thy God, &c.

Q. 8. What's the third Reason annexed to the second Commandment?

A. The Jealoufy of God over his Worship and Worshippers ; fo that this Sin of corrupting his Worship, will dreadfully incense his Wrath, as it did, Levit, x. 1, 2. And Nadab and Abihu the Sons of Aaron, took either of them his Censer, and put Fire thereon, and offered frange Fire before the Lord, which he commanded them not. And there went out Fire from the Lord, and devoured them, and they died before the Lord.

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