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complication and magnitude of the differsion with the Northern States by territorial ences between the two countries, and the disputes and frontier squabbles; a yet more alarming increase of a bad feeling towards angry feeling had been evoked throughout
the South by the question of slavery; and It is also notorious, that never in the his. these ostensible causes of irritation were tory of the United States were negotiations fanned by the secret inclinations of many with them exposed to so much embarrass. who thought that a war with Great Britain ment and impeded by such difficulties, aris. would secure a permanent monopoly for ing from the weakness of the Federal Ad. native manufacturers; and of many others ministration, and the state of internal par- who desired it, as furnishing a pretext for ties. We believe the fact to be, that the a general violation of national engagements. whole course of Lord Ashburton's negotia. Never did every indication of national anitions was one succession of conflicts, with mosity exhibit itself more generally or more difficulties perpetually arising from different fiercely. In spite of this, and over this, too, quarters, and requiring to be encountered has Lord Ashburton effected a complete by the instant adoption of a course suited triumph. He has not only carried his point to the particular emergency. One time he in defiance of it, but he has vanquished the was thwarted by national jealousy, at an- feeling itself, and changed it into kindliness other, by coming in the way of the great and confidence. struggle of parties : one day he found per. To this wholesome change, of which we sonal jealousies in his way, and on the next see convincing proof in every indication of an insurmountable difficulty seemed to be public feeling on the other side of the Atraised up by the pretensions of some parti. Ilantic that reaches us, we attach indeed cular State. He could only gain his point much more importance than even to the set. by playing off one feeling, one party, one tlement of the particular questions that are individual, or one State against another. comprised in ihe Treaty of Washington. To effect this required, not merely good | The arrangement of these differences, if sense and temper, and the ordinary assidui. effected merely by the pressure of momenty and skill of diplomacy, but such a know- tary necessities on each party, would assu. ledge of the institutions, character, and in. redly erelong be followed by equally forterests, as well of the great people, as of midable disputes, originating in unextinthe various individuals with whom he had guished jealousy and resentment. It is for to deal, as we believe that no man of his this reason that we consider as the most station now living possesses, except Lord valuable part of Lord Ashburton's work, Ashburton. And it required too the sup- that which followed the signature of the port of that personal weight with the Amer. Treaty. We rejoiced to see a British ne. ican people which Lord Ashburton bad in a gotiator of his rank accepting the public pre-eminent degree acquired in virtue of testimonies of respect offered to him by early association, known friendliness of some of the great cities of the Union feeling, and signal acts of service to the publicly proclaiming his own sense of the nation. By the aid of this rare combination greatness of the United States, and expressof qualifications, Lord Ashburton achieved ing himself, and eliciting from his hosts, a victory over all the difficulties interposed mutual declarations of the general value set in his way. Parties were induced to sus on friendly relations by every intelligent pend their struggles in order to unite in co-member of either of the two great nations operating with his views; and the weak of the English race. We hold it wise in administration of Mr. Tyler, thwarted in him to have uttered these sentiments with every other step by a general combination plainness and warmth; and better far do we of opposition, and scarcely able to carry think it that he should have spoken to the any single measure proposed by it, secured hearts of his hearers of ihe "cradle of in. with ease not only ihe sanction of the Sen- dependence," than if he had coldly refrainate to the Treaty itself, but the assent ofled from touching on such tcpics within the both Houses to the important changes which consecrated precincts of Bunker's hill, or it required an act of the Legislature to er spoken of them in a language which no man fect. No less signal was Lord Ashburton's of sense has ever applied to them for the triumph over national and sectional ill-feel. last sixty years, in deference to the dotage ing. Never since the conclusion of the late that may yet think it decent to speak of war had such a variety of causes combined Washington as a traitor. to raise so general an animosity to Great! We think it no diminution of the credit Britain, as at the commencement of his due to Lord Ashburton, thut in rendering mission. We had been brought into colli. I this great service to his own country, he has merited and earned the gratitude of our SOMETHING TO THINK OF. ally; his good fortune and good deeds have
BY JOHN FISHER MURRAY. enabled him to do such services to two great
Froun Bentley's Miscellany. nations, as it is given to but few men to ren. der even to one. Nor can we pay this tri Lone, by my solitary hearih, bute to the merits of our own negotiator
Whence peace baih ded,
And home-like joys, and innocent mirih without expressing our gratitude to those
Are banished: eminent statesmen on the other side of the Sileni anıl sad, Uinger to recall Atlantic who have co-operated with himn in
The meinory of all his work. Among these ibe first praise un
Jolliee, dear pariner of my cares, I lost,
Cares, shared with thee, more sweel than joys the doubtedly belongs to Mr. Webster, who mer
world can buasi. Lord Ashburton in his own spirit of conciliation ; and who, having a yet more difficult
My bome-why did I say my home!
Now have I nude, public opinion to deal with, nevertheless
Unless thou from ibe grave again couldst come, succeeded in removing the obstacles which
Beloved one! it had placed in the way of accommodation. My tune was in thy Irusting heari, He has been assailed, we find, by the same
Where'er thou weri;
My happy home in thy confiding breast, kind of obloquy that has greeted Lord Ash. I whe
Where my worn spirit refuge found and rest. burion: he too is accused of “surrendering" every thing: and while the great wits I know not if ihou wast mosi sair of this side of the Atlantic were pluming
And b st of womankind;
Or whether earih yel bearesh fruits inore rare themselves on having discovered the phrase
Or heart and mind; of the "Ashburton capitulation," the kin Tome I know. Thou wert ihe sairesi, dred genius of Mr. Ingersoll had hit upon Kindesi, dearest, the same method of serving a party purpose
Thai Heaven 10 man in mercy ever gave.
And inore than man froin Heaven deserved to bave. by using the phrase of the “ Webster capii. ulation.” Mr. Webster, like Lord Ashbur Never from thee, sweet wise, ton, may find compensation for such party Came word or look aary, abuse in the gratitude of his country, and
Nor reacock pride nor sullen fit, nor strife
For niastery; the approval of thinking men.
Calm and controlled thy spirit was, and sure Strong as our political feelings are, and
So lo endure; decidedly as we condeinn the general course
My friend, proieciress, guide, whose genile will of the party with which Lord Ashburton has
Compelled my good, withholding me from ill. connected himself, and of the Government No art of selfishness which he has served, we cannot view this as
Thy generous nature knew; a party question. Or rather we cannot view
Thy life all love, ihe power to bless thy bliss;
Constant and true, it as supplying a mere engine of attack
Conteni, il 10 thy lot ihe world should bring against particular members of one of the
Enduring suffering; parties of the day. Looking to the great Unhappy, il permilled but to share principles which, since the days of Fox.
Part of my griefs, wouldst butlı our burdens bear. have formed the bond and pride of the great
My joy, my solace, and my pride Liberal party, we find none which it has as.
I found iber siill: seried so boldly or so constantly as that of Whatever change our forlunes might belide peace, and, above all, of peace with the free
or good or ill,
Worthier I was life's blessings to receive people of the United States. It was in the
While ihou did'st live; assertion of this principle that it doomed Allibat I had of good in others' sight, itself to long years of apparently hopeless / Reflecied shone thy virtue’s borrowed light. exile from power; and it was this which
The lule unstrung-the meals in silence ate Lord Grey, when borne back to office on the
We wont to share ; shoulders of the people, laid down as one The widowed bed. The chamber desolale, of the three cardinal points of a Liberal
Thou art not there. feeling. The triumph of this principle in
The tear at parting, and the greeling kiss,
Who would not miss ? the Treaty of Washington we hail as the Endearments fond, and sulaced hours, and all triumph of the Liberal cause : and, is party / 'h'important trivial things men comfort call. regrets even for a moment mingle with this
Oh! may'st thou is permitted, from above feeling, it is when we reflect that, alter ele.
The stary sphere, ven years of Liberal government, it was leri
Encompass me with ever-during love, to a Tory minister to confer this boon on
Asihou didst here: his country.
Suill be my guardian spirits, lest I be
REMINISCENCES OF MEV AND THINGS I f iny king from encroachment! This I
BY ONE WAO WAS A GOOD MEMORY. | vill do to the utmost of my power and with
he best of my talent; but we must remain Tuese Reminiscences will be read with deer in the ways of legality-we must not run interest. They relate to prominent men, of whom :ounter to the laws. If there be revolt, it we know something and wish to know more, anı!
nust come from those who are in heart op. are written in a glowing style.-The description of Davidl, the celebrated republican sculptor of
Josed 10 the Charter, although they are Paris, is enchanting, and particularly graphic.
loudest in crying in its favor. We must You see the man before you in his etrikiny alti brow on our adversaries the onus of provtudes and hear his epraptured language.-Ed. ing that we violate the Charter by keeping From Frazer's Magzine.
within its limiis; and as our noble France BERRYER.
is, after all, a thinking and a reasoning na. When first I saw Berryer with his noble 'ion, we may hope for a reaction which will bust, his magnificent face, and his graceful place the old royalty in that position of and dignified form, he was conversing with pre-eminence to which it is entiiled ; ingreat energy with the Prince de Polignac in tead of in that attitude of defence, of peril, the Chamber of Deputies. He seemed to of anxiety, and apprehension, which so ill be saying to him by his gest and manner, becomes its past history, and its, I hope, connecting them is I did with the events inture destinies." which were passing, “Prince! it is very I shall never forget the one-sided look of true that I bave been elected to supporil he prince as Berryer addressed him. The your government; to defend the old and one had in his inind bold, noble, honorable fixed principles of the French royalty ; to chimeras. For after all they were chimeras; stand by the throne of St. Louis ; to raise since he relied on the good sense and the my voice against the sweeping and reckless sterling qualities of a people which existed principles of a fierce anid untamable demo 10 longer. The French people in 1829 and cracy; and to plead for our altars, our 1830 were not what the people of the Res. homes, and our monarchy; but then there toration or of the Empire, much less of the must be no coups d'élat! Ours must be a old monarchy, were known to be. Half a parliamentary couflict with evil! Welcentury of revolution had overthrown all mist fight beneath the protection of ixed principles, and uprooted all notions the Charter and the laws! We must of a stable and practical character. Berryer only resort to those measures which are lid not believe this, or rather he hoped obviously, and not obliquely, placed within that to be true which he desired might prove our reach. We must not strain this or that so. He was, indeed, mistaken ; but his er. article of the Cnarter, to favor any particu- cors were those of a great and generous lar notions, or to support the views of the nind, and of a frank and noble heart. But Duchess d'Angoulême! If the Chamber the prince had neither lost nor forgotten should be unruly, let it be dissolved. lliny of his antecedents. He who ploited the elections should be disloyal, let it be the destruction of Buona parte yet believed dissolved again! Let us appeal to the na. in the possibility of re-establishing the old tion, and see whether the Chamber will remonarchy without the Charter, and of refuse the budget! I know it will not do so il forming ihe political institutions of France but we must not anticipite that it will. We without adınitting into their principles any must not care for hostile expressions, for of the elements of popular government. uncourteous phrases, or even for disagree. The prince looked far from pleased. His able, un palatable sentences introduced countenance was one of a surprised and into the address, provided they do not at. Lisappointed man. It seemed to say, “I tack the principles we conscientiously de-hought Berryer would have gone all fend. We must not anticipate the decision lengths with us, but I was mistaken. I of the Chamber. Let us wait for its acts.hought the fourteenth article of the CharIt will be time enough to think of acting ter was in his, as well as in my opinion, the without it, when it shall have refused to the God-send' of the monarchy. I expected crown the means of carrying on the govern. he would at all times have rushed to yonder ment. Then the nation would rally round Tribune, and defended inch by inch a counter the throne of the Bourbons, and France revolution. But I am wrong! Surely he would pronounce not on you, but on the is not infected with the leprosy of the Colmen of ihe Revolution, its severest anathe.lards, the Periers, and the Roys of France !" mas. I am not sent to this Chamber to The conversation lasted about a quarter seek to restrain the lawful exercise of its of an hour. Many eyes were fastened upon undoubted prerogatives, but to defend those the “ young" Berryer, for his father was then living, a true specimen of an independ- far as might be, the old royalty of 1780. ent, talented, and highly honorable advo. To effect ihis, France must have as much cate, and many a lip prononnced the words unlearned the history of half a century as “a second Mirabeau." That evlogy was had De Polignac himself; and all the connot excessive, for Berryer, the son, the now quests which democracy had made must living and immortal Berryer of the nine have been abandoned by those who obteenth century, has left far, far behind him tained them. This was impossible! yet, the Mirabeaus and the Burkes, the Foxes impossible as it was, the work was attemptand the Pitts, of their eventful period. At ed; and five days afterwards the throne length the president rang his hell of"order," was vacant; the populace lived in the and Berryer took his seat. Nature has done palaces; the princes wandered through so much for this splendid orator in his per. Normandy to the coast and to exile; and son, that, even when his voice is not heard, the principal actor, the then late prime min. it is a great pleasure to look at him. He ister of France, endeavored to secrete bim. was al that period redolent of health and of self from arrest and vengeance, by adopting hope ; and he delighted in the prospect of the costume, habits, and even idiom, of a devoting himself to the defence of the common domestic throne of St. Louis. At court he was a most. The next time I saw Berryer he looked special favorite. Peyronnet had unbound. seven years older. His face was full of ed confidence in his talents, and Charles sorrow. He was proceeding with hurried X. in his devotedness. The Duchess of steps to the Chamber of Deputies. It was Berri loved him as her brother; and when illegally convened by public clamor to he entered the palaces of the Tuileries or make a king, found a dynasty, and vote a of St. Cloud, he was received with open constitution ! As he crossed over the Pont arms and the most affectionate welcomes. Louis XVI. he was recognised by the peoAt the court there was even a liule jealousy ple, and the mob shouted * Vire la Charte !" felt respecting him; and some of the old Which Charter ?” asked Berryer, most heads “hoped he would be prepared to good-humoredly, "the one that you have meet the coming storin, and would not destroyed, or the one we are to make ?" shrink at the moment of the conflict.” | Those who surrounded him smiled, and They meant more than was expressed when cried, “ Vive Berryer !" He bustled on, they said this. They were prepared to play and gained that hall where so many deeds “all or nothing" with their political coups had been done of which history has, and d'état, and they apprehended, most correct. will speak, to the very end of time. When ly, that Berryer was not prepared for any he entered the Chamber there was raised a such measures. They relied on the con buzz of saljsfaction, and yet a movement of queror's sword of Bourmont, and hoped surprise. Where were the 450 deputies that his triumphs in Algiers would either who had been elected by France to attend induce the Chamber to become moderate, Ito and watch over her interests? The Roy. or would lead the king to yield to the soli. alist party, composed of nearly 200, bad citations of the Polignac minisıry. "We Aed to the departments, rushed to Belgium, have had enough of the Charter," was their Switzerland, or Germany, or were hidden up cry; “let us now call for a monarchy, and in retreats from what they most apprehenddash from us these republican traitors." ed—the violence of the mob! The history Alas! this language was too inviting, too of the first revolution had undoubtedly made tempting, for an old man, and a fattered very vivid and permanent impressions on monarch, to reject; and the ordinances of all Royalist minds. Few families there were July 1830 made their appearance !
who could not recall some scenes of atrocity 'These ordinances came like a thunder. in which themselves, or their parents, had bolt to Berryer. Of course he was not ig. been the sufferers; and it must not excite norant of the rumors of the court, and was surprise that personal courage, in many inaware that the ministers of Charles X. stances, failed in these moments of trial would be in a decided minority in the new. and of popular insurrection. And yet, after ly elected Chamber; but his project was to making every allowance for the fears of the defeat an unconstitutional faction by con- aged, and the cowardice of the mere lovers stitutional means, and to convince the coun- of ease and of worldly amusements and entry by facts, that nothing but legality was ljoyments, it is a disgraceful fact that, when proposed or intended. So tbat Berryer was the throne of ages had to be defended, the not made acquainted with the secret of Prince rights of the Duke of Bordeaux to be Polignac, that secret being to get rid of the brought forward and enforced, and the inCharter by a side wind, and to restore, as ljustice of visiting the sins or the errors of an aged grandfather on a youthful grand-/ wards said, “Madame! votre fils est mon son, had to be denounced, Berryer was the Roi !" and it was one of loyalty, for Berryer only deputy of all the 200 who had, but a had sworn allegiance to the eldest branch of few days before, surrounded, courted, flat. the House of Bourbon, and he kept his oath tered Charles X., and vowed eternal de sacred to the last. And it was one of great votedness to himself, his cause, his princi- trial for monarchical principles, since some ples, and his monarchy, who dared to as cried, “ Vive la Republique !” others, “Vive cend the tribune, and plead for these with Napoleon II.!” and others, “ Vive le Duc all the energy of an intrepid heart, and all d'Orleans !" whilst none but the Vendeans the gratitude of a faithful though independ. and the Chonans dared to cry, “ Vive Henri ent servant, and with all the conviction of V.!' so that Berryer stood alone; and those a man who believed there was nothing for who ordinarily voted and acted with him France between the eldest branch of the had retired far, far away, from the scene of house of Bourbon and anarchy.
action and of conflict, and confined themThis was the noblest period of a life hith- selves to silent adıniration of his courage erto devoted to the defence of true Conser. and his daring. vative principles. What cared he for the There are many who are of opinion that scowl of the Republican party; for the in-had he not stood alone, the majority of the terruptions of some, and the death-like si. Chamber, aided by popular clamor and relence of others; for exclamations of aston- volt, would have expelled him, and all who ishment at his boldness—not to say inso- thought and acted with him, from the house. lence (at least, in their opinion); and what This is by no means impossible; for Berryer cared he for the hootings or howlings of the was looked upon by all parties as a chivalmob without, triumphing, as it did, over the rous knight, who was entitled to protection, remnants of its barricades and its desecra- if not to sympathy—to admiration, if not tions? No! the roaring of the wind, or the to love. Now and then, indeed, when the screeching of the night-bird, were not less cries of the mobs from without were heard matters of indifference to Berryer, than of “Give us a charter !” “Give us a goywere the tumultuous assemblings and threats ernment !" the timid portion of the Liberal of the unchained populace of Paris. And Deputies became impatient to terminate all why? Because, what he said, he believed; I preliminary debates, and at once to come 10 and the cause he advocated was one of some one general and sweeping vote by right, of justice, and of true freedom. How which all might be decided, and doubt no often, during the debates which took place longer exist as to the final result. “We in the Chamber of Deputies, during the re have had enough of these interruptions," markable days which followed the revolucried some. "The old dynasty has been tionary movement of 1830, did Berryer as heard and is condemned," ejaculated othcend the tribune, protest against the illegal.ers; and, but for Berryer, who continued to ity of their proceedings, tell them, “In the plead, to reason, to denounce, many a time face of France and of the world, that they would the demand “to finish” have been had not received a mandate to make a king, complied with. But though he stood alone, and to vote a constitution;" and whilst the he was not helpless. Many an act of injusimpatient Centres said, “'Tis enough! 'tis tice he averted! Many a monstrous propoenough! There is no time for delay! The sition he caused to be rejected or postponcountry demands a conclusion," he woulded! He knew that France when no longer again rush to the tribune and implore the under the influence of excitement, passion, majority in whose power, for the moment, and revenge, would think and act very difthe destinies of France were placed, 10 con- ferently, and would desire that other arsider the awful responsibility they had ta rangements had been made; and therefore, ken upon themselves, and what succeeding to the last, he maintained his ground, and generations would record of their hasty and fought gloriously in the breach. At the end premature proceedings. The Past with its of each day of conflict, he retired to his experience; the Present with its divisions; home to gaiher new strength for the coming and the Future with its dark, lowering contest, and to prepare for the stormings clouds, were all available to his argument, and howlings of the ensuing morn. But and were all brought to bear, by him, on the where were those “familiar friends," those questions under discussion.
“kindred spirits,” those “devoted coadjuThe position of Berryer was undoubtedly tors,” who had been returned by the Royalone of no ordinary character, for it was one ist electors of France to stand by the throne, of chivalry, since he defended the cause of and by the old principles of an hereditary that mother to whom Chateaubriand after-monarchy and peerage? They were not!