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some runic inscriptions recently brought to light, I him by their spontaneous honors for twenty years' with the interpretation of them. The president laid trials and neglect. In 1841, the Royal Academicians before the Society a letter from Couni Giuseppe de elected bim an “ Associate," uncanvassed and unCigalla, giving an account of the inost important solicited. The most recent event in his story is bis hitherto unpoblished inscriplions in the Isle of San
selection, last week, by Sir Robert Peel, to execute torino, one of the Cyclades, anciently called Thera, the national statue to the memory of Lord Exmouth. and in the earliest iiines Callista. Dr. Lund, in a When Mr. Mac Dowell was elected an Associate, letter from Lagoa Santa, communicated a curious
he was not personally known to a single one of his nstance, brst mentioned in the Journal of the electors, and he applied to Mr. Tennent to intro. Brazilian Institute ; namely, that there had been luce bim to some one of the Royal Academicians found in St. Paulo the will of one Joâo Ramalho I who might present him to the others, on the occa. signed on the 3rd of May, 1580, by the notary Lou-l-ion of his returning then his acknowledgments renço Vaz, in the presence of several witnesses, for the honors they had conferred upon liim."whose signalures were also affixed, in which it was
Athenaum. stated that the testator had lived ninely years in that place; he must accordingly have arrived in 1490, or 1 We alluded last week to a literary and scientific iwo years before the discovery of America by Comission under the distinguished linguist, Francis lambus. But this assertion is undoubledly incorreci. Bopp, which the Prussian king has sent to the East as is proved, indeed, by the historian Fra Gaspar, Indies; and may add, as anoiher proof of the pracwho relates, that when Martin Alfonso de Sousa, the tical interest which all that relates to these vast first discoverer of this part of Brazil, landed at St. countries is now inspiring, that the French governVincent, in 1532, he there received important services ment has sent out a young Orientalist, M. Ch. Ochoa, from Ramalho, who had married the daughter of an 1o explore the regions of Central Asia, situate beIndian cbiel.-Ibid.
Tween Cashmere and Cafiristan. His instructions Mr. Mac Dowell, THE SCULPTOR.–There would
are to collect information relating to the history and
geopraphy of those countries, lo ibe affinity existing seem to be some doubt about the spelling of this
between the different tribes, their languages, literagentleman's name, but it is thus engraved on a bust
cure, and oiher analogous monuments. in our possession, of John Keats, the poet, modelled
| The King of Prussia has created a chair of Poliby the artist in 1829. It appears from a letter by Mr.
lical economy in the University of Bonn; and has Emerson Tennent, that Mr. Mac Dowell is a native
appointed as its first professor Herr Dahlmann, disof Belfast, and that he was bound apprentice to a
missed, in 1837, from his situation of professor at coachmaker. “ His inaster subsequently became a hihe University of Göttingen, for his energetic protest bankrupt; and, whilst settling his affairs, took his
against the lamperings of King Earnest with the conapprentice to lodge in the house of the late French
stitution of Hanover - Ibid. sculptor, Chenu, where he amused himself by mod. elling in his clay, and for the first time discovered
vered! M. Minoïde-Mynas has forwarded to the Minister his own taste for sculpture." Mac Dowell now of Public Instruction a collection of Greek manu"abandoned his half-acquired handicraft, and, al. scripts, found in the convents of Mount Athos, which most without a shilling, and altogether without a includes a valuable one of the second part of the Asfriend, he boldly resolved to become an artist and sizes of Jerusalem (" The Assize of the Commons") at once started on his new career as a sculptor. Tu.translated into the modern Greek. M. Giraud read to tors and teachers he had none, because he could not the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, at its command the means to avail himself of their in last meeling, a delailed notice of this MS.; from struction ; but, after years of self-taught study, the
dy the which it appears that it presents nearly the same text most laborious and persevering, he found himself at
as the imperfect one already existing in the Royal last qualified to earn a livelihood. For years
library, and dates in the year 1512. The Royal lihe contrived to support himself by modelling for the
brary may thus be said to possess the best text known
of the Greek translation of the Assise des Bourgeois. figure-shops, by employment in the studios of his
It is made from a French text, more ancieni ihan more fortunate rivals, and by occasional works in
those of Munich and Venice. The order of the silver and or molu. His genius, was, however, of a loftier range, and by degrees study and mainred
chapters is in verled; and this translation is the only
one of all the texts hitherio known, which has a skill qualified him to undertake works of the highest order. But he wanted a name to allure a purchaser.
preamble, wherein mention is made of Godefroy of His designs, though praised when exhibited, were
Bouillon.- Ibid. returned to him unproductive ; and he failed to
SHOOTING Stars, At Parma, M. Cola saw, on procure a single considerable order either in bronze the 11th, and 12th, what he describes as a shower or marble. * * His last effort was then in the exhi. of shooting stars, and on the 14th, M. Gaudin count. bition (the statue of the “Girl Reading," which Mr. ed in Paris 20 per minute.-Ibid. Tennent had seen), and if that failed also he inight
Royal PolyTECHNIC INSTITUTION.- The Earl of prepare to sink in despair. On hearing his
Enniskillen, Sir M. A. Shee, Doctor Faraday, Prostory Mr. Tennent at once applied to some of those |
| Pessors Brande and Groves, with many other gentle. gentlemen whose united taste and liberality are the
men distinguished in the scientific and literary stay and the support of British art, and begged them world, attended at this institution on Saturday evento go and see the statue in the Royal Academy. ing, by invitation of the Directors, to witness some Lord Francis Everton, after seeing it, at once gave novel experiments with the colossal electrical maa commission for it in marble. Mr. Wentwortli chine. On this occasion the Leyden jars of the Beaumont, Lord Dungannon, Mr. M'Calmont, Mr. Royal and London Institutions were added to those Henry, Mr. Davison, and others followed his exam- of the Polytechnic, comprising in all 135, and pre. ple in patrouizing the sculptor, and in the course of senting a chargeable surface of 200 square feet. a few weeks, merely from having had his merits | The great machine offers a surface of 60 square feet, pointed out to those who'bad the judgment and dis and was acted on by double rubbers, at a rate of 100 crimination to appreciate them, the before-neglect
revolutions a minute, thus creating an electrical Ed sculptor found himself with orders on his hands I force of unequalled intensity. The chief experito the amount of some thousands of pounds. Year ments were those of demonstrating the deflagration after year his reputation has been advancing as his of the metals by electrical influence; and the approductions have been seen and admired ; and not pearances presented after this process were of the only the public but the Royal Academy have repaid ' most unique and beautiful description.- Times.
heat all their drinks-even their wine. It freezes
and snows often, and, on the 31st of December, 1820, MISCELLANY.
M. Timkowski found the thermometer there down
to twelve degrees below zero.- Eraminer. PEKIN.-A Russian officer, M. Kovenko, has pub. lished in the Annuaire des Mines de Russie, a sketch INTERCOURSE with China. The first attempt on of environs of Pekin-some extracts from which the part of the English to establish an intercourse may interest our readers at the present moment. with China seems to have been as far back as 1596. For a century past, Russia, has maintained a con. when ihree vessels were filled out in charge of Benvent and school at Pekin; where her interpreters jamin Wood, bearing letters from Queen Elizabeth receive their education in Chinese and Mantchou. to the Emperor. These ships, however, were lost on Every ten years the members of these two establish
the members of these two establish their way out, and no renewal of the project appears ments are changed, and fresh monks and pupils to have been attempled. The oldest record of the are sent from St. Petersburg. During their stay at company at Canton is dated April 6, 1637. Fire Pekin, the Russians are free to see all things, and ships were then sent out under the command of Capvisit all places, without awakening the restless jea- tain Weddel. They first arrived at Acheen in Sülousy of the government. Pekin, according to M | matra. This fleet arrived off Macao, May 28. These Kovenko, is situated in a plain bounded to the ships were, after some bloodshed, supplied with carnorthwest by a series of mountains which the Chi. I goes; but no further trade ensued for many years. nese divide into northern and western, according to
d western, according to Leave was some time after given to the English 10 their position with reference to the city. The trade, but they have never enjoyed any thing apnorthern mountains are a day's journey from Pekin
proaching the facilities and means of commerce that being no great distance. For the Chinese that have been rendered all but certain by the recent never travel more than five and twenty of our miles
treaty with the Celestials. - Ibid. in a day. This road in summer is very picturesque;
Chinese GUNS AT THE Tower.-Monday afterand the country highly cultivated. The yellow millet is the Chinese peasant's plant, par excel.
noon five brass cannon, captured by the British dur
ing the Chinese war, happily just terminated, arriv. lence. Its grain is the basis of his nutriment; the
ed in a barge from the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich, stalk is food for his cattle, in the place of bay, which
and were landed on the Tower wharf. Four of the they have never thought of cutting. The straw of
guns are of large calibre, one of them being a 68another species of millet, which attains a height of
pounder, and the bore about 20 inches. All of them fifteen feet, is used to make the fences of gardens, I are splendid specimens of workmanship, and do not and serves also for fuel. Near these northern moun:
appear to have seen much service.-Ibid. tains are some springs, having a temperature of forty-five degrees. The water is conducted, by | GREEK POPULATION.-A Patras paper, the Ecke, pipes, into baths cut in the calcareous rock, and gives a deplorable exposition of the Greek populalined with sheets of lead. Early in the spring, tion, and pronounces the poverty of the people grealcrowds assemble at this spot, in search of health, or er than at any foriner period. The government taxes for the mere pleasures of the promenade. The Im. amount to 18 millions of drachmas, to which inust perial family bas a palace here, and there are seve be added six millions more local imports, making a ral temples in the neighborhood. In these temples total of 24 millions, or 833,0001, sterling, levied from it is that the weary traveller may seek repose ; but a population of less than 800,000 souls, or nearly the hospitality of the priests belongiug to them per head.-Ibid. is by no means gratuitous. M. Kovenko asserts, that a few hours' rest will cost about 18 roubles SOLITARY CONFINEMENT.-An extract of a letter (between 168. and 178.), and upwards of 25 roubles was read from Prof. Holst, of Christiania, stating are often paid for a day's. A multitude of fruit that a Committee appointed by the Norwegian gov. trees grow in the valleys of these mountains, -as ernment had come to the determination of recomwell as willɔws, firs, juniper-trees, and cypresses ; mending the solitary system of confinement in the but these do not form forests of any considerable new prisons that are to be built in Norway, anp extent. The western mountains are remarkable for that 432,000l. will be required to erect seven peni. the coal which they enclose. So abundant is it, tentiaries, capable of containing 2,115 prisoners. that a space of half a league cannot be traversed -Ibid. without meeting with rich strata. Yet, either be- ! We regret to gather, from the reports of travellers, canse of this very abundance or from the inveterate and from an energetic remonstrance addressed to habit which the Chinese have of leaving all things the Paris papers, that the great and useful work, the unperfected, the art of mining is yet in its infancy road over the Simplon, is in imminent danger of beamongst them. Machinery, to lighten labor, is there ing destroyed for want of needful repairs. it Whilst unknown. They have not even an idea of the pumps the northern slope," says the writer, "is in a state of indispensable to draw off the water. If localcircum. perfect preservation, the southern slope, from the stances allow, they cut drainage-galleries ; if not, point at which it enters the dominions of the King they abandon the working, when the inundation has of Sardinia, is in such a ruinous condition, that ongained too far upon them. Their system of venti. less a remedy be promply applied, it will be, ere long, lation consists in making openings at certain distan- utterly impassable for any sort of vehicle-dangerces, over which they place wheels turned by men. ous even for beasts of burthen and foot passengers. But these wheels, though incessantly in motion, in. It was only at the risk, a hundred times incurred, of troduce very little air into the mines. The mattock, breaking my carriage to pieces-for whose passage pick-axe, and hammer are the mining instruments. at all I had to make long and frequent circuits on À furrow is traced with the pick-axe, the mattock the sides of the mountain, over fallen fragments of is inserted and driven in with the hammer ; and, rock and blocks brought down by the waters-that I in this manner, lumps of coal are detached, weigh succeeded in reaching Domo d'Ossola."-"Jast now," ing from sixty to eighty pounds. Coal is at a mode. adds this remonstrant, "the needful reparations rate price in the capital. It is burnt in bronze vases, would be easy and unimportant; but it is to be ap-or its heat is distributed along the wall by means prehended that the rains of autumn, and the melting of pipes. These precautions against cold are very of the snows, will bring things into such a condition, necessary at Pekin,--and not the mere consequen that the Sardinian government will sbrink from the ces of that strango habit which makes the Chinese expense, and this magnificent road be lost."-bid.
ROYAL MARRIAGE -A French paper says the marriage of the Princess Clementine of Orleans with Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg Cohari, bro
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. ther of the Duchess of Nemours, and the husband of Donna Maria of Portugal, has been for some
Great Britain. time decided on. Prince Augustus was born on 1. The New Testament. A Fac-simile Reprint of the June 13, 1818, and is a major, in the Austrian ser- celebrated Genevan Testament, 1557, with the Mar. vice, in the 10th Regiment of Hussars called the ginal Annotations and References, the Initial and King of Prussia's The Prince is a few months other Wood-cuts, Prefaces and Index. fcp. 8vo. pp. younger than the Princess Clementine. The fam xxx. 910. ily arrangements on this subjezt are now terminaled. A desire had been expressed on the part of the
We are not aware of any collection of fac-simile Orleans family that the newly married couple should reprints, and yet, although persons may affect to take up their residence in Austria, and an applica. slight them singly, such an assemblage would be tion was made to Prince Mellernich, to know on
well worth possessing. Taken even singly, they what footing the husband of the Princess Clemen
have their use, not only as re-publications, but also tine would be received at the Court of Vienna. as exercising the ingenuity of engravers and print. The answer was, Princess Clementine would be re-ers. In this respect, the volume now lying before ceived as Princess of the Royal Family of the Bour- us is entitled to the greatest praise, for, as a speci. bons. As to Prince Augustus of Coburg, the Aus- men of imitative cytography and typography, it is trian Court did not recognise in him any right to really beautiful. Nor can we better describe it than assume the title of Royal Higbness, for which the by copying the description which Dr. Cotton, in his house of Coburg was at present making application List of English Translations of the Bible (Oxford. to two great Cabinets of the Continent, 1 hese ap- | 1821), has given of the original edition. plications are supported by the Court of England. “New TESTAMENT. Geneva, 1557, 129. The Prince Metternich also replied that Prince Augus. Newe Testament of our Lord Jesus Christ, confer. tus of Coburg being, like his father, Prince Fer-red diligently with the Greke, and best approved dinand, a subject of Austria, and in the service of translations. With the arguments, aswel before the that power, no derogation from the customary chapters, as for every Boke and Epistle, also divereliquette and precedence would be granted him. sities of readings, and moste profitable annotations In consequence of this declaration, it has been
of all harde places : whereunto is added a copious decided that Prince Augustus will reside in France, table.' Below is a neat wood.cut representing Time and it has been even added that he will quit the drawing Truth from a cave. Below is. A GENE. Austrian service, and enter that of France. Some
va, prinied by Conrad Badius, M.DLVII.' On the redifficulties are offered on this head, in consequence verse of the title is, 'The order of the bookes of the of his being an Austrian subject. The marriage is New Testament'An Epistle declaring that to take place next year, but the period is not as yet is the end of the Lawe, by John Calvin,' 8 leaves. decidedly fixed - Post.
• To the reader,' 2 leaves. The argument of the MONUMENT TO Burn's HiguLAND Mary.-The Gospel,' i leaf. St. Mathew, &c. fol. ;--cccxxx. monument, to which we have more than once al-The table and supputation of the years from Adam luded while in progress, has now been completed to Christ, fol. ccccxxxi-ccccli. On the last is, over the grave of Highland Mary, in the West' PRINTED BY CONRAD BADIUS, M.D.LVII. THIS X OF Churchyard. Greenock. The erection is more of | JUNE.' On the reverse are the errata. The letter is the Roman than the Grecian style of architecture, / a small beautiful Roman, the marginal notes in a is pyrimidal in form, and may be said to be divided smaller Roman; but the heads of chapters, and into three compartments, the cornice stones bel ween Scripture references, are in italics. The verses are which are beautifully and elaborately carved. The divided by figures, as at present : and this is the first, or lower, compartment contains the inscription first in which such a division occurs. A full page tablet. The second bears a bas-relief of Burns and contains 37 lines." (P. 138, Appendix.) Mary Campbell, representing their parting scene, As the production of the English refugees at Ge. when they plighted troth and exchanged Bibles neva, during the reign of Queen Mary, it is closely across "the stream around the Castle o' Monigo linked to the events of the Reformation.- Genilemery." The third compartment contains a female man's Magazine. figure, emblematical of grief, bending over an urn, which her arms encircle, and upon which is carved the word “ Mary." Above her head, and almost all 2. Encyclopædia Egyptiaca ; or, a Dictionary of the apex of the pyramid, a star with'rays is cut, in Egyptian Antiquities. No. I. By Thos. Jos. Pet. remembrance of the beautiful in vocation to“ Maryl tigrew, F. R. S., &c. in Heaven." The inscription on the monument is This work has been undertaken, we are told, at simply couched as follows :-" Sacred to Genius
the suggestion and persuasion of some of the most and Love-10 Burns and Highland Mary.” The
eminent of our Egyptian scholars and antiquaries, monument stands about 17 feet high, was erected at
who have promised the author their aid in its prosethe cost of £100, and is by far the most imposing
cution. object in this old churchyard. It was designed by
The continuance of the undertaking will, howMr. Mossman, of Glasgow; the figures were carved
ever, it appears, depend entirely on such support as by the eldest of his three sons.- Glasgow Herald.
may be derived from a sufficient number of subscri- Seven Egyptian workers in mosaic are to be the
bers; we are therefore happy to observe some 150 bearers of a new gift to the Sovereign Pontiff from names, of the most respectable and intelligent Mebemet Ali, viz., four large granite columns re
character, appended to the present experimental cently found in the neighborhood of Thebes , cov
number. ered with hieroglyphics.--Atheneum.
The arrangement of the different matters explain- A most extraordinary collection of Pagan deied is of course alphabetical, and the whole is preties, instruments of war, and vessels for domestic ceded by a preliminary historical sketch of ancient purposes, has lately arrived in this country from Egypt, which tells us that Ham, the son of Noah, Mexico, as presents to Sir E. Antrobus, Bart.-Ibid. was, according to the Scripture account, the first
- The sum of 6401. has been lately given for the colonist of Egypt; but at the same time adds, that bulb of a new tulip, called the "Citadel of Antwerp," l it has been demonstrated by a late authority, that Ham is the same appellation as Khemi or Khame, sioners for the North American Boundary. the meaning of which is black, in allusion to the London color of the soil; and the idea of an African origin for the Egyptians is now generally repudiated.
Letters on South America ; comprising Now, this statement, as it seems to be a devia Travels on the Banks of the Paraná and tion from the authority of Scripture and former re. Rio de la Plata. By J. P. & W. P. Robertceived accounts, requires, we think, some observa Ison. London. tion. The assertion of the 10th chapter of Genesis is very simple and express as regards the person.
| The Russain Campaign of 1812. By Von ality of Ham, the father of Cush, Mizraim, Phut. Clawsewitz. Translated from the German. and Canaan. It is true, indeed, that Egypt was The Jewess ; a True Story. By the aucalled by its ancient inhabitants Chemia, and by thor of " Letters from the Baltic.” With a the Copts Chemi, but we apprehend that term to be altogether independent of any allusion to Ham.
Portrait. London. That the epithet was derived from the blackness of The Last Year in China, to the Peace of the Egyptian soil is an assertion as old as Plutarch, Nanking. As Sketched in Letters to his but by no means can we admit it to destroy, by any | Friends, by a Field Officer actually employ. fancitul deductions, the personality of Ham as con nected with the land of Egypt. The 78th Psalm.
ed in that country. London. v. 51, says, that “God smote all the first born in The Revelation of St. John, Literal and Egypt ; ihe chief of their strength in the Taberna. Future. By Rev. R. Govett, jun. London. cles of Ham.” Again, in the 105ch Psalm, v. 25.
The Advancement of Religion the Claim " Israel also came into Egypt, and Jacob sojonrned in the land of Ham.” 7:27, They showed signs of the Times. By A. Reed, D. D. London. among them and wonders in the land of Ham."
GERMANY. And surely, after having seen that Ham was a real person, not a property of color, by his enumeration,
Justini, S., Philosophi et Martyris Opera, among the descendants of Noah, it will be vain to Recens. prolegomenis, adnotatione ac ver. contend that he is not designated in these passages, sione instruxit indicesque adjecit Dr. J. C. and that the term means nothing else but black T. Otto. Præfatus est L.F.O. BaumgartenHow clear is the definition of the learned Bishop Newton, who says, following the sure authority of Crusius. Tom. 1. Jenæ. revealed history, that Egypi is called Mizraim in Patrum Apostolicorum Opera. Text. ex the Hebrew Scriptures, and the land of Ham, from edit. præstantiss. repetitum recog. annotat. having been first inhabited, after the deluge, by 1:11 covia Noah's youngest son Ham or Hammon, and by his
illerstravit, proleg. et ind. addidit Prof. Dr. son Misraim. We admit that there is no necessity
C. J. Hefele. Edit. II., Tubingen. to go further than this statement, and to make the Wiggers, Kirchliche Statistik. Vol. I. Nubians the more ancient and the parent nation.- Hamburg. Gent. Mag.
Princip und Methode der Philosophie,mit 3. Crilicisms on Art, and Sketches of the Picture-Rücksicht auf Hegel und Schleiermacher,
Galleries of England. By William HAZLITT Von Dr. L. George. Berlin. With Catalogues of the principal Galleries, now Vergleichende Grammatik des Sanscrit, first collected. Edited by his Son.
Zend, Griechischen, Lateinischen, Litthau. This publication forms the first volume of Haz-lischen. Altslawischen, Gotischen und Deuts. Litt's articles on the Fine Arts; which are among on the most racy writings of the striking and peculiar
chen. 4te Abtheil. 4to. Berlin. genius. The volume before us contains the criti.
FRANCE. cisms on the Picture-Galleries of England, published originally, we think, in the London Magazine,
Des colonies françaises. Abolition im
P the article on Hogarth's Marriage-a-la-mode, the médiate de l'esclavage : par V. Schoelcher. essay on the Fine Arts from the Encyclopædia | Paris. Brilannica, and some other papers. One feature Histoire des traités de 1815 et de leur of the book is the appendix, which contains catalognes of the galleries criticised, as well as of the exécution, publiée sur les documens officials National, at the time of Hazlitt's writings, the et inédits : par J. Cretineau-Joly. Augerstein Gallery. The lists of the public collec- ! Nouveau projet du traité de paix perpettions can be bought, but the private ones are unattainable except in this publication.-Spectalor.
uelle : par P. R. Marchand. Paris.
Trois ans de promenade en Europe et en Asie : par Stanislas Bellagner. Paris.
RUSSIA. SELECT LIST OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS.
Nachrichten der Russischen Akademie.
Aus d. Russ. im Auszuge übersetzt. 3 vols. GREAT BRITAIN.
royal 8vo. Vols. 2 and 3, containing Un. The Wives of England ; their Relative tersuchungen über die Sprache. St. Peters. Duties, Domestic Influence, and Social Ob- burg. ligations. By Mrs. Ellis. London.
SWEDEN. Observations upon the Treaty of Wash Finnlands Gegenwart und Zukuuft. Eine ington, signed 9th August, 1842. By Geo. Sammlung politischer Streitschriften von J. William Featherstonaugh, Esq., F. R. S., F. Hwasser, Pekka Kuoharinan, E. G. Geijer G. S., late one of her Majesty's Commis- / und Olli Kehäläinen. Stockholm,