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We said, " Good-morrow, master!
One little moment stay, And tell us the disaster
Which has brought you this way. Come, do not plead excuse, Nor sympathy refuse." Then he replied, "Believe me,
I suffer bitter wo;
No rest for me's below;
And drink a cup of ale;
On purpose to regale! And, if you 'll be our guest, We'll give you of the best." " I cannot take your proffer,
I'm hurried on by Fate;
My gratitude is great.
That, looking on with tears,
In guessing at your years. We'd ask,-if noi too bold, Are you a century old ?" " Years more than eighteen hundred
Have rollid above my head
Both from the quick and dead !
To whom, our authors write,
And wretchedness at night?'
To me was given for name,
As place of birth I claim.
This length of life is found !
I've paced the earth's wide round !
The waves refused to drown;
In heaven's darkest frowd;
Where men in thousands sell;
Pealid forth their funeral knell:
I've eeen the sever spread,
Lay dying on the dead :
"I have no home to hide me;
No wealth can I display; But unknown powers provide me
Five farthings every day. This always is my store, 'Tis never less por more !
" We used to think your story
And broken-down you seem,
Most grievously our God;
To all on earth who plod: Then tell us for what crime You bear his wrath sublime ?" "*'Twas by my rash behavior
I wrought this fearful scathe : As Christ, our Lord and Saviour,
Was passing on to deaih. His mild request I spurn'd, His genıle pleading scorn'd. “Beneath the cross when sinking,
He pass'd before my door! From the crowd's insults shrinking,
He stepp'd the threshold o'er, And made a mild request That I would let him rest. *** Begone!' said I, thou vile one!
Move on, and meet thy late,
To suffer thee to wait;
Look'd on my angry brow,
For onward, too, must thou!
That instant from my home;
Unceasingly to roam;
For I must now away;
Which menace my delay:
Thus ends this most singular and bcautiful legend, in which the simplicity, and almost ruggedness, of the style, greatly enhances the nuiracle of the story. It is scarcely necessary to say, that there is no historical authority for the legend; but the Wandering Jew inay be regarded as an allegorical impersonation of the destiny of the Jewish nation, which, since the death of Jesus Christ, has been outcast and wandering anong the nations of the earth, still subject to that fearful imprecation. " His blood be upon us and upon our children!" | The words “ Tarry thon till I come" were actually addressed to the apostle St. Jobn; and, as this evangelist himself informs us, they led many of the disciples to believe that St. John would be one of those who should be found alive at the second com
ing of the Messiah. Another prophectic declaration | German students encountered him in a church in of our Lord was similarly inisunderstood: “Verily | Harnburgh, listening to the sermon with great at. I say unto you, that there be some of them which tention and devotion. He was a very tall man, with stand here which shall not taste of death until they white hair that reached below the middle of his have seen the kingdom of God come with power." back, and a beard that extended to his girdle ; This prophecy, which the best commentators apply though the weather was still cold, his feet were to the destruction of Jerusalem, was, by many naked; his dress, which the chronicler describes Greek Christians, supposed to refer to the second with edifying particularity, consisted of a sailor's ndvent; and the story of the Wandering Jew was trowsers - a world too wide for his shrunk shanks,' probably invented to support the truth of the inter- a tight-fitting vest, and a large, loose cloak. He pretation. This was very naturally suggested to readily entered into conversation with the students, the Greeks by their own national legend of Pro. telling him that his name was Ahasuerus, and that metheus, whose immortality of wo, fettered to the he had been a thriving shoemaker at the time of rocks of the Caucasus, with a vulture eternally Christ's crucifixion. Impelled by the vulgar pas. preying upon his liver, had been rendered familiar sion for excitement, which collects crowds to wit. to thein by the noblest pocni that ever proceeded ness executions, rather than by religious bigotry, or from an uninspired pen.
personal rancor, he formed one of the multitude The first direct mention of the Wandering Jew which surrounded the judgment-seat of Pilate, and dates in the year 1216, when his story was made clamored for the release of Barabbas. When known to the learned of that day by an Armenian Jesus was condemned, he hastened home to give prelate, who came on a pilgrimage to the relics of his wife and children an opportunity of seeing the the saints, which the Crusaders had brought from procession which was to pass by their doors. When the Levant to England. According to this episco. Jesus came up the street, he staggered under the pal pilgrim, who arerred that he had seen and con- weight of the cross, and fell against the wall of the versed with the wanderer, the name of the hapless house. Ahasuerus repulsed him rudely, and pointJew was Cartophilus; a name which not a little ing to Calvary, the appointed place of punishment, strengthens the theory of the Greek origin of the which was visible in the distance, said, “Get on, legend. He was a subordinate officer in Pilate's blasphemer, to thy doom !” Jesus replied, “I will court; one of the many chronicles which have re- stop and rest; but you shall march onward until I peated the story, calls him the crier;" and, when return.” He was instantly hurried forwards by an Jesus was condemned, he struck him a violent blow irresistible impulse, and never afterwards knew on the back, and pushing him towards the infuriate rest. Ahasuerus, according to the report of the crowd, exclaimed, « On with thee Jesus! where students, was a man of few words, very abstemious fore dost thou tarry ?” Jesus turned round, and, in his mode of living; accepting alis only for the with a severe accent, replied, “I go; but thou purpose of distributing them to the poor, and at the must tarry until I come !" The doom was no soon- same time soliciting their prayers, that he might er pronounced than Cartophilus found himself ir. be blessed with the boon of death. Twenty years resistibly hurried onwards from his family and later Ahasuerus appeared in Strasburg, where he friends, compelled to be a vagabond and wanderer reminded the magistrates that he had passed on the face of the earth, without ever finding any through the place two centuries before,-a fact relaxation from his toils. Afier wandering over the which was verified by a reference to the police
hole of the East, he was converted and baptized registers of the city! He inquired rather affection. by the same Ananias who baptized St. Paul, when ately after the students with whom he had spoken he took the name of Joseph. Baptism, however, at Hamburgh, and declared that since his conversacould not efface the curse; he still continues his tion with thein he had visited the remotest parts of erratic life, and looks daily for the second coming the Eastern Indies. It is recorded that he spoke of the Messiah. Every hundred years he is seized German with very great purity, and had not the with a strange malady, which brings him to the slightest foreign accent. very point of death; but, after remaining for several in 1604, the Wandering Jew visited France : days in a trance, he awakes, restored to the same - The true history of his life, taken from his own condition of youth and health which he possessed lips," was printed at Bourdeaux, in 1608; and his when he insulted our Saviour.*
“Complaint," set to a popular air, was a very fa. The chroniclers of the fourteenth century, in re- vorite ballad. The learned Louvet saw him, on a lating this legend, changed the name of Joseph juto Sunday, at Bcauvais, coming from mass. He was Isaac Lackedem or Lackedion, and omitted the fine surrounded by a crowd of women and children, to incident of his periodical renovation. The ballad whom he recounted anecdotes of Christ's passion in which we have translated is founded on this version so affecting a manner as to draw tears from the of the story, which was generally received in Bra. most obstinate eyes, and to unloose the strings of bant. Indeed, he visited this country, according to the tightest purses. On this occasion, he asked for the Brabantine Chronicle, in 1575. Notwithstand. alms with a lofty tone of superiority, as if he was ing the meanness of his apparel, he was found to be conferring, instead of receiving, a favor. His apa man of superior education, for " he spoke better pearance excited great emotion throughout France; Spanish than any nobleman in the court of the some being alarmed at such a portentous appariDuke of Alva."
tion, and others affecting to be edified by the inGoethe's travestie of the story is derived from an structive narratives he related. Indeed, for nearly earlier appearance of the Wandering Jew in Eu twenty years, about this time, several impostors rope. On the Easter Sunday of the year 1549, two made large sums of money by personating the
Wandering Jew. "Goodwin has introduced this part of the legend Passing over some vague accounts of his being into his singular romance of St. Leon.
I seen at Salamanca, Venice, and Naples, in which
last city he was rather successful as a gambler, And would its wild ambition strain
In one tremendous reign ? the burgesses some centuries before. The portrait
He dreams and smiles! the Conqueror's brow, was graven on wood, and copies of it may be seen
Gall'd with the wreath's triumphal pride, suspended in most of the cottages of Belgium, Looks grandly calm and placid now, where his legend has always been more popular As if your ENGHEIN never died ! than anywhere else. In fac , the two great objects Asir-Victorious Homicide of hero-worship among the Flemings are the Wan. The rusl of Borodina's stream, dering Jew and Napoleon.
His bony-legions' freezing groans, Dr. Southey has based - The Curse of Kehema"
And icy Russia's forest means on this legend; and Dr. Croly has made it the sub
Are heard not in that dream! ject of his gorgeous romance, Salathiel ; but the
The plan and pencil in his band fiction has never laid hold of the popular mind in
Have dropp'd as though their effort fail'dl England, as it has in France and Germany, though To draught the crimson sketch he scann'd there are few superior to it in the power of capti. In Fate's vast volume seven-seald ; vating the imagination.
But earth shall see the page reveald,
Until her curdling heart's blood stops,
And carnage-clogged thy sickly drops
Outworn, red Waterloo !
He dreams and smiles! Yon blue sea prison
Uncages Fortune's crowned bird ;
And France, exulting France, has risen
Through all her borders, trumpet-stirr'd! Suggested by David's Picture of Napoleon, asleep Ho heeds it not ; some vision'd word
inhis study, taken shortly before the battle ofl Hath shown him Ocean's distan: wave Walerloo.
Thundering the moral of his story,
And rolling boundless as his glory,
Round St. Helena's grave.
Away, bright Painter! tell thy frere,
That brow of Despot cannot be
From crested care one moment free-
Tell him thy life.imparting eye,
Napoleon's sleepless hour survey'd,
And with one deathless glance hath made He sleeps ! while Earth around him reels,
Immortal now the Lie.
Harold. And mankind's million hosts combine Against the sceptre sword which seals
Their fate from Lapland to the Line
While, like a giant roused from wine, Grim Europe, starting, watches him,
Optics.-At the Academy of Sciences on the The Warrior Lord of Lodi's field
16th inst, M. Arago communicated some experiO'er Jena's rout, who shook his shieldIs hushed in slumber dim!
ments in optics, made by the Commission, which
had been charged by the academy to examine He sleeps ! The thunderer of the World the curious specimens of diamond lately receir
For once hath, wearied, dropt the bolt, ed, and to ascertain whether these crystals were Whose strokes split empires up-and huri'd really diamonds in their primitive state. M. ArTo dust each purple mantled dolt,
ago stated that the commission had employed a 'Mid havoc, ruin and revolt!
simple and infallible means of coming to a deLo!lull'd like baby by its nurse,
cision, and had found that the specimens were The Imperial Eagle folds that wing Quiescent, whose awaking spring
really what they were described to be. This Shall shake the universe !
means consists in determining whether the angle
of the polarization of the crystal is of twentyHe sleeps ! and silence binds that tone four degrees.,-Court Journal.
Which cleft the Alps' eternal walls, And bridged his pathway to a throne
The West India Mails.-A statement of the Above the Avalanche's halls ;
voyages performed by the West India mail Hark! how that victor-voice appals
steam-ships during the year 1842, affords a sinPale Austria's battle line, when first
gular proof of the regularity with which transHe crushed gaunt Nature's bonds asunder, Atlantic communication is effected by means of And meteor girt, in flame and wonder, steam navigation. The average length of the Upon Marengo burst !
West India voyage, both out and home, appears He sleeps and dreams-oh, for the sense
from the following table to be 18 3-4 days. The Or some sublimer sphere to know
longest outward passage was made in 20 days Where strays the fierce intelligence
17 hours, and the quickest in 16 days 19 hours; Which scourged the nations bere below! the distance run over being little short of 4000 To the Empyrean doth it go?
| so that it is contracted, the leg of the other is also SCIENCE AND ART.
immediately seen to contract. If the nerve of the French SCIENTIFIC CONGRESS.-We are inform
first be raised, so that contraction ceases, in spite ed that the French Scientific Congress, before sepa.
of the passage of the current, there will be no con
traction in the leg of the second. I be same phe. rating at Strasburg, entered into a series of resolu
nomenon is reproduced by all stimulating bodies tions, soliciting the attention of the government to
which have the power of causing ordinary contracthe following recommendations : That government would be pleased to extend greater encouragement
tion : when a plate of gold is placed beiween the
thigh and the nerves, contraction does not take than it has, hitherto, done to the learned societies
place; paper has not this effect. and literary projects of the provinces : that, instead
If one of the muscles either of the breast or of the of seeking to congregate the most distinguished
thigh of a living pigeon be laid bare and cut across, savans in the capital, it should endeavor rather to
and the nerves of the thigh of a prepared frog be attach them to the provincial academies to which
brought into contact with it, this thighi immediately they belong, either by augmentation of their salaries
experiences a contraction, as in the case cited above. or by honorary distinctions: that the various isolated
- Literary Gaz. Faculties of France should be collected into a cer. tain number of great scientific establishments Fatty ANIMAL Matter.-M. Dumas announced academies complete--centres of learning-and di. that he would shortly communicate the results of vided among the different districts of the kingdom : his and M. Payen's researches, tending to prove that division of property is beneficial to the country, that "all fatty animal matter proceeds from plants, but its subdivision into parcels of less than ten, fif. or from the food of the animals which assimilate teen, or twenty ares (an are is fourteen square yards, them in kind, or slightly modified." Previously, English,) is mischievous: that schools of agricul. I however, to the presentation of this work, he thought ture, carried direct into the midst of the husbandmen it right to submit how greatly this proposition dir. and laborers, be established in all the departments fered from the opinion expressed by Liebig, to the of France, and that the same professor be also following effect, in a recent work: teacher at the normal agricultural school of each "The relation between food and the end it has to department: that government cause to be prepared fulfil in the economy of nature is not, to the present agricultural maps, based on geological maps, and in- day, at all made clear, since organic chemistry has dicating the limits of the various agricultural regions : examined it by the quantitative method. A thin that government organize the rural police in can. | goose, weighing 4 lbs., increases to 5 lbs. in 36 hours, tops, so that each canton have its commissary and during which time it has had 24 lbs. of maize to fat. communal officers under its own direction : that ten it, and then 35 lbs, of fat may be taken from it. government, in its regulations for the plantation of It is evident that the fat cannot be ready formed in the highway-borders, take into consideration the the food, because the latter does not contain 1-1000 utility of employing fruit-trees: that the bases or of fat, or like matter." competitions in the Fine Arts be altered ; and the M. Dumas and M. Payen have sought to establish pupils be sent, according to their specialty, into the fattening power of maize. Agriculturists know those countries in which the particular art studied already that a bushel of maize, weighing about 10 by each has most splendor.- London Atheneum. to 11 kilogrammes, yields a quart of oil. Precise PEARLY NAUTILUS.- Professor Owen exhibited a
experiment has shown that maize contains 9 per specimen of the Pearly Nautilus (Nautilus Pompili. cent. of a yellow oil, 100 grammes of which were us) aniinal and shell, obtained by Captain Belcher,
submitted to the Academy. Thus, in eating 24 lbs. R. N., at Amboyna. He alluded to the fact of the
of maize, a thin goose eats, in fact, 21 lbs. of fatty specimen described by him in 1832 having been
matter. And it is not therefore surprising that, as detached from the shell, which was destroyed in its
mentioned above, a goose furnishes 3} lbs. of fat, if capture, and recapitulated the analogies which had
what it already contained be taken into account. guided him in determining the position in which he
M. Dunias added : Hay contains very nearly 2 had restored the soft parts to the shell, and figured / per cent. of fatty matter. We shall show, he said, them in situ, in his memoir. Objections had been
that the fattening ox and the milch cow always furmade to this restoration by Mr. Gray, and by Doc.
nish less fatty matter than their food contains. For tors Grant and De Blainville, who were led by other
the milch cow, however, the butter, within a very analogies to believe that the upper or outer lip of
small ratio, represents the fatty matters of the food, the shell must have crossed the back of the head,
at least so far as relates to the food we have as yet instead of crossing the opposite side, or funnel, as
examined. In our opinion, agricultural facts and represented by Mr. Owen. M. Valenciennes, who
chemical analysis agree in proving that the milch had subsequently received the soft parts of a nauti
cow constitutes the most exact and most economical lus, had adopted the position assigned to them by
means of extracting from pasturage the azotized Mr. Owen. The present example, in which the an
and fatty matter they contain.-Ibid. imal had been restored to its shell in precisely the
ECLIPSE OF THE 8th of July.-M. Schumacher same position in whieh it was received when recent,
transmitted some new observations on the eclipse of closely agreed with the description and figure in
the 8th of July last. They are extracts from a report Professor Owen's work. The involuted spire of the
to the minister of public instruction of Russia, from shell is covered by the dorsal fold of the mantle,
five astronomers. Only one, M. Schidoisky, out of and is lodged in the concavity at the back of the
the five, but for reasons explained therein, saw the muscular plate above the lead. The funnel rests
mountains : he only saw two, of the most brilliant upon the outer wall of the large chamber containing
and red light; and did not perceive them until a the animal. This appears to be the first specimen
very few seconds before the end of the eclipse ; the of the Pearly Nautilus in its shell which has reached
third was not observed by him. Europe.-Ibid.
The communication contained several particulars ANIMAL ELECTRICITY.-If a frog be prepared in and hypotheses to explain many of the singular ap. the ordinary manner, and another so that it has pearances; but M. Arago'will shortly be prepared to only one leg with a long nervous fibre ; then if this furnish a detailed report on the numerous observafibre be placed on the thighs, and a current of elections of which the eclipse of last July has beeh the tricity passed through the nerves of the first frog, l object. ---Ibid.
A NEW MICROSCOPE has been this week exhibited, refuse coal which accumulates to even mountain at the Polytechnic Institution, the powers of which in the neighborhood of many of our collieries, parare said to surpass all previous instruments. It con. ticularly to the north ; and to render which availsists of six powers. The second magnifies the wings able has excited a great deal of attention and in. of the locust to twenty-seven feet in length. The quiry. We understand that the furnace of Mr. fourth, the sting of the bee to twenty-seven feet. By Juckes has been the subject of the most unqualified the sixth, each lens in the eye of the fly is so mag. approbation of Professor Buckland, of Sir M. I. nified, that it appears to be fourteen inches in di. Brunel, etc. The saving in suel alone we are asameter ; and a human hair, eightecn inches in di. sured is about 40 per cent. The plan is applicable ameter, or four feet in circumference.- Atheneum. to railway or steam-boat engines.-Herald.
Cameo. At a late meeting of the Academy of EXTRAORDINARY DISCOVERY.–At the conclusion Sciences at Brussels, M. Perquin de Gembloux pre- of the lecture at the Polytechnic Hall, Falmouth, sented a cameo of the fifth century, found at Orchi. Mr. Robert Hunt, the secretary, announced the mont in 1811, in an old church. It is supposed to discovery by himself of a metallic plate which represent Attili, and, according to the judgment of would receive by mere contact, iinpressions of any several members of the Academy, must have been printed page, an engraving, or the like. This disexecuted in Belgium, as the stone is a kind of flint covery was arrived at by following out the recent peculiar to the country.--Ibid.
discoveries of Moeser, that bodies were constantly
making impressions npon each other in absolute INVENTION FOR THE CONSUMPTION OF SMOKE.-Aldarkness. by the agency, as he considered. of latent furnace has recently been invented by Mr. Juckes light, but which Mr. Hunt thinks he has certain for the perfect combustion of smoke. He has se-proof of being latent heat. The impression received cured it by patent; and it is in many respects so on the metal is at first invisible, but is readily useful and ingenious, that it will, probably, become brought out by the means of any vapor. Mr. Hunt extensively patronised as its merits are made exhibited some specimens of wood and copper-plate known. The first peculiarity which strikes the eye lengravings, copied from the paper into the metal. is the total absence of smoke from the chimney of These copies exhibited every line of the original, a furnace under a boiler which works an engine of land were far more distinct than any of the early 20-horse power. This of itself implies a perfect daguerreotypes. Mr. Hunt proposes to call this and entire combustion of the fuel, the smoke which
new art thermography.-West-Briton. is given off, and causing the offensive nuisance, heing merely particles of coal separated on the first
A NEW COMET.-M. Laugier, of Paris, ha
A New COMET.-M. Laugier, of Paris, has dis. applicdion of heat in the process of destructive covered a new comet. He states that it has a redistillation when it is submitted to the action of trograde movement, and circulates in an inclined heat in a fire or furnace. To make this portion of orbit of 74 deg. 31 min., the ascendant node having the fuel available for the production of heat bas for longitude 28 deg 31 min. The passage to the excited much inquiry and ingenious speculation;
perihelium will take place in December by 328 deg. and, in this case, the results are obtained by the 22 min. of longitude, and at a distance from the mechanical arrangements of the furnace, which are sun expressed by 0,512. The comet continued apmade to effect the perfect chemical decomposi.
I proaching towards the earth until the 15th instant, tion of the fuel. The fire-grate is a series of fire. when it was distant from it 4-10ths of the range of bars, forming an endless chain, which by the
the terrestrial orbit. The brightness of this comet steam-engine (and the same may be done by an
has, up to the present time, gone on increasing as occasional application of manual or mechanical to its nucleus, but there has been no sensible in. power) progresses with the fuel in an active state crease in its tail since the 2d instant ; its length is of combustion under the boiler at the rate of about hardly 10 ; the width of the nebulosity has an anone inch each minute. The fuel at first introduced gle of about 5. M. Laugier has consulted the ar. parts with the more volatile products. which are chives of astronomy, to ascertain whether the comet carried over those portions of the fuel where the of 1842 was not the return one already known. production of the heat is most perfect and intense,
The work of Pingré mentions a comet which was and thus every part of it is made available to the seen in China in 1301, the elements of which, calsupport of combustion, which is rendered still more culated according to the observations of the Chinese, complete by the admission of atmospheric air / accord in a remarkable manner with the results of through each of the bars, by which oxygen gas is the new calculation. It is, therefore, possible that admitted sufficient for the conversion of the whole
red sufficient for the conversion of the whole M. Laugier has recorded the second passage of a of the incandescent materials into gaseous products. comet, whose period of travelling occupies more No fuel is wasted, as is apparent from the entire than 500 years.-Britannia. absence of carbon or smoke in the chimney. The
The French papers mention that the construction most prominent feature is the perfect uniformity of
l of the tomb of ihe Emperor Napoleon is about to be heat under the boiler, which is also secured without the constant attendance of the stoker, as a sufficient
commenced, and that for the last few days a model charge can be given in the hopper outside the fur.
has been exposed to public view at the Invalides. nace door to last upwards of an hour, which is
An equestrian statue of the Emperor is to be placed
in the middle of the great court, and on the pedestal slowly carried on by the rotatory motion of the fire
will be represented ihe arrival of his ashes at the bars; this furnace door acting in a perpendicular
place were they now lie. The entrance of the crypt, manner, being so regulated as to give the requisite
destined to receive the Emperor's mortal remains, quantity of fuel. Here the fire bars are always will be ornamented on each side by two gigantic feeding, taking in the fuel at one end while they l states and two lions couchant. This entrance will reject the scoriæ at the other ; being constantly free l be surmounted with an altar on spiral columns. The from clinkers, the supply of the requisite quantity
present grand allar and its rich canopy must be reof oxygen gas for the support of combustion through
moved to admit of this arrangement. - Alhenccum. the fire bars is always uniform and unimpeded, and the bars are as clear in the evening as they | The Royal Society of Northern Antiquities (Cowere when they commenced working in the morn.penhagen) held a quarterly meeting on the 27th of ing. The furnace is also admirably adapted for October last; when M. Rafn, the secretary, and M. the consumption of the smaller particles, or of the Finn Magnusen, offered communications respecting