Page images
PDF
EPUB

time the waters of the well are supposed to possess distinct, bis Scotch accent was disagreeably harsh. more miraculous powers than at any other period. As a lawyer he was not considered of the first order. These rites are performed in the morning: in the On the passing of the Reform Bill, Mr. Spankie conafternoon a fair is held, at which all the old Corn. tested the representation of Finsbury, on which ocish exercises of wrestling, quoiting, and single stick, casion he was returned with the Right. Hon. R. are kept up with much spirit.-Ibid.

Grant. Mr. Spankie wrote one of the very best POPULATION OF ANCIENT ROME.-Dr. Loudon of|

pamphlets in favor of Parliamenlary Reform, and

aon of entered the House of Commons as a Reformer, but Paris, in his late work on population, of which we

Ich we occasionally voted with the opposition. On the dispropose giving a more extended notice, asserts that solution in 1835. he declared himself favorable to a ancient Rome, in her greatest splendor, contained Conservative Government, and was ejected by the B000.000 souls. M. de la Maille, and the modern present member. T. S. Dancombe, Esq. The deFrench academicians generally, will scarcely admit ceased married a daughter of Mr. Manning, a Lod. that there ever were more than from 400,000 to don merchant, by whom he has left a large family. 500,000, inhabitants within the walls of the Eternal | Mr. Spankie possessed strong natural abilities, and City. 0. her antiquaries are equally contradictory. in any siluation of life must have distinguished himGibbon and Hume supposed the numbers to have sell. When a parliamentary reporter, he possessed been 1,000,000. Mr. Jacob, in his history of the the greatest influence with his associates, and disprecious metals, has calculated them at 1,200,000; played a strong leaning towards Conservatism. so did Brottier, the celebrated commentator on Globe. Tacitus. The late Professor Nibby, in his Roma Antigua, conjectured that the citizens, strangers,1. DEATH OF DR. CHANNING.–The Boston papers and slaves, with their children, must have reached

last received bring the melancholy news, of the 2,000,000. Chateaubriand reckons 3,000,000.. Jus. 14

death of Dr. Channing. He expired at Bennington, tas Linaius and Mengotti computed them at 4,000,

Vermont, on the evening of 'Sunday, the 28 of 000. lasac Vossius allowed the possibility of 8,000,

October.' His disease was, it is stated, lyphus fever. 000, perhaps, said he, 14,000,000. There are still

He was in the 620 year of his age. He had long

been in a feeble staie of health, which bad compel more extravagant calculations on this obscure point of archaeology. Rolefiochus and several other wri.

led him to relinquish active pastoral duties. The

following skelch of his life and character appears ters have actually declared their belief that in the

in the New York Evening Post : time of the early emperors there were conglomerat.

Dr. Channing was born at Newport, Rhode ed on the seven hills, and on the banks of the Tiber,

Island. His grandfather was William Ellery, one around the seven hills, upwards of 27,000,000 of human beings. Amidst this discrepancy of opinions,

of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.

His father was an eminent merchant of Newport, of it is probable that the notion of 8,000,000 of souls

Is the firm of Gibbs and Channing His grandfather in ancient Rome, as maintained by Dr. Loudon, is

retained the powers of his mind to extreme old that which is the most correct, being founded on

age, being accustomed to read one or more chapters 15 different statistical facts drawn from the ancient

every morning in his Greek Testament a practice anthors, each leading to the same conclusion. In the

which he continued until he was upwards of pipely year 1377, when Gregory XI. was pontiff, the city

ty years of age. He once remarked that, if old men of Rome contained no more than 17,000 people!

000 people! would exercise their minds more, they would retain At present the entire numbers do not exceed 160, their intellectual faculties as long as they did their 030. How mutable are human events! Albion, physical powers. Dr. Channing inherited the vigorthe Botany Bay of Rome, is now the mistress of

ous intellect of this revered relative. the world. The Palatine-hill is partly occupied by of the doctor's father we are not particularly in. an English College, and a large portion of it is formed, but Dr. Channing himself, though for many owned by an Englishman, Mr. C. Mills.- ibid.

years an invalid, was, in early life, quite vigorous, Though small in stature, and possessing a light frame, he had muscular strength, and in college was considered an athletic young man. He was also one of the leading spirits in his class During a part of

his collegiate course his friends expected that he OBITUARY.

would, on taking his degree, pursue the study of

medicine; but his attention was turned to the minMR, SERGEANT SPANKIE.—This eminent lawyer, istry by the Hollis professor of divinity in Harvard who has for some days past been suffering greatly. College, where Dr. Channing graduated Al comexpired on Wednesday morning, between six and I mencement, when he took the degree of A, B., he sesen o'clock, at his town residence in Russell. had a distinguished part, and was then looked upon square, Bloomsbury. Mr. Spankie was long known by competent judges as one of the most promising as one of the leading barristers in the Court of young men of the day. Soon after he went to VirCommon Pleas. He commenced his career on the ginia, where he resided some time, we believe, as a Morning Chronicle (then the property of Mr. Perry teacher. Here he was supposed, by exposure or Dearly half a century since, and was considered one neglect of his health, to have undermined his conof the best parliamentary reporters of his day. He stilution. He never fully recovered the robust state was for some years the editor of the Morning of health which he had previously enjoyed. Chronicle. He resigned that situation on being In 1803 Mr. Channing was ordained over the called to the bar in 1808. Having strong interest a congregation in Federal street, Boston. "he lines Ebe lodia house (through his marriage), he was ap-between the Orthodox and Unitarian denominations pointed Attorney-General of Bengal, and repaired were not, at that day, so distinctly drawn as they are io India, where he practised with the greatest suc- at the present time. In fact, the term Upitarian was cess, and was rapidly making a fortune, when he not in general use. Mr. Channing was considered was seized with an affection of the liver, and com- a serious-minded young preacher of irreproachable pelled to return to England. Having recovered his morals. with a cultivated mind, refined taste, unique health at home he was appointed standing-counsel eloquence, and leaning to evangelical views in thoto the East India Company, a situation of a very ology. The Rev. Dr. Mason, of ihis city, and other lacrative nature. He was a powerful and clever stanch divines of orthodox sentiments, in different speaker, but, though his elocution was clear and parts of the country, used to preach in Mr. Chan. ning's pulpit. Circumstances occasioned a more cause of peace, and by his tongue and pen did all he markeddivision of theological men, not many years could lo avert ihe calamities of war. In fine, how. after, and Mr. Channing's preaching and theologi- ever much men might dislike his theological opin. cal writings assumed a more decided character. His ions, no one who knew him could fail to prize his celebrated sermon at Baltimore at the ordination of purity of character, his inflexible integrity, his lofty the Rev. Jared Sparks (the historian) made this purposes, bis literary taste, his eloquence, and his division more complete. Mr. Channing's con- able discussions. His death is a great loss, not only gregation increased-his people erected a more to his family but to the city where he resided, 10 the spacious edifice on the site of the old church-and a country which gave him birth, to the cause of letters colleague, the Rev. Mr. Gannelt, was associated and freedom throughout the world. with him in the charge of the congregation.

Dr. Channing's published sermons during the war WILLIAM HONE.-The author of the "Every Day of 1812 brought him into general notice throughout Book,' the Year Book,' the Table Book,' all ex. the country. Subsequently his review of the writ- cellent works, genial in character, and as extensive. ings of Milton, the charailer of Napoleon Bona-ly read as any in our modern literature, died on parte, and other able performances, established his Sanday last, al Grove Place, Tollenham. reputation among the eminent scholars and belles Mr. Hone was born at Baih, on the 3rd of Jupe, lettres writers of the country and the world. The 1780, but bis parents removed soon afier 10 London, taunt of the Edinburgh Review, at an early period, and his father was employed for many years as a that Dr Channing "touched lofty keys, but with no writing clerk in an allorney's office, into which his very great force," was not echved by the numerous son was introduced at a very early age; his whole readers and admirers of his writings. Dr. Chan- previous education baying been limited to such inning's publications on the subject of American slav-struction as he could pick up at a dame school. ery have attracted no little alieption throughout this Though a mere boy at the time, Mr. Hone, we have country and Europe. He belonged to no anti-slav- heard, took an active interest in the proceedings of ery society-be even doubled the wisdom of these the London Corresponding Society, and in conseassociations- but he was an upcompomising enemy quence his father sought for, and obtained a situa. lo slavery, and thought, spoke, and wrote accordion for him in the country. Mr. Hone married ingly. One of the latest, if not the last, public per-early, and opened a little circulating library, where formances of Dr. Channing was on the 1st of Au-he sold prints and stationery; his wise altending to gust, the anniversary of emancipation in the British the business, while he himself followed the more acWest Indies, when he delivered a discourse in Berk-tive duties of his life. Though he had enough, and shire County, Massachusetts. A report of it was more than enough, to do to provide for the wants of published, and attracted the admiration even of those an increasing family, Mr. Hone, always zealous in who do not espouse the cause in behalf of which Dr. what he considered ihe public good, was instrumenChanning directed so much labor and sympathy. tal in bringing under the consideration of govern.

Dr. Channing was a man of great independence of inent the subject of Savings Banks, which have since mind. He was never swayed by popular applause been so extensively and beneficially introduced all to do an act which his principles condemned. He over Europe. In 1807 he commenced bookselier in paid no respect to men on account of their wealth or the Strand, and took a prominent part in what be office. He honored moral worth wherever he found called the" 0. P. Row." He wrote many of the it. His sermons on the paternal character of God, squibs, the only pleasant recollections we have of on the loveliness of the example of Jesus Christ, on that very silly affair. Soon after he became bankthe evidences of Christianity, and on political and rupt, and from that hour to the day of bis death, his moral integrity, are admirable. He spoke out, in life was one of unsuccessful struggle. Bot Mr. intelligible terms, on conjugal infidelity and licen- | Hone was not a man to be beaten down by private tiousness. In the pulpit his gravity and solemnily misfortune, and at this very time he took part in exceeded that of most preachers, and many who getting up the grand procession which was to acboast of more correct theological principles might company Sir Francis Burdelt on his liberation from have taken useful lessons from him, not only in the the Tower. Enthusiastic and sincere himself, he pulpil, but in all his social circles. In all circum- was proportionately disappointed and mortified stances bis feelings were under great self-command. when the Baronet, after sanctioning, or at least perOn one occasion, at a dinner party, where a distin- mitting, those public manifestations of rejoicing, guished orthodox clergyınan overstepped ihe bound slunk away by water, and left his friends to return aries of propriely, Dr. Channing remarked to a per. with their flags and banners and decorated carriage, son near him, “A strange man that." On anoiher but without the golden call. An anecdote relating occasion, when the andience were greatly affected to this processional affair, will show the temper by the eloquence of a distinguished preacher, a pro- of many parties at the time. Lady Augasta fessional brother, whose feelings were easily exci. Murray, with her sister, son and daughter, like ted, expressed astonishment that Dr. Channing ap- thousands of humble people, all anxiety to see the peared to be so little moved. " My lears,'' said Dr. show, and testify their sympatby, were at Mr. Channing, "are not so near my eyes as yours are." | Hone's house. They had the drawing-room to

Dr. Channing had great contempt for ephemeral themselves, and their presence might not be genepopularity, for office-hunting, for ihe airs often as rally known; “ for you know," she said. “I must sumed by upstart aristocrats, for the tricks and com- be careful lest I pay for my patriotism with my penpliances of politicians. Whal was worthy of esteem sion." From this period Mr. Hone devoted his leiand veneration in men, whether they were rich or sure to literature, and wrote for many of the maga. pour, white or colored, he reverenced, and could look | zines and newspapers. In public life he took an down upon arrogance, folly, and the ninprincipled, active part in the inquiries, ihen forced on the pubwith pily and virtuous indignation. His elocution, I Ilic by the exertions of individuals, into the abuses as has been intimated, was peculiar; his eloquence in lunatic asylums. It was about 1815 that he bevalike that of any other man. His preachings and came generally known as a publisher of political his writings were corroborated by a life of high sketches and satires; these were illustrated by moral character.

George Cruikshank, then in the freshness of youth, Dr. Channing was the poor man's friend and ad- and they first broughithe artist into fame. In 1818 Mr. vocate. He prized the principles of our govern-Hone was prosecuted for a profane libel, as it was ment, but was chiefly anxious that the people should called, though, in truth, a mere satire on the minisbe righteous rather than prosperous. He loved the I ters and government of the day. He was, after the

fashion of the lawyers, charged with three several | ALLAN CUNNINGHAM.—The death of Allan Cunpablications, or three several offences. At the first ningham cannot be recorded here without feeiings irial, Mr. Justice Abbott presided; and an anecdote of deeper intelest than are usually consequent on was current at the time, ihat the Judge on his way such announcements. Whether we regard him as home called on Lord Ellenborough to announce yet another literary man called away from a reHone's acquittal. “ How did you charge ?" inquired markable circle, already seriously narrowed by Lord Ellenborough ; " Constitutionally," said Ab Time-as a type of the poetical spirit developing its bott. Lord Ellenborough paused for a moment, and I self under circumstances which increasing cultiva. then added, " I will go to him myself to-morrow." Ition will make more and more rare—or as one who, He did so. But Mr. Hone, who conducted his own some years since, lent an efficient hand in aid of our defence with extraordinary energy, and ability, own labors,-his death awakens in us thoughts and again triumphed. The puuing him a third time on his reflections which cannot be fully developed at the trial, was a proof how lemper could master reason; moment. It comes touchingly home to us. he was a third time acquilted; and the public now . Allan Cunningham, the fourth son of his parents, so generally sympathized with him, that the sum of was born at Blackwood, in Dumfrieshire, late in three thousand pounds was, we believe, raised for the last century. Though his family was in hum. him by subscription. After this, Mr. Hone tried ble circumstances, it can hardly be said to have bemany ways of obtaining a livelihood for his largelonged to the peasant class, in the common acceptafamily, but was not successful; and when illness lion of the word : for a biographical memoir, pubvas added to his misfortunes, he suffered, we fear, lisbed some years since, tells us that one of the poet's mapy privations. Even the property which resulted ancestors, by taking the side of Montrose, lost for from the extensive sale of his . Every Day Book' the family their patrimony in Ayrshire. Such a and Year Book,' served only to provide for the tradition, however, is, in some sort, an inheritance, necessities of the hour; and the Year Book' to one endowed with Allan Cunningham's poetical was completed, if we mistake not, at so much a spirit. Then, again, his father was the possessor of sheet.

a few good books, and the treasurer of those antique

legends, which abound on the banks of the Solway; GRACE DARLING.-In an account of the death of "a man," to quote the poet's own words, "fond of Grace Darling, in the Durham Advertiser, it is collecting all that was characteristic of his country, stated that she had been removed from Longstone and possessing a warm heart, lively fancy, benevoLighthouse, on the recommendation of her medical lent humor, and pleasant happy wit." In his schoolattendant to Bamborough, where she remained for masters Allan was less lucky. The two men under a short time under the care of Mr. Fender, surgeon. whose care he was successively placed, were sturdy Finding herself no better, she desired to be removed and precise Cameronians. He was taken from to Wooler, for change of air. Her wish was com school when eleven years old, and apprenticed to a plied with, but, alas! she found no relief, and, at mason. Little calculated as such a position might the request of her father, she met him at Alowick, seem, to allow much leisure for cultivation, it is cerwith a view to proceed to Newcastle for further tain that from an early age Allan must have been a medical advice. "The Duchess of Northumberland diligent and miscellaneous reader; while to foster haring heard of the arrival of the heroine of Long. his tastes for song and tradition, there were stone at Alnwick, immediately procured for her a “Ro'kings" and trysles of Nithsdale, at which neicomfortable lodging in an airy part of the town, sup- ther the labor nor ihe mirth was thought complete, plied her with every thing requisite, and sent her without some ditty being sung, or some story recited Grace's own medical attendant to give her the ben by one of those vagrants, the prototypes of Scott's efit of his advice; all, however, was of no avail, Edie Ochiltree-who rambled from homestead to and it was deemed advisable to remove her once homestead maintaining themselves after the fashion more to Bamborough, where she arrived only len of the tale-tellers of the East. The traces of these days before her dissolulion. For some time pre- early studies and early habits were never effaced vious to her death she was perfectly aware that her from his works. While his prose and poetry dislatier end was approaching, but this gave her noun- played a variety of fancy, which one poorer in allueasiness. She had been nurtured in the fear and sion could not have maintained, they never lost, to love of God and dependence on the merits of her the last, the echo and the savor of a joyous, pastoral Redeemer, and her hope of mercy increased as her district. There is all the freshness and geniality bodily strength diminished. She was never heard of an open air-life in every line Allan Cunningham to utier a complaint during her illness, but exhibited wrote, without a trace of that monotony which acthe utmost Christian resignation throughout. Shortly companies the lucubrations of those who, well read before her death she expressed a wish to see as in the pages of nature, are familiar with few other many of her relations as the peculiar nature of their books besides. employments would admit of, and, with surprising! It was about the year 1810 that Allan Cunningfortitude and self-command, she delivered to each of ham's name began first to be seen in print; one of them some token of remembrance. This done, she his earliest appearances being as a contributor to calmly awaited the approach of death, and finally Cromek's 'Remains of Nithsdale and Galloway resigned ber spirit into the hands of Him who gave Song. Most of the old fragments, which there bear it, without a murmur. The celebrity which this his name, were recast -not a few were fabricated ainiable female had acquired effected no change in by him. Some of his ballads in this collection her conduct or demeanor. She was from her ear-are exquisitely tender, touching and beautiful. We best years of a meek, kind, and gentle disposition, have not forgollen the 'Lord's Marie,' or 'It's and so she continued to the last moment of her exist Hame,' or that wild and picturesque dream, 'The ence. Having been once asked how she could Mermaid of Galloway.' In the year 1810, too, acthink of continuing to reside upon a barren rock cording to the memoir already cited, our poet came after having become so celebrated, and why she did to seek his fortune in London. This advanced proDot come on shore and enjoy the gayeties of life, she gressively, thanks to his own prudence and industry. replied, “Had you seen the awful wreck of the For. By turns he tried most of the means of which a lite. farshire, the melancholy sight would have been rary man can avail himself: reported for a news, more than sufficient to bave driven the pleasures of paper, and wrote for the periodicals, being one this world out of your mind for life.” The funeral | among the variously-gifted and brilliant company Look place at Bamborough on Monday last, and was who gave life to the London Magazine. More subvery namerously attended.

I stantial labors, such as' Sir Marmaduke Maxwell

a drama,-lhe novels' Paul Jones,'and 'Sir Michael J he would not change or renew his outward clothing Scott,' with the ‘Songs of Scotland,' attested in suc- or shave his beard until justice should be done him. cession his literary industry. Meanwhile his other The revolution of 1830 seemed, however, to have re. craft was not forgotten. He obtained a situation in leased him from his vow, for shortly afterwards be the studio of Sir Francis Chantrey, and this he con- Joffed his rags, shaved his beard, and enlarged bis tinued worthily to occupy till his own death. walks to the Boulevards. On Tuesday, at two

It was, probably, by this advantageous circum- lo'clock in the afternoon, Chodrin Duclos, who was stance, that Allan Cunningham's attention was first called the man with a long beard, was struck with drawn to Art. His British Painters, Sculptors, apoplexy as he entered the gate of the house, No. and Architects' will long be a popular work; since, 221, in the Rue St. Honoré. He was carried to the though its writer falls short of that calm and far- Hotel de Lyons, Rue Pierre Lescot, where he bad sighted knowledge which is every year increasingly resided the last seventeen years. Medical men demanded of the English critic, the spirit of poetry ) were immediately called in, but all their endeavors

ry where present in it. One of the memoirs to restore animation proved unavailable. Duclos - The Life of Blake'-is a contribution to our na

had been indisposed during the last eight days, and tional biography, which will live, as being, after its

was advised to enter a bospital. His pride was kind, little less exquisite than Johnson's famous

shocked at such an idea : Imust walk to the end,' apology for Richard Savage. Besides this work,

was his reply. He kept his word, for it was in reMr. Cunningham published, during the last fifteen

pairing from his hotel to the Palais Royal, to take years, a series of illustrations to Major's Gallery his usual walk, that he fell dead. Duclos moved of Pictures' - The Maid of Elvar,' a poem; “The

formerly in the most fashionable circles of Bor. Life of Burns;' and 'Lord Roldan, a romance. It

deaux, but, after exhausting all his resources, came was generally understood, that he had made consid

to try his fortune in Paris. M. de Peyronnet and erable progress in an extended edition of John.

other Royalists, his friends, offered him various situson's 'Lives of the Poets :' and he put the finishing

ations which he declined accepting, because they touches to his 'Memoirs of Sir David Wilkie' but

did not come up to his expectations. He resolved two days before his own decease. This was caused by a paralytic seizure: for some previous months,

to lead in Paris the same life he had led in Bor. however, his health had been very infirm; and the

deaux; but he was unable to keep it up any time, shock of his loss will be mitigated to his attached

and, falling all at once into extremes, he became family by the remembrance that he passed away

the cynic which Paris beheld during the last twenfrom among them peacefully. free from all pain. J'y years. He was sixty-eight years of age."--Bri. and, as the first record of his death tells us, " in a

'death tells ns in Itannia, kind of solemn stillness."

DR. ALEXANDER ALLEN — The daily papers anThe office held by the late Solomon Herschel. nounce the death of Dr. Allen, after a few weeks' D. D., (Chief Rabbi of the Eastern Synagogue),

in Synagogie). illness, on Sunday last, Nov. 6th, at Hackney, in has become extinct by that gentleman's death; the the twenty-ninth year of his age. This intellicommittee for regulating the ecclesiastical affairs of gence will be read with regret by all who are in. the Jewish vody having passed a resolution, about terested in the advancement of classical learning. two years since, that the office should be abolished | The works of Dr. Allen, of which the number is at the death of its then occupant. The salary of really extraordinary, considering his age, evince the late Rabbi is stated to have been 1.000% per an. more than usual stores of learning, united with num ; and a considerable addition to his income sagacity and acuteness The work by which Dr. was derived yearly from presents of various de.

rived vearly from presents of variona de. | Allen is best known to scholars-An Etymological scriptions from the more wealtby members of his Analysis of Latin Verbs'-was published when he nation.-Morning Chronicle.

was only two-and-twenty, and contains. as was Rev. E. J. DANIEL.-The death of Mr. Daniel remarked in this journal at the time of publication, took place at Adelia, on the coast of Lycia, 30th (Athen. No. 450), the most complete developement last September. With Mr. Fellowes and Mr Ha- of the principles of the Latin language that has milton, he was one of the most ardent explorers of yet appeared in an English form. This work not Asia Minor; and his admirable drawings of re-only excited the attention and obtained the ape markable places are spoken of with enthusiastic proval of our most distinguished scholars, but was praise by his surviving fellow-laborers. His private also noticed in a flattering manner by, several Ger. virtues, literary acquirements, and amiable man-man philologists; and it was from the Universily ners, are also remembered with sincere sorrow for of Leipzig that he received, in consequence, the his loss.- Lit. Gaz.

honorary degree of Dr. of Philosophy. The Paris SOLITARY.-We lately gave, from the Dr. Allen was born at Hackney, September 230, lively pen of Jules Janin, a sketch of Chodrin Du- 1814, and was the son of Mr. John Allen, who is clos The following less attractive, but more au-know to theological students by his translation of thentic, account of this singular person, from the Calvin's Institutes,' and his History of Modern Commerce, has only lately met our eye :-“Every Judaism.' He received his early education in his person who has been in Paris during the last twen. father's school, at Hackney, and completed his ty five years will recollect a man of powerful sta studies at University College, London where he ture, wearing a long beard, who throughout the signalized himself by his great proficiency in the day promenaded the gallery of the Palais Royal. learned languages. But Dr. Allen's studies were The subjoined account of his death will be read by no means confined to the classical languages. with some interest, when it shall be recollected Few men were better acquainted with the forma. that the unfortunate man had figured not only in tion and early history of our own language. He good society, but in some of the leading political had collccted materials for an extensive work upon events of the restoration. He distinguished himself this subject, and had for two or three years preat that period at Bordeaux as an ultra-Royalist, ceding his death been actively engaged in the study fought several duels, and, if I remember rightly, in of the Anglo-Saxon, Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, some instances had the misfortune to leave his op. and several of the Teutonic languages. But we ponents dead on the ground. Being disappointed fear that he had not reduced any of his works to a in his expectations from his party, particularly by form fit for publication; and this loss is not one of that which he deemed the unkindness of his friend the sinallest that the literary world has to deplore and countryman, Count de Peyronnet, he vowed that in his death.-Atheneum.

well as the facts inseparable from the subjects

handled, are so satisfactorily and briefly disclosed BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES.

and arranged. The production is a model of its

kind in every particular and sense.- Monthly Re. Great Britain.

view.

1. Polynesia: by the Rev. M Russell, LL. D. The 3. The Anatomy of Sleep; or the Art of procuring

XXXIII. Volume of the Edinburgh Cabinet Li- sound and refreshing Slumber at will. By Edbrary. Edinburgh, 1842.

ward Binns, M. D. Churchill, 1642. This interesting and elaborate production must

Dr. Binns has produced a very curious work, find a ready acceptance with a very numerous class whi

lass which, apart from its specific object, abounds with of readers : it undertakes to unfold the workings of

amusing matter, comprehending the phenomena of Christianity, civilization, and commerce, in those

dreams, mesmerism, somnambulism, catalepsy, countless Isles that constitute the watery world

ecstasy (of which Lord Shrewsbury has published called Oceanica, and the mind of the writer appears

such remarkable examples in Italy), hallucinations, to bave been amply stored and abundantly active

trances, etc. The author's theory is, that sleep is a for the laborious task.- Paying less regard to the

facnlıy, the organ of which is situated in the spinal origin of the various Polynesian tribes, and the

cord, between the cervicular and lumbar vertebræ, common source, if there be one, of their languages,

in the ganglia formed from the nerves given off by the author has proceeded more directly to useful

this portion of the spinal column. The mode of knowledge.-Here the gradual development of the

procuring sleep at will he prescribes as follows: policy which Europeans have adopted, in their at.

Let the patient turn on his right side, place his tempts to civilize and conciliate the Polynesians, is

head comfortably on the pillow, so that it exactly shown, and the results afford lessons of perma.

occupies the angle a line drawn from the head to nent value to the statesman and philanthropist.

the shoulder would form, and then, slightly closing Amongst the difficult questions which present them.

his lips, take rather a full inspiration, bueathing as selves in the discharge of his labors, the author has

much as he can through the nostrils. The lungs touched upon that of the Missionaries, their conduct. are then to be left to their own action, respiration their successes, their failures,-and it is not possible

la not being accelerated or retarded. The attention that more indifferent justice could have been ren

must now be fixed upon the action in which the dered to any cause submitted for adjudication. As

| patient is engaged. He must depict to himself that for ourselves, we look on missionaries generally

he sces the breath passing from his nostrils in a with admiration and respect : and deprecate the

continuous stream, and the very instant that he wholesale condemnation of these exemplary men,

brings his mind to conceive this, apart from all because a few instances of presumption, supercil.

sil: other ideas, consciousness and memory depart; iousness, and political intrigue may be shown. We

imagination slumbers ; fancy becomes dormant ; well remember a West Indian missionary, who was

thought subdued ; the sentient faculties lose their i disgrace not merely to his philanthropic profes

susceptibility; the vital or ganglionic system as. sion bat to the human race, and rejoiced at learn.

sumes the sovereignty, and he no longer wakes, ing that the magistracy of the settlement exercised

but sleeps.” summary justice upon him for his offences. Surely

The soundness of the theory may, therefore, be guch an instance cannot for a moment weigh against tested by every one or our reade

a moment weigh against tested by every one of our readers when he adjusts the accumulation of benefits and blessings which I his night-cap- sialic Journal. Christian missionaries have conferred upon every part of the globe. It is not, however, to be con.

Germang. cluded that “ Polynesia" is devoted solely, or too much, to an account of missionary labors; it 1. Hand-book of Latin Etymology, by Ludwig treats both minutely and extensively of politics and

derlein. Leipzig, 1841.' commerce; but so much are we indebted to these same maligned missionaries for our historical infor: 1.

| Professor Döderlin has already exhibited his mation of the Pacific Archipelago, that the defence

theory of the forming of Latin words,"in a copious of their amiable exertions necessarily presents it.

treatise ; and in the present little manual he offers self.-Colonial Journal.

to the public an elaborate Latin Etymology in ac. cordance with the fundamental principles developed

in the larger work, and in the method tenaciously 2. Attica and Athens. Translated from the German adhered to by him. Althongh in a compendious of K. O. Müller, Grotefend, and others. By John form it embraces pretty much the entire linguical Ingram Lockhart.

stores of the Latin idiom, and seeks either to trace

back the several words to their roots, or, where "An Inquiry into the Civil, Moral, and Religious this seems impossible, at least to compare them Institutions of the Inhabitants, the Rise and De- with their cognates, both native and foreign, in or. cline of the Athenian power, and the Topography der, as the author modestly says, to do his part of the and Chorography of Ancient Altica and Athens, preparatory work for a proper root-lexicon, whose with a Map and Plan." This is an indespensable composition shall be reserved for other hands at book for the student, not less than to the classical some future day. As in his theoretic treatise, so tourist. Its minuteness and accuracy are extraor. also here, the author has mostly introduced the dinary; presenting to us a notable example of Greek, and in juxtaposition often placed the Ger. German learning, enthusiasm, industry, and care ; man, both the old dialect (according to Grimm and at the same time that the wholo inquiry has been | Graff, sometimes also Adelung), and the new, and regulated by a philosophical spirit, and so as to made use of them to illustrate the derivation of the elicit and produce philosophical views and percep. Latin. Whilst this Etymology contains numerous tions. The clearest idea of what is intended and accurate derivations, striking compositions and professed to be given over the wide and diversified spirited comparisons, which often throw a new field mentioned, is conveyed by this book. We light over a whole series of words, it also presents, know of no other work, in which the principles as as was to be expected, many etymologies, in res.

« PreviousContinue »