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DEDICATION.

TO THE

| cation. But there are additional motives,

the recollection of the happy hours, formerly DOWAGER LADY THROCKMORTON.

spent at Weston, in your society and in that Your Ladyship’s peculiar intimacy with of Sir George Throckmorton, enhanced by the poet Cowper, and your former residence

the presence of our common lamented friend, at Weston, where every object is embellished

Dr. Johnson. A dispensation which spares by his muse, and clothed with a species of

neither rank, accomplishments, nor virtues, poetical verdure, give you a just title to

has unhappily terminated this enjoyment, but hare your name associated with his endeared

it has not extinguished those sentiments of memory.

esteem and regard, with which But, independently of these considerations,

I have the honor to be, you are recorded both in his poetry and

My dear Lady Throckmorton, prose, and have thus acquired a kind of

Your very sincere and obliged friend, double immortality. These reasons are suf

T. S. GRIMSHAWE. ficiently valid to authorize the present dedi. | Biddenham, Feb. 28, 1835.

PRE FACE.

In presenting to the public this new and of some letters, and the total omission of complete edition of the Life, Correspondence, others, that, in his judgment, were essential and Poems of Cowper, it may be proper for to the development of Cowper's real charmne to state the grounds on which it claims acter. The cause of this procedure may be to be the only complete edition that has been, I explained so as fully to exonerate Hayley or can be published.

from any charge injurious to his honor. His Aiter the decease of this justly admired mind, however literary and elegant, was not author, Hayley received from my lamented precisely qualified to present a religious charbrother-in-law, Dr. Johnson, (so endeared by acter to the view of the British public, hun exemplary attention to his afflicted rela- without committing some important errors. tire.) every facility for his intended biography. Hence, in occasional parts of his work, his Aided also by valuable contributions from reflections are misplaced, sometimes injurious, other quarters, he was thus furnished with and often injudicious; and in no portion of it rich materials for the execution of his inter- is this defect more visible than where he atesting work. The reception with which his tributes the malady of Cowper to the operLife of Cowper was honored, and the suc ation of religious causes. (masive editions through which it passed, It would be difficult to express the painful atborded unequivocal testimony to the indus- feeling produced by these facts on the minds try and talents of the biographer and to the of Dr. Johnson and of his friends. Hayley inepistolary merits of the Poet. Still there deed seems to be afraid of exhibiting Cowper mere niny, intimately acquainted with the too much in a religious garb, lest he should enaracter and principles of Cowper, who con- either lessen his estimation, alarm the reader, sidered that, on the whole, a very erroneous or compromise himself. To these circumimpression was conveyed to the public. On stances may be attributed the defects that we this subject no one was perhaps more com- have noticed, and which have rendered his peeni to form a just estimate than the late otherwise excellent production an imperfect Dr. Johnson. A long and familiar inter- work. The consequence, as regards Cowper, course with his endeared relative had af- has been unfortunate. “People," observes forded him all the advantages of a daily and Dr. Johnson, “read the Letters with the minute observation. His possession of docu- | Task’ in their recollection, (and vice versa,) ments, and intimate knowledge of facts, en- and are perplexed. They look for the Cowper abled him to discover the partial suppression of each in the other, and find him not; the correspondency is destroyed. The character with the most finished taste. I have scarcely of Cowper is thus undetermined; mystery found a single word which is capable of behangs over it, and the opinions formed of ing exchanged for a better. Literary errors him are as various as the minds of the in- I can discern none. The selection of words, quirers.” It was to dissipate this illusion, and the construction of periods, are inimitathat my lamented friend collected the “ Pri- ble; they present as striking a contrast as vate Correspondence," containing letters that can well be conceived to the turgid verbos had been previously suppressed, with the ity which passes at present for fine writing, addition of others, then brought to light for and which bears a great resemblance to the the first time. Still there remains one more degeneracy which marks the style of Ammi. important object to be accomplished : viz., to anus Marcellinus, as compared to that of present to the British public the whole Cor. Cicero or of Livy. In my humble opinion, respondence in its entire and unbroken form, the study of Cowper's prose may on this ac. and in its chronological order. Then, and not count be as useful in forming the taste of till then, will the real character of Cowper be young people as his poetry. That the Let fully understood and comprehended; and the ters will afford great delight to all persons consistency of his Christian character be of true taste, and that you will confer a most found to harmonize with the Christian spirit acceptable present on the reading world by of his pure and exalted productions.

publishing them, will not admit of a doubt.” Supplemental to such an undertaking is all that now remains is for the Editor to the task of revising Hayley's life of the Poet, say one word respecting himself. He has purifying it from the errors that detract from been called upon to engage in this undertakits acknowledged value and adapting it to ing both on public and private grounds. He the demands and expectations of the religious is not insensible to the honor of such a compublic. That this desideratum has been long mission, and yet feels that he is undertaking telt, to an extent far beyond what is com a delicate and responsible office. May he monly supposed, the Editor has had ample execute it in humble dependence on the means of knowing, from his own personal Divine blessing, and in a spirit that accords observation, and from repeated assurances with the venerated name of Cowper! Had of the same import from his lamented friend, the life of his endeared friend, Dr. Johnson, the Rev. Legh Richmond.*

been prolonged, no man would have been The time for carrying this object into effect better qualified for such an office. His amis now arrived. The termination of the copy- ple sources of information, bis name, and his right of Hayley's Life of Cowper, and access | profound veneration for the memory of Cow. to the Private Correspondence collected by per, (whom he tenderly watched while living, Dr. Johnson, enable the Editor to combine and whose eyes he closed in death,) would all these objects, and to present, for the first have awakened an interest to which no other time, a Complete Edition of the Works of writer could presume to lay claim. It is unCouper, which it is not in the power of any der the failure of this expectation, which is exindividual besides himself to accomplish, bé- tinguished by the grave, that the editor feels cause all others are debarred access to the himself called upon to endeavor to supply the Private Correspondence. Upwards of two void ; and thus to fulfil what is due to the hundred letters will be thus incorporated character of Cowper, and to the known wishes with the former work of Hayley, in their due of his departed friend. Peace be to his ashes! and chronological order.

They now rest near those of his beloved The merits of “ The Private Correspond. Bard, while their happy spirits are reunited in ence” are thus attested in a letter addressed a world where no cloud obscures the mind, to Dr. Johnson, by a no less distinguished and no sorrow depresses the heart : and judge than the late Rev. Robert Hall. “It is where the mysterious dispensations of Prov. quite unnecessary to say that I perused the idence will be found to have been in accord. letters with great admiration and delight. Iance with his unerring wisdom and mercy. have always considered the letters of Mr. Cowper as the finest specimen of the epistolary style in our language; and these ap

It is impossible for the Editor to specify pear to me of a superior description to the

the various instances of revision in the narformer, possessing as much beauty, with

rative of Hayley, because they are sometimes more piety and pathos. To an air of inimi-minute or verbal, at other times more entable ease and carelessness they unite a higharged.

a hich /'arged. The object has been to retain the degree of correctness, such as could result

such as could result basis of his work, as far as possible. The only from the clearest intellect, combimed

| introduction of new matter is principally

where the interests of religion, or a regard * of the letters contained in the « Private Correspondence" he emphatically remarked, “ Cowper will never be clearly and satisfactorily understood without

mil and for such remarks the Editor is solely them."

| responsible.

to

CONTENTS

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PART THE FIRST.

Page

Page To the same. The probability of knowing each other

The family, birth, and first residence of Cowper.....

in Heaven. April 17, 1760........

..... 42

His verses on the portrait of his mother....... 23 To the same. On the recollection of earthly affairs
Epiuph on his mother by her niece........

by departed spirits. April 18, 1766......
The schools that Cowper attended..........

To the same. On the same subject; on his own state
His sufferine during childhood.........

24 of body and mind. Sept. 3, 1766.........
Hi: removal from Westminster to an attorney's office 25 To the same. His manner of living; reasons for his
Very on bis early afflictions.......

26 not taking orders. Oct. 20, 1766.........
Mis settlement in the Inner Temple.......

26 To the saine. Reflections on reading Marshall. Mar.
His acumuntance with eminent authors......

1 1 1, 1767........................................
His translations in Duncombe's Horace......

To the same. Introduction of Mr. Unwin's son; his
His uw account of his early life.............

26 gardening; on Marshall, March 14, 1767........
Stanzos on reuding Sir Charles Grandison.......

To the same. On the inotive of his introducing Mr.
liis veres on finding the heel of a shoe..........

Unwin's son to her. April 3, 1767........

His aumination to the office of Reading Clerk in the To Joseph Hill, Esq. General election. June 16,

House of Lords............

1767......................

Bis nomination to be Clerk of the Journals in the To Mrs. Cowper. Mr. Unwin's death; doubts con-

House of Lords........

ceruing Cowper's future abode. July 13, 1767....

To Lady Hesketh. Journals of the House of Lords. To Joseph Hill, Esq. Reflections arising from Mr.

Reflection on the singular temper of his mind. Unwin's death. July 16, 1767............
Aog. 9, 1763..........

The origin of Cowper's acquaintance with Mr. New-

Hin extreme dread of appearing in public.........

ton...........

His illness and removal to St. Albans.......

Cowper's removal with Mrs. Unwin to Olney.......
(bung in his ideas of religion......

To Joseph Hill, Esq. Invitation to Olney. Oct. 20,

His very...... ..........................

1767..

His settlement at Huntingdon to be near his brother His devotion and charity in his new residence......

The translation of Voltaire's Henriade by the two To Joseph Hill, Esq. On the occurrences during his

brothers........................................

visit at St. Albans. June 16, 1768................

The orinio of Cowper's acquaintance with the Unwins 29 To the same. On the difference of dispositions ; his

His adoption into the family........................ love of retirement. Jan. 21, 1769.......

His early nendship with Lord Thurlow, and J. Hill, To the same. On Mre. Hill's late illness. Jan. 29, 1769

......... 30

To the same. Declining an invitation, Fondness

In daerph Mill, Esq. Account of his situation at

for retirement. July 31, 1769........,

Honungdon. June 24, 1705......

31 His poemn in memory of John Thornton, Esq.......
To Lady Hesketh. On his illness and subsequent His beneficence to a necessitous child.........
Trcovery. July 1, 1765......

To Mrs. Cowper. His new situation; reasons for
To Joxeph Hill, Esq. Huntingdon and its amuse-

mixture of evil in the world. 1769............
ist July 3, 1765.... ....

To the same. The consolations of religion on the
To Lady Hesketh. Saltary effects of affliction on

death of her husband. Aug. 31, 1769............
the human mind. July 4, 1765....

Cowper's journey to Cambridge on his brother's ill-

To the same. Account of Huntingdon; distance

ness.............................................

freun his Brother, &c. July 5, 1765.............. 33 To Mrs. Cowper. Daugerous illness of his brother,

To the side. Newton's Treatise on Prophecy; Re-

March 5, 1770......

tections of Dr. Young on the Truth of Christianity. The death and character of Cowper's brother.......

July 10. 1763....................................

| To Joseph Hill, Esq. Religious sentiments of his

To the wine. On the Beauty and Sublimity of Scrip-

brother. May 8, 1770...........
tural Language. Aug. 1, 1765.......

34 To Mrs. Cowper. The same subject. June 7, 1770.
To Jumph Ilill, Esq. Expected excursion. Aug. 14, .. To Joseph Hill, Esq. Expression of his gratitude for
1705 ....................

instances of friendship. Sept. 25, 1770....

To Lady Hesketb. Pearsall's Meditations ; definition To the same. Congratulations on his marriage.

of laith. Aus. 17, 1765............... ......

Aug. 27, 1771......

To the saune, On a particular Providence ; experi To the same. Declining offers of service. June 27,

ence of mercy, &c. Sept. 4, 1765....

1772...........

To the same. First introduction to the Unwin fam-

To the same. Acknowledging obligations. July 2, 1772
lly; their characters. Sept. 14, 1765.............. To the same. Declining an invitation to London.

To the maine. On the thankfulness of the heart, its

Nov. 5, 1772............

.....

inequalitics, &c. Oct. 10, 1765......

The composition of the Olney Hyinns by Mr. Newton

To the maine. Miss Unwin, her character and piety.

and Cowper....

Oct. 18, 1765,............................

The interruption of the Olney Hymns by the illness

To Major Cowper. Situation at Huntingdon; his

of Cowper.......

perfect Ratistaction, &c. Oct. 18, 1765.......

His long and severe depression...........

To Joseph Hill, Esq. On those who confine all mer His tame hares, one of his first amusements on his

into their owTi acquaintance. Oct. 25, 1765......

recovery ........................................

Tu the same. Agreement with the Rev. W. Unwin. The origin of his friendship with Mr. Bull....

Nov. 3. 1765................

40 His translations from Madame de la Mothe Guion...

To the same. Declining to read lectures at Lincoln's To Joseph Hill, Esq. On Mr. Ashley Cooper's recov.
lon. Nov, 8, 1765...............

ery from a nervous fever. Nov. 12, 1776.........

To Lady Hesketh. On solitude ; on the desertion of To the same. On Gray's Works. April 20, 1777....

his friends, March 6, 1766.........

............. 41 To the same. On Gray's later epistles. West's Let-

To Mry. Cowper. Mrs. Unwin, and her son ; his

ters. May 25, 1777........
cousin Martin, March 11, 1766.....

To the same. Selection of books. July 13, 1777 ...

To the same. Letters the fruit of friendship; bis To the same. Supposed diminution of Cowper's in-

cot version. April 4, 1766....................... 42 come. Jan. 1, 1778.............................

40

Pago

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"To the same. Death of Sir Thomas Hesketh, Bart. To the Rev. W. Unwin. Verseg on a goldfinch

April 11, 1778.......

starved to death in his cage. Nov. 9, 1780....... 89

To the same. Raynal's works. May 7, 1778....... | To Joseph Hill, Esq. On a point of law. Dec. 10,
To the same. Congratulations on preferment. June

1780...........................................
18, 1778........................................ 59 | To the Rev. John Newton. On his commendations
To the Rev. W. Unwin. Disapproving a proposed

of Cowper's poems, Dec. 21, 1780.......
application to Chancellor Thurlow, June 18, 1778 To J. Hill, Esq. With the inemorable law-case be-
To the same. Johnson's Lives of the Poets. May

tween pose and eyes. Dec. 25, 1780. ........

26, 1779.............................. . ...

To the Rev. W. Unwin. With the same. Dec., 1780

To the same. Remarks on the Isle of Thanet. July, To the Rev. John Newton. Progress of Error. Mr.

1779...........................................

Newton's works. Jan. 21, 1781..................

To the same. Advice on sea-bathing. July 17, 1779 To the Rev. W. Unwin. On visiting prisoners.
To the same. His hot-house; tame pigeons ; visit

Feb, 6, 1781.......

to Gayhurst Sept. 21, 1779..

To Joseph Hill, Esq. Hurricane in West Indies.

To Joseph Hill, Esq. With the fable of the Pine-ap-

Feb. 8, 1781..........

........ 85

ple and the Bee. Oct. 2, 1779...

To the saine. On metrical law-cases; old age. Feb.

To the Rev. W. Unwin. Johnson's Biography : his

15, 1731 .............. ...

treatment of Milton. Oct. 31, 1779...........

To the Rev. John Newton. With Table Talk. On

To Joseph Hill, Esq. With a poem on the promo-

classical literature. Feb. 18, 1781.............

tion of Edward Thurlow. Nov. 14, 1779......... To Mr. Bill. Acknowledging a present received.

To the Rev. W.Unwin. Quick succession of human

Feb. 10, 1781......

events; modern patriotism. Dec. 9, 1779........ To the Rev. John Newton. Mr. Scott's curacies.

To the same. Burke's speech on reform: Nightin-

Feb. 25, 1781......

gale and Glow-worm. Feb. 27, 1780......

To the same. Care of myrtles. Sham fight at Olne

To Mrs. Newton. On Mr. Newton's removal from

March 5, 1781.......

Olney, March 4, 1780..............

To the same. On the poems, " Expostulation," &c.

To Joseph Hill, Esq. Congratulations on his profes-

March 18, 1781.......

sional success. March 16, 1780...

To the Rev. W. Unwin. Consolations on the asper
To the Rev. J. Newton. On the danger of innova-

ity of a critic. April 2, 1781.............
tion. March 18, 1780.....

To the Rev. John Newton. Requesting a preface to
To the Rev. W. Unwin. On keeping the Sabbath,

"Truth." Enigma on & cucumber. April 8, 1781 DO

March 28, 1780............

.... 64 To the same. Bolution of the enigma. April 23, 1781 90

To the same. Pluralities in the church. April 6, 1780 65 Cowper's first appearance as an author... .... 91

To the Rev.J. Newton. Distinction between a trav The subjects of his tirst poems suggested by Mr.

elled man, and a travelled gentleman. April 16,

Unwin.............

1780 ........

....... 66

To the Rev. W. Upwin. Intended publication of his

To the same. Serious reflections on rural scenery. I first volune. May 1, 1781...................... 9

May 3, 1780.......

| To Joseph Hill, Esq. On the composition and pub-

To Joseph Hill, Esq. The Chancellor's illness. May lication of his first volume. May 9, 1721. ........

6, 1780..........................

| To the Rev. W. Unwin. Reasons for not showing

To the Rev. W. Unwin. His passion for landscape

his preface to Mr. Unwin. May 10, 1781.........

drawing; modern politics. May 8, 1780,...

| To the same. Delay of his publication; Vincent

To Mrs. Cowper. On her brother's death. May 10,

Bourne, and his poems, May 23, 1781...........

1780 .......................................

To the Rev. Jobu Newton. On the beat; on diseme

To the Rev. J. Newton. Pedantry of commentators;

bodied spirits. May 30, 1781......... ........

Dr. Bentley, &c. May 10, 1780........

To the Rev. W. Unwin. Corrections of his proofs;

To Mrs. Newton. Mishap of the gingerbread baker

on his horseinanship. May 28, 1781.............

and his wife. The Dores. June 2, 1780......... To the same. Mrs. Unwin's criticisms; a distinguishe

To the Rev. W. Unwin. Cowper's fondness of

ing Providence. June 5, 1701. ..........

praise-Can & parson be obliged to take an ap To the same. On the design of his poems; Mr.

prentice l-Latin translation of a passare in Para-

Unwin's bashfulness. June 24, 1781......

dise Lost; versitication of a thought. June 8, 1780 Origin of Cowper's acquaintance with Lady Austen

To the Rev, J. Newton. On the riots in 1780; dan. Portical episile addressed to that lady by him...... 9G

ger of associations. June 12, 1780.....

Dithidence of the poet's genius.....................

To the Rev. W.Unwin. Latin Verses on ditto. June

To the Rev, John Newton. His late visit to Olney.

18, 1780................. ..

Lady Austen's first visit. Correction in " Progress

To the same. Robertson's History; Biographia Bri-

of Error." Intended Portrait of Cowper. July 7,

tannica. June 22, 1780...........

71 1781...........................................

To the Rev. J. Newton. Ingenuity of slander; lace | To the same. Hunorous letter in rhyme, on his

makers' petition. June 23, 1780.....

poetry, July 12, 1781........

To the Rev. W. Unwin. To touch and retouch, the To the same. Progress of the poem, " Conversation."

secret of good writing, an epitaph, July 4, 1780.

July , 1781..........

........ 99

To Joseph Hill, Esq. On the riots in London. July

To the Rev. W. Unwin. Though revenge and a

3, 1780.................. .

..... 79

spirit of litigation are contrary to the Gospel, will

To the same. Recoinmendation of lace-inakers' pe-

it is the duty of a Christian to vindicate bis right.

tition. July 8, 1700.......

...... 73

Anecdote ot' a l'rench Abbe. A léle charapotre.

To the Rev. W. Unwin. Translation of the Latin

July 29, 1781...................................

verses on the riots. July 11, 1780......

To Mrs. Newtou. Changes of fashion. Remarks on

To the Rev. J. Newton. With an enigma. July 12,

his poem, "Conversation." AUL., 1781.......... 100

1780 ......................................

To the Rev. John Juwon. Conversion of the green-

To Mrs. Cowper. On the insensible progress of age. house into & Sunmer parlor. Progress of his

July 29, 1780............

work. Aug. 16, 1781...... .... . ........... 101

To the Rev. W.Unwin. Olney bridge. July 17,1780 76 To the same. State of Cowper's mind. Lady Aus.

To the Rev. J. Newton. A riddle. July 30, 1720...

ten's intended settlement at Olney. Lines on co-

To the Rev. W.Unwin. Human nature not changed;

coa-puts and fish. Aug. 21, 1781................ 102

a modern, only an ancient in a diferent dress. To the Rev. W.Unwin, Congratulations on the birth

August 61780.....

..... 76

of a son. Remarks on his poem, " Retirement."

To Joseph Hill, Esq. On his recreations. Aug. 10,

Lady Austen's proposed settlement at Olney. llor

1780............................

character. Aug. 25, 1701.... ......

To the Rev. J. Newton. Escape of one of his hares. To the Rev. John Newton. Progress of the print.

Aug. 21, 1780.............

ing of his poem, " Retirement." Mr. Johnson's

To Mrs. Cowper. Lady Cowper's death. Age a

corrections. Aug. 23, 1781...................... 103

friend to the mind. Aug. 31, 1780........

To the same. Tlent of the weather. Reinarky on

To the Rev. W.Unwin. Biographia; verses, parson

the opinion of a clerical acquaintance conceroing

and clerk. Sept. 3, 1780.....

78 certain amusements and music. Sept. 9, 1781.... 104

To the same. On eduoation. Sept.7, 1720.......

To Mrs. Newton. A poetical epistle on a barrel or

the saune Public schools. Sept. 17. 1780....... 80 O ysters. Sept. 16, 1781.......................... 104

To the same. On the same subject. Oct. 3, 1780... 80 To the Rev. John Newton. Dr. Johnson's criticism
To Mrs. Newton. On Mr. Newton's arrival at Rums-

on Watts and Blackmore, Smoking. Sept. 16,
gule. Oct. 5, 1780......

I 1781.......................................... 105

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To the Rev. W. Unwin. Thoughts on the sea, Char-

seter of Lady Anten. Sept. 26, 1781 ............ 105

To the Rer, John Newton. Religious poetry. Och

1................... ..................... 106

To the same. Brighton Amusements. His project

al Authorship. Oct. 6. 1781.................... 107

To the Rev. John Newton. Disputes between the

Rev. Mr. Scott and the Rey. Mr. R. Oct. 14, 1181 107

To Mrs Cowper. His tirat volume, Death of a

friend. Oct. 19, 1781 ............................
Shawn why the Rev. Mr. Newton wrote the Preface

Lutawwr'Poems............................!
To the vdohn Newton. Remarks on the pro
pod Preface to the Poems. Mr. Scott and Mr. R.
O t * 171.................................... 10

To the Rev. W. Unwin Brighton dissipation Ed-

uc stim of souny Lnwin. Nov. 1721. ......... 110

To the Rev.John Sewton. Cowpers indifference to

Fanic. Ardote of the Rev. Mr. Bull. Nov. 7, 1781 110

To the Rev. Win. Inwin. Apparition of Paul White-

heast West Wycombe. Nov, 24, 1781.........
10 Jench 111, E-0. In answer to his account of

bi Lund and her cottage. Nov. 26, 1721......
To the Rer. Wm. Unwin. Origin and causes of so-

inting. Vor. 16, 17AI...................... 1

To the lrv.John Newton. Unfavorable prospect

of the American War. Vov. 27, 1781..... ....... 113

To the same. With lined on Mary and John. Same

he war. Wm. Linhe Rev. V

138

.....

140

...

............

141

70 dph Hill, Exq.. Advantage of having a tenant

bu i irr uw in his payment. Sale of cham-
De State of fair in Ainerica. Dec. 17-1... 11
To the Rey, John Newton. With lines to Sir Joshua
Reynolds, Political and patriotic poetry. Dec. 4,

................. . ...................... 100
Circonstance under which Cowper commenced his

Carrer ay unauthor ............................ 116
Letter laithe Rev. John Newton, Dec. 17, 1781. Re-
reaks on his poems on Friendship, Retirement,

Hercim, and. Eina: Nineveh and Britain....... 116
To thriv. Williama Unwin, Doc. 19, 1781. Idea of

#thecracy: the American war ................ 117
To tkr Kr. Juhn Newton; shortest day, 1781. On
tutional miscarriage; with lines on a flatting-

...........
To the unc, bast day of 17-1. Concerning the print-

bit of lus Pepin the American context......... 11
Tu the Rre. William 'nwin, Jaun 5,1782. Dr. John-

* critique on Prior and Pope................. 11
To the Rev. John Vow tun, Jan, 13, 1782. The Amer
H D Cint .................................... 19
To be Bry. William 'nwin, Jan, 17, 1782 Conduct
Oprtic: Dr. Johnson's remarks on Prior's Poems;
reinurk on Dr. Johnson's Lives of the Poets; po-

eiry gulable for the reading of a boy............ 120
To doxeph Hall, F:0., Jin, 31, 1784. Political reficc-

............ ............................ 122
To the Rev. John Newton, Feb. 2, 1782 On his

Porns then printing ; Dr. Johnson's character as
actic; verily of the winter..................
To the BN, Wra. Unwin, Feb. 9, 1782. Bishop

Lowth juvenite versex; acquaintance with Lady
Ar.) ...................

...................
......

124
Attention af Luty Ansten to Cowper.......
I P min him to Liu Justo........
M o m his next door neighbor......... ...... 12
To the Res. William Unwin. On Lady Austen's

pinnot him; attempts robbery; observations
(9 min chararteri; genuine benevolence.....
To tbe Rev. Juhn Newton, Feb. 16, 1782, Charms of

anthonup .. ................................

To the Kat William llowin, Feb, 24, 1782 On the

pabilention of his poen; his letter to the Lord

PART THE SECOND.

To the Rev. Wm. Bill, June 22, 1782. Poetical epis-

tle on Tobacco......

........... 135

To the Rev. Wm. Unwin, July 16, 1782. Remarks

on political affairs; Lady Austen and her project 136

To the same, August 3, 1782. On Dr. Johnson's ex-
pected opinion of his Poems; encounter with a
viper; Lady Austen; Mr. Bull; Madame Guion's

Poems ....... ................................. 137

The Colubriad, a poem...

138

Lady Austen comes to reside at the parsonage at

Olney ........

Songs written for her by Cowper....

138

His song on the loss of the Royal George ... .... 139

The same in Latin................................ 139

Origin of his ballad of John Gilpin................ 110

To Joseph Hill, Esq., Sept. 6, 17-2, Visit of Mr.

Small........................... ............... 140

To the Rev. Wm. Unwin, Nov. 4, 1782. On the bal-

lad of John Gilpin ; on Mr. Unwin's exertions in
behalf of the prisoners at Chelmsford ; subscrip-
tion for the widows of seamen lost in the Royal

George ....

To the Rev. William Bull, Nov. 5, 1762. On his ex-

pected visit ...,

....... 141

To Joseph Hill, Esq., Nov. 11, 1782. On the state
of his health; encouragement of planting; Mr.

P- of Hastings..........

To Joseph Hill, Esq., Nov., 1782. Thanks for a pres-

ent of fish; on Mr. Small's report of Mr. Hill and his

improvements................................. 142

To the Rev. William Unwin, Nov. 18. 1782. Ac-

knowledgments to a beneficent friend to the poor

of Olney ; on the appearance of John Gilpin in print 142

To the Rev. Williain Unwin. No date. * Character

of Dr. Beattie and his poems; Cowper's trusla-

tion of Madame Guion's poems.................. 143

To Mrs. Newton, Nov. 23, 17-2 On his poems; se-

verity of the winter; contrast between a spendthrift

and in Olney cottager; method recommended for

settling disputes............................... 143

To Joseph Jill, Esq., Dec. 7. 1782. Recollections of

the coffee-house ; Cowper's mode of spending his

eveninge; political contradictions ............... 144

To the Rev. William l'nwin, Jan. 19. 1783. Ilis oc-

cupations; beneficence of Mr. Thoruton to the poor

of 1) ...................................... 145

To the Rev. John Newton, Jan. 26,1783 On the an

ticipations of peace; conduct of the belligerent

powers ........................................ 145

To the Rev. Wm. Unwin, Feb. 2, 1783. Ironical con-

gratulations on the peace; generosity of England

to l'rince .....

...... 146

To the Rev. John Newton, Feb. 8, 1783. Remarks

on the peace.......

........... 146

To Joseph Hill, Esq., Feb. 13, 1783. Remarks on

hipoxing.....

....................... 147

To the same. Feb. 20, 1783. With Dr. Franklin's

letter on his poems............................. 147

To the same. Vo date. On the coalition ministry

Lord Chancellor Thurlow ....................... 14

Neglect of Cowper by Lord Thurlow....

Lord Thurlow's generosity in the case of Dr. John-

son, and Crabbe, the poet............

To the Rev. Johú Newton, Feb, 24, 1783. On the

peace...........

......... 148

To the Rev. William Bull, Mareh 7, 1783. On the

peace; Scotch Highlanders at Newport Pagnel... 149

To Lard Thurlow, Feb. 25, 1787enclosed to Mr.

To the Re. Job Newton, Feb., 1729. On Mr. N.'s

Pre to his Pras. Remark on a l'art Sermon
To the M2192, March 6. 177 Political remarks ;
Character of onses Cromwell...................

1109 ipd boldness of Cromwell.... ...........
To the Row Win, I'nwin, March 7, 1764 Remon-

SINCA annust Sunday routs ...................
Benark up the reasons for rejecting the Rev. Mr.

Nr uo' Preface to Cowperx Poen............1

To the Rar, Joho Newton, March 14, 17). On the

intr-nded Preface to his Pocmy; critical tact of

John the bookseller.......

TO Junkph Hul, Esq., March 14, 1782. On the publi-

cation of lais Puerns.....

... 130

14

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