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you said, was personal, and your serve in these apartments has been whole baggage enclosed in your effected by the ingenuity of Tamira purse. That, I will own, contained aided by the talismanic influence of a mine of riches. However, the ob- a certain number of tomans. Eve. jection I stated yesterday remains ry thing may be had for money in to-day in as full force: I have no Ispahan.” accommodation.”
" Then this was the business," re. “ None ?” said the faquir. turned Nadir, “ that you and Ta
« It is true," continued the apo. mira were engaged in this morning, thecary, " that I have two large when the sagacious Abud said that chambers, but they are empty, and you had eloped.” have been so for years: the worms “ Certainly.!" and I were employed in the same “What do you propose by this way, that is, in turning different sorts expence?” of wood into powder, only they ren- 16 I have already told you, most dered all the furniture of my ances. wise Nadir !” said Ismael, « that I tors impalpable without the aid of a came from the neighbourhood of pestle and mortar. I hope by this Golconda, but I did not add that I time they have made no scruple to am a native of the capital of take every grain of it."
that kingdom. Your sagacity sug“You are certain that these apart. gested to you yesterday, that this ments are empty ?” said Ismael. robe, in which I appear as a faquir,
“ Unless the genii of Aladin have is a disguise assumed for some para furnished them," returned the apo- ticular purpose : in fact, it is so; I thecary.
have flown from the house of my “Well ! indulge me with a sight father.” of them.”
" Who is your father?” " 'Tis an indulgence which I have 6 One of the richest persons in not afforded myself these many Golconda.” years,” said Nadir, as he ushered “Probably a diamond merchant?" up Ismael, followed by the old wo- “How near the truth your wisdom man. “ You might,” he continued, points,” continued Ismael: “he has « as easily open the gate of the iron indeed in his possession the finest sepulchre of Sergius, whose tomb diamonds in the world.” was secured under more stones than “I dare say,” cried Nadir, “ that went to the building of the column in he is the person whom black Absathe Aurat Bazar at Constantinople, lom, the rich Jew, who furnishes our for fear it should take a flight into sovereign lord the sophy with these Midair, like that of our holy pro- brilliant articles, deals with. What phet. Ha! how is this? the key is his name?” turns with great ease !” he cried, " Pardon me, learned Nadir," as the door flew open, and discover said Ismael ; “ as I wish my person, ed an apartment which, though so do I wish his name to be conceals, plainly, was handsomely furnished. ed : a difference respecting some The astonishment of Nadir deprived family arrangements induced him to him of speech, as he crossed this and leave his house. The money which went into the interior room, in which I possess, and the jewels far more he found a bed, and all the conveni. valuable, are my own property ; ences of a chamber, and every thing they came to me in right of my perfectly new and neat. “How was mother. I have endeavoured to this change effected ?” he at length preserve the utmost rectitude in my exclaimed. “The genii of the lamp conduct; and although I have made have certainly been here?".
this unfortunate lapse in my duty to « You should rather say, the ge- him, I was actuated by imperious nii of the mine, son Nadir," said necessity.” the faquir, " or the genii of your “How did you travel ?" said Nahouse. The change which you ob- dir.
“ The greater part of the way for the Literary Magazine. upon a camel." u Belonging to whom ?"
ON ADVICE. " A band of mahometan faquirs, whom I joined soon after I left my
To the Editor, &c. home."
" And the purpose of your jour. Be niggards of advice on no pretence; ney ?”
For the worst avarice is that of sense. * That,” continued Ismael, " it
РОРЕ is impossible correctly to state. Perhaps it will develope itself. I SIR, have only to desire that you will
you will « THERE is nothing (says the suffer me to reside here as long as Spectator) we receive with so much my occasions call."
reluctance as advice. We look " To this request," said Nadir, upon the man that gives it as offer" I can have no objection. You are ing an affront to our understanding, young, have been educated with care, and treating us like children or perhaps are the darling of a father ideots.” who now laments your absence. We find ourselves deficient in any You are unprotected ; and although thing else sooner than in our under. you do not want understanding, une standing. The reason is plain : it acquainted with the ways of the is this alone by which we judge of world in general, and of this city in other things ; if, therefore, this is particular. I certainly feel myself faulty, it is no wonder if it makes a inclined to become your protector wrong judgment, and obliges us to and adviser, as far as my little influ. pass too favourable an opinion on ence or wisdom extends; therefore ourselves and actions. Hence it is I expect you should answer me one that the most ignorant are most conquestion with candour and sinceri. ceited, and most impatient of advice,
as unable to discern either their " As sincere and candid as I own folly or the wisdom of others. would to the harbinger of our pro- A certain degree of intelligence is phet will I answer you, oh Nadir !” requisite to a man, to be able to returned Ismael.
know that he knows not as much as “ Did you elope alone ?"
he should. Possibly they may not “ Certainly ! Whom do you sup. be altogether in the wrong who recpose I should have taken with me?” kon it a happiness to some people
" A younger lady than you was to be so much in love with themsuspected with this day,” said Nadir. selves, as not to be convinced of
* No lady, young or old, accom. their own ignorance; but, if it is a panied me, I give you my solemn happiness, it is a happiness no ways word,” said Ismael.
superior to that of a brute : for I 16 I am sorry Abud, whom I have cannot conceive man in a more unknown from a child, should have happy circumstance, than to have such an opinion of me," said Tami- neither an ability to give or take inra; “ I never deserved it!”
struction. But as nature has made “No! I'll be sworn you did not,” some men capable of improvement replied Nadir ; " and he is the only by the good advice which is given man in the dominions of the sophy them, fortune seems to have so posta that would have suspected it. How. ed others, as to make it hardly pos. ever, I can only deciuce the disorder sible that they should have any of his intellect which produced this given them at all. Thus it is with suspicion from repletion, and aver, those who are surrounded with a that its continuance in it arises from crowd of flatterers, who, under a his obstinacy in refusing to take my false pretence of friendship, encouemnetic."
rage them in all their vices and exTo be continued.
travagancies. For this reason,
great persons used formerly to keep him to know mankind thoroughly, jesters, from whom they might hear but to pardon their several follies. their own characters, and receive Demea has gathered his wisdom hints for the better regulating their chiefly out of books; he has colconduct, without disssimulation, lected together the sayings and fattery, or any other disguise, than actions of the greatest philosothat of wit, which served to gild the phers, and wisest men in all ages; bitter pill, that it might be the more and his own judgment having proeasily taken. Indeed, few things nounced them just and reasonable, require more discretion, nicety, and he has formed several maxims good-breeding, than the telling a which he looks upon to be so selfman of his faults, and giving him ad. evident in themselves, that he will vice. The first rule, and which can hardly condescend to give reasons never too often be inculcated on this for them; and is resolved never to occasion, is so to order it, that the break through upon any occasion : person advised may see the advice in short, Micio, though he has a is given him for his own sake, and just dislike of their faults, cannot not to gratify the ill-humour, or help pitying the weak and the vi. show the superior understanding of cious. Demea is so enraged at the the adviser; and, as Cicero says, least appearance of vice or folly, Monitio acerbitate, objurgatio con- that he can hardly keep up the tumelia careat.
common rules of decency and good No one hears of his faults without breeding towards the person of the some concern or uneasiness. While offender. Demea tutors and admonishes us, we can scarce forbear affronting For where's the man who counsel can him, and are so angry at his re
bestow, proofs, that they even give us a sort Still pleas'd to teach, and yet not of an aversion to his person. When
proud to know? Micio shows us he is sorry for our Unbiass'd, or by favour, or by spite, failings, and that he cannot help dif- Not dully prepossess'd or blindly fering from us in his notion of things,
right? we love him, and are only vexed Though learn'd, well-bred : and and enraged at ourselves. Micio
though well-bred, sincere ? considers how hardly we bear a su
Modestly bold, and humanly severe? periority in understanding, and
Who to a friend his faults can freely
show, therefore introduces his counsel by
And gladly praise the merit of a foe ?
A the most obliging and artful expres
Blest with a taste exact, yet unconsions. “I remember, sir (says Mi
fin'd; cio), I once acted myself upon the A knowledge both of books and human same principles you do, but went
kind? far greater lengths than you haie Gen'rous converse ; a soul exempt done." Demea assures you, he from pride, should have been frightened at him. And love to praise, with reason on his self, could he ever have thought af. side ? ter so monstrous a manner as he finds you do, and is amazed how If it requires so much discretion such notions could enter into the and good sense to reprove for erhead of a man of common sense. rors already committed, it requires Micio knows that we have a natu little less to caution against such as ral desire to be happy, but are not we would have people to avoid. easily convinced, that what is When I say this, I have my eye against our present inclinations can more particularly upon such persons never conduce to make us so. A as are intrusted with the education great deal of conversation with people of youth. It is no uncommon thing of the most opposite humours and in- to see parents, with more care than clinations, has not only taught discretion, contribute to the ruin of their children, by continually cau. instruction of his pupils ; Aphorisms tioning them against vices they upon the Knowledge and Cure of might otherwise, perhaps, have Disorders : he may be stiled the never thought of. This method is Euclid of physicians, and these the like burning of books by the common elements of chemistry. This last hangman, and prohibiting of certain work is considered as the master. goods, which only makes them more piece of this illustrious man, who courted and esteemed. But I shall has published several other useful conclude with a story out of Mon- treatises. taigne's Essays.
From the time of the learned Hip* My daughter (says the author), pocrates, no physician has more the only child I have, is now of an justly merited the esteem of his conage that forward young women are temporaries, and the thanks of posallowed to be married at. She is terity, than Boerhaave. He united of a soft, tender complexion, and to an uncommon genius, &c. extrahas accordingly been brought up by ordinary talents, the qualities of the her mother after a private and par- heart, which give them so great a ticular manner, so that she but now value to society. He is painted to begins to be weaned from her child. us above the middle size, and well ish simplicity. She was one day proportioned, of a strong, robust reading before me in a French book, constitution. He made a decent, where she happened to meet with a simple, and venerable appearance, word of a very harmless and indiffer- particularly when age had changed ent meaning, but that bore some the colour of his hair; in a word, he small resemblance to another word greatly resembled the picture that not altogether so innocent. The is given us of Socrates; he had the woman to whose conduct she is com- same features, but they were softenmitted stop her short a little rudely, ed, and more engaging. He was an and ordered her to skip over that eloquent orator, and declaimed with ugly word. I let her alone, not to dignity and grace. He taught very trouble their rules, for I never con methodically, and with great precern myself in that sort of govern- cision; he never tired his auditors, ment. The feminine policy has a but they always regretted that his sort of mysterious proceeding in it, discourses were finished. He would and we ought to leave entirely to sometimes give them a lively turn themselves, though, if I am not with raillery ; but his raillery was mistaken, the conversation of twenty refined and ingenious, and it enliv. lacquies, could not, in six months' ened the subject he treated of, with. time, have so firmly imprinted in out carrying with it any thing seher fancy the full meaning of these vere or satirical. A declared foe sinutty syllables, as this old woman to all excess, he considered decent did by her reprimand and interdic. mirth as the salt of life. Morning tion.”
and evening he consecrated to study : HILLARIO.
he gave the public part of the time which intervened ; the rest was for his friends and his amusement.
When health would permit, he reFor the Literary Magazine. gularly rode on horseback; when
his strength began to fail him, he MEMOIRS OF THE CELEBRATED walked on foot; and, upon his reBOERHAAVE.
turn home, music, of which he was
passionately fond, made the hours of HERMAN BOERHAAVE was relaxation glide agreeably away, and born at Woerhout, near Leyden, enabled him to return to his labours in the year 1668. This great phy- with redoubled alacrity. sician has given us the Institutes of Boerhaave, at the age of fifteen, Medicine, which he wrote for the found himself without parents, protection, advice, or fortune. He had four ages of life, and two the scienalready studied theology, and the ces in which Boerhaave excelled, other ecclesiastical sciences, with form a group issuing between the the design of devoting himself to urn and its supporters. The capi. a clerical life; but the science of tal of this basis is decorated with a nature, which equally engaged his drapery of white marble, in which attention, soon engrossed his whole the artist has shewn the different time. He practised physic, after emblems of disorders and their rebeing received doctor in that science, medies. Above, upon the surface in 1693. This illustrious physician, of the pedestal, is the medallion of whose name afterwards spread Boerhaave ; at the extremity of the throughout the world, and who left frame, a ribbon displays the favourat his death above 200,0001. sterling, ite motto of this learned man: Simcould, at that time, barely live by plex sigillum veri, Truth unarhis labours, and was compelled to rayed. teach the mathematics to obtain ne Boerhaave, after passing a use. cessaries. His merits being at ful and agreeable life, departed this length discovered, many powerful world in the year 1738, aged sixtyfriends patronized him, and procur- nine, sincerely lamented by his ed him three valuable employments; friends, regretted by the worthy and the first was that of professor of the good, and revered by the great medicine in the university of Leyden; and the learned. the second that of professor of chemistry; and, thirdly, that of professor of botany. The academy of sciences at Paris, and the royal society
For the Literary Magazine. at London, invited him to become one
EVENING MEDITATIONS. of their members. He communicate ed to each his discoveries in chemis. « And oft I think, fair planet of the try. The city of Leyden became, in
night, his time, the school of Europe for That in thy orb the wretched may this science, as well as medicine and
have rest!” botany. All the princes of Europe sent him disciples, who found in CRIED MITIO, as he was walkthis skilful professor, not only an in- ing one evening, and gazing on the defatigable teacher, but even a ten- placid countenance of the moon, in der father, who encouraged them to her utmost splendour. Thus he conpursue their labours, consoled them tinued: “ Retired from company, in their afflictions, and solaced them wearied with the insipid trifling, the in their wants.
noisy jars, and the confused bustle When Peter the great went to of the inhabitants of this terraqueHolland in 1715, to instruct himself ous and wretched settlement, l'adin maritime affairs, he also attended dress myself to thee, and would fain Boerhaave to receive his lessons. hold converse with some modest in
His reputation was spread as far telligent being of thine unknown re. as China: a mandarine wrote to gions. I would ask him, if he be af. him with this inscription, To the il. Bicted with the cries of age in penu. lustrious Boerhaave, physician in ry, and of childhood in distress, soli. Europe; and the letter came regu- citing the morsel from the hand of larly to him.
insatiate avarice? If, in any corner The city of Leyden have raised of his abode, the sons of anguish in a monument in the church of St. tenements of wretchedness let fall Peter to the salutary genius of Boer. the tear, unnoticed and unknown? haave, Salutifero Boerhaavii genio If he were ever an unhappy witness sacrum. It consists of an urn upon to a parent's tears over an abandon. a pedestal of black marble ; six ed child; to a wretched profligate's heads, four of which represent the cursing the grey hairs of his vene
VOL. VIII NO. XLVII.