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their own ports, where ships of war tain declares, that by this means, may be destroyed with very little the water was
constantly pure, danger to the operator.
and as good as that from the best springs.' He also took care that
the casks should never be filled with An experiment was lately made sea-water, as is usual, to save the in England, of constructing a hole trouble of shifting the ballast, below-framed main-top-mast, for a 74 cause this tends to hasten the corgun ship, on Mr. George Smart's ruption of the fresh water afternew principles, which at length is wards put into them. about to be tried in his majesty's The charring operates both by navy. About 12 o'clock, sir Roger the antiseptic properties of the Curtis, sir Sirrell, admiral Do. charcoal, and in preventing the somet, and John Fordyce, esq., four of lution of the extractive part of the his majesty's commissioners for re. wood. yising naval affairs, and their se Charring is much recommended cretary, Mr. John Briggs; earl Stan- for wine casks also, and all casks hope, T. Joily, esq., and several which are to contain liquors. others, attended at the Ordnance The process of charring casks wharf, Lambeth, to witness the was recommended by Berthollet, in final putting together of this hollow a communication to the National mast, the first which has been con Institute of France, in 1803; but Lostructed of so large a size, and par. witz had discovered the antiseptic ticularly a top-mast where a great properties of charcoal many years part of the length is required to be before, as appears in some memoirs without the hoops, which confer so in Crell's Journal, the translation of large a portion of strength on main- which was published in England masts, yards, &c., which require so by Baldwin, in 1793; an account of much restriction, and are not oblig- the use of charcoal for “ Preserving ed to depend solely on the strength Water Sweet, for Seamen in Sea of one solid piece of timber, now be. Voyages,” was also published in Dubcome so difficult to procure, or on lin, in 1791, in the Hibernian Magathe stiffness of internal framing, as zine, extracted from Mr. Lowitz's in the present case.
memoirs on this subject.
Captain Krusenstern, who com A farmer in Windham county, manded the Rusian expedition of Vermont, thus cautions his brother discovery in 1805, has sent an ac- farmers against the prevailing praccount home of his having proved, in tice of selling to the butchers the the most satisfactory manner, the earliest, the largest, and most beaugreat efficacy which th opera. tiful of their flock. By so doing, says tion of charring the insides of casks he, their breed has been essentially has to preserve water perfectly hurt, and their own interests manisweet at sea. He had sixty casks festly injured. As the sheep now kept charred more deeply than usual be- for breeding by a majority of the fore he sailed, and, during his stay farmers are poor, coarse-woolled, at the Brazils, had the greatest part stunted things, they produce, in conof his casks burned on the inside ; formity to the established law of nathe water in them was constantly ture, that “ like produces like,” a found to be good during the whole breed which, though the expence of of his passage to the Isle of Wash- keeping them is as great as that of ington; at Japan, he again burned keeping the best kind, yields but very the inside of his casks, which pre- little profit to the owner. served the water quite pure, dur Whenever a butcher visits my ing a seven weeks' passage from flock, he invariably selects the best thence to Kamschatka. The cap- lambs, and insists upon my selling
them. He offers perhaps a shilling Gross wt. of lamb No. 8, after sheara head more for them than for the
ing, 9316 poorest; but as I reflect that in the Fleece of 16 old sheep weighed, 63 very first year the former will yield Ditto of 8 lambs,
601 me, by their wool, two and perhaps three shillings more a head than the
123 latter, without any additional ex. Average 5lb. and upwards. pence; and besides, that they will be much better for breeding, and look much handsomer, I invariably refuse
A writer in an eastern publication his offers; and if I dispose of any, they gives the following account of a suc. are such only as are unfit for keep the ravages of the squash bug and
cessful experiment for preventing ing. By this means I have improw. the yellow fly: From a floor lately ed my stock, so that it is now the best in the neighbourhood. The covered with hops, I collected some fleeces of my sheep, on an average,
of the flour of the hop, poured upon are a pound heavier than those of it boiling water, and put in it a little others.' In spring, my lambs are all wheat flour, to give the liquid an strong and healthy, and require but sition I wet the plants with a mop of
adhesive quality, with this compovery little attendance; while my neighbours are continually complain. rags, and it coated them with a defening that theirs are weak, sickly,
sive shield against their natural eneand, notwithstanding the great care my. I afterwards made a strong deand trouble they are at, frequently coction from the hop itself
, and found
it equally efficacious. This experi. die.
When a friend or a stranger vi. ment is not sanctioned by repeated sits me, I can take him to my barn experience, but I am sufficiently saor my pasture, and with patriotic tisfied of its efficacy to be confident
in its recommendation. exultation show him my flock, which is the source of my independence. And I can present him my children It is a fact, but not generally knowa, clothed in a neat homespun garb, that the common strawberry is a unsoiled by the least mixture of natural dentifrice; and that its foreign frippery. And I do not he, juice, without any previous prepasitate to say, that when doing so I ration whatever, dissolves the tarfeel as proud and as vain as the tareous encrustations on the teeth, miss when she displays to her mates and makes the breath sweet and a new muslin gown, or a bonnet of agreeable. the latest fashion.
As a number of children are at At a late sheep shearing at Mount the present season afflicted with the Airy, in Carolina, the weights of cholera infantum, a correspondent
would recommend the decoction of fleece and length of wool were as
the blue flowers of delphiniam, or follow:
larkspur, one smaļl spoonful of Weight of fleece. Length of wool. which will infallibly stop the most No. 1. 6 8.4 lb.
distressing vomiting. These flow6 inches.
ers likewise have proved 2. 7 3-4 9
a specific 3. 5 1.4
in every of the many cases in which
they have been applied (by express4. 8 3.4
ing the juice) to that painful, dan5. 7 1-2 6. 7
gerous and troublesome disease, the 7. 8 3-4
chin, or hooping-cough. 8. 8 3.4
According to a new census, Aus601-2
tria now contains 11,608 square
leagues ; and a population of twenty- titans, 18 archbishops, and 120 bithree and a half millions of souls; shops), with the Armenians, are the of which 17,551,800 are catholics :
The form of go1,050,000 Lutherans; 1,800,000 of vernment is Asiatico-despotic. The the reformed church; 260,000 present sultan, Selim III, has filled Greeks; 43,000 unitarians; 3,500 the throne since 1789. Land forces menonists, and 452,000 Jews. The in 1804, 266,454 men, with 60,000 nobility form about 600,000 souls; irregular troops, viz. 113,400 janissaand the clergy 90,000 individuals. ries, 132,054 spahis, 50,000 methard. The revenue of the state amounts to schjy, and 15,000 artillerists. Of 103 millions per annum, and the debt these troops, only 186,000 are fit for to 112 millions of Aorins.
Sea force, 12 ships of the line, 6 frigates, and 50
lesser vessels. Revenues of the The following statistical note on chevea or imperial chest, 2,000,000. the Ottoman empire is taken from Revenue of the miri or chest of the a late European print.
en pire, 44,942,500 dollars. NationExtent, 49,173 squa miles; al debt, 53,350,000 dollars. population, 25,330,000 souls, viz:
1st. European Turkey, 11,963 square miles, and 11,040,000 inha The sand of the rivers of Ponia. bitants.
cer, Palaur, and Cargoory, in India, 2d. Asiatic Turkey, 24,262 square has long been celebrated for the miles, and 11,090,000 inhabitants. quantity of gold found in it, so abun
3d. Egypt, 12,943 square miles, dant in fact, that after heavy floods, and 3,200,000 inhabitants.
grains of gold were constantly found Besides the Osmans and Tartars in the ears of paddy, on the banks proper, there are to be found in the of the rivers : representations on European part a mixture of Greeks, the subject having been recently Esclavonians, Armenians, Valaches, made to the Madras government, Arnautes, Jews, Bohemians, and they sent in lieut. J. Warden to OosFranks. The Osman and the Tar- cotto, to survey that district, and the tar are the only ones who observe result has been the discovery of a the laws of the Alcoran. Among tract about forty-five miles in length the christian sects, the Greeks (who along the Yena Batterine Conda have here a patriarch, 20 metropo- Hills, abounding with gold.
ADDRESS TO HEALTH.
For the Literary Magazine. Who shunn'st, with unremitted care,
The city's thick and febrile air,
Its smoke, its filth, and noise ; Written during a violent sickness.
Where man, unwise, unthinking still,
Dares undergo a certain ill, SWEET Nymph! that with the rud In search of fancied joys:
dy face, The cheerful look, and sprightly pace, Oft on the mountain's rugged side,
Whose favourite haunt's the fields, Where rocks on rocks majestic ride, L'er lovost in warbling groves to I've sought thy fleeting form ; dwell
I've found thee in the vale below, In silent woods, or flow'ry dell, Sparkling’midst heaps of drifted snow,
'Midst charms that Nature yields ; And in the wint'ry storm.
Again, when Summer's milder reign
Thou lov'st in streams to lave :
I've found thee in the wave.
Here while my dog, sagacious brute,
And questions every wind ;
Since thee I'm sure to find.
And-for what fair was always true?
Thou for a time wert shy;
'Twas but thy coquetry.
Oft too, when morning's dusky sky
Impatient for the race,
And woo thee in the chase.
The man that wins thee to his arms, Charm'd by these sports, if thou at-
I ask not power, nor wealth:
If any one imagines poor
The man that's rich in health. But when I made the town my choice,
In search of wealth, renown;
THOUGHTS ON APPARITIONS.
mark for scorn, Scarce drag I on a corpse-like form,
Scene The Ruins of an ancient Castle.
Terrific spectres ! whither are ye
flown? But, Dissipation, hence, adieu !
Oft have I heard, ye love at this dread
hour The tavern feast, the bagnio's crew, No more have charms for me ;
To haunt the ruin'd aisle, or mossThe gay debauch can please no more,
grown tow'r; The drunken riot, midnight roar,
To flit in shadowy forms along the
glade, Henceforth to rural haunts I go,
shade. Thro' summer's heat and winter's Yet here alone with silent steps I
tread, Thy smiles, O let me share ; Where broken walls their mouldering And thou, as well-known scenes I ruins spread; bail,
Where the cold ashes of the fair and
Vainly enshrin'd, repose in awful
Where the dark ivy clasps the embat. Then often in the morning's grey,
The unmark'd dew I'll tread :
No gbastly phantom its huge form
No white-rob'd spirit glides across the Yet shall I dread at this dark hour to gloom ;
rove, No hollow groan low mutters from Amid the solemn stillness of the the tomb ;
grove; But death-like silence spreads an awe
Or where the time-worn battlements profound,
arise, And Darkness Alings her sable mantle Or the proud turret low in ruin lies? round.
I scorn the thought--assur'd that Then whither are these shadowy Sov’reign Pow'r spectres fled,
Governs alike the dark, or noon-tide That nightly guard the relics of the dead?
And here as free from rude alarm I And where is pale-cheek'd Terror's stray, hideous train,
Amid these shades, as in the blaze of That o'er the midnight hour is said to day; reign
While to thy care, O thou Almighty
Friend ! Ah! let grim fear and superstition By night, or day, my spirit Icommend.
tell A tale of horror from their murky
But oh! my heart delights while thus Where by the glimmering taper's
I rove, pale-blue light,
To indulge the pleasing thought, that They pass, in sullen mood, the dreary some I love, night;
Who now have gain'd the radiant seats Starting with frenzied looks at every
of bliss, sound
Attend my wand'rings o'er a scene While visionary phantoms float around. like this. Yes--they may tell of deeds with hor. Oh yes-methinks I feel her presence ror fraught,
near, And dreadful sights that mock the la- Whose memory claims affection's bouring thought;
grateful tear; Yet will I scorn the vain deluding Whose form so much beloved, hath tale,
still the pow'r, Nor let their voice o'er Reason's self With sweetest smiles to cheer the prevail.
darkest hour : But can I still a hardy sceptic stand, Dost thou, indeed, my lonely steps Rejecting truths rever'd in every land; attend, While undisputed facts their force And o’er me now with kind compas. unite,
sion bend ; To prove that spirits haunt the shades Anxious with all a mother's love t'imof night?
part Ah no! I must submit-I plead in A balm to soothe the sorrows of my vain
heart? Imagination's wild despotic reign; Might I indulge the wish that thou Or say that Fear by Fancy's magic aid
wert near ; May fill with airy forms the dubious Blest Spişit! might I now behold thee
shade ; And bid the trembling heart, in man Such as thou art, array'd in garments hood's spite,
bright Start from a wavering bush with pale Or such as memory views with fond affright.
delight : Yes-'tis in vain! for while with sad I dare believe, my heart with glad surprise
surprise O'er many a dreadful legend Pity Would linger here till morning beams
sighs, Some well-attested facts the mind With strong desire that gentle voice perceives,
to hear, And with discriminating power-bea Whose kindness oft hath charm'd my lieves.
arise ; %