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with their own failings; who consi- His friends solicited him to publish der the violence of the times in a volume of American Annals, but which he lived, and who are accus his natural diffidence prevented him Eomed to think before they decide. from complying

He had prepared a “ Massachusetts Chronology of the 18th century.”

containing the notable events of eveFor the Literary Magazine. ry year, biographical notices of emi.

nent men, topographical delineations, BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. accounts of the settlements of towns

and the ordination of ministers, parMr. Thomas Pemberton. ticulars of the weather, prevalent

diseases, &c., comprised in five maHE descended from ancestors nuscript volumes. The latter part mentioned in Prince's Chronology, of his life was diligently employed in in the year 1632, among the freemen giving the last finishing to this faand first settlers of Massachusetts, vourite work. Had he been spared and members of the first congrega- longer, it might have been published. tional church in Boston.

By his will it is now to enrich the arHe was born November 8th, 1728. chieves of the historical society. He had the advantage of a good He was a man of artless manners. school education ; and was very de. In conversation he was facetious, sirous of going to college, but his pa. inquisitive, entertaining, and instrucrents were not able to gratify his tive. He lived a bachelor, in literyouthful ambition. He was, there. ary solitude; devoting regularly fore brought up in the mercantile each day till 3 o'clock in the after. line.

noon to his studies, and the remainFrom early life he was fond of der to visiting his friends. He was books, and was so particularly critic correct and steady in his religious cal in his researches into the history principles, and was distinguished of former times, as to gain the cha- for his simplicity and godly sincerity. racter of an antiquarian. He pos. A humble competence sufficed him sessed an extensive knowledge of till about two years before his death, historic facts; and was never better when, by the demise of a relation, entertained, than when investigating he inherited what he considered as and recording the interesting par. affluence. The whole income of the ticulars of the first settlement and wealth he thus obtained, he consciearly history of Massachusetts. His entiously devoted to well-bestowed manuscript “ Memoranda, Historie charity; and, having no near relacal and Biographical,” make about tions, left the principal in legacies fifteen volumes. They are evidence which do honour to his benevolence. of his diligence, and of his attach. He died July the 5th, 1807,

after a ment to literary pursuits.

short illness. He was one of the first and most useful members of the Massachusetts historical society; an institu

Uriah Tracey. tion more honourable than honour. ed; and his contributions make Departed this life at the city of more than a ninth part of their puh. Washington, on the 19th July, in the lications. He also furnished some 54th year of his age, Uriah Tracey, articles to the “ Massachusetts Ma. a senator of the United States, from gazine," when it had a name and a the state of Connecticut; and on the praise among the discerning, and following day he was interred with several to the early numbers of the the honours due to his station and « Weekly Magazine," a work that character as a statesman, and to now shines with Emerald splendor. his rank as a major-general; his


pall being supported by the heads of spent the rest of his life, occupied departments and officers of govern. in the education of his son Orma

Aga, who afterwards obtained the For many years he experienced rank of bassi aga, or chief of the frequent and severe sickness, and district. his last illness commenced on the Orma had two sons, Ibrahim Bey, 4th of March last, while attending who settled in Constantinople as a the funeral of Mr. Baldwin, his for- merchant, and Osman, surnamed mer fellow-student, and late col- Paswan Oglou. His father, who liv. league in the senate.

ed at Widdin, had him instructed in In his youth he received a liberal the various branches of the political, education, and the early part of his economical, and military sciences. active life was devoted to the prac. The young Osman joined to a great tice of the law. He was ever an activity of mind, a very violent temable, popular, and pleasing advo- per. In 1785, being in the country cate, and rose to eminence, by the with his father, they quarrelled; strength of his talents and steady and the son put himself at the head devotion to business.

of some of his father's vassals, who His last fourteen years were de were attached to him. They attackvoted to the service of his country, ed and put to flight such as Osman in her national councils, where he had armed for his own defence. was long a distinguished member, The chief inhabitants of Widdin admired by his political friends, and interfered in this quarrel, which respected by his opponents.

lasted more than two years; and in In wit and humour he was unrival 1788 the father was reduced to the led, in delivery graceful and perspi- necessity of suing for peace with his cuous, and in argument acute and son, when a reconciliation followed. lucid.

From this period, the troops they His speeches were sometimes had separately enrolled were unitperhaps tinctured with severity; ed into one body, which enabled but the ardour of debate, the rapidity them to keep themselves masters of of his ideas, and the impetuosity of Widdin, where their authority inhis eloquence constituted an apolo- creased daily with the number of gy. He was firmly attached to the their partizans. They abused their principles of the late administration, influence so grossly, that they dictatwhich he ever maintained. Fored laws, not only in the city, but in some years past, in consequence, he the country round, employing force has been in opposition : yet he pos. against such as opposed their pleasessed a due share of influence in

The porte, alarmed at this the body to which he belonged. His usurpation of its sovereignty, sent death will be deeply deplored by his Mahmed Pacha, in 1788, with 12,000 friends, and, from the useful talents men, and promised him the pachahe possessed, may justly be consi. ship of Widdin, if he expelled Pasdered a national loss.

wan Oglou and his father. The latter were besieged for three months

in Widdin, but not being able to resist Paswan Oglou.

such considerable forces, the Pacha

and his son took refuge, along with Orma, the grandfather of Paswan 600 men, who still adhered to them, Oglou was a common watchman at with prince Maurojeni, in WallaWiddin ;' and, it is said, he also chia. The prince gave them protecswept the streets in the day time. tion, nominated both of them BirHe afterwards served in the war of Basseas (i. e. commanders of 1000 1753, against the Russians, and dis- men); and established Orma as the tinguished himself for his bravery. commandant of Czernetz, and PasHe was rewarded with the fief of wan Ogiou as that of Gyurgyero, Parabin, in Moldavia, where he with orders to defend these posts




against the Austrians. Orma was comprise an account of, and extracts soon dislodged from Czernetz by the from, most of the ancient chroniclers imperialists, and saved himself with and historians, who have written in only seventeen of the garrison, by English. Hence it will contribute, retiring to the right bank of the together with the interspersed reDanube ; fixing his residence in the marks and the occasional sketches castle of Kulla, six leagues from of literary history, to elucidate also Widdin.

the progress of manners, of opinion, and of general refinement. There are many obvious advantages in thus

exhibiting a view of writers and of For the Literary Magazine.

their works, in chronological order. It assists the memory, by favouring

the most natural and appropriate LITERARY, PHILOSOPHICAL, COM• associations; the celebrated conMERCIAL, AND AGRICULTURAL temporaries are represented, as they

ought, in groups; and if the ques

tions arise, Who were the literary MR BURNET has a new work in worthies that adorned any given considerable forwardness, in Lon. reign ? and what were their res. don, entitled, “ Specimens of Eng- pective claims to distinction ? lish Prose Writers, from the earli. have only to turn to that reign, est times to the close of the se- in the work which is here announventeenth century, with sketches ced, to be speedily satisfied. Even biographical and literary, including the incidental mention, in the bioan account of books, as well as of graphies, of facts in civil history, their authors, with occasional criti. will tend to awaken the curiosity to cisms, &c.” This work, it is ap- become better acquainted with the prehended, will possess some singu- chain of transactions, of which they lar and important recommendations. are links; and thus the reader will The primary object of the series of be insensibly led to the civil, as well specimens is to illustrate the pro- as the literary history of the period. gress of the English language, from Upon the whole, it is hoped, that the its rise to its complete establishment. work will prove entertaining to maThe principles by which the author ny and very different classes of readhas been generally influenced in his ers, from the variety of its materials; choice of extracts, have been, to that it will constitute a useful maselect passages curious or remarka. nual to the student of our early liteble, as relating directly to the sub. rature; and that it will be found ject of language; as possessing in convenient, even by persons already trinsic value as examples of style; informed in this department, as a as characteristic of the author ; or book of occasional reference, as distinctive of the manners and sentiments of the age. In writers of continuous reasoning, which abound On Thursday, the 23d of July, the from the reign of Elizabeth, his aim trustees, the faculty, the graduates, has commonly been to present as and the students, of the University clear a view of the general princi- of Pennsylvania, met at the univerples of the author, as his limits sity at nine o'clock, A. M., and would admit, and as could be done walked in procession to the Rev. in the words of the author himself; Dr. Hey's church, the Independent which has been attempted not siin. Tabernacle, in Fourth-street, where ply by the selection of those parts a commencement was held before a where they are distinctly stated, but numerous, splendid, and respectable by frequently conjoining passages. audience. After prayer,' by the prodistant in place, through connected in vost, the following exercises were

Moreover, the work will performed:




on this




12. The valedictory oration, by 1. The salutatory oration, by Mr. Mr. Jacob Green. Joseph Hall.

2. A forensic dispute, ques 13. The charge, by the provose. tion, “ Whether it is more difficult to arrive at excellence in eloquence An appropriate prayer, by the at the bar or the pulpit ?” For the Rev. Dr. Rogers, professor in the bar, Mr. David F. Schaeffer for university, concluded the exercises the pulpit, Mr. John Sommer.

of the day. 3. The provost's decision.

A very agreeable concert of sa

cred music was given in the even4. An oration on the good effects ing, in the tabernacle, in honour of of education, by Mr. Samuel H. the commencement. Turner.

5. An oration on the alternation of action and repose, by Mr. Tho A few years ago, a hydrogramas 1 Wharton.

phical survey was made, at the ex. 6. An oration on classical litera. pence of government, of Long Island ture, by Mr. D. Schaeffer.

Sound. Since that time, captains

Fosdick and Cahoone, two of the 7. An oration on liberty, by Mr. persons employed, have published Joseph Hall.

their chart. Encouraged by the 8. An oration on general Hamil success of this first attempt, a surton, by Mr. Benjamin J. Bostock. vey was ordered to be made, during

9. History of a graduate, an iro- the session of congress, in 1805-6, nical oration, by Mr. J. Sommer. of that part of the coast of North

10. An oration on patriotism, by Carolina which lies between Cape Mr. Jacob Gratz.

Hatteras and Cape Fear. Captains 11. The degree of bachelor of arts Jonathan Price and Thomas Coles was then conferred on Messrs. Benja- performed that service during the min J. Bostock, Jacob Gratz, Jacob last summer. They have made a Green, Joseph Hall, David F. Schaef. valuable report of their observations, fer, John Sommer, Samuel H. Tur- and accompanied it with a new chart ner, and Thomas I. Wharton. The of the coast. The information furdegree of master of arts was con nished by this second undertaking ferred on Messrs. George Andrews, has been followed by an ample proEdward Lowber, John C. Lowber, vision for a maritime survey of the John Lowber, Matthew Matthews, whole coast of the United States, Robert M. Patterson, and Edward In the beginning of February, 1807, Tilghman, 3d alumni of the univer an act of congress was passed, apsity

Mr. James G. Thompson, propriating fifty thousand dollars to master of arts at Dickenson College, enable the president of the United Carlisle, and professor of humanity States to cause a survey to be taken in the University of Pennsylvania, of the coasts, and of all the islands, was admitted ad eundem. The de- shoals, roads, and places of anchorgree of doctor of divinity was con age, within twenty leagues of any ferred on the Rev. Henry Waddel, part of the shores of the United of Trenton, New Jersey, the Rev. States; as also the courses and disJames P. Wilson, and the Rev. Jo tances between the principal capes seph Pilmore, of Philadelphia. The and head-lands, and all such other degree of doctor of civil law was matters as ought to be contained in conferred on the houourable William an accurate chart. This survey is Tilghman, Esq., chief justice of the intended to embrace St. George's state of Pennsylvania ; and on Mr. Bank, and all other banks, shoals, John M.Dowell, provost of the uni. soundings, currents, and memorable versity.

things, quite to the gulf stream. VOL. VIII, NO. XLVI:


* At a numerous meeting of the in- able five dollars monthly, one half
habitants and proprietors of Charles- to be invested in a capital for con-
ton Neck, on Saturday, June 27th, ducting the business in the most ad-
Wm. Loughton Smith, esq., in the vantageous manner for the benefit of
chair, it was unanimously resolved, the concern, and which capital is to
that a committee of nine members be the exclusive property of the
be appointed to consider on the subscribers. The consequent risque
practicability and probable expence is then but 25 dollars on each share,
of cutting a navigable canal from for which they will be entitled to
Cooper to Ashley river, and to ob. the privilege of drinking the waters,
tain an accurate survey of the most free of expence, at the place where
proper place for that purpose, like they may be prepared, a deduction
wise of those parts of the aforesaid of 10 per cent. on orders put up for
rivers where such canal may enter their use, and an equal share
them, and to obtain the requisite in all the profits arising from the
cession of land from the proprietors, concern which will be conducted
through whose ground the canal may under the direction of officers cho-
be carried, sufficient for the width sen by themselves. An establish
of the canal and a margin on each ment of this nature would give the
side, and to report to an adjourned company an opportunity of extend-
meeting on the first Saturday in ing itself to every capital city in the
August. As nothing contributes so United States, and reap all the ad-
much to the prosperity of a country vatages resulting therefrom, as well
as inland navigation, we heartily as claiming the merit of being the
wish the fullest success to the spirit- first to bring forward and promote
ed and patriotic undertakers of the so useful an institution.
new canal, which will diffuse wealth
and comfort to a great portion of
our fellow-citizens, and enhance Mr. Robert Fulton, a celebrated
considerably the value of lands in mechanical genius, a native of
the environs of Charleston.

Pennsylvania, has lately returned to
his native country from Europe,

where he had invented a machine by No less than twelve bridges across which hostile ships of war might be Connecticut River, between New destroyed, which he has communiHanipshire and Vermont, and two cated to government. The presiin Massachusetts, have been erected dent some time ago desired Mr. Ful. within a few years. Another is ton to commence his experiments by building between Hatfield and Had- the machinery called torpedoes, and ley.

other submarine attacks, and to ex-
hibit them at New York. The first

experiment was made at that place Messrs. Cohen and Hawkins, of on Monday, July 20, and with comthis city, have lately established a plete success, for, by the application manufactory of mineral waters, of a machine to the outside of a brig of which has received the sanction of 200 tons burthen, she was completemany of the most eminent physi. ly blown up and destroyed, in the cians, as being equal, if not superi- presence of a great concourse of or, to the waters of the original spectators. This is but one of several springs. The proprietors, that the methods that his machinery furnishbusiness may be conducted on a scale es for attacking and destroying an which would give it a due import- enemy at anchor, or under easy sail, ance as a public good, propose form- near the coast. This is for the iming a company, on the following mediate defence of our own harbours plan :

and shores; but we understavd also The whole is to be divided into that his machinery are capable of 400 shares, at 50 dollars each, pay- following an enemy to sea and into

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