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court, the captain of the guard deny- few days before his departure, the ing him admittance, he demanded pretended count, putting on an air satisfaction in his master's name, of deep concern, placed himself in and the officer was obliged to ask the way of the emperor's confessor, his pardon. His first care was to who inquiring into the cause of his ingratiate himself with the jesuits, apparent melancholy, he intrusted who at that time bore a great sway him with the important secret, that at court; and in order to this, he he was short of money, at a juncture went to visit their church, which when eight thousand louis-d'ors remained unfinished, as they pre were immediately wanted for his tended, from the low circumstances master's affairs, to be distributed at of the society. He asked them how the imperial court. The, jesuits to much money would complete it. whom he had given a recent inAn estimate to the amount of two stance of his liberality by so large thousand louis-d'ors being laid be: a donation, immediately furnished fore him, Carassa assured them of him with the sum he wanted ; and his constant attachment to their or with this acquisition, and the ladies' der ; that he bad gladly embraced pledges, he thought he had carried such a public opportunity of show- his jests far enough, and very pruing his esteem for them, and that dently withdrew from Vienna, they might immediately proceed to finishing their church. In consequence of his promise, he sent that very day the two thousand louis For the Literary Magazine. d'ors, at which sum the charge had been computed.

THE MELANGE. He was very sensible that this was a part he could not act long

NO. XI. without being detected ; and, that this piece of generosity might not

Advice. be at his own expence, he invited a great number of ladies of the first THERE is no greater instance of rank to supper and a ball. Every good sense, than to be capable of one of the guests had promised to be receiving advice; for we may easithere ; but he complained to them ly find that the greatest part of all of the ill returns made to his ci. mankind are unanimously resolved vilities, adding, that he had been to play the hypocrite with one anooften disappointed, as the ladies ther. The person who asks admade no scruple of breaking their vice seldom means any thing more word on such occasions, and, in a jo- by it, than to let you know either cular way, insisted on a pledge from what he has already done, or reevery lady for their appearance at solved to do: the giver of advice, the time appointed. One gave him therefore, knowing that this is a a ring, another a pearl necklace, a common mode of proceeding, rethird a pair of ear-rings, a fourth a pays the fraud of his friend with gold watch, and several such trink. another of his own, and, instead of ets, to the amount of twelve thou considering the thing proposed, consand dollars. On the evening ap- siders only what the intention of pointed not one of the guests were his friend is, and immediately admissing; but it may easily be con- vises him to that. ceived, what a damp it struck upon There are some who ask advice, the whole assembly, when it was at but proclain their own resolution last found that the gay Piedmontese before they can receive any anwas a sharper, and had disappeared. swer. Shall I do this ? - Yes, I Nor had the jesuits any great rea. will do it, is the constant prac. son to applaud themselves on the tice of an old physician of my ac. success of their dissinsulation; for a quaintance; whilst my friend Mr. Wilful takes a contrary method, and thus proved himself a blockand with his I will do this-Shall head.

I ?-makes his asking advice an Some men ask advice, likewise, equal absurdity. Mrs. Rentroll is merely to collect' opinions; and of the same turn of mind with my though they would be glad that the friend Wilful. She never does any world agreed with them, they have thing without consulting her hus. no intention of altering their conband; but wisely lets him know duct, if the case should be otherher intention first, and asks his ad- wise. M.Brawn took a mistress vice after. The other day Bob into keeping, and asked the senti. Spavin, the jockey, brought an ele- ments of his friends upon the occagant saddle-horse to show her, of sion, in hopes they would think about eighty pounds value. She that this step was at least prefera. immediately asked her husbind's ble to the indiscriminate pursuit of advice, whether she should have it low pleasures. They candidly exor no. He attempted seriously to pressed their disapprobition. persuade her against it; but found M.Brawn has quarrelled with his at last, that her asking whether counsellors, it is true, but he still she should have it, was only her keeps his mistress. manner of telling him she would. Thus, sincerity in giving advice

Tom Sparebones has a far hap- is constantly received ill, by all but pier way of managing his wife, who those persons who have good sense will not take the least step without enough to bear with it; and the his approbation. If she would take sincere counsellor comes off well, if a jaunt in the summer, if she would he is not recompensed with some invite to a dance, or make one at a blunt remonstrance, or keen retea-party, she never fails to ask his proach. advice first. Tom puts on a grave face, and violently persuades her to what he knows she is resolved

I love the neighbourhood of man

and beast : upon. She cries, Well, since you

I would not piace my stable out of advise me to it, my dear, I will and thus certainly obeys him : by No! close behind my dwelling it

sight. this means, he is the most absolute

should form husband in the world.

A fence, on one side, to my garden There is another set of people,

plat. who ask advice only to court our What beauty equals shelter, in a fattery ; and it is easy to observe,

clime notwithstanding all their grimace, Where wintry blasts with summer that it is rather praise than counsel breezes blend, they consult us for. A young au. Chilling the day! How pleasant 'tis thor showed a poetical translation

to hear to a man of excellent judgment, and December's winds, amid surrounding solicited him as the oracle who

trees, was to pronounce its fate : the gen. Raging aloud! bow grateful 'tis to tleman, with the utmost tenderness

wake, and good-nature, yet with a sinceri.

While raves the midnight storm, and ty above the common mode, point.

hear the sound ed out its numerous errors, and ad

Of busy grinders at the well-filled vised hiin against committing it to

rack; press. The bard was incapable of

Or flapping wing, and crow of chan

ticleer, receiving advice, and thought it Long ere the lingering morn; or was nothing but an endeavour of

bouncing flails, envy to suppress his merit. He That tell the dawn is near! Plearan immediately to some wiser sant the path counsellors, who complaisantly ap- By sunny gardeil wall, when all the plauded his piece ; he printed it,


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Are chill and comfortless; or barn- the time of Henry VII. It contains yard snug,

many curious particulars, which Where flocking birds, of various mark the manners and way of livplume, and chirp

ing in that rude, not to say barbarDiscordant, cluster on the leaning ous age; as well as the prices of stack,

commodities. I have extracted a few From whence the thresher draws the of them from that piece, which rustling sheaves.

gives a true picture of ancient manO, Nature! all thy seasons please ners, and is one of the most singu. the eye

lar monuments that English antiOf him who sees a Deity in all. quity affords us : for we may be It is His presence that diffuses confident, however rude the strokes, charms

that no baron's family was on a noUnspeakable, o'er mountain, wood, bler or more splendid footing The and stream.

family consists of 166 persons, masTo think that He, who hears the hea. ters and servants :

ters and servants : 57 strangers are venly choirs,

reckoned upon every day : on the Hearkens complacent to the wood.

whole 223. Two-pence halfpenny land song;

are supposed to be the daily exTo think that he who rolls yon solar

pence of each for meat, drink, and sphere, Uplifts the warbling songster to the

firing. This would make a groat

of our present money : supposing To mark His presence in the migh

provisions between three and four ty bow,

times cheaper, it would be equivaThat spans the clouds, as in the lent to fourteen-pence : no great tints minute

sum for a nobleman's house-keepOf tiniest flower; to hear his awful ing ; especially considering that the voice

chief expence of a family, at that In thunder speak, and whisper in the time, consisted in meat and drink: gale ;

for the sum allotted by the earl for To know, and feel His care for all his whole annual expence is 1118 that lives;

pounds, 17 shillings, and 8 pence; 'Tis this that makes the barren waste meat, drink, and firing cost 796 appear

pounds, 11 shillings, and 2 pence, A fruitful field, each grove a para. more than two thirds of the whole : dise.

in a modern family it is not above Yes! place me 'mid far stretching

a third, p. 157, 158, 159. The woodless wilds,

whole expence of the earl's family Where no sweet song is heard ; the

is managed with an exactness that heath-bell there Would sooth my weary sight, and

is very rigid, and, if we make no tell of Thee!

allowance for ancient manners, There would my gratefully uplifted such as may seem to border on an eye

extreme ; insomuch, that the numSurvey the heavenly vault by day, by ber of pieces, which must be cut night,

out of every quarter of beef, mutWhen glows the firmament from ton, pork, veal, nay stock-fish and pole to pole ;

salmon, are determined, and must There would my overflowing heart be entered and accounted for by the exclaim,

different clerks appointed for that The heavens declare the glory of the purpose. If a servant be absent a Lord,

day, his mess is struck off: if he go The firmament shows forth his handy on my lord's business, board wages work!

are allowed him, eight-pence a day

for his journey in winter, five-pence The duke of Northumberland has in summer : when he stays in any lately printed a household book of an place, two-pence a day are allowed old earl of that family, who lived in him, beside the maintenance of his horse. Somewhat above a quarter once a month. Only forty shillings of wheat is allowed for every mouth are allowed for washing throughthroughout the year; and the wheat out the whole year; and most of it is estimated at five shillings and seems expended on the linen be. eight-pence a quarter. Two hun. longing to the chapel. The drinkdred and fifty quarters of malt are ing, however, was tolerable ; nameallowed, at four shillings a quarter: ly, ten tuns and two hogsheads of two hogsheads are to be made of a Gascogny wine, at the rate of 4 quarter; which amounts to about a pounds 13 shillings and 4 pence a bottle and a third of beer a day to tun, p. 6. Only ninety-one dozen each person, p. 4, and the beer will of candles for the whole year, p. 14. not be very strong. One hundred The family rose. at six in the and nine fat beeves are to be bought morning, dined at ten, and supped at Allhallow-tide, at thirteen shil. at four in the afternoon: the gates lings and four-pence a piece : and were all shut at pine, and no fartwenty-four lean beeves to be ther ingress or egress permitted, p. bought at St. Helen's at eight shil 314, 318. My lord and lady have lings a piece : these are to be put set on their table for breakfast at into the pastures to feed ; and are seven o'clock in the morning a to serve from midsummer to Mi- quart of beer; as much wine ; two chaelmas; which is consequently pieces of salt fish, six red-herrings, the only time that the family cats four white ones, or a dish of sprats. fresh beef: during all the rest of In flesh days half a chine of mutthe year they live on salted meat, ton, or a chine of beef boiled, p. p. 5. One hundred and sixty gal. 73, 75. Mass is ordered to be said lons of mustard are allowed in a at six o'clock, in order, says the year; which seems indeed requi. household book, that all my lord's site for the salt beef, p. 18. Six servants may rise early, p. 170. hundred and forty-seven sheep are Only twenty-four fires are allowed, allowed, at twenty-pence a piece ; beside the kitchen and hall, and and these seem also to be all eat. most of these have only a peck of salted, except between Lammas coals a-day allowed them, p. 99. Afand Michaelmas, p. 5. Only twen« ter Lady-day, do fires permitted in ty-five hogs are allowed, at two the rooms, except half.fires in my shillings a piece; twenty-eight lord's and lady's, and lord Piercy's veals at twenty-pence ; forty lambs and the nursery, p. 101. It is to be at ten-pence or a shilling, p. 7. observed that my lord kept house These seem to be reserved for my in Yorkshire, where there is cerlord's table, or that of the uppertainly much cold weather after servants, called the knights'-table. Lady-day. Eighty chalders of coals The other servants, as they eat at four shillings and two-pence a salted meat, almost through the chalder, suffices throughout the whole year, and with few or no ve- whole year; and because coal will getables, had a very bad and un not burn without wood, says the healthy diet : so that there cannot, sixty-four loads of be anything more erroneous, than great wood are also allowed, at the magnificent ideas formed of the twelve-pence a load, p. 22. This roast beef of old England. We is a proof that grates were not then must entertain as mean an idea of used. Here is an article. It is deits cleanliness : only seventy ells of vised that from henceforth no calinen, at eight-pence an ell, are an- pons to be bought but only for my nually allowed for this great fami. lord's own mess, and that the said ca. ly: no sheets were used : this linen pons shall be bought for two.pence was made into eight table-cloths a piece, lean, and fed in the pouliry; for my lord's table; and one table and master chamberlain and the cloth for the knights, p. 16. This stewards be fed with capons, if there last, I suppose, was washed only be strangers sitting with them, p. 102. Pigs are to be bought at yet seventeen carts and one waggon three-pence or a groat a piece: suffices for the whole, p. 391 One geese at the same price : chickens cart suffices for all his kitchen utenat a half-penny: hens at two-pence, sils, cooks' beds, &c., p. 388. One and only for the above-mentioned ta. remarkable circumstance is, that bles. Here is another article. he has eleven priests in his house, Item, i' is thought good that no plo. besides seventeen persons, chan. vers be bought at no season but only in ters, musicians, &c., belonging to Christmas and principal feasts, his chapel : yet he has only two and my lord to be served there with cooks for a family of 223 persons, and his board-end, and none other, p. 325*. Their meals were cer. and to be bought for a penny a tainly dressed in the slovenly manpiece, or a penny half penny at ner of a ship's company. It is most, p. 103. Woodcocks are to amusing to observe the pompous be bought at the same price. Par- and even royal style assumed by tridges at two-pence, p. 104, 105. this Tartar chief: he does not give Pheasants a shilling; peacocks the any orders, though only for the same, p. 106. My lord keeps only right making of mustard, but it is twenty-seven horses in his stable at introduced with this preamble, It his own charge : his upper servants seemeth good to us and our council. have allowance for maintaining If we consider the magnificent and their own horses, p. 126. These elegant manner in which the Vene. horses are, six gentle horses, as tian and other Italian noblemen they are called, at hay and hard then lived, with the progress made meat throughout the whole year, by the Italians in literature and four palfreys, three hobbies and the fine arts, we shall not wonder nags, three sumpter horses, six hor- that they considered the ultramonses for those servants to whom my tane nations as barbarous. The Fle. lord furnishes a horse, two sumpter mish also seem to have much excellhorses more, and three mill horses, ed the English, and even the French. two for carrying the corn, and one Yet the earl is sometimes not defi. for grinding it; whence we may in- cient in generosity: he pays for infer that mills, either water or stance an annual pension of a groat wind-mills, were then unknown, at a year to my lady of Walsingham, least very rare : besides these, there for her interest in heaven; the are seven great trotting horses for the same sum to the holy blood at chariot or waggon. He allows a Hales, p. 337. No mention is any peck of oats a day, besides loaves where made of plate ; but only of made of beans for his principal the hiring of pewter vessels. The horses; the oats at twenty pence, servants seem all to have bought the beans at two shillings a quar- their own clothes from their wages. ter. The load of hay is at two shillings and eight-pence. When my lord is on a journey, he carries

Indolence. thirty-six horsemen along with him; together with bed and other accom: If industry is no more than habit, modation, p. 157. The inns, it it is, at least, an excellent one. If seems, could afford nothing tolera. you ask me which is the real hereble. My lord passes the year in ditary sin of human nature, do you three country-seats, all in York. imagine I shall answer pride, or shire, Wrysel, Leckenfield, and luxury, or ambition, or egotism ? Topcly ffe ; but he has furniture on * In another place, mention is ly for one : he carries every thing made of four cooks, p. 388. But I along with him, beds, tables, chairs, suppose, that the two servants, called kitchen utensils, all which, we may in p.325 groom of the larder and child conclude, were so coarse, that they of the scullery, are, in p. 388, compre. could not be spoilt by the carriage : hended in the number of cooks.

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