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“ I have already, most learned 66 Yes! therefore I immediately doctor !” replied Tamira, “ told informed her of the sex of our lodg. you, that I discovered the sex of the er.” lovely Fatima the day I first saw 66 This information I communiher; and, claiming the privileges of cated to Zulima," added Tangra; an old woman (privileges, by the " and it produced 'the interview bye, which the faculty of Ispahan from which such happy consequenhave most strangely intrenched up ces are likely to ensue to Omar, on), I waited on her at the house of who, the noble Mirza knows, was, the sagacious Abud. Here the whole as well as Zulima, my foster-child, plan of her residing in your house, and of whom I remember, when he till a relation whom she waited for was not above five months old,”*** returned with the Persian army, “ Hold, my good nurse !" cried was arranged and settled. The sa- Zulima, “ if you would not show us bre and belt, on which the name of that you merit the epithet which Fatima is set in diamonds, were in- Tamira seemed inclined to bestow tended for him. Black Absalom, upon you! In the name of my brothe jeweller, was himself astonished ther, and my own, I thank you for at their richness : however, as he your care of our infancy, and your was paid, he never troubled his head continued affection for us. On this how these valuable gems were ac. subject no more need be said. At quired. Although I warned her of present, a more important task re. the risk she run of being questioned mains. It is, first, to present my upon this subject, I did not think acknowledgments to the learned there was any in placing her as Is. doctor Tamira, upon the important mael in the house of a single man, cure she has performed. The vi. as her disguise, together with my sionary passion which for a time inmaster's age and profession, secur- famed my mind; the idea of Ismael, ed his lovely tenant from danger whom I loved as Hamet loved the and even from scandal. She has hourii, I have given to the winds; continued with us until this time, and I do exceedingly rejoice, that and probably would have remained the zephyrs, which bear every vi, much longer, had not the approach sionary trace of it from my mind, of the army occasioned her to give will fan its flames in the bosoms of the hint of her removal to Nadir, my beloved brother and the beautiwhich operated like electricity on ful Fatima. If I have lost the ideal the mind of Zulima, and soon after Ismael as a lover, I shall still emproduced the visit from Tangra. brace his real resemblance as a sis.

“ The venerable Tangra and my. ter. self are old friends, and (did I not « Oh, noble Mirza ! oh, my fa observe a frown upon her brow) I ther! if I have faltered in my steps ; should add, old women. However, if I have, for a moment, appeared women, young or old, will be talk. to deviate from the path of duty to ing. In the course of our conversa. you ; I know that you will pardon tion it came out, that the disorder the wanderings of your darling Zu• of Zulima was the consequence of lima, when she declares, that you an unfortunate attachment which shall have no rival in her heart in she had conceived for a youth of the future. name of Ismael, an inmate of Dr. “ In my more than physician, my Nadir's, whom she had seen at the dear, my 'estimable friend, Nadir, I shop of the jeweller I have mention. present to your attention, 'O father ed, where he was examming a mag- and brother! a man whose honour. nificent sabre.

and integrity are such, that, love“ Struck with this circumstance, sick as I was, I should not, had I, I exclaimed, I shall prove a better even in the erratic emotions of my physician than my master!” imagination, been inclined, have 6 You did !" said Nadir.

dared to have proposed to him the

U8, 1804.

smallest deviation from his profes. while climbing the summit of the sional duty. When a man of this de- volcano. scription (who joins to scientific ac quirements a general knowledge of An Excursion to Mount Vesuvi. the world) becomes a friend to such a family as ours, he ought to be cherished, as every part of it may This day, January 5, I left Na. depend, not only on an able medical ples, at seven in the morning; I assistant, but a moralist, and an im- have now reached Portici. The partial monitor

sun is clear of the eastern clouds, “ In conclusion," continued Zuli. but the head of Vesuvius is still coma, my dear brother and sister ! vered with a fog. I agree with a (as you, lovely Fatima! soon will be) cicerone to conduct me to the crafortune seems to have combined ter of the volcano. He supplies me with your exalted merit tó smooth with two mules ; one for himself, every difficulty which appeared at one for me; and we start. first to impede the progress


your I begin to ascend by a pretty love. May your lives be as happy wide path, between two vineyards as you are deserving of happiness! bordered with poplars. I proceed for although you, O Fatima! are straight on towards the point where not, perhaps, to be commended for the sun rises in winter. Somewhat withdrawing from your paternal under the vapours that have deroof, yet, when we consider that scended below the middle region of the laws of our several countries do the air, I perceive the tops of a few not allow a woman even a dissent trees; they are the elms of the hering voice in that important are mitage. Both on the right and left rangement, the acceptance of a appear sorry habitations of the humpartner for life, you will, by every ble vine-dressers, encircled with the candid mind, be excused.

luxuriant grapes of which is made “ The best of sons and brothers the lachryma Christi. Every where cannot fail to prove to you the best else, on all sides, are seen a cal. of husbands ! and, while the virgin cinated soil, withered vines, interZulima (perhaps at a distance) con mixed with umbrella-shaped pines, templates your happiness, she will, a few olives that grow out of the in the practice of higher duties than hedges, numberless rolling stones, those visionary pursuits which were but not a single bird. once the ardent wishes of her unset I arrive at the first level of the tled imagination, endeavour to se- mountain ; an extensive barren land cure her own."

stretches before me; I then descry the two heads of Vesuvius ; on the left the Somma; on the right the

present mouth of the volcano ; both For the Literary Magazine. of these peaks are partly veiled by

pale clouds. I advance; on one side M. DE CHATEAUBRIAND'S EXCUR the Somma lowers ; on the other I SION TO MOUNT VESUVIUS. begin to distinguish the interior ca

vities of the volcano, whose cone I THE following notes were not am proposing to ascend. The lava originally intended for the press, as of 1766 and 1769 overspread the may easily be inferred from the pe. whole plain which I tread. It is a culiar nature of the reflections they dreadful smoky, wilderness, over contain. But a new eruption of which the lava, issuing like melted Mount Vesuvius having been lately iron from a forge, exhibits a whitish mentioned in the daily papers, that froth on a sable ground, not altoevent tends to render them interest- gether unlike dry faded moss. ing. They were written in pencil Proceeding to the left, and leaving

the cone of the volcano on the right, might, the volcano had suggested I arrive at the foot of a little hillock, nothing remarkable to the various or rather of a wall formed by the peregrinators; which corroborated lava which covered Herculaneum. an idea I have long since entertainThis kind of wall is planted with ed, that truly great subjects like ve. vines on the borders of the plain, ry great objects are less proper than and its reverse offers to the view a may be thought to originate sublime deep vale overspread with copse. ideas : their grandeur being as it The cold becomes very sharp and were too obvious, whatever might cutting.

be added to augment the reality, I ascend the hillock on my way tends only to diminish it. Thus to the hermitage, which is seen from nascitur ridiculus mus stands true the opposite side. The sky and the with regard to all mountains. clouds lower, the latter rolling along

I leave the hermitage at half past the ground appears like a greyish two; and again direct my course smoke, or like ashes driven by the towards the hillock of lava, which winds. I now begin to hear the I had already mounted : on my left rattling of the elms in front of the is the valley that separates me from hermitage.

the Somma, and on my right, the The hermit is come out to wel. first level of the cone. I proceed come me. He has already seized ascending towards the summit of the bridle of my mule, and I have the hillock. The only living creadismounted. This recluse is a tall, ture I could see in this dreary place good-looking man, with an open was a poor emaciated young girl, countenance. He has invited me to with a yellow complexion, half naenter his cell, has prepared the ta. ked, and overburdened with the ble himself, and has brought out a weight of the wood she had been loaf, a few apples, and some eggs. cutting on the mountain. He has seated himself facing me, The clouds now prevent me from leaning with both his elbows on the seeing any thing; the wind blowing table, and has begun to converse from below upwards, drives them very freely while I breakfasted. from the darkened level which I The clouds had now closed all survey, over the summit of the around us; not a single object could causeway on which I am advancing. we distinguish through the window. I can only hear the steps of my mule. Nothing was heard in this vaporous Leaving the hills, I turn to the abyss besides the whizzing of the right, and descend into that plain of trees, and the distant roaring of the lava, which reaches to the cone of sea on the coast of Herculaneum. the volcano; a lower part of which Is it not very remarkable, that this I had already traversed on my way peaceful abode of christian hospita- to the hermitage. Even with these lity should be situated in a small calcined remains before one's eyes, cell at the foot of a volcano, and fancy forms with difficulty an idea amidst the conflict of elements ? of those fields of fire and of liquid The hermit has presented to me

melted metals, at the period of an the book in which those travellers eruption of Vesuvius. Dante, perwho visit Mount Vesuvius write haps, had seen them, since in his some remarks. However I did not Inferno he describes the burning meet with a single one deserving of sands on which everlasting flames being recollected ; some few French descend with silent slowness, come alone, with that fine taste which is di neve in Alpe sanza vento: natural to our countrymen, had been Arrivammo ad una landa satisfied with inserting the date of Che dal suo letto ogni pianta rimove. their passage, or bestowing some eulogium on the hermit who had Lo spazzo er un'arena arida e spessa welcomed them. Be that as it

Sovra tutto 'l sabbion d'un cader reach the bottom of the abyss*. I lento

am at a loss how to give an accuPioven di fuoco di latata, e falde, rate description of this chaos. Come di neve in Alpe sanza vento. Imagine a bason one mile in cir

cumference, and three hundred feet The clouds begin to open a little deep, which widens from bottom to on some points ; on a sudden, yet by top in the shape of a funnel. Its inintervals, I discover Portici, Caprea, terior walls are furrowed by the Ischia, Pausilyppo, white sails of fiery fluid which the bason has first many fishing boats speckling the contained and then spouted forth. sea, and the coast of the gulph of The projecting parts of these furNaples, bordered with orange trees: rows resemble those brick piers the prospect is that of Paradise be upon which the Romans supported held from the infernal regions. their massy walls. Large rocks are

Close to the foot of the cone, we suspended in some parts of the cirdismount ; my guide presents me cumference, and the fragments of with a long staff, and we begin to them lie mixed with a crust of ashclimb the enormous heap of ashes. es at the bottom of the abyss. The clouds close again, the fog The bottom of this bason is brogrows thick, and the darkness re- ken up in different ways. Nearly doubles.

in the centre are recently opened Here I am now on the top of Ve. three large pits, or small mouths, suvius, seated, writing by the mouth which vomited flames during the of the volcano, and preparing to de. stay of the French at Naples, in scend to the bottom of its crater. 1798. Every now and then the sun glim Columns of smoke rise from difmers through the vaporous veil ferent parts of the abyss, especially which covers the whole mountain. on the side of la Torre del Greco. This unfortunate circumstance, On the opposite flank, towards Cawhich screens from my view one of serta, I can perceive a blaze. If the most beautiful landscapes in ex- you thrust your hand into the ashes, istence, redoubles the mournful as you will find them burning at a few pect of the place. Vesuvius, thus inches below the surface. separated by clouds from the de The general colour of the surlightful country all around its basis, face is that of cinders. But Provi. seems as if situated in the most un- dence, when it pleases, as I have frequented desert, and the particular often observed, knows how to renkind of horror with which it seizes der the most dreadful objects agreethe beholder is not softened by the able to the eye. The lava in some aspect of the flourishing city at the parts is decorated with azure, ulfoot of it.

tramarine, yellow, and orange.coI propose to my conductor his ac. lour specks or streaks. Large companying me to the bottom of the blocks of granite, owing to the vecrater. He does not readily comply, hemence and action of the fire, are in order to get something more from seen twisted and curling at their me; however, we agree for a certain extremities, like the acanthus, or sum, which he insists upon being the leaves of the palm-tree. The paid immediately. I give it to him, volcanic matter, chilled on the he then strips ; and for some time rocks over which it has flowed, we struggle on the borders of the forms here and there vases, chandeabyss; we search a less perpendicular steep, and a more gentle de * There is more

atigue than dan The guide stops and warns ger to encounter in the attempt of me to get ready. We are going to descending into the crater of Vesuvilaunch into the precipice. We us, except in case of sudden eruption.


liers, ribbons, &c. ; sometimes it as cities, without its fury having sur. sumes the figures of plants or of prised the divers nations welteranimals, and imitates the variegat- ing in one another's blood, or flow. ed designs which constitute the beau- ing in tears. Which were the first ty of an agate. I have observed on signs of civilization, the first proofs a bluish-coloured rock a swan of of men having formerly inhabited white lava, so well modeled, that, those parts, that were discovered, you would have sworn you saw that so late as our time, under the extin. beautiful bird asleep, on his smooth guished ashes of the volcano ? In. watery bed, with his head conceal. struments of torture, and skeletons ed under his wing, and his long loaded with chains*! neck extended over his back like a Times vary, and the destinies of roll of white silk.

men display the same inconstancy.

" Life," says the Greek poet, Ad vada Meandri concinit albus olor,


like the wheels of a


chariot." Here I observe again the unva Pliny lost his life for indulging rying silence which I have former. the curiosity of viewing from a disly noticed, at noon, in the forests of tance the volcano, in the crater of America, when holding my breath, which I am now seated very quiet. I could only hear the pulsation of ly! I behold the abyss smoking all the arteries in my temples, and the around me. Moreover, I am aware beating of my heart. However, that at a few fathoms lower down, sudden gusts of wind, occasionally there is an abyss of fire under my blowing from the summit of the feet; I reflect that the volcano cone to the bottom of the crater, might open on a sudden, and blow roar within my garments, or keep me up into the air with those mutiwhistling along my stick :- I like. lated huge blocks of marble. wise hear some stones rolling, What Providence has brought which my guide displaces with his me here? By what unforeseen event feet while climbing amidst the ash- have the tempests of the American

A confused reverberation of ocean driven me to the Lavinian the sound, not unlike that produced fields ? Lavinaque venit littora. I by the vibrations of metal or of cannot forbear casting a retrograde glass, prolongs the noise occasioned look on the troubles of this life, in by the fall, and suddenly ceases. which, according to St. Augustin, Now, compare this deadly silence " things are replete with misery, to the dreadful detonations which and hope is void of happiness. shake these very same parts when Rem plenam miseria, spem beatithe volcano vomits forth fire from tudinis inanem. Born on the rocks within its entrails, and overspreads of Armoricat, the first sound that the land with darkness.

struck my infant ear was that of What a favourable opportunity the bellowing waves; and on how for making reflections, truly philo. many shores have I seen those sophical, and, if inclined so to do, same waves break, which I here to lament over the vicissitudes of meet again! Who would have told human institutions ! But what are

me, some years ago, that I should the so famous revolutions of em hear the roaring of those same pires, in comparison to these con waves at the tombs of Scipio and of vulsions of the natural system, Virgil, which Aowed at my feet on which change the face of the earth the coast of England, or on the and ocean! Happy indeed were it if shore of Canada! My name was men were not employed in torment. already known in the hut of the Ining one another the few moments dian of Florida. The hermit of they are allowed to spend together! But Vesuvius has never laid open * At Pompeia. its abysses, not once to deyour

† Britanny


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