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to give pleasure and pain, to com their natural conformation and gepose disturbed thoughts, to assist nius, are in some degrée disposed and heighten devotion, and even to to receive such impressions. For cure such diseases as affect the my part, I do not wonder that the nerves, or the more subtle and de- famous Dr. Harvey, when he was licate parts and fluids of the body. reading Virgil, should sometimes We need not have recourse to the throw the book down on the table, fables of Orpheus or Amphion, or and say he had a devil ; nor that the power of their music upon beasts the learned Meric Cassaubon should and fishes; it is enough that we find feel such pleasure and emotions as the charming of serpents, and the he describes, on reading some parts cure or assuagement of possession of Lucretius ; that so many should by an evil spirit, attributed to it in shed uncontroulable tears at some sacred writ.

tragedies of Shakspeare, and others As to the force of eloquence which experience the most violent agitaso often raised and appeased the tion on reading or hearing some exviolence of popular commotions, cellent pieces of poetry ; nor that every person must be convinced of Octavia sank down in a swoon at and acknowledge it, when he con- the recital made by Virgil of the siders Cæsar, the greatest man of celebrated verses allusive to the his age, and possessed of the most death of Marcellus, in the sixth powerful mind, taking his seat on book of the Æneid. the tribunal, full of hatred and re. This is, no doubt, sufficient to venge, and with a determined reso, evince the powers of poetry, and lution to condemn Ligarius ; yet by show on what were founded those the force of Cicero's eloquence, in an ancient opinions which ascribed it oration for his defence, by degrees to divine inspiration, and attributed changing countenance, turning pale, to it so great a share in the effects and becoming so agitated, that some of sorcery or magic. But as the papers he held fell out of his hand, old romances seem to lessen the as if he had been terrified with honour of true prowess and valour words, who never feared an enemy in their knights, by giving such a in the field; till, at length, all his part in all their chief adventures anger changing into clemency, he to enchantment; so the true excelacquitted the brave criminal instead lence and just esteem of poetry of condemning him.

seem rather debased than exalted Now, if the strength of these three by attributing to it a preternatural mighty powers be united in poetry, origin and powers.

This opinion we need not wonder that such vir among the northern nations grew tues and such honours have been at to be so strong and so general, that tributed to it, that it has been thought about five or six hundred years to be inspired, or has been called ago, all the Runic poetry was condivine ; and yet I think it will not demned, and the characters in be disputed that the force of wit which it was written forbidden to and of reasoning, and sublimity of be used, by the zeal of bishops, and conceptions and expressions, may even by orders and decrees of be found in poetry as well as in ora state ; which has greatly injured or tory; the life and spirit of repre- rather caused the irrecoverable loss sentation or picture as much as in of the history of those northern painting; and the force of sounds, kingdoms, the seat of our ancestors as well as in music; and how far in the western parts of Europe. these natural powers together may The more true and natural source extend, and to what effects, even of poetry may be discovered by obsuch as may be mistaken for super serving to what god this inspiration natural or magical, I leave to be was ascribed by the ancients. This considered by those who are inclin was Apollo, or the Sun, esteemed ed to such speculations, or who, by by them the god of learning in ge


peral, but more particularly of mu and similitudes, unseen by common sic and of poetry. The mystery of eves, and which could not be discothis fable means that a certain noble vered without the rays of that sun. and vital warmth, animating the Besides the warmth of invention subtler organization of the body, and activity of wit, there must be but especially the briin, is the true the coolness of good sense and sound. spring of these two arts or sciences. ness of good judgment to distinguish This was that celestial fire which between things and conceptions, gave such a pleasing motion and which, at first sight, or upon tranagitation to the minds of those men șient glances, seem alike; and to who have been so much admired in chuse among infinite productions the world, and which raises such an of the imagination such as infinite variety of images of things, worth preserving and cultivating, so agreeable and delightful to man. and to neglect and throw away the kind By the influence of this syn others. Without the force of wit, are produced those golden and inex. all poetry is flat and languishing; haustible mines of invention, which without the aid of judgment it is have furnished the world with trea- wild and extravag:int. The wonsures so highly esteemed, and so derful quality of poetry is, that such universally known and used, in all contraries must ineet to compose it : the regions that have yet been dis. a genius both penetrating and solid; covered. From this arises that in expression both delicacy and elevation of genius which can never strength ; and the frame or fabric be produced by any art or study, by of a true poem must have something labour or industry; which cannot both sublime and just, both astobe taught by precepts or examples, nishing and pleasing: There must and therefore is agreed by all to be be a great agitation of mind to inthe pure and free gift of Heaven and vent, and a great calmness to judge nature; and to be as it were a fire and correct; there must be upon kindled from some hidden spark in the same tree, and at the same time, our original constitution.

both blossoins and fruit. To work But though invention be the mo- up this metal into exquisite figure, ther of poetry, yet this child is, like there must be employed the fire, all others, born naked, and must be the hammer, the chisel, and the nourished with care, clothed with

file. There must be a general exactness and elegance, educated knowledge both of nature and of with industry, instructed with art, arts, and, to succeed in the least, geimproved by application, corrected nius, and judgment, and application with severity, and accomplished are requisite. Without the latter with labour and with time, before all the rest will prove unavailing, for it arrives at perfection. It is cer. no one was ever a great poet who tain that no composition requires so applied himself much to any thing many several ingredients, or of else. more different sorts, than this.; or that to excel in any qualities there are necessary so many gifts of nature, and so many improvements of learning and of art. For there must For the Literary Magazine. be a universal genius, of great compass, as well as great elevation ;

ON SALUTATIONS. there must be lively imagination or fancy, fertile in a thousand pro

To the Editor, &C. ductions, ranging over infinite ground SIR, pierciug into every corner, and, THERE is nothing a young man by the light of that true poetical entering i he world is more puzzled kre, discovering a thousand images with than the forms of politeness,

R. s.

the manner of addressing individu- yet he should never take notice of als, and the proper answers to be the like of him when he is out of made upon common occasions; and them. He may not understand the there is nothing which more niarks injunction at the time, but when he the gentleman than the ease and gets into life he will see its propria propriety with which he acquits ety. No gentleman ought ever ta himself in these punciilios. Ches. take the smallest notice of his infeterfield has given many excellent riors upon the street; inferiors and useful directions in his admira, may sometimes be of use, and a ble letter, which, for the purity of gentleman may even be occasionaltheir morals, and the importance of ly under the necessity of asking a the remarks, ought to be among the favour from some of them. When first treatises which are put into this is the case, he may (if they the hands of young persons. But çome plump upon him in turning a there are many other equally im. corner, or in any other situation in portant points, which his lordship which he cannot possibly avoid them, has not thought fit to touch upon at or pretend not to see them) give a all : in particular, he has given no slight inclination of the head, or a directions respecting the manner in wink, or a wave of the hand; but, which a gentleman ought to take no if observed, he should always take tice of his acquaintance, when he the first opportunity of informing ought to deign the distant nod, and his friends, that he once met the when it may be proper to give a cor fellow in company, but that he has dialshake-hand reception. The pur no other knowledge of him whatev. pose of this essay is to give a few er: this will preserve his dignity. hints upon this subject. It is neces. There is a custom (and it was an sary, however, first to premise, that admirable one, which there is a time to be acquainted, time ago very fashionable among the and a time not to be acquainted : in beaux) of appearing short-sighted: the whole science of salutations, this gave a person an opportunity there is not a more important or of passing those he did not wish to necessary rule than this.


To the notice, and furnished an excellent rough and unpolished inhabitants of excuse if afterwards accused of it. the country, it is a very difficult There is another observation, which lesson ; and of course, when a young is absolutely necessary to be attendman comes to town, he is frequently ed to, and that is, the cut of the guilty of gross mistakes in this par. coat; if it is shabby, the former ticular : and even those about town, rule must be observed, and the who are of a very sanguine tempe wearer must be noticed or not, as rament, are sometimes apt to forget circumstances shall direct, but neit : this, however, in general, only ver if possible. There is, however, happens at first, but after it has an excellent method of noticing been practised a little, becomes per these folks, and at the same time fectly easy and natural. At first, preserving one's dignity, an im. therefore, it ought to be acquired, provement of modern times (for we and parents ought to inculcate it are always improving), and that is upon their children, amongst the the salute en militaire, or the voearliest instructions they give them. lunteer nod. I shall now give a Thus, for instance, if a gentleman's few directions, to which I request son be at school, and get fond of the the reader's particular attention ; son of a grocer for his amiable for qualities (a mistake which may happen among children), the gen “ Without all dispute, whate’er may tleman ought to be admonished, be said, that although his companion may do Much meaning is oft in the turn of yery well in the school play.grounds, the head.”


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And, by the bye, among ladies It must also be remarked, that this is a favourite and elegant ma- salutations must be varied, not only næuvre; a toss of the head, accom- according to the person addressed, panied with a turn up of the nose, but regard must be paid to those is highly expressive and interesting you may be walking with. Thus, The sentimental shake, too, has a if you meet a friend rather under great deal of beauty.

your own station in life, if you be Before a gentleman, however, alone, you may salute him with performs in public, he ought to prac. great cordiality; but if you be tise well at home. He should have walking with one who is rather a mirror, in which he may see his above it, the highest notice he can figure complete, and before it he expect is a nod en passant, which should practise every shade of salu. will at once inform him of your tation, from the distant half wink to companion's importance, and of the broad friendly grin ; and from your own. the respectful bow to the familiar nod. I had intended in this essay to have given different angles of the different bows, and had made several important discoveries; but the mathematician to whom I gave

For the Literary Magazine. the diagrams to be corrected, was so struck and delighted with the originality of the design, that he carried them along with him to the country, and I much doubt SOME little time since died, at whether they may ever be recover: Knightsbridge, England, Bed. I like digressions; but now to Esq. at the advanced age of 72, at our subject. If a gentleman sup; which place he resided for upwards pose that any person wishes to ask of twenty years previous to his a favour of him, he should take care death. Mr. B. was a very singular that his salutation be as distant as character, and, from his eccentriciposssible: a deliberate calm mo- ties, was generally thought to be a tion of the head will show that little deranged. In such opinions you have understood the other's in: however, the writer of this article tention, and may possibly save you can by no means concur, unless the trouble of giving a refusal. strong passions, an irritable disposiShould you intend granting a favour, tion, a lively imagination, great you may assume a little more famili- classical learning, and an exten. arity, but still preserving the dignified sive reading and observation, be conair, which will show that you have sidered as the constituent parts of a not too low an opinion of the service madman. He was principally re. you intend doing him; when it is markable for an inordinate love of done, i. e., when the favour is grant- the canine species ; but even this ed, the same mode of salutation was not without some reason, as it ought to be preserved; which will appears he was saved from assassiremind the person of the favour nation, in his travels through France you have done hiin, in case he and Italy, by a dog. He was never, should appear to have forgotten it. till lately, without four or five very

Suppose a great man (whom you large ones of the setter kind, all lihave accidentally met at the play neally descended from the very dog or an assembly), the mode of salu- that saved his life. Lately, the old tation should be as familiar as pos- stock was reduced to one ; and the sible: this will give your compan- others, in part, supplied by a small ions a high opinion of your acquain. terrier, and an enormous dog of the tance.

Albany breed. They were fed and

The Elegy.

in verse,

his pace,

tion grace :

lodged in, I may say, a sumptuous and unfortunate object will have to style ; beef-steaks, buttered rolls, deplore his death. gingerbread, and pastry, were no uncommon diet for them; and, as to lodging, one or two slept in the room Shall biped brutes and monsters shine with himself; the others were provided with mattresses in other And merit lack the tomb-stone and

the hearse ? apartments of his house. He kept two lads to wait on them; and, at

Sublimest quadruped, my friend, my stated hours, however bad the Bluff weather, and in spite of every other Language were poor, nor painting

rich enough consideration, he, himself, took them out for air and exercise : the last of Thy glowing tints, thy instinct to disthose hours was between one and Nature seem'd Art, while Art con.

play: two in the morning, which necessa fess'd her sway! rily kept him up almost all night. Stately his form, and beauteous was In addition to the dogs he kept, he his face, had, as he termed them, a great A full-eyed setter of the finest race; many pensioners, that regularly His pendant trowsers, and his feacame, some from a great distance, ther'd tail, to be fed daily at his door ; and, fre. Appeard to 'waft him as with silken quently, when he met a half-starved sail. dog in his walks, he would take These seem'd to lighten and increase him to a confectioner's, and treat him with a shilling's-worth of tarts, Gave wings to speed, and gave to moor (if a hawker of dog's meat chanced to be near) to a more sub. His striking figure fix'd each curious stantial meal of horse-flesh. When

eye, any one of his dogs died, it was Th’ admiring sportsmen prais'd him

to the sky; placed in a kind of coffin ; laid in state, for a day or two, with wax

Commanding beauty sav'd him from

the stroke candles burning around, and Mr. B. Of savages, who torture out of joke ; sitting in a disconsolate mood beside The fierce assailants of the bull and it ; after which, it was interred

bear with great solemnity ; on which oc

Nor chang'd his course, nor gave him casion Mr. B. generally wrote an

cause of fear ! elegy, descriptive of the beauty and His nerves appeard so admirably qualities of his departed friend, the

strung, dog ; one of which, as a specimen, With all the world to be in unison. is subjoined. By his last will, it ap- A wire-hair'd terrier, with an eye of pears, he hath bequeathed 251. a fire, year to each of the dogs that were Sharp and resentful, quickly prone to living at the time of his decease. ire, His whole family consisted of his ca

Attach'd to one, hostile to all beside, nine friends, the two boys already With Bluf liv'd quiet, sleeping side mentioned, and an old woman. He by side. had an utter aversion to physic; One day, the meal was here, the fe

male there ; would, consequently, admit of no assistance from the sons of medicine;

Crab would have each, and watch'd

them both with care : nor suffer any person to approach Bluff yields the trencher, but lays him in his last moments. Notwith

claim to Blithe ; standing his whole affection seemed Like angerd cat, Crab doth his body to be settled on his dogs, and there writhe : appears an evident spirit of misan. Bluff sternly fix'd him with his fine thropy in the following elegy, yet large eyes, he was not devoid of feeling for the Swearing with look oblique --Crab human kind, and many an indigent

Bluff defies !

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