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main on both sides of the Missisip. western side of the great river pi, of their being in ancient ages as above mentioned, dated their existwell cultivated and as thickly inha- ence for more than twenty thousand bited as the country on the Danube moons back, and the Indians of the or the Rhine ; which fully proves western world go infinitely farther that the literati have been too into the depths of time, though both hasty in denominating America' a relate many events of these distant new world, or an original present periods that are evidently mixed to the European from the hands of with fable. rude nature.

A copper mine was opened some years since further down the Missisippi, and, to the great surprise of For the Literary Magazine. the labourers, a large collection of mining tools were found several THE MELANGE. fathoms below the superficies of the earth. Another person, in diggging

NO. X. for a well, discovered a furnace of brick-work, five fathoms below the

Irish Literature. present surface; and in this fur. nace were found a quantity of coals IT has often surprized me, says and firebrands, which, for aught we Arthur Browne, in his Sketches, know, might have been kindled in that a nation like the Irish, reinarkthe days of Moses or Lycurgus. able for its valour, and whose inha

Not long since, at a spot on the bitants, even down to the peasantry, Ohio where the bank had been are blessed with a peculiar acute. wasted by the undermining of the ness of mind, and a characteristic water, a stone dropped out, of the turn of wit and pleasantry, should hardest kind of black marble, about not have filled a greater space in seven pounds in weight, having the eye of mankind. The reason I twelve equal surfaces, each surface believe is, that their wit and talent being mathematically equilateral for ridicule are employed in depre. and equiangular five-sided figures : ciating one another, and their va. this does not appear to be a lusus na. lour too often exhausts itself in idletur; but a work of exquisite art, ness and riot. the offspring of human ingenuity. In Scotland, if any man becomes Near the falls of the Missisippi, an author, the whole nation joins in there is a spring in the bed of the praising and elevating him ; but in river, which has been enclosed with Ireland, to be a writer is almost sufstone work of unknown antiquity, ficient to ensure mockery; whoever to keep out the fresh water. In takes up his pen, especially if it be times of freshes, however, the river in the province of belles lettres, overflows the stone work, and mix whole tribes of satirists, like the es with the brine, so that it does not monkies of Africa, begin to chatter afford salt to the savages herea. and grin at him, and employ every bouts until the river is considerably art to laugh him down : the conse

quence is, few write: the modest, In several places, circular fortifi- who have talents, confine their disa cations have been discovered in the play to conversation and to professame country ; these are constantly sional exertions, while the satirists inclosed with deep ditches, and fenced take care to do nothing but find with a breast work. From these, fault, and never venture to expose and many other similar remains of themselves to criticisms, by writing antiquity, one would be inclined to any thing. think that America has been inha. The Irish are so accustomed to bited longer than has been common be governed by England in every ly imagined. Several tribes, on the thing, taste as well as politics, that



they seem absolutely afraid to give fused a challenge from Anthony. the stamp of approbation to any He very calmly answered the bearer thing in the first instance, hesitating of the message, “ If Anthony is whether it has merit or not, until weary of his life, tell him, there are they see an English review. They other ways to death, besides the long seemed unconscious of the me- point of my sword.” How happy rits of two considerable works writ. had we more examples of such magten by sons of their own university, nanimity! and hesitated to praise till the incense of fame arose to one from the literary altars of Cambridge*; and

The Æolian Harp. an English judge (Blackstone) had

This instrument was invented by declared the other current coint. Swift was a satirist exactly suited laid

by, for a hundred years, it was

Kircher, 1649. After having been to their genius, with a power of ri

again accidentally discovered and dicule too great not to subdue any

restored by Mr. Oswald. The loone who laughed at him : but I am not quite sure that if Pope had been dy have gained more delight in this

vers of pure tones and simple meloan Irishman, he would have succeeded so well; his pastorals might from all others, however skilful be

little instrument, than can be drawn have afforded excellent food for pastime, and I am convinced Collins their combinations. Its sounds are

as wild as the wind that blows upon and Gray, and all your ode-makers, would have been laughed down, and it, and as mysterious as its source.

There is a spell in them, which discouraged in the infancy of their

seems to entice away our very souls, and bewilder our whole frame. I can suck melancholy from it till my

heart sinks. In the stillness of eveModern Love.

ning, how tenderly does it breathe When Phillis found she'd lost her forth its tones, till they faintly sink lover,

away into the most mysterious And that no art could keep a rover,

pauses, and melt and mingle with With willows dank she bound her the air! At midnight, how often head,

have I loved to place it at my caseSwift to the cypress grove she sped; ment, and as the wild wind swept There, stretch'd beside a brook, she over its chords, how have I felt my lay,

spirit looseved from myself, taking To weep and sigh her soul away: flight through the heavens on its conShe groan’d, she rav’d, she tore her tinuous vibrations ! Smollet somehair,

where says, that a woman in love And look'd the image of Despair. cannot be trusted with this instru. “ Ah! wretched Phil! by love o'er- ment: to a melancholy man it is taken,

equally dangerous ; for what nature Apd thus by Florio forsaken

can withstand that, which even Forsaken !--that I'll ne'er endure ;

charms the air, and detains the The brook affords a speedy cure.

breeze, sighing and lingering on its Since Florio loves me not, I'll die !"

chords. She rush'd“Soft; what a fool am I!

Thomson and Mason seem to To die for an inconstant swain ! l'faith, I'll live, and try again.”

have enjoyed equal delight from the Æolian harp. Thomson, in one

stanza is compelled to renounce his Cæsar has had the testimony of muse, when under its charm : ages to his bravery ; and yet he re Let me, ye wandering spirits of the

wind, * Hamilton's Conic Sections. Who, as wild fancy prompts yor, † Sullivan's Lectures.

touch the string,


Smit with your theme, be in your er she brought thee ; the pride of chorus joined,

her parents and the garrulity of her For, till you cease, my muse forgets mother will become insupportable. to sing

The gallantries of your wife will In the Castle of Indolence he has torment you with jealousy, and you this beautiful description of it :

will have reason to doubt the father of your reputed children.

Now, A certain music, never known be. 'young man, divine if thou canst, and fore,

chuse if thou darest." This anecHere called the pensive melancholy dote of Socrates I give on the aumind,

thority of Valerius Maximus. So. Full easily obtained.

Behoves no crates was probable suffering from

the stings and arrows of outrageous But sidelong to the gently moving Xantippe, he was writing under the wind

pangs of despised love, when the To lay the well-tuned instrument re

young man unfortunately went to clined,

ask his opinion, and therefore it is From which, with airy flying fingers

not entitled to much respect. light, Beyond each mortal touch, the most

We agree with the wise Theogrefined,

nis, and acknowledge, that in the The God of winds drew sounds of wide range of the bounties of hea. deep delight,

ven, there is no gift, bestowed on Whence with just cause the Harp of man, deserving so much thankfulÆolus is hight.

ness, as that of a good wife. But

what do you call good ? Here is the Mason, in his ode to this harp, difficulty; this is the knot; this the describes its mysterious influence perplexity. I cannot tell what you with poetical nicety, as affecting us and other men would like, but most sweetly,

know exactly what would please

such a curious kind of being as myWith many a warble wild, and artless self. I would never marry for moair.

ney ; for contracts of bargain and sale in matters of matrimony were

invented by internals for the deep Picture of a Wife.

damnation of man; they are legisla

tions of wrong, and indentures of inThe wise Theognis told his coun. famy. I should like well enough trymen, that that man was the rich- that my wife might be handsome, est and most happy, who had found though this is a minor consideration ; an amiable and virtuous wite. So. for real beauty is not to be found, crates, however, was of a very dif- and I care not to be hunting for it ferent opinion young man once through city and country all the days consulted him to know, whether he of my life. The mild lustre of Phoswould advise him to marry or not ; phor is not seen in the face of the to whom Socrates thus replied : daughters of Eve, and where is the “Young man, which ever of the two being who sheds soft beams from her evils you chuse, you will most cer. eye, like those of the planet of evetainly have cause for repentance. ning ? Let her person have the form If you should prefer celibacy, you of elegance, and the sweetness of will be solitary on the earth, you purity; her dress should be full of will never enjoy the pleusures of a taste, and let her manners be those parent; with thee will perish thy of a gentlewoman, for country simrace, and a stranger will succeed to plicity is mere country awkwardthy property. If you marry, expect ness, and that I cannot away with. constant, chagrin and quarrels with. If her ancestors were not illustrious, out end. Your wite will be con I should hope that her family name stantly reproaching you of the dow• might be respectable.

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Her disposition, I insist on this, It has been remarked that the must be gentle and soft, like the dew friend the inost ardently disposent to in the vallies of Languedoc, like the promote the interests of his friends, midnight music of romance from the but feebly adopts his passions. This battlements of Udolpho. She shall is because interest is the same with not be churlish, and peevish, and every one ; but the passions only fretful, and scolding: but let her have exist for him who experiences them. good nature in full abundance, and Every one sees at a glance what a kind words, looks, and smiles, plen- thousand a-year is worth, and can tiful and pleasant, as thick, ripe calculate what houses and furniture, wheat in autumn. Then her mind what horses and carriages, it will must be cultivated. This too is es. purchase. But the charms of a sential. She must love to read; mistress make but a feeble impresshe must be able to think, and have sion on him who is not enamoured opinions of her own. I wish that with them. He thinks but lightly she inay relish the poets of England, of the happiness of nbtaining her; love the morality of Johnson, ard and, unless he is himself in love, it the courtly sense of the Spectator, requires a great la our of the ima. and that her soul may be attuned to gination to form an idea of the pain the sweetest melody, by the wild of losing her. The principle, therewarbling of the bard of Avon. She fore, of interest which inspires us should read and remember the his. resides within us. We can be made torians of Great Britain, and know to laugh only in consequence of our what may be easily known of her cheerfulness; and vexed and irri. own country. Lastly, and above tated only from our own impatience. all, she must study the bible, be a christian, and reverence her God.

For the Literary Magazine.

New Mode of lending Money.


The following is extracted from

To the Editor, &c. the new edition of the Works of Dr. SIR, Franklin, lately published in Lon I AM naturally an admirer of don:

poetry, yet I do not think it neces. " I send you herewith a bill for ten sary to attribute to it a divine origin, louis d'ors. I do not pretend to or suppose that it cannot be progive such a sum. I only lend it to duced without something resembling you. When you shall return to your preternatural inspiration I can als country, you cannot fail getting into low it to arise from the greatest some business that will in time ena excellency of natural disposition, or ble you to pay all your debts. In that the greatest power of native genius, case, when you meet with another ho- without exceeding the reach of nest man in siinilar distress, you must what is human, or granting it

any pay me by lending this sum to him, approaches to divinity, which is, enjoining him, to discharge the debt I doubt, debased or dishonoured, by by a like operation, when he shall ascribing to it any thing that is in be able, and shall meet with such the compass of our action, or even another opportunity. I hope it may comprehension. Nor can I allow thus go through many hands before poetry to be more divine in its effects it meet with a knave to stop its pro- than in its causes; nor any opegress. This is a trick of mine for rations produced by it to be more doing a good deal with a little no than purely natural, or to demand męy. I am not rich enough to afford any other sort of wonder than the much in good works, and so am effects of music, or of what has been obliged to be cunning, and make the called natural magic, however exmost of a little."

traordinary any of these may have VOL. VIJI. NO. L.


appeared to minds little versed in the odes of Stesichorus into the the force of numbers or of sounds, greatest kindness and esteem ; and, or in speculations on the secret pow. that as many men were passionately ers of nature. Whoever talked of enamoured by the charms of Sap. drawing down the moon from hea. pho's wit and poetry as by those of ven by verses or charms, it is most beauty in Phryne or Thais. For it obvious, either believed not himself, is not only beauty that inspires love, or too superstitiously and foolishly but love gives beauty to the object believed what others have told him, that excites it ; and if the passion whose simplicity, it may be, had be strong enough, let it arise from been practised on by some artful what it may, there is always beauty poet, who, knowing the time when enough in the person who inspires an eclipse would happen, told them it. Nor is it any great wonder that that he could by the charm of his such force should be found in poetry, verses call down the moon at such since in it are assembled all the an hour, and was by them thought powers of eloquence, of music, and to have performed it.

of painting, which are all allowed to When I read that fine description make such strong impressions upon in Virgil's eighth eclogue of all sorts human minds. How far men have of charms and fascinations by verses, been affected with all or any these by images, by knots, by numbers, by needs little proof or testimony; the fire, by herbs employed upon occa. examples have been sufficiently sion of a violent passion from a jea. known in Greece and in Italy, where lous or disappointed love, I have re some have fallen absolutely in love course to the strong impression of with the beauties of works of art fables and of poetry, to the easy produced by painters or statuaries, mistakes of popular opinion, to the and even painters themselves have force of imagination, to the secret become violently enamoured with virtues of several herbs, and to the some of their own productions, and power of sounds.

doated on them as on a mistress or If the forsaken lover, in that fond child. To this some allusion eclogue of Virgil, had expected only seems to be made by the Italians, in from the force of her verses, or her the distinction they make of pieces charms, what is the burden of her done by the same hand, into those song, to bring Daphnis home from produced con studio, con diligenza, the town where he was gone, and or con amore, of which the last are engaged in a new amour; if she always the most excellent. But no had pretended only to revive an old more instances of this kind are nefainting flame, or to extinguish a cessary than the stories related and new one that was kindling in his received by the most authentic anbreast; she might, for aught I know, cient writers of the two Grecian have obtained her end by the power youths, one of whom ventured his of such charms, and without other life to be locked up all night in a than very natural enchantments. temple, that he might admire and For there is no question but true embrace a statue of Venus there set poetry may have the force to raise up, and there designed for another passions or allay them, to change or kind of adoration ; the other pined to extinguish them; to temper joy away and died, in consequence of and grief; to excite love and fear; being prevented from perpetually or even to turn fear into boldness, gazing on, admiring, and embracing and love into indifference, and into a statue at Athens. hatred itself; and I can easily be The powers of music are either lieve that the disheartened Spartans felt or known by all men, and are were re-animated, and recovered allowed to act in a most extraorditheir lost courage, by the songs of nary manner on the passions, and Tyrtæus ; that the cruelty and re even the frame and constitution of venge of Phalaris were changed by the body ; to excite joy and grief,

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