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lip, and thy breath exhales sweets Or winter rises in the black’ning like the apple blossom ; black are east, thy locks, my Evelina! and polished Be my tongue mute, my fancy paint as the raven's smooth pipions the 110 more, swan's silver plumage is not firer And, dead to joy, forget my heart to than thy neck, and the witch on love beat!" heaves all her enchantments from

THOMSON. thy bosom.

THE labours of an individual in Rise, my Evelina ! the sprightly promoting any branch of science, if beam of the suri descends to kiss thee, judiciously directed, must invariawithout enmity to me, and the bly be useful and instructive to manheath reserves its blossoms to greet kind. The application of different thee with its odours; thy timid lo- minds to different pursuits is the ver will pluck thee strawberries surest method of diffusing general from the awful lofty crag, and rob knowledge; for if every learned the hazel of its auburn pride, the man was determined to direct his sweetness of whose kernel thou far attention to the investigation of exceedest; let my berries be as red one particular object (to astronomy, as thy lips, and my nuts ripe, yet for instance), the world at large milky as the love-begotten fuid in would be deprived of many sources the bridal bosom.

of amusing information, which Queen of the cheerful smile! shall at present result from the united I not meet thee in the moss-grown efforts of those who devote cave, and press to my heart thy their time and thoughts to various beauties in the wood of Iniscother? other pursuits. Thus the acquireHow long wilt thou leave me, Eve- ment of knowledge in the more prac. lina, mournful as the lone son of the tical sciences would be totally nerock ; telling thy beauties to the glected, and what little we at present passing gale, and pouring out my understand, would be entirely forgotcomplaints to the grey stone of the ten. Science of every description valley ?

is eminently useful in two ways: Ah! dost thou not hear my songs, first, in improving the arts, and diO virgin! thou, who shouldest be recting them to the purposes of the tender daughter of a meek-eyed life; secondly, in cultivating and mother!

ameliorating the powers of the unWhenever thou comest, Evelina, derstanding. thou approachest like summer to the The antiquary confirms or refutes children of frost; and welcome with the conjectures of the historian: the rapture are thy steps to my view, biographer enters minutely into eve. as the harbinger of light to the eye ry petty trait of the character he is of darkness.

describing, and attends solely to the life and actions of one man; while the historian, more comprehensive in his views, depicts the characters

and manners of a whole people, For the Literary Magazine.' showing their blind attachments, or

unprovoked prejudices; and at the ON THE PLEASURES AND USES same time unfolds to us the remark

ARISING FROM THE STUDY OF able occurrences of past ages. Thus NATURAL HISTORY.

a knowledge of striking events, and

by what means they were produced, * For me, when I forget the darling

is added to an acquaintance with theme,

the characters of those who effected Whether the blossom blows, the them. summer ray

All pursuits are in some degree Russets the plain, inspiring autumn dependent on each other, and a new gleams,

discovery in one branch of science

often assists or explains a difficulty arrange and to admire the works to be found in another. All depart. of nature. Every thing is assigned ments of knowledge have their ap.. to his direction, and rendered subpropriate beauties, every fresh ex. servient to his use. In reviewing amination of which must produce the rural productions around him, new ideas for the philosophic mind he can proudly say, to ruminate upon; and present new sources of pleasure to those who de- “ For me kind nature wakes the gelight to follow the inviting voice of nial shower, truth. We are too apt to look with Suckles each herb, and puts forth indifference, or even contempt, at every flower; the enthusiastic followers of such Annual for me, the grape, the rose pursuits as have not excited our

renew own inquiries; and, on the other

the other


The juice nectarious, and the balmy hand, to attach a greater degree of

dew; importance than may seem just, to

For me, the mine a thousand treathose objects which we ourselves

sures brings ;

For me, health gushes from a thous are in search of; but let us remem.

sand springs; ber that every one has the power of

Seas roll to waft me, suns to light me directing his own footsteps, and of

rise ; selecting that department of science My footstool earth, my canopy the which to his own judgment holds skies.” forth the most alluring temptations. Strenuous exertions in any cause Man is the only animal in the vast must prevail, and, when applied to chain of being, that can reflect upon knowledge, cannot fail to contribute the benevolence and goodness of greatly to the general stock of hap- Him who formed the world from an

indigested chaos; he can admire Among the numerous avenues to and feel the Omnipotence that the temple of science, that delight. “ caused herbs to grow for the use ful path which leads us to “ look of man;" while the brutal creation, through nature op to Nature's God” though next him in the system of unust attract the attention of every nature, are fattened with fruits, ingenuous mind. To contemplate the without being able to regard the ever-blooming beauties of nature tree that produced them, or the Inust infuse into the heart an ardent power that supplied them. Since, desire to become acquainted with then, we occupy so superior a stathe natural productions around us, tion in the created world, it is our and which so essentially contribute duty to become acquainted with the to the comforts and conveniences of objects around us, especially as mankind. By an attention to the they afford the most refined delights, study of natural history, we are and are the greatest springs of usesupplied with the necessaries as ful knowledge. To whom are we well as luxuries of life; and the to look with confidence for improvefarther they are investigated, the ments in the actual conveniences of greater benefits will undoubtedly life, but to the investigator of the accrue to society, since the simple wonders of nature? discoveries of the naluralist have Minerals are a source of profit to already tended far more to the im- the adventurous and ingenious, as mediate good of his fellow creatures, well as of the greatest use in the than all the interesting researches common purposes of life. The of the scholar, the sublime flights of stately column, and the splendid the poet, or the sober accuracy of mansion, could never have been the historian. Man, the only inha. raised, but for the stone and marble bitant of the globe capable of ap. taken from the bowels of the earth. preciating the economy and harmo. Commerce could not be so regularny of the creation, was destined to ly conducted without the aid of sil.


ver and gold; while every day's ex. The important services rendered to perience unfolds to us the excellen. mankind by larger animals, are too cies of less valuable though more well known to require any notice; useful metals. It may be said, that but much remains to be done as to discoveries of the greatest impor- the investigation of evils, caused by tance have generally been found out numerous insects, which, though by chance, and that we are not in small, and seemingly innoxious, cardebted to the actual researches of ry devastation and ruin wherever the naturalist for them. For in- they go. The remedy of this misstance, we know not 10 whom our chief can only come from the entothanks are due for the discovery of mologist. The “ close connections, the unerring magnet, nor by what nice dependencies," of the three means it was detected; but we kingdoms of nature upon each other know that if experiments, resulting are very apparent: plants and anifrom a desire of becoming acquaint. mals, for the most part, flourish ed with the productions of nature, from the nutriment afforded by the had not been practised upon it, we earth; and man, in return, is nou. should at this day have remained rished by plants and animals. totally ignorant of its use,

The objects which excite the atThe vegetable kingdom more im. tention of the naturalist are dispersmediately assists our animal enjoy. ed all over the habitable world, and ments. Healing and nutritive plants act alike upon his feelings, whether are for the most part distinguished he contemplates them on his native from poisonous and noxious weeds, plains, or by the place which they hold in the system of botany. A botanist tra.

“ At the farthest verge velling in an unknown region, and

Of the green earth, in distant barba. surrounded by plants quite new to

rous climes, him, would be able to tell the virtues Rivers unknown to song, where first of any herb he might meet with,

the sun and apply it accordingly, from the Gilds Indian mountains, or his setting analogy which it bears to a salurary

beams or hurtful department, and thus pro- Flame on th’ Atlantic isleg." cure a comfortable subsistence ; while the unskilful collector might Such are the uses, and such the be poisoned amidst a copious selec. pleasures, which result from the tion of salubrious plants, froin not study of Nature ; her beauties will being able to judge of their qualities ever afford delight, while every and analogies. The fruits of the fresh inspection of her charms must earth supply us with grateful food, more strongly convince us of the afford sensual delight, and at the wisdom and power of Him who same time they raise our ideas to “ formed, sustains, and animates the the contemplation of infinite wisdom whole.” and goodness. The fast-drooping flower, sad emblem of our short du. ration, gives us the comfortable as. surance of “ another and a better For the Literary Magazine. world.”

THE LESSON OF FRUGALITY. " Shall I be left abandon'd to the dust,

An Anecdote. When fate relenting bids the flower revive ;

ABOUT the middle of the last Shall Nature's voice, to man alone century, a venerable old Dutch genunjust,

tleman, who had passed through all Bid him, tho' doom'd to perish, hope the offices in one of the principal to live?

towns in Holland with honour and VOL. VIII. NO, L.

reputation, and had gained great taste, and renew the appetite of riches without reproach, resolved the whole company. To this were to retire for the remainder of his added generous burgundy: sparkling days to his country-seat. In order champaign, in short, a choice of the to take leave of his friends and ac- best wines commerce can procure quaintance in a handsome manner, in a trading country ; and, that nohe invited the young and the old of thing might be wanting that could both sexes (persons of the first please the senses, as soon as a sumpfashion in the place) to an enter- tuous dessert was bought in, a melotainment at his own house. They dious concert of a variety of instru. assembled with great expectations; ments of music was heard in the but, to their no small surprise, saw next room. Healths went round, a long oak table, hardly covered with mirth increased, and the old gentle a scanty blue cloth, on which were man, seeing that nothing but the alternately placed platters of butter departure of him and the gravest milk, sour-crout, pickled herrings, of the company was waited for to and cheese. The rest of the cheer give a loose to joy and pleasure, was made up with butter and rye. rose up, and thus addressd his bread, and cans of small-beer were guests : at hand for those who chose to “ Ladies and gentlemen, I thank drink. Trenchers served instead you for the favour you have done me of plates, and not a single servant by honouring me with your compaattended. The company secretly ny. It is time for one of my age to cursed the old man's humour ; but, withdraw; but I hope those who on account of his great age and still are disposed for dancing will accept greater merit, they restrained their of a ball which I have ordered to resentment, and appeared contented be prepared for you. Before the with their homely fare. The old fiddles strike up, give me leave to gentleman, seeing the joke take, make a short reflection on this enwas unwilling to carry it too far; tertainment, which otherwise might and, at a signal given, two clean appear whimsical, and even foolcountry maids, in their rustic garb, ish. It may serve to give you an cleared the table, and brought in idea of the source of our wealth the second course. The blue cloth and prosperity. By living after the was changed for white linen, the penurious manner exhibited in the trenchers for pewter, the rye-bread first course, our ancestors raised to houshold brown, the small-beer their infant state, and acquired to strong ale, and the mean food in- liberty, wealth, and power. These to good salted beef and boiled fish. were preserved by our fathers, who The guests now grew better pleas- lived in that handsome but plain ed, and the master of the feast more way exemplified in the second pressing in his invitations. After course. But if an old man may be he had given them time to taste the permitted, before he leaves you, second course, a third was served whom he dearly loves, to speak up by a maître d'hótel in form, fol. freely, I am really afraid that the lowed by half a dozen powdered profüsion which you have witnessed seants in gaudy liveries. The in the last course will, if we conmost beautiful flowered damask was tinue it, deprive us of those advanspread on a sumptuous mahogany tages which our ancestors earned table; the richest plate, and most cu- by the sweat of their brows, and rious china, adorned the side-board; which our fathers, by their industry whilst a profusion of soups, olios, and good management, have transtame and wild fowl, fricassees, ra. mitted to us. Young people, I ad. gouts, in a word, all that the art of vise you to be merry this evening, a modern French cook could pro- but to think seriously to-morrow on duce, ranged in a well-disposed ju the lesson i have given you to-day. dicious order, seemed to court the Good night.”. ,

For the Literary Magazine. from Elsineur of the Sound is

about 21 English miles. The city DENMARK

was founded in the 12th century,

and was originally a place of reTHE awful circumstances in sort for fishermen only. The har. which this kingdom is placed induce bour is circular, and the entrance us to hope that the following brief into it from the sea is a channel or account of that monarchy may not gut, the middle of which only is be unacceptable to our readers ; navigable. The water on each side

Denmark consists of several is. is very shallow, and defended by a lands in the Baltic ; and of Jutland, peculiar kind of military work callSleswick, Holstein, and Norway, ed naval horns, the nature and upon the continent of Europe ; Ice strength of which merit a more deland and the Ferrol isles, in the tailed explanation. They are made North sea. The following is the of large beams, from 60 to 50 feet present state of its naval and mili. long, shod with iron, and put totary force :

gether like chevaux de frize. They

are then put on flat-bottomed vesLine of battle ships,

27 sels, and sunk, three, four, and Frigates,

14 five feet below the surface of the Flat bottomed boats, mount

water. In the belts, and other pasing 2 cannons,

300 sages, particularly in the narrow Seamen,

20,000 channels, where the water has neiMen in the dock-yards, 3,100 ther tide nor current, they are ea

sily laid down and taken up. The The land force of Denmark is as Swedes were the first who made follows:

use of these works, and they have

subsequently been adopted both at In Denmark and Hoistein. Cronstadt and Copenhagen.

Elsineur was a small village till Infantry,

24,000 1446, when it was made a staple Cavalry,

6,000 town by Eric of Pomerania, who Militia,

17,000 conferred several immunities upon Fencibles,

11,000 it. From that period it has gra

dually increased in size and In Norway.

wealth ; and is now the most comInfantry, ed . 14,000 mercial town in Denmark, except Cavalry,

3,000 Copenhage!), from which it is disMilitia,

13,000 tant two miles. It contains about Fencibles,

5,000 6000 inhabitants.

The passage of the Sound is Grand total 95,000 guarded by the fortress of Cron

berg, which is situated on the edge The entire population of the of a peninsular promontory, the kingdom of Denmark may be esti. nearest point of land to Sweden mated at upwards of 3,300,000. Its distant about three miles. 1 is revenue exceeds 2,000,0001. sterlingstrongly fortified towards the land and the whole kingdom contains by ditches, bastions, and entrench163,041 square miles. Her troops ments, and, towards the sea, by seare brave, and her seamen well veral batteries, mounted with sixty skilled in nautical affairs.

pieces of cannon, the largest forty. Copenhagen, which is the capi. one pounders. Every vessel, as it tal, is situated in a bay or haven in passes, lowers her top-sails and pays the island of Zealand, and contains a toll at Elsineur. It is generary about 100,000 inhabitants, and more asserted that this fort guards the than 180 streets, with remarkably Sound, and that all vessels must, well built houses. Its distance on account of the shoalness of the

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