Page images

It was

its propylæa or vestibule.

was sculptured the birth of Miners built by Pericles, who coated the va. It is lamentable to behold the front and steps with white polished ravages that travellers have made marble. Its five gates still remain, upon the inimitable relievi of this but the largest or central is the only and the other temples. With difone not filled up. Between them ficulty I discover what they repreare doric pilasters, which contri. sent, as not a figure is entire. The bute much to the beauty of their ap- noblest sculpture of Athens that has pearance. Indeed to behold this escaped the injuries of time, &c., is edifice without the liveliest sensations now scattered over Europe, and of admiration and pleasure, even as lodged in the cabinets of nations, it now is, seems to me impossible ; whose barbarous ancestors were not conceive then what it must have known even by name to the polished been when embellished by the sculp- inhabitants of Greece. The Parture of Phidias, and unimpaired. thenon was the principal temple of The first object that meets the eye the Acropolis, and generally the on passing it is the temple of Mi. most admired; but I think with nerva; called Parthenon in honour little reason, as that of Neptune, of her virginity, and from its di named Erectheus, is of far more mension of a hundred feet in width elegant, if of less noble architecture. Ecatompedon. It was held in the It is like the Apollo of the Belvedere, highest veneration by the Athenians, the unrivalled master-piece of its as the supposed habitation of their kind. When I had seen the Corintutelary deity, whose statue it con thian temple at Nismes called La tained. In this celebrated image, Maison Quarree, I despaired of which was made of gold and ivory, ever again beholding a building 36 cubits in height, Phidias display that would afford me such comfort ed all his art. When the Persians in the contemplation of it. In Italy took possession of this city, they and Sicily I found nothing comparaburnt the Parthenon with the other ble with it, but on turning from the temples, and I might say fortu- Parthenon, how great was my astonately, as it happened at a period nishment and delight to behold a but little antecedent to the time model of Ionic-structure, than which when the polite arts had attained nothing could be more simple, and to perfection ; when Pericles, with yet more sublime! It is impossible the aid of Phidias, Callicrates, and to mistake it, from the description Ictinus, rebuilt it. The emperor of Pausanias, who calls it diploun Hadrian, whose attachment to A. Oichema, a double building, the two thens was continually displayed in parts of it being joined together at his munificence, repaired it so ef- right angles. The one is dedicated fectually, that it continued almost to Neptune or Erecthous, and the entire from his reign to 1687, when other to Minerva Polias, protecunfortunately a bomb fired from the tress of the citadel. By their junccamp of Morosini, the Venetian ge tion the Athenians symbolized the neral who besieged Athens, fell reconciliation of these deities after upon and destroyed the roof. Its their contest for naming Athens. decảy since that accident has been In the former was the salt spring rapid, and its richest ornaments produced by a blow of Neptune's pillaged. It was raised on a base trident : in the latter the olive tree, of six steps : its peristyle had forty Minerva's more profitable gift, and six columns, eight channelled in her image said to have fallen from each front, and fifteen plain at the heaven, which was guarded by a sides. They are feet and serpent of uncommon size called a half in height, and six in diameter. oicouros Ophis: the superstitious Its mutilated entablature represents Pausanias knew not whether to rebattles between the Athenians and ceive or reject this miraculous stoCentaurs, with religious ceremonies; ry. Adjoining to the Polias is a processions, &c. On the posticus small temple erected in honour of

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Pandrofos, the faithful daughter of Cecrops. To her and her two sis For the Literary Magazine, ters, Herse and Aglauros, Minerva entrusted a chest which contained

THE OLIO. the infant Erectheus guarded by a serpent, with strict and solemn injunction not to examine its contents. The curiosity of the two elder pre. Advice to a young lady, who receiv. vailed over every other considera ed the addresses of a gay and tion, and induced them to open it, pirofligate young man, in opposi. when they were immediately render- . tion to her friends : exemplified ed frantic, and threw themselves in the story of Almeria. over a precipice. Pandrofos was true to her charge, and therefore worship- My dear Serina, ped jointly with Minerva : so that YOU are now arrived at that pe. when a heifer was sacrificed to the riod when the unexperienced heart goddess, it was accompanied with a most requires a guide, to point out sheep to her. The order of archi- the many dangers that attend our tecture in this temple is (I believe) feeble sex through life : the smoothno where to be found but here; est path of which, however flatterits entablature being supported by ing it may appear to the youthful five female figures (originally six) eye, though adorned, as it were, called Cariatides instead of columns with flowers perfumed with the As this building was constructed fragrance of Arabia, is too often about fifty years after the sack of strewed with thorns, which harass Athens by the Persians, it is conjec- the feet of those who step most cautured, and with all probability, that tiously, from the sceptred mothe order was designed as a satire parch on the throne, to the sorrowupon Arthemisia queen of Halicar worn object who begs for alms from nassus in Caria; who, though in door to door: ways beset with origin a Greek, assisted the Persian snares and wiles unseen, in which with a fleet against her mother the unwary are too often precipitatcountry. The Cariatides are ad- ed, and, if a female, they “ fall to mirably finished, and their robes ex. rise no more.”

How necessary, tremely graceful, as is also their then, for the gay and thoughtless, head-dress. These figures have as well as the daughter of sensibility, been spelled Caryatides from a sup to listen to the dictates of Prudence; position that they were intended to how necessary for you, my dear represent women of Carya in Pelo- girl, whose bosom glows with that ponnesus, a city in league with the painful and dangerous sensation, to Persians ; but this is a weak conjec. grant her a conspicuous place in ture, as their Asiatic dress alone your bosom. She will guard, Seriwill prove the contrary. The Pan- na, each avenue there ; and prevent drosium contained Minerva's olive your deviating from rules long since tree, called Pagcophos from its prescribed for the sex, a deviation branches bending downwards when that would most assuredly bring on they had grown up to the roof. you the reproaches of your own These are the only remains of the heart; a deviation which the too Acropolis, the foundations of the partial world makes a point never walls excepted. I visit the divine to forgive. Too partial I say, for Erectheum every day, and am only how often are the profligate, the fearful that the barbarian mussul. gay and fashionable libertines of the mans who garrison the citadel will age, encouraged and caressed by suspect me of some design against our sex, even perhaps at the moit, and, by exclusion, debar me of ment when their cowardly hearts the most exquisite pleasure I can may be flushed with a victory over receive at Athens.

some poor ruined female, who, for

rage vice.

saken by him in whom her soul why, when we were taught to reveconfided, is left to bemoan her own rence virtue, the love of which we credulity and his broken faith. equally alike imbibed in nourish

Woman, my dear Serina, is ne ment from our mother's bosom, ver so lovely, never so resembling thus countenance the unprincipled what Milton, that first of poets, so Philario? Is he not infinitely more beautifully fancied our first mother, culpable than the poor desolate Maas when acting with a dignity be. tilda, who, forsaken by a partial and coming the sex : a dignity which ill-judging world, nourishes her inwhen wanting degrades us at once fant, the infant of her betrayer, at to a level with the vicious of the hes hapless bosom, a bosom pure other. How greatly then do we as the unsullied snow, ere made a disparage ourselves, by not spurn- prey to his perfidious wiles. Nay, ing those destroyers of innocence smile not, Almeria, the comparison and associates of infamy from our was a just one. Did she not reprivate assemblies, by not convin- semble the lily of the valley, adorned cing them, by a frown of indignation, with her own innocence ? Have that our souls are of a texture too we not seen her cheerful as the pure to countenance those who even first dawn of May, while bestowing seek not to hide the enormity of her unwearied attention on a belove their conduct. Why it is that the ed, aged, and infirm parent? Have world has established such customs ? we not seen his furrowed cheek customs that must inevitably encou wet with her tears, while she sup

ported his venerable form? Behold Yet dare, Serina, to be singular, her now in her solitary retirement; dare to prefer the man of principle to your favourite jasmine is not more him who knows it not; so will you live pale than her once vermilion cheek, in the estimation of men possessing while her downcast eye has totally sense and integrity of heart, be lost its former brilliancy, and acquir. esteemed by the amiable of your ed the settled look of despair. own sex, and convince even the li. How can my sister think on her bertine that the innate principles of fall from virtue, and smile on her your heart are those of rectitude. destroyer, the perfidious Philario? Shun the vicious, as you wish for I confess, answered Almeria, Phi. happiness; you cannot love Virtue, lario to be somewhat dissipated at and at the same time smile appro- present, but a reformed rake, says bation on the contemners of her the proverb, makes the best huslaws. Rely not on your own band; nor do I like him the worse strength; it may deceive, for, with for a trifling wildness. He dare no propensity to act unworthily, not insult one deserving his esteem ; you may be drawn aside from pro- rely upon it, Emily, it is the levity priety by countenancing, if not the of our sex that induces the other to votaries of vice, yet those who act, treat us indignantly. in respect to woman, with no prin But, my dear Serina, mark the ciple. A melancholy example is sequel, and profit by the lost Almeengraved on my mind, written there ria's fate; for Almeria, the self-confias with a pen of adamant.

dent Almeria, hitherto admired for Almeria, the lovely Almeria, propriety of conduct, gay, yet mowas the sprightly daughter of viva. dest in her demeanour, ere many city. The graces sported around months had flown, became a victim her beauteous form, while her ani. to the wretch Philario. Humbled, mated countenance charmed the degraded in her own estimation, eye of every beholder; nor did even experiencing the bitter poignancy of the envious dare to intimate that self refsection, the very luminaries of her internal beauties were exceed- heaven became painful to her sight, ed by external charms. Why thus, every eye that met hers, she fancia Almeria, said her sister Emily's ed, wore the lock of contempt, and




reproachingly seemed to inquire for her once boasted virtue.

For the Literary Magazine. Philario appeared and offered his hand, but she spurned him from TWO SAVINIAS; OR, her, with the contempt he merited. Wretch, she cried, would you tyrannize over me for years yet to

From the French. come? will marriage restore innocence? will it obliterate memory? AT the castle of Schindelingen, can I, or will you forget my shame? in one of the wildest districts of Away, I want not your pity! away, Switzerland, two sisters lived, and my love flew with my innocence ! were brought up together. Born The grave shall shelter me, there on the same day, they were nurtured I will take refuge.

at the breast of the same mother, To Emily she said, Forbear, my with the same care, and the same sister, speak not of life, speak not tenderness. Nature had formed of forgiveness; though the world them after precisely the same model. should never know my shame, or, Never did two living beings appear what is of far more consequence, more exactly alike. They had the should my infamy never wound the same features, the same tone of bosom that cherished my happy in- voice, and to the exact conformity fancy, or raise a blush on the cheek of their exterior corresponded their of my sister, never, never could I character and inclinations. They be at peace with myself, or wish to delighted in the same sports and live the polluted wretch I am. the same amusements, as they

Nor did she long exist for the charmed by the same graces ; and, finger of scorn to point to, or to war that no distinction might be made with her own frailty. A fever, the between those whom nature had effect of an agonized mind, seized chosen to render so similar, the unrelenting on her tender frame, same was given to them. nor loosed its hold until the vital Savinia was the name of each, and stream forgot to flow. Soon came seemed to blend in one the persons the morn that saw her numbered of those whose sentiments, habits, with the unthinking dead, that and lively affection for each other, freed her spirit from the loathed exhibited no difference. clay. Pure in itself, it sought its Antonia, their mother, had long native skies, refusing, as it were, to been the victim of the prejudices of inhabit a tenement, however lovely, her parents, and the preference contaminated by vice.

they gave to an elder sister ; and Oh may this mournful instance of had vowed, before she became a female error, of the danger of mother, to tear from her heart countenancing the dissipated, serve every sentiment which might proas a memento to my dear Serina, duce the slightest inequality beand induce you to prefer the man of tween the children that might be virtue to those boasters of their own born of her. On the day when shame. A smile bestowed on a li. she gave birth to her daughters, bertine, those starers who put inno- she therefore thanked Heaven for cence to the blush, ill becomes the having thus, beyond her expectalips of a modest woman. Love is a tion, facilitated the accomplishdangerous guest to the heart of sen. ment of her resolution. She threw sibility ; when permitted in bosoms away the tokens that had been fastsuch as yours to gain admittance, ened to them in order to distinguish

them, and wished, by renouncing In vain will Prudence, lovely matron, the power of recognising a diffe. plead,

rence between them, to destroy And deaf to her dictates you'll be even the possibility of injustice, and ļost indeed.

deprive the objects of her affection


of all pretext for jealousy. If service to your sister when she may the maternal eye could discover in want it. Ought any other emula them some slight shade of diffe- tion to be permitted between the rence, which by it alone could be children of the same father ? discerned, she never betrayed the Never did one of the two Sa. secret of the discovery. No person vinias imagine it possible that she could perceive but that the two could enjoy a pleasure of which her Savinias were to Antonia one and sister did not partake, till the mothe same person. Never did the ment when one receive a caress which the

They were sixteen years old. A other might not believe was equally young stranger arrived at Schindeintended for herself. If one had lingen. He was most agreeable committed any fault, the mother and interesting in his person and reprimanded or enjoined a penance manners : they were amiable and to her who first presented herself, charming. Both felt an equal who, if she were not guilty, never emotion at the sight of him. But complained, since she had been ac one of these pleasing females having customed to believe that herself first displayed for him the sensibility and her sister were the same. Nei- of dawning affection, fixed that ther ever thought of saying—It love which it appeared otherwise was not I; for had the penance impossible should be guided by been inflicted on her sister, she choice. For the first time, one of would have suffered equally :

in the Savinias was told that she was fact, perhaps, still more, for we preferred to her sister, and for the suffer less when we suffer for those first time she felt a pleasure in the we love. But how much must thought of such a preference. For each resolve no more to be guilty the first time she was gratified by of a similar fault, since the punish- being loved alone, or rather she ment of her offence might fall upon did not advert that love was beher sister! It is rarely that those stowed on her to the exclusion of who love nothing can be corrected her sister. Perfectly happy herself, of any thing : it is only when we could she imagine that the compalive for another, that we know the nion of her life suffered any pain? true value of our own virtues. Yet, while preparations were mak

There was no particular quality ing for her union with her lover, in either from which a common ad- her unfortunate but involuntary vantage did not result to both. rival, the prey of love and regret, 'The very slight difference which reproached herself with suffering existed in their external appearance, while her sister was happy. At was somewhat more sensible in their length her secret escaped her: she intellectual faculties. One had the revealed her love, and confessed her stronger memory, and occasionally shame and her sorrow to her sister. displayed the most acuteness and From that time was her sister, bewit. But it was never intimated to fore so happy, a stranger to repose : them that this was perceptible, her happiness was odious to her, Frequently she who could learn with since it cost her that of her sister. most facility recited the lesson of Determined each to sacrifice herher sister ; and this without artifice; self to the other, they no longer for she would say, with great sim- confided their real intentions to plicity, my sister could not learn each other, but bore their sufferings her task : I have learnt it for her in silence, and pined away, and at besides my own : that is all the length sank to the grave one after same, you know.' This was ac the other. Their parents did not cepted; and Antonia only said to long survive them. The castle of the other take care to apply Schindelingen was deserted ; and yourself to your lessons, that you nothing now remains but the rock may be able to render the same on which it was built, the tomb,

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