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well as to the various branches of her body, or her reserved manners, the mathematics.

conceived and communicated their In the month of February, 1797, suspicions. And accordingly one she resolved to address the supreme day a young gentleman belonging to council of war at Vienna to be ad. the town said to her ingenuously, mitted an officer in the army, sup. “Do you know, ensign, what these la. porting her application by the most dies observe of you ?” she immedihonourable testimonies of conduct ately suspected where the blow and talents, which the academy was directed; but, concealing her could not refuse her, and accompa. alarm, she answered she should be nying these with more eloquent glad to know in what respect she vouchers, viz., the prizes awarded had attracted their notice. " Why,” her during the two preceding years. replied the gentleman, “ they ob

The supreme council being at this serve in you the air and manner of time particularly in want of good a lady." On this she fell a laughing, officers, to replace the great num- and, with an arch and lively air rebers who had fallen in the preceding joined, “ In this case, sir, as the de. campaigns, readily appointed her to cision of the question is competent an ensigncy in the regiment of St. to a lady, I beg leave to select your George.

wife for my judge.” This proposal Her promotion being notified to however, he did not think proper to her through the channel of the aca- accept, and, wishing to disengage demy, she immediately set out for himself, protested that he was far Vienna, whence she received orders from believing any such thing, and to join a transport of recruits in only hinted at what mesdames N. Hungary, and proceeded with it N. had suspected. She withdrew to the Upper Rhine, where the bat. earlier than usual that day, and pass. talion lay to which she was appoint. ed rather an uneasy night. But ed. This battalion was composed of having fully meditated on her situaWaradiners, and was commanded tion, she resolved to bear herself by major Seitel. It was stationed through, put on a good face, appear on the right bank of the Rhine, in at the cassino next day, and there the neighbourhood of Kehl, and at hold the most gallant and free disthe extremest outposts, when she course with the ladies, in order to joined it, but shortly after was oblig. remove, if possible, their suspicions. ed to retire to the town of Manheim, Accordingly, after complimenting the enemy having passed the Rhine them, she brought the matter on the between Kilstett and Deershem. carpet, and declared, that, far from

At length the peace of Campo being offended, she found herself Formio put an end to the campaign, highly flattered, in hopes, that the and mademoiselle Scaganatti having opinion they entertained would renpassed about sixteen months in dit der them less difficult to favour her ferent cantonments in the empire, with a verification to enable them Silesia, and Stira, received an order to pronounce their judgment with to repair to Poland, to join the fourth greater certainty. This produced battalion of the regiment of Wenzel the effect she wished: the ladies, Colloredo, then commanded by ma. astonished by this military air of jor Deeber.

frankness, immediately retracted She was now stationed in the their opinion, saying “ You are too town of Sandomir; and here she ex. gallant, ensign, for us to presume perienced the most distressing in doing you any farther the injury of quietudes, through the dread of her believing you a lady ;” and thus the sex being discovered. As she fre. matter dropt. quented the cassino, where the most Sometime after, having received select company associated, some orders to proceed to Chelm, she had of the ladies who assembled there, the good fortune to escape the pry. either through the conformation of ing looks of the fair-sex there, who

obliged her to use uncommon cir- red to it when the promotions were cumspection. But she fell sick on proposed, but that they would not the road, and was obliged to stop at fail to take the first opportunity of Lubin, the head.quarters of the doing justice to her merit; and in battalion. On this occasion she fact she obtained a lieutenancy on was under much obligation to cap- the 1st of March following: tain Tauber, of the same regiment, She was now placed in the battawho showed her uncommon marks lion of reserve, which generally reof humanity, attention, and kindness, mains inactive in cantonment, and in a country where she was quite a was then under the command of stranger. Here also she had some lieutenant-colonel Einsfeld. But anxdifficulty to conceal her sex; for ious to share in the glory of the being affected with a general debili- campaign, she solicited to be transty, she was obliged to commit her- ferred to one of the battalions of the self in all her wants to the care of same regiment which were then a soldier who was her servant, but acting against the enemy in Italy, who happily for her was a young and she was in consequence apman of such simplicity, that she ran pointed to the sixth, then encamp. no risk from his penetration. ed on the mountains to the east of

She had scarcely recovered, when, Genoa, which she joined without having received notice that the delay. council of war had transferred her Here she was encamped with to the regiment of Bannat, she re her battalion, commanded by major ported herself ready immediately to Paulich, and sharp skirmishes and join ; and, notwithstanding the ad- actions more frequently took place vice of her present commander to than at any other of the outposts. suspend her journey until she had She fought under that officer partisufficiently recruited her strength, cularly in two battles that took she persisted in undertaking it, and place on the 14th and 15th of De. arrived on the 6th of May, 1799, at tember, 1799, in the neighbourhood Penezona, in the Bannat, where the of Scoffera, and at Torriglia, where staff were stationed.

she had the satisfaction of penetrat. Some promotions were at this ing first into the enemy's intrenchcrisis taking place in the regiment, ed redoubts, which the enemy were and being one of the oldest ensigns, then forced to abandon, but which she expected to be promoted to a they retook next day, through the lieutenancy, but was no less sur- superiority of force with which they prised than hurt to find two young- renewed the attack. er ensigns preferred to her. Being In this unfortunate affair the brave sure of her ground, in so far as to major Paulich being severely woundknow that the conduct-list given in ed and made prisoner, with a part her favour by the regiments in of his battalion, the main body of which she had before served had the army in that neighbourhood, unleft not the smallest room for re der the command of general count proach, notwithstanding her mild de Klenau, was obliged immediately and patient character, she present to retire. Ensign Scanagatti was ed very sharp remonstrances, pro. then ordered to post himself at Bartesting that she should be ashamed ba Gelata, with a small detachment, to continue to wear the uniform of in order to cover the retreat on the regiment, if it did not repair that side ; and on the 25th of the the injury done her. In answer to same month received orders to join this remonstrance she received a the battalion lying at Campiano and rescript of the 13th of July, which Castlebardi, districts belonging to entirely satisñed her, the regiment the duke of Parma. declaring that the mistake proceed Captain Golubowish, and after ed from not having known that en- him captain Kliunowich, succeeded sign Scanagatti had been transfer. to the command of the battalion,

which, about the end of February, she hesitate a moment to fly to the 1800, was sent into quarters at Leg- bosom of her family (always dear horn. At this time ensign Scana to her), as soon as peace should gatti having been dispatched on re take place, and which could not be gimental business to Venice, Man at a great distance; but she begged tua, and Milan, had the satisfaction him to reflect, that she would lose to revisit her family in passing the little merit she had acquired in through Cremona, of which town her career if she should quit it at her father was then intendant. that crisis. Lastly, that he might

Here she stopt a day and two perfectly tranquillize himself on her nights. Her mother during all that account, seeing that, in the course time never quitted her sight; and of three years and a half, she had having remarked in the morning, been able happily to support her that, when dressing, she laced her character in the midst of an army, chest very straightly, to efface eve and in a variety of critical situary exterior sign of her sex,

and tions. In this manner she took that so strong a compression had leave of her parents, and proceeded there already produced a certain to execute the remainder of her degree of mortification and some li- commissions. vidity, madame Scanagatti commu

Meanwhile her father resolved to nicated her fears to her husband, go to Milan, and in this dilemma to that their child would soon fall á be guided entirely by count Cocas. victim to a cancer if they delayed teli, a nobleman who had much relonger obliging her to quit the ser. gard for him, and who, being comvice.

missary general of his imperial maThe father, from the moment the jesty in Lombardy, and near the news reached him that his daughter army of Italy, could be of service to had introduced herself to the acade. him in an affair of such delicacy. my as a boy, had never ceased to In consequence of his advice, importune her to return to the avo and through the medium of the cations of her sex, but at the same count, he addressed a memorial to time carefully concealed this trans- his excellency baron Melas, disclosaction of a daughter of whom he re. ing the story of his daughter, and ceived the most satisfactory reports, soliciting for her an honourable disand from whose spirit he had also charge. to expect some imprudent resolu The lady in the mean time have tion if counteracted by violent ing executed her commissions, while means. He now reflected seriously her father was, unknown to her, enon the most efficient means to be gaged in this scheme, returned to employed to calm the uneasiness of her regiment, which she found at his wife, and, if possible, to with- the outposts of the blockade of Gedraw his daughter without irri: noa, encamped on Monte-Becco, tating her feelings. He renewed and near Monte-Faccio. On the the attempt to engage her volunta same day that this latter place cary compliance, insisting strongly, pitulated, she received notice tha' among many other dangers to the commander-in-chief had sent a: which she was exposed, on the dis. order to the battalion to permit lieucovery made by her mother, and of- tenant Scanagatti to proceed to join fering to accommodate her in his his family at Milan. This permission, house with every thing that could unsolicited by her, was equally disgive her satisfaction.

agreeable and unexpected. She This attempt was however fruit- immediately perceived that it must less. She answered respectfully, have come through her parents; that she would not fail to pay atten- but, though cruelly disappointed, tion to what her mother had re she consoled herself that she was marked respecting her; nor would not discovered to be a girl, but was VOL. VIII. NO. XLIX.

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WINTER

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treated as an officer in the very or For the Literary Magazine. der of the commander-in-chief; and what confirmed her in this flatter. THOUGHTS ON THE APPROACH OF ing idea was, that next day being at dinner with general baron de Gottsheim, commanding the divi IN a short time the warmth which sion of the imperial army in this has so long invigorated the air, and neighbourhood, she was always ad. the splendour which has cheered dressed by the title of lieutenant, the human heart, and made the and nothing occurred that gave her fields laugh and sing, to use the the smallest suspicion that her sex emphatical language of scripture, was known.

shall yield to the gloom of winter, Amidst these reflections she re. and the smile of nature be sucsolved, on the 3d of June, 1800, to ceeded by her frown. Nature will proceed on her journey towards her in this country wear an aspect as paternal mansion, but on the 8th of different from what it has done for the same month, having learnt at some inonths past, as perhaps it Bologna that the enemy had just wears in different parts of the uni. entered the Milanese, she thought verse. It does not appear probable it advisable to direct her route to that, were we indulged with the pow. Verona, to which the staff of the er of travelling from travelling from Austrian army was then transfer- planet to planet, nay, could we con. red. She there applied for and ob- tinue our voyage even to the comets tained a route for Venice, themselves, we should meet with where her father then was, and greater opposites, than the congealwhere she remained, tired of an in- ing cold of winter, and summer's sulactive life, till the peace of Lune. try heat. Yet it would be presumpville permitted her to return with tion in us, who are confined to so safety to her country. And it was small a part of the creation, to conwith no small regret that she left clude that heat and cold are the only off a uniform obtained through the principles of nature. In other most signal merit, and supported in parts of the universe the air may be the most honourable and exemplary endowed with the power of operating manner.

in a quite different manner, a power To attest the truth of which, and which would, in all probability, dethe well-merited opinion of her zea. stroy such brittle frames as ours, if lous and faithful services, the com our senses were not altered. But such mander-in-chief, general baron Me- philosophical speculations are not so las, in a rescript of the 23d of May, naturally suggested by this vicissi1801, announced to the supreme tude of seasons, as those moral recouncil of war, that on the 11th of flections calculated to amuse the July, 1800, he had conferred her gloom of melancholy, check the sallieutenancy on her brother, who lies of levity, and open to the soul was then a cadet in the regiment the exhilarating prospects of hope. of Belgiojoso.

That a time, to outward appearance, It is only necessary to add, that so dismal as winter, should be a this adventurous young lady, having season of pleasure, ought to encouresumed her sex, in the bosom of rage those who consider the world her family is no less a pattern now in a bad light, as an abode of misery of female merit, than she had for- and a vale of tears; for if the inclemerly been of military conduct, ful. mency of the weather only changes filling with unexampled sweetness or increases our pleasures, how can and equanimity of temper, the of- it be looked upon as an evil? yet the fice of governess to her younger sis. pleasures enjoyed during the winter ters, and otherwise assisting her ve season in populous cities by far exnerable mother in the details of ceed those of a country life, the hur. family management.

ry of dissipation being more to the

It was

general taste of mankind than the man, to accompany him in his paintranquillity of retirement. None ful career, to sweeten his labours, but minds of a philosophic turn and charm away his cares. This are touched with the beauties of was its first employment. nature, but the gaiety of London or afterwards consecrated to divine Paris strike the minds even of the service ; and having thus risen in most superficial. Yet whilst the dignity, it became of principal acyoung and fashionable enjoy the count among the people, in accompleasurable season, the vicissitude panying the traditional narratives, by which it is produced should put relative to the characters and exthem in mind that youth itself will ploits of their ancestors. Hence it have an end ; and that when they came to be the first science wherein are declined into the vale of years, their children were instructed. Muthey will be so far from having a sic, and poetry its ally, accompanied stronger relish for pleasure, that all all their studies. They even deified their enjoyments will grow tasteless those who were first distinguished and insipid. But no reflection sug- in it. Apollo was of this number. gested by this variation appears Orpheus, Amphion, and Linus, for more useful, or more proper to be their eminent talents in this art, inculcated, than that, from this mu.

were accounted more than men. tability of nature, it is natural to in. Philosophers applied themselves to fer that man is a progressive being, it. Pythagoras, Socrates, and Plato and that his existence is to be con recommended it as worthy of being tinued through an infinite variety of cultivated, not only by their disciscenes and changes, every one of ples, but by the best regulated states. which will add to his perfection and The Grecians, and particularly increase his felicity. This Mr. the Arcadians, enacted the study of Thomson has finely expressed in it by law; regarding it as indispenhis philosophical poem on the sea. sably necessary to the common wel

fare. A science so generally cultiThis infancy of Nature cannot be vated should have arrived at perGod's final purpose.

fection very early ; yet did it conFrom hence likewise an argu

tinue in a state of imbecility, and ment may be drawn to silence those without principles, till the times of who cavil at the dispensations of di- Pythagoras. vine Providence. Since our present

Till the time of this philosopher, state is so transitory, it would be un

music was so vague and uncertain, reasonable to wish that its enjoy. that it required an extraordinary ments should be of so exquisite a na.

effort of genius to reduce it to method ture as to attach us to it too strong the proportions which sounds bear

and order. He precisely determined ly, and so make the prospect of losing itunsupportable. The mixture of evil to each other, and regulated harmo. which we see in this world may ny upon mathematical principles. then be properly compared to the But he let the precision of his mind cold of winter, which by the coun

carry him too far, in subjecting muterbalancing its pleasures, makes sic to the judgment of reason alone, people more ready to resign them, and admitting no pauses or rests, but and retire into the country without such as had an arithmetical or geo« repining

metric proportion in them. Aris. toxenes, the disciple of Aristotle,

thought, on the contrary, that this For the Literary Magazine. subject came entirely within the

verge of hearing, and that the ear was the only judge of sounds. He

therefore regulated the order, uniMUSIC is as ancient as the world. son, and break in tones, solely by It seems to have been born with the judgment of the ear, and his sys

sons:

ON THE MUSIC OF THE ANCIENTS.

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