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he turns his attention, he will equal- of genius, and then they are equally ly excel. But although he has an fitted for plodding at any thing. equal capacity of excelling in any But, even if such a sensation should science, he cannot become an adept occur, it will hardly infuse into them in all; universal knowledge is not that spirit of emulation which a to be grasped by a human capacity. wise parent can.
It is then geneHe must give his whole mind to one rally the fault of the parents if the or two sciences, these will be con- child's genius does not point exactly nected with several others, in which as they would have it. he will collaterally make a conside When chance* fixes the genius rable progress. It is rare, indeed, of a child, it very often inspires it to find a man eminent in two oppo- with as strong an aversion for one site branches of knowledge.
science as it does with love for < But if it be true, that children another. In vain is it compelled to are born with an equal capacity of study what it hates; compulsion inexcelling in every science, how creases the disgust; it receives only comes it that when they are ar- unpleasant sensations; and, were it rived at years of maturity, and to five to the age of Methuselah, it their parents are desirous of fixing would not be perfect in its rudi. them in a particular trade or pro- ments. fession, they find in them an invin We will now inquire,
by what cible dislike to it, and that their in- means can the genius of a child be clination and talent lie quite a diffe. formed to any particular science, so rent way; and that children who as to ensure his attaining a consideare remarkably clever in some rable eminence in it?” things, are frequently as stupid in By placing him in situations the others?"
best calculated to excite strong The first object that strikes chil- sensations, and at times when they dren forcibly, and excites in them will strike him most forcibly. an uncommonly strong sensation, Would I, for example, make my fixes their genius ; it instantly leads child a painter ? his toys should al. them to a science, in which they most entirely consist of pictures : find delight, and the pleasure it af- and whenever I'rewarded him for fords induces them to bestow upon being good, it should be by a present it labour and attention ; it is, there- of one particularly pretty. I would fore, impossible but that they should point out to him their various beau. excel in it. The improvement they ties, give him a pencil and some make is always in proportion to the paints, tell him to copy them, and that keenness of their sensations.
when he had drawn those he had Parents should fix upon a profes- got, I would give him others; and sion for their children as soon as when he had attempted it, reward they are born ; and, when the first and applaud him, I would teach dawning of reason begins to appear, him how to hold his pencil, and use the necessary means to form sometimes guide his hand. As soon their genius accordingly. They al as fit he should have a master. I most universally think that they would frequently take him out and have done their part in sending show him the finest prospects, and them to a reputable school, and giv- point out to him distinctly their paring them a good classical education. ticular beauties, and, upon the spot, This is the least part of education. make him endeavour to imitate Some casual occurrence fixes chil. them. In order to fire him with dren's genius, and the odds are very emulation, I would relate to him the much against its being fixed according to the parent's wishes, unless, * I here use the word chance in the indeed, it should happen that, by sense that Helvetius does, viz: “An never experiencing a strong sensa unknown concatenation of causcs, caltion, they should remain destitute culated to produce certain effects.”'
high estimation in which great pain. take him to the most curious manuters have been held, and, as soon as factories, and reward him accordhe was able, make him read over ing to the attention he bestowed upand again the lives of the most emi- on them. His rewards should connent ones.
sist of new pieces of mechanism Would I make him a poet ? all and new tools, and I would press his little histories should be in verse: much upon him the estimation in I would read to him the plainest which ingenious mechanics pieces of poetry, and dwell particu. held. larly on the rhyming syllables. I Children and men act equally would make hini read the lives and from a desire of happiness; that is works of the most celebrated poets,' the only end they aim at. In very and enlarge upon their great repu- early age they are not able to comtation ; and, as soon as he was able, prehend that virtue and wisdom re. make him write verses, attending ward themselves; the idea is too only to the measure and rhyme; large for their infant minds; they and, as his reason matured, he therefore look forward to the pret. should attend to the sense. All tiest toy as the summit of pleasure. these he should read over to me. I At first therefore they must be rewould carefully point out to him warded with toys (which, as I have their errors and defects, and re. before said, should always be conward him with a new poem.
ducive to the formation of their geWould I make him a legislator? nius), but, at the same time, their his little books should be on morals, virtue and merit should be applaudand the lives of great statesmen and ed; the desire of applause will plilosophers. These I would ex. thereby insensibly blend itself with plain to him ; as likewise the politi. the desire of a toy, till by degrees cal occurrences of past and present they acquire a strong spirit of emutimes. This I would do daily, and lation. But in infusing into them his faculties would soon begin to en. this spirit, we must be careful not large and comprehend them. I to inspire them with a contempt for would dwell strongly upon the im. other sciences, or lead them to mense benefits great legislators con think that the master of any other fer upon mankind. I would often profession is greater than themtake him to the legislative assem selves. The first will render them blies, and daily examine him to self-conceited, arrogant, and narsee what new ideas he had ac. row-minded : it will induce them to quired. His rewards should consist entertain too high an opinion of in philosophical, moral, and politie themselves, and to think that they cal books.
have already attained perfection, Would I make him a mechanic? and thereby raise an insuperable I would give him toys of ingenious barrier against further improveconstruction ; these I would pull to ment. The latter will disgust them pieces and put together again before with their own profession, for emuhim, pointing out their particular lation borders so near upon ambiformation, and the manner in which tion, that a man strongly filled with they acted. I would likewise make it cannot brook a superior ; but if him endeavour to put them toge- he believe himself upon an equality ther, and cut out and construct little with him, he is satisfied; the hightrinkets, &c., and always mend his er the other carries his attainments, own toys, and, when he succeeded, the more will he redouble his dilireward him with a new piece of gence to keep pace with him. mechanism. I would take him to Astheir reasoning powers enlarge, different workshops, and point out we should peculiarly dwell upon the to him the manner in which the excellence of virtue and wisdom, workmen constructed their differ- and demonstrate how essentially ent articles : I would afterwards they are interwoven with their real
happiness. We must not only ren ture of the medicines which the der them skilful in their particular venerable Tawas, the black eunuch profession, but endow them with all with the white beard, was in the the requisites of a good man and a daily habit of bringing from the shop good citizen. A moderate degree of the apothecary, the sage of Zulof literary knowledge is therefore pha has left uş unacquainted; pernecessary for every person.
haps, as he had once dabbled in “ But when the child's genius is physic himself, he was jealous lest strongly fixed another way, how such an acquisition to medical scican it be made to acquire it?" ence should extend beyond the limits
Whatever a child's genius is fix. of the haram of the magnificent ed upon, it takes delight, and is de. Mirza, or, at the utmost, beyond the sirous of being occupied in: if then walls of Ispahan: for it is certain, I found that it had imbibed an that, whether they appeared in the aversion to literary pursuits, I would shape of pills, draughts, juleps, exselect a few books of the most use tracts, emulsions, or what not, they ful information, and before I suffered had a wonderful effect on the conit to play or study its favourite pur- stitution of the beautiful and intesuit, oblige it to read attentively a resting patient. small quantity. By this means it While that impatience of conwould soon acquire a sufficiency of troul which we formerly hinted to this knowledge.
be a symptom of the disorder of the We must be careful not to keep lovely Zulima subsided, her former them too long at their studies, espe- fascinating bloom and clearness of cially againt their inclination, or of complexion, with all the animattheir minds by being fatigued willing graces that darted from her grow heavy, and lose their elastici. eyes, and played about her features, ty. Moderate recreation is there- and her former affability, also refore absolutely necessary.
turned. Neither should we be too prone Mirza was in raptures at the reto find fault, but, on the contrary, storation of his darling daughter. applaud them whenever we can. His liberality to Nadir, whom he Harsh treatment always casts extolled as the Persian Esculapius, gloom upon their spirits, and tends was unbounded. He presented him immediately to the destruction of with a house near his palace, furnishemulation ; when they find they ed in a stile that, while it delighted cannot please, they lose the desire Ismael, was the wonder of Abud and of pleasing Gentleness, on the his former neighbours, some of contrary, is the nurse of emulation; whom were once heard to remark, the child will labour for a smile, that “ Noblemen took strange fanwhen it believes its reward is sure. cies." He also procured him a di
ploma from the college which was founded by Normahal at Delhi, and
still retains his name; for the sage For the Literary Magazine. and scientific physicians of Ispahan,
for some reason which certainly had AND FATIMA; OR, THE neither jealousy nor envy for its APOTHECARY OF ISPAHAN. basis, refused to admit him into
their order. Mirza said that their (Continued from page 142.) malignity arose from his having
dared to soar beyond the limited THE interviews of the learned rules of their practice, and perform Nadir with the lovely Zulima were a cure which showed the fallacy of frequent. His morning visit was, fixing principles upon so unsubstanby her desire, often protracted till tial a foundation as the fluctuations noon; yet she sent for him again of the human mind, and the insta. early in the evening. With the na- bility of the human constitution.
But men who are either influenced and way-worn®faquir, and now exby the ebullitions of joy or grief will hibited such splendour. “ For mysay any thing.
self," he exclaimed, “I am at the Leaving the happy father (who, height of happiness; and while the as has been seen, had not without divine Ismael continues to reside in reason obtained the appellation of this mansion, affluence and content the magnificent Mirza,) to receive will support its elevated dome!” the congratulations, not only of the “ Long may affluence and content, court of Ispahan, but of the sophy though they may perhaps be deemed himself, let us turn our telescope, the high and the low pillars of sociand catch at least a distant view of ety, support the dome of the manthe scientific Dr. Nadir, settled as sion of the benevolent Nadir," said he actually was in an elegantly fur. Ismael, who now entered. “While nished house, surrounded with slaves, his fortune," he continued, “extends with a carriage at his command, and increases, may that humility of and appointed physician, not only to mind which renders him assailable to the noble Mirza, but to many other the complaints of wretchedness, and great fazilies; for though the facul. that liberality of sentiment which ty wish to conceal it, we, who are, induces him to extend his cares. we think, out of their reach, and to all mankind, ever remain with therefore care but little for their him!” threats, shall not : he had become “For your good wishes, example, the fashion in Ispahan, and of con- and indeed assistance,” replied Nasequence was as sure of becoming dir, “ I am bound, son Ismael! if I the possessor of a brilliant fortune may still use that familiar and enas if he had been the owner of the dearing title, I am bound, I say, to diamond mine which has been so relurn my sincere acknowledgments. often mentioned.
Your generosity, divine and beautiSeated on the elevated apex of ful youth! not only furnished me this mountain of prosperity, Dr. with the means of being useful to Nadir was still a man of reflection. mankind, but set me the example : It was still his habit, as he smoked therefore, if I have any merit, or his morning's or afternoon's pipes, have had any success, it is entirely to review his past life, and, as he owing to your celestial influence." was also a man of piety, to thank Ismael is said to have blushed at the Omnipotent for the success that the sublime stile which the learned had at length attended his indefati. doctor had newly adopted, and cergable endeavours.
tainly did betray some marks of unAfter Alla and his prophet, the easiness; when he replied, “ There gratitude of Nadir rested upon Is. is nothing, my friend ! my adviser! mael. From his arrival he dated my nominal father! either celestial the change that had taken place in or extraordinary in my composition! his circumstances; and all the good I am a mortal, weak, and in many fortune that had attended him he respects unfortunate, and perhaps deduced from his influence.
in none more than in having, from “ The wise, the amiable Ismael," circumstances, determined soon to said he, in the effusion of his grati. abandon your protection, and leave tude, “ is certainly a benevolent ge- this hospitable mansion.” nii, who has taken me into his pro “ My fears are realized !” extection."
claimed Nadir: “ let no man hereWhen an idea of this kind gets after value himself upon his prospeinto the head of a man of learning, rity!" it generally spreads. Nadir had, «Why so ?” returned Ismael ; from reflection, convinced himself,“ prosperity is by no means connectthat there was something superna- ed with me. The child of misfor. tural in the appearance of that be- tune! I am borne by the gales of ing who had come to him as a poor adverse fate from place to place up
on the face of the earth! I shall “ Misfortune," says Mirwa, the surely find rest at last!”
philosopher of Zulpha, whom we “ Will you then leave me, oh Is. have so often quoted, seldom mael! my tutelar genius ?'' cried comes alone.” Before the sage Dr. Nadir, prostrating himself
Nadir had recovered from the dis. “ Rise, oh sage Nadir!” exclaim- order which the late interview oced Ismael, in the utmost confusion. casioned, Tamas the eunuch ap“ The imperative decrees of fate peared to request his attendance will, perhaps, hurry me away, but upon Zulima. never shall 1, in any situation, forget 6 How is your young lady this my friend!"
morning ?” asked the doctor. “What then,"cried Nadir, “will “ Her brother Omar,” answered become of the lovely Zulima? Her Tamas, “ she has just heard, is existence depended upon daily, nay well; the army has drawn nearer almost hourly, hearing of Ismael! to Ispahan ; she is therefore in Can I, to soothe her mind, submit to higher spirits than usual." utter the dictates of falsehood? No! “ So much the worse,” said Nadir. Alla and his prophet forbid! Yet " The worse !” exclaimed Ta. if her mind is not attracted to this subject, she will relapse into her “ No !” cried Nadir hastily, “ former deplorable state of distrac mean the better : better or worse, tion. On Zulima ! beautiful, fasci. in medicine, are relative terms, and nating Zulima! lily of the vale of frequently mean the same thing." Zenderhend! soon will thy head be 6 I never knew that before,” said bowed again to the earth!
the eunuch. Never was astonishment equal to “ So much the worse !” cried the that of Ismael as this passionate ex doctor. clamation of Nadir's, and the emo “ I confess myself totally ignotion with which it was accompanied. rant of physic! I never take any." “ Zulima! who is Zulima ?” he he. “ So much the better! You now sitatingly asked, doubtful whether, see,” said Nadir, “ the relation of from the observations he had alrea- these phrases to things. In the dy had occasion to make in the first of these instances I spoke to course of this conversation, some you as a doctor, in the second as a distemper was not operating upon friend; in the distinction betwixt the mind of his friend : however, these lies all the difference ; this is he again ventured to ask, “Who is the grand arcanum of the science Zulima ?”
of medicine." « Zulima !” repeated Nadir; “ Wonderful !" cried Tamas. 46 she is the daughter of Mirza the 66 Shall I inform my lady that you magnificent! There!” he exclaim- will come ?" ed, with increased emotion, “ I have “ Certainly ! hold! I will go with again betrayed my lovely patient! you. While in conversation, I seem I ought to have concealed her name a little to recover my spirits.” and her weakness !"
“ Your spirits !” “ You have not betrayed her to “ Yes! to be sure! how can a phyme, I do assure you,” returned Is. sician convey spirits to his patients, mael; “ for I never have heard of if he has none for himsef." her before, and am, from your pre
« True!” said Tamas.
« How sent emotion, inclined to think, that little am l acquainted with physic !” you are alluding to a being of your 66 So much the better, I repeat," own mental creation. However, said Nadir; “ people become acas your disorder seems to increase, quainted with it as they do with a for fear you should be led to say bailiff, through necessity, and, like what might be either improper or him, it is apt to gripe. However, useless for me to hear, I will retire you must learn something of it from till you are more composed.” me as we ascend the carriage ; for VOL. VIII. NO, XLIX.