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THOMAS CORIAT was born at

as hard knocks as it received, his Odcombe, near Ewel, in Somerset- bluntness repaying their abusiveshire, and bred at Oxford, where ness.” Prince Henry, king James' he attained to a considerable profi- son, allowed him a pension, and reciency in the Greek and Latin tained him in his service ; and Cori. tongues. Having a great desire to at was constantly introduced with travel, he visited several parts of the dessert at all court entertainEurope, and, at his return, after six ments. Amongst others that writ months' absence, printed in the year mock commendatory verses upon 1611, an acount of what he had seen,

“Coriat's Crudities” was John Tayunder the title of “ Coriat's Crudi lor, who, being a waterman, was call

These verses ties.” This book, which had a pro-ed the Water Poet. digious sale, was, according to the gave great offence to Mr. Coriat, fashion of the times, ushered into who complained of them to king the world with no less than sixty en

James. They were those which comiums in verse, penned by the follow : most celebrated wits of the times. These poems were written in an

What matters for the place I came ironical style ; but Coriat was proud

from,

I of them, and understood them in a am 1

no dunce-combe, coxcomb, Od.

comb Tom; literal sense. Indeed, he appears to have been a man of excellent parts

Nor am I like a woolpack cramm’d

with Greek, and learning, but of weak judgment, Venus in Venice minded to go seek ; and therefore has been said to be And at my back return to write a vothe anvil on which the courtiers in

lume the reign of James I tried their In memory of wits Gargantua column, wits ; but it is added, “ this anvil The choicest wits would never $Q sometimes returned their hammers

adore me,

VOL. VIII. NO, XLIX.

1

Nor like so many lacquies run before

Tea-urns.

me :

new.

But, honest Tom, I envy not thy state, Tea-urns pass for a modern and There's nothing in thee worthy of a British invention : their appli. hate ;

cation only is

There is Yet I confess thou hast an excellent among the finds at Pompeii, prewit,

served in the museum of Portici, an But that an idle brain doth harbour

urn containing a hollow metallic it; Fool thou it at court, I on the Thames,

cylinder, for the insertion of red hot So farewell Odcomb Tom, God bless

iron, in which water was thus kept

boiling. The whole apparatus in king James !

form and structure closely resem.

bles our own utensils. Hero, in his Taylor, the Water Poet.

Pneumatica, describes this machine by the name anthepsa.

Cicero

mentions it in his oration for RosIt is well known that James I cius Amerinus as of Corinthian oriwas ambitious of being considered as gin. The Chinese have it not ; for the Solomon of the age he fived in. in Kien Long's Ode to Tea he desJohn Taylor, a watermana

pap the cribes a kettle on the fire. Thames and a poet, and therefore al. ways stiled the Water Poet, laid hold on this to flatter the monarch on the

Tobacco. following occasion : Having offend. ed Coriat by his writings, that ce

The Marrow of Compliments lebrated traveller presented a peti- (Lond. 1654) contains the following tion to king James, praying that Tay. lor might be punished for his inso. song in praise of tobacco : lence. Taylor followed the com- Much meet doth gluttony procure plaint with a counter-petition, con To feed men fat like swine; ceived in the following sonnet : But he's a frugal man indeed

That with a leaf can dine. Most mighty monarch of this famous He needs no napkin for his hands, isle,

His fingers' ends to wipe, Upon the knees of my submissive That hath his kitchen in a box, mind,

His roast-mcat in a pipe.
I beg thou wilt be graciously inclin'd
To read these lines my rustic pen
compile :

The Dunmow Bacon.
Know, royal Sir, Tom Coriat works
the wile

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This whimsical institution, it Your high displeasure on my head to should seem, was not peculiar to bring;

Dunmow. There was the same in And well I wot the sot his words can Bretagne :-" A l'abbaie Sainct

Melaine, près Rennes, y a plus de In hope my fortunes headlong down six cens ans sont, un costé de lard to fling

encore tout frais et ordonné aux The king whose wisdom through the premiers, qui par an et jour ensem. world did ring

ble mariez ont vescu san debat, Did hear the case of two offending grondement, et sans s'en repentir.”

harlots; So I beseech thee, great Great Bri- Contes d'Entrap, t. ii. p. 161.

tain's king,
To do the like for two contending
'varlets ;

Dr. Bentley
A brace of knaves your majes-
ty implores

During the celebrated controverTo hear their suits, as Solomon sy betwixt Mr. Boyle and Dr. Bentheard whores.

ley, on the subject of the Epistles of

file,

A pig
A capon

OOOOOOOOOOO

A goose

Phalaris, some Cambridge wags

Wax.chandlers. made the following pun : They exhibited, in a print, Phalaris's guards In days of old, when gratitude to thrusting Dr. Bentley into the ty- saints called so frequently for lights, rant's brazen bull, and this label is- the wax-chandlers of London were suing from the doctor's mouth, “I a flourishing company : they were had much rather be roasted than incorporated in 1484, and the folboyld!

lowing more frugal than elegant repast was given on the occasion :

I, s. d. In St. Saviour's church, South- and two loins of veal

Two loins of mutton,

0 1 4 wark, London, among innumerable

A loin of beef

0 4 others, is the following epitaph on a

A leg of mutton 0 0 23 monument for Richard Humble, his

0 4 wife, and two children.

0 0 6 A coney

0 0 2 Like to the damask rose you see,

One dozen of pigeons 0 7 Or like the blossom on the tree,

A hundred eggs

0 0 81 Or like the dainty flower of May,

0 6 Or like the morning of the day; Or like the sun, or like the shade,

A gallon of red wine 08
A kilderkin of ale

08 Or like the gourd which Jonas had : Even so is man, whose thread is spun,

0 6 0 Drawn out, and cut, and so is done. See Pennant, p. 437. The rose withers; the blossom blast

eth; The flower fades ; the morning hast. To a young lady, on her birth-day. The sun sets; the shadow flies ; The gourd consumes; and man he In Nature's bloom of form and mien;

Now, Mary, thou art sweet eighteen, dies.

Taste and good humour to delight

thy friends;

A mistress of the dance and song, Theodore, King of Corsica.

Neat repartee upon the tongue,

And music, Mary, at thy finger ends. When Theodore, the unfortunate

Now beaux their love-tales will be. king of Corsica, was so reduced as

gin ; to lodge in a garret in London, a number of gentlemen made a col. The tall, the short, the thick, and thin,

The fool, the man of sense, the gay, lection for his relief. The chair

the sombre : man of the committee informed him And would old Time, the thief, alack, by letter, that on the following day, Give me but half a century back, at twelve o'clock, two gentlemen

I certainly should be among the would wait upon him with the mo.

number. ney. To give his attic apartment an appearance of royalty, the poor O may thy future minutes fly monarch placed an arm-chair on Without a tear, without a sigh, his half-testered bed, and, seating Rich with the world's enjoyments, himself under the scanty canopy,

full of spirits ; gave what he thought might serve Forgiving then my thief, old Time, as the representation of a throne. I'd praise the rascal in my rhyme, When his two visitors entered the For doing so much justice to thy room, he graciously held out his merits. right hand, that they might have the honour of kissing it. Ireland's A poor Scotsman having been Hogarth, vol. 1. p. 12,

worsted in a law-suit he had

eth ;

score.

brought before the court of session the second representation of Vole against his rich landlord, as he was taire's celebrated tragedy of Zara. coming out of the parliament house On its first representation, the play observed the city of Edinburgh's was received with the loudest ap. arms then inscribed over the gate, plause; but the author conceived that Nisi Dominus frustra (without the some alteration in several passages Lord its in vain), shook his head, would greatly increase the effect of and said, “ very true; Unless you the piece. Voltaire accordingly did be a laird it is in vain to come introduce some alterations, and prehere."

sented the play in the improved state to the several performers.

Dufresne, who personated the prinDon Quixote.

cipal character, refused to attend to

the alterations, and no entreaties It seems a problem in literature, could prevail on him to give them that a nation the gravest and most the smallest notice. It was necesseriously disposed by its natural sary to have recourse to a stratatemper, and the gloomy despotism gem to gain Voltaire's object. He of its government and religion, was apprised that Dufresne was veshould have produced the most live- ry fond of a good dinner, and he ly work that ever was written. It determined to address him on this abounds in original humour and ex

Voltaire got a pie prepared, quisite satire. It displays the most filled with partridges, and sent it to copious invention, the most whimsi. Dufresne's house by a person who cal incidents, and the keenest re was carefully to conceal from him marks on the follies of its cotempo. from whom the present came. The raries. There is no book in what present was graciously received, ever language that so eminently and immediately made part of an possesses the power of exciting entertainment which Dufresne haplaughter. The following anecdote pened that day to be giving to may be recorded as an instance of it: party of friends. The pie was

Philip III, being one day at a bal- opened ; and to Dufresne's no small cony of the palace at Madrid, ob- surprise, each partridge contained served a young student on the bor- in its mouth a copy of the alteraders of the Manzanares, with a book tions in Zara. He was so well in his hand, who, as he read, exhi- pleased with the conceit, that he rebited the most violent marks of ex- studied the part; and a present of a tacy and admiration, by his gestures partridge-pie was the means of givand the repeated peals of laughtering stability to one of Voltaire's best which he sent forth. Struck with tragedies. the oddity of the sight, the king turned to one of his courtiers, and said, “ Either that young man is out of his mind, or he is reading For the Literary Magazine. Don Quixote." The courtier descended for the purpose of satisfy

ON EDUCATION. ing the curiosity of the monarch, and discovered that it actually was a volume of Cervantes, which the youth was perusing with such de

To the Editor, &c. light.

SIR,

THE child is born without ideas,

consequently without any natural Anecdote of Voltaire.

genius : his mind, therefore, is not

formed for any particular science; A curious circumstance is men the whole field of knowledge is open tioned in a French paper, repecting to him, and to whatever part of it

LETTER III.

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