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hatched. When the worms escape comb I placed under another glass from the eggs, they are fed for bell, No. 2, with a few drones, a eight or ten days with honey by the queen, and a number of common working bees. After that period bees proportioned to the size of the they shut up the mouths of the cells, glass. The result was, that, in the where the worms continue inclosed glass No. 1 no impregnation hapfor ten days more, during which pened; the eggs remained in the time they undergo their different same state they were in when put transformations,
into the glass; and, upon giving the “ I immersed," says Mr. De- bees their liberty on the seventh braw, all the bees in water; and, day, they all flew away, as was when they appeared to be in a found to be the case in the former senseless state, I gently pressed eve. experiinent; whereas, in the glass ry one of them between my fingers, No. 2, I saw, the very day after in order to distinguish those armed the bees had been put under it, the with stings from those that had impregnation of the eggs by the none, which last I might suspect to drones in every cell containing be males. Of these I found sixty- eggs; the bees did not leave their seven, exactly of the size of common hive on receiving their liberty ; and, bees, yielding a litle whitish liquor in the course of twenty days, every on being pressed between the fin- egg underwent all the above mengers. I killed every one, and re tioned necessary changes, and formplaced the swarm in a glass hive, ed a pretty numerous young colony, where they immediately applied in which I was not a little startled again to the work of making cells; to find two queens.” and, on the fourth or fifth day, very
The appearance of a new queen early in the morning, I had the in a hive where there was no large pleasure to see the queen bee de. or royal cell, made Mr. Debraw positing her eggs in those cells, conjecture that the bees are capawhich she did by placing the poste. ble, by some particular means, of rior part of her body in each of transforming a common subject into them. I continued to watch most a queen. To ascertain the truth of part of the ensuing days, but could this conjecture, he provided himself discover nothing of what I had seen with four glass hives, into each of before. The eggs, after the fourth which he put a piece of brood-comb day, instead of changing in the man taken from an old hive. These ner of caterpillars, were found in pieces of brood-comb contained the same state they were in the first eggs, worms, and nymphs. In day.” The next day about noon, each hive he confined a sufficient the whole swarm forsook the hive, number of common bees, and some probably because the animals per- drones or males, but took care that ceived that, without the assistance there should be no queen. of males, they were unqualified to « The bees,” Mr Debraw remultiply their species. To show marks, “ finding themselves without the necessity of the eggs being fe- a queen, made a strange buzzing cundated by the male influence, Mr. noise, which lasted near two days, Debraw relates an experiment still at the end of which they settled, and more decisive.
betook themselves to work. On “ I took,” says he, “ the brood- the fourth day, I perceived in each comb, which, as I observed before, hive the beginning of a royal cell, a had not been impregnated; I divid- certain indication that one of the ed it into two parts; one I placed inclosed worms would soon be conunder a glass bell, No. 1, with ho- verted into a queen. The construcney.comb for the bees' food ; I took tion of the royal cell being nearly care to leave a queen, but no drones, accomplished, I ventured to leave among the common bees I confined an opening for the bees to get out, in it. The other piece of brood- and found that they returned as re
gularly as they do in common hives, The practice of this new art, Mr. and showed no inclination to leave Schirach informs us, has already extheir habitation. But, to be brief, tended itself through Upper Lusaat the end of twenty days, I observed tia, the Palatinate, Bohemia, Bavafour young queens among the new ria, Silesia, and Poland. In some of progeny."
these countries, it has excited the To these experiments of Mr. De- attention, and acquired the patronbraw, it was objected, that the age of government. The late emqueen-bee, beside the eggs which press of Russia, who never lost she deposits in the royal cells, sight of a single article by which the might likewise have laid royal or industry, and, of course, the happi. female eggs in the common cells; ness of her subjects could be augand that the pieces of brood-comb mented, sent a proper person to so successfully employed in his ex Klein Bautzen, to be instructed in periments for the production of a the general principles, and to learn queen, had always happened to con all the minutiæ of this new and imtain one of these royal eggs, or ra- portant art. ther one of the worms proceeding from them. But this objection was afterwards removed by many other accurate experiments, the results of For the Literary Magazine. which were uniformly the same ; and the objectors to Mr. Debraw's
FATIMA; OR, THE discovery candidly admit, that, APOTHECARY OF ISPAHAN. when the community stands in need of a queen, the working bees possess
A Persian Tale. the power of raising a common subject to the throne ; and that every ( Continued from page 64.) worm of the hive is capable, under a certain course of management, of WE have just seen the venerable becoming the mother of a nume- faquir Ismael, who, when dressed rous progeny. This metamorphosis in the Persian robes, appeared a seems to be chiefly accomplished by beautiful youth of about eighteen, a peculiar nourishment carefully ad- settled in the house of the sage ministered to the worm by the Nadir. It will easily be conjecturworking-bees, by which, and per- ed that the day was too short to haps by other unknown means, the supply him with all the necessaries female organs, the germs of which which his situation required, and previously existed in the embryo, that he was obliged to borrow many are expanded, and all those differ. hours of the succeeding ones for his ences in form and size, that so excursions among the shops. In remarkably distinguish the queen these he was accompanied somefrom the working-bees, are pro- times by the apothecary, his host, duced.
and sometimes by Tamira, as he It is always a fortunate circum- wanted their judgments in his difstance when discoveries, which at ferent purchases. first seem calculated solely to grati. Since the house in which he re. fy curiosity, are capable of being sided had been erected, it had never turned to the advantage of society. been so frequented. What with Mr. Debraw, accordingly, has not porters and tradesmen bringing artifailed to point out the advantages cles, either purchased or for inspecthat may be derived from his re. tion, the shop was scarcely ever searches into the economy and na empty. ture of bees. By his discovery, we Nadir, in whose bosom frugality are taught an easy mode of multiply. was hereditary, and which poverty ing, without end, swarms, or new had nurtured into a habit, discerncolonies, of these useful insects. ed, or imagined that he discerned,
among the purchases of the youth, “ To these," added Nadir, « if many which he could not deem of they were useful, I should have no the first necessity, and others which great objection. However, as you in his best judgment he thought best know the stile of life to which mere superfluities: he therefore one you have been used, and the kind of day, when a large cargo of the most attendance which you require, I beautiful porcelain arrived, under shall in this trust to your disthe auspices of Tamira, took the cretion." liberty to address him in the follow These slaves, two male and one ing words:
female, were consequently procured. “Son Ismael! (for, as you no long- Tamira, who had become the chief er appear in that holy character confidante of Ismael, was pleased to which you assumed when first we be eased of a considerable deal of met, I shall address you by that labour. Nor was the apothecary, title) it has been frequently stated however he might have objected at by the sage of Zulpha, that the hap- first, in the end dissatisfied, as they piness (or, more correctly speaking, were directed to be equally observthe distinction) of persons of elevat ant of him as of their master. ed rank, seems to consist in those It seemed as if good fortune fol(its possessors) being surrounded by lowed the footsteps of Ismael ; for à variety of appendages, useless to since he had been an inmate the the world, and perhaps burthensome business of Nadir had exceedingly to themselves. From the progress increased. which you have made in collecting The appearance of this young a number of articles which, though Golcondian became every day more perhaps curious, are frivolous, and, splendid ; his taste appeared every although costly, effeminate, I should day more refined ; and his persons judge that you were a young man of which was a perfect model of male a light mind; and from your fond- beauty, became every day inore ness for toys, trinkets, and other fascinating. Under the auspices of fashionable superfluities, that your Nadir, be took a delight in visiting birth was more elevated than you all the places of public resort in have stated it to be.
Ispahan. His curiosity extended " With respect to the first of these still further; for he became tincturpositions, your conversation convin- ed with the ideas of the company to ces me to the contrary; and regard- which his host introduced him, and ing the latter, it strikes me, that consequently an antiquarian and perhaps your passion for show is connoisseur. Arduous in every intuitive, and may have arisen from thing, in the first of these characyour fondness for the professional ters he explored all the vestiges of productions of your father. But the magnificence of the ancient you must consider, that the inhabi. sophys, at least from Darius downtants of this city are a grave people, ward ; and in the second, collected and my profession of the gravest such a number of specimens of the cast. I must, therefore, repress arts and literature, that the honest your desire for splendid trifles; and, apothecary, at every excursion, to restrain this idle waste of money, trembled as much for the tomans of remind you, that the mines of Gol- his guest as he did for the safety of conda, however deep, may be ex the edifice that was to contain their hausted. You now seem to have product. He therefore frequently every thing you want."
exclaimed, “ If this young man is “No!” replied Ismael, « there not the possessor of one of his native are three articles more."
mines, it is easy to foresee the end “ Three articles more! What of all this magnificence, erudition, are those ?"
and virtu. However, he restrain“ Three slaves,” continued Ise ed himself, till black Absalom, the mael.
jeweller, one day brought home a
sabre, the hilt of which was set with self of this opportunity to retire to diamonds, and the belt ornamented his own chamber. with the same brilliant materials. " What,” said Nadir, " is the
There was no bearing this extradisorder of the daughter of Mirza ?' vagant splendour; all the frugal Impatience !” returned the euideas of this sober son of Esculapius nuch. recurred to his mind. He looked “ This, though a complaint comaround at the still meagre, though mon enough to young ladies, is, I improved, appearance of his own fear, beyond the reach of my medi. shelves, and exclaimed, “This bril. cal skill. How has she been treated liant article alone would furnish a by the physicians ?” house and shop superb as those of “ You should rather ask,” replied the sage Job Ben Abram, who has the eunuch, “ how they have been the supreme happiness to administer treated by her. I am sure they potions and lotions to our sovereign have hitherto been the patients. lord the sublime and immortal She has refused every medicine sophy!”
that they have administered.” Taking this sabre for the text, he “ Then I do not wonder that she had just prepared a lecture upon ex. is ill,” replied Nadir. travagance and profusion, when the “ She remained totally silent for gay, but good-natured, Ismael, for some time, and would not answer whose service it was intended, came their enquiries. Her father, whose to receive the benefit of it. Pre- darling child and only daughter she suming this well studied discourse is, indulges her in every thing, and would have a wonderful effect, he forces every one to comply with began, “ One of the greatest and her perverse humours : so that, in most contaminating vices that can the end, she has had all those veneinhabit the human mind, son Ismael, rable persons turned out of doors.” is vanity. I aver and will maintain " Monstrous obstinacy! strange this proposition against Hassen, at perversion of the human mind!” the head of all the disciples of Zo. exclaimed Nadir. roaster, against Ki, and all the fol « And what is more extraordinalowers of Confucius, and also the ry,” continued the eunuch, “ she universities of Ispahan and Delhi, if now declares that no one shall prethey were disposed to controvert it. scribe to her but yourself. How, Upon this point I fix myself; and immured as she has till lately been, repeat, that vanity is
she could even hear of your name, At this instant, to the relief of Is- has been mael and our mortification, à eu “ Hear of my name !" cried the nuch, whose complexion was as apothecary, interupting him,“there black as his habit, entered the shop, is nothing so very singular in that! and said, “ Sage Nadir! whose phi my name, Mr. eunuch, is pretty losophy and medical skill, I have well known !" this day heard from a lady destined “ I believe that she is mad," said to have the happiness of becoming the eunuch. your patient, are not only the admi. 6 I should be of the same opinion, ration of Ispahan but of the world, returned Nadir,“ had not her sendthe daughter of the omrah Mirza ing for me in preference to any of now languishes on the couch of sick my learned brethren been so deci. ness, and earnestly demands your sive a proof of her mental sanity : assistance in preference to a host of therefore, Tamira, help me to my physicians sent for by her father.” black silk caftan and bolster turban;
The apothecary, in his astonish. I will wait on her immediately." ment at this young lady's under The palace of the omrah Mirza standing, forgot his lecture upon was near the imperial seat of Ispavanity; while Ismael availed him, han, and consequently at no great
distance from the residence of Na. sions. Perform the cure which I dir. However, the apothecary's expect from you; rescue my darimpatience was almost equal to that ling, the thread of my existence, of his patient before he arrived at my Zulima, from distraction; and the gate, as the old eunuch march be it my care to make those through ed with a slow and stately pace, and your future life run more parallel." seemed to devote much time to de. « Of what, oh noble Mirza !” liberation, consideration, and con said Nadir, “ does the lovely Zuliversation. In the course of this ma complain ?" walk, he had made his companion " Of every thing and every peracquainted not only with the im son : to her slaves she is intolerable; mense riches of his lord, the valour to the prudent Tangra, who was of his son, and his absence with the her nurse, who has been to her a army, but also with the beauty of mother, she is haughty and intempeZulima, his daughter, her former rate ; nay, she scarcely pares me: affability and good humour, and the she has tired all the faculty.” total change that had lately taken “ The faculty," cried Nadir, place in her temper and disposi- 6 should never be tired! Let me tion.
see my lovely patient, and I will ex“ This kind of change, this fluc ert my utınost skill to justify the tuation in the female mind," said good opinion she already entertains Nadir,“ can only be clearly ex of me." plained by recurring to two princi. Zulima, who was indeed beauty ples, which we will take this op- itself personified, was reclined upon portunity to examine ; and first a sofa of crimson satin, highly ornabut though I like your attention, you mented, but the reflection from need not stop !”
which scarcely overcame the pale“ We are," said the eunuch, “ at ness of her countenance, The re. the private door of the palace of dundance of her tresses, which wanMirza."
dered unrestrained over her neck “ What a pity,” cried the apo- and bosom, and the disorder of her thecary, as he entered a marble dress, betrayed evident symptoms vestibule, 6 that I could not have of her disordered mind. explained to you the causes which The arrival of the sage was, with combine to produce those fluctua. the utmost caution, announced to tions of temper, those changes of her; yet she started. 66 Is Nadir disposition, sometimes observable income ?” she cried, with precipita. the female system !”
" I once thought that he “ The father of Zulima, to whom would never have arrived. I have I must introduce you," said the eu. since altered that opinion, and nuch, “ will probably be more edi. think that he has flown on the wings. fied."
of a butterfly -Alla protect me! " This, my lord,” he continued, this is not Nadir !" when he ushered the sage into an “ Certainly it is,” said the nurse. apartment splendid as the habita 66 Would the eunuch Tamas have tions of the faithful in the seventh deceived you?” paradise, « is the venerable and "Is
say, and repeat it, this is not learned Nadir, whom the beautiful Nadir !" cried Zulima. Zulima now desires to see."
" How should you know," said “I am happy,” said Mirza, “ to Tangra, “ having never seen him behold a man, whom the result of before?” this morning's enquiry informs me “ I had forgotten that circumis another instance, added to many, stance," added Zulima. that fortune is frequently at vari, “ I aver,” cried the sage, ad. ance with talents and virtue. Ivancing, " that I am Nadir the wish, sage Nadir, that your worldly apothecary, the only son of Nadir were equal to your mental posses the doctor ; that there is no other of
VOL. VIII. NO. XLVIII.