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Though I am a strong advocate miscuously into the river, in a line for gentleness, I can by no means across, to form a base, with such agree with M. Rousseau, “ That declivity'on each side as the stones children should never be correct shall rest at, and of such width, as ed, even when they do amiss.” will make a ridge levelled to 35 As little can I subscribe to Dr. feet wide at low-water mark. On Johnson's opinion, " That they this base, a causeway to be raised should not be rewarded when they 5 feet above high-water mark, and do well.” They will not be at the to be 31 feet wide on the top for the trouble of learning without some in- passage way; the walls of which to ducement; there are but two in- be built with large flat stones, the ducements in nature, the hope of space between to be filled with stone, pleasure and the fear of pain, and the top levelled with gravel. There must be a particular motive On each side to be erected a subfor every action ; if therefore we stantial fence or wall, for the safety dispense rewards alone, we must of passengers. The whole to be gratify them with something for filled up and built in this manner, every lesson they learn; and be. except a passage of 66 feet near the sides, by never being contradicted, centre of the river, over which a they will grow self-willed and over- drawbridge is to be thrown. bearing. On the other hand, if This great and novel work was they are governed entirely by fear, undertaken the last summer, and the they will acquire a servile disposi- following is the present state of it: tion, the energy of their minds will From the east end of the bridge to be damped ; and, though they may the draw, a distance of 757 feet is be beat into great scholars, they nearly completed; a drawbridge, on will never become great philoso- a very simple and good model, is phers or legislators.

thrown over the passage left in the To become truly great, a strong river, to open 30 feet for vessels to spirit of emulation is necessary ; but pass, which is worked with great as this is the most important and ease and dispatch by one man ; the most difficult part of education, from the draw westward, 184 feet I shall reserve my sentiments upon is filled up to low-water mark; it for another letter.

on the west end, 140 feet is nearly w. w. complete ; and 228 feet further

eastward is filled up to low-water

mark; the remaining space, about For the Literary Magazine. 150 feet, is filled up, on an average,

within 5 feet of low-water. DESCRIPTION OF RHODE ISLAND It is expected, that the bridge BRIDGE.

may be passed on foot, at low-water,

on the first of September: and proTHIS bridge connects the north- bably carriages may pass in October east end of the island with the next. The time requisite for the main land, in Tiverton, at a place stones thrown in loosely to settle, called Howland's ferry, about 11 and form a natural or secure angle, miles from Newport. It is 1524 before the side walls can be be built feet in length, from the west end on up where it has lately been filled in, the island, to the east end on the will delay the completion of the main ; and 864 feet between the work till next summer; but it is former abutments of the old (wood. expected the bridge can be passed en) bridge, where the average depth by horses and catile (if not by carof water is 39 to 40 feet, and the riages) without difficulty, after Ocgreatest depth 59 to 60 feet at high- tober. water. This bridge is building on To raise the money requisite for the following plan: a sufficient building this bridge, a subscription quantity of stone to be thrown pro. was opened, under the act of incor


poration, for 800 shares of 100 dol. For the Literary Magazine. lars each, which has been subscribed, and it is expected will complete ACCOUNT OF THE PROFIT AND this work.

LOSS UPON A FLOCK OF SHEEP This undertaking, though not so WINTERED AT CLERMONT, IN expensive as many, may be consi- THE STATE OF NEW YORK, IN dered as the most enterprizing, 1806-7. considering the rapidity of the cur. rent and the very great depth of Published, by order of the Agricul. water ; and that it was impossible tural Society of Dutchess county, to make a bridge that would stand, N. Y., by the proprietor, Robert unless by filling up a passage across R. Livingston. the river, in the manner which has been done. The quantity of stone THE fock consisted of six full alreads used, and which will be re. bred Merino sheep, twenty-four quired, is immense. The success three-fourths bred, thirty half bred, of the undertaking, and durability and seventeen common sheep of of the bridge, cannot be questioned, good quality. They were kept in by any who examine it.

one Rock, and treated alike in every There are few works of greater respect. The full bred were two public utility : it establishes a per- rams and four ewes, one of the ewes manent corumunication with the died in February a lambing. She main land; is the most direct, and was eight years old. Two ewes shortest way to Boston, and the on. lambed in March, the other was a ly way to New Bedford. To travel yearling and had not taken a ram. from hence to Boston, via Provi. On May 28 the five sheep were shorn, dence, requires two days; but a and gave 283lbs. of wool. They line of stages will run, on this new had not been washed, but as they route, across the bridge, to and were well littered in the fold, and from Boston, with great ease, in one kept out except at night, the wool day. It will form an essential secu. was not so foul as common. rity to this island, in case of war 283lbs. of wool sold to with any European power, as it will Mr. Booth at 108. 614 7 6 keep open a communication from the 1 ram lamb sold at $100 40 0 0 main, wnich cannot be destroyed: 1 ewe do not sold, as I and, by stopping up the passage, pre have not yet my comvent ships of war from sailing round plement

40 00 the island.

Wool from the ewe that The country, where this cause. died 4.3lbs. at 10s. way bridge is erected, has a delightful climate, affords a diversi

96 12 6 fied and interesting perspective.-- Deduct for the old In the season, there are plenty of ewe that died, which i curlews, plovers, and other game. cost at 2 years old The river abounds with almost

18 12 0


$80 £15 00r every kind of fish that is brought to Keeping 6 market; particularly the sheep's. sheep at 123. 3 12 0 head, striped bass, blue fish, and totague, of the largest size: and for

678 06 sea bathing, no place on the conti- Account of 24 three-quarter bred nent can be preferred to it. It is

sheep. expected, in a few years, that it will 24 sheep, among which there was become a fashionable place of great but one yearling wether, resort, where invalids, bon vivants, Gave 106lbs. of wool, and parties of pleasure, may bene- sold at 58.

£26 10 0 fit their healths, or agreeably pass Keeping at 128. deduct 14 8 0 he summer months. Newport, Aug. 16.

Clear profit on the wool £12 2 0


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Remains to be credited 21 seven- Two things will require explana. eighths bred lambs at £

tion in the above statement. 1st. N. B. This wool was worth at least

The quality of wool given by my 88., though sold at 58., the rate at

merinoes, and next the low price at which the half blood sold, though

which I sold the wool of the threeit was much finer, and many fleeces

quarter bred sheep.

It will seem extraordinary that very little inferior to the full bred

five merinoes should have given

twenty-eight pounds and three quarAccount of 35 half bred Merinoes.

ters of wool, which is near six

pounds, and would probably amount 5 lambs sold before shear

to about four pounds of washed wool, ing to Mr. Dean at

per head. But it is to be considered 812

424 0 0 that these were chosen, or bred from 30 shorn gave 1392lbs. of

those that were chosen with care out wool, soid at 58. 34 17 6 of a flock of two hundred that were

themselves an improved stock. For

58, 17 6 it is an undoubted fact, that the meExpence of 35, at 128. 21 0 0 rinoes of the national flock have Clear profit, exclusive of

greatly improved in France by care lambs

£37 17 6 and attention; that they are larger To 22 three-quarters bred

and yield more wool (with the latter lambs at

having deteriorated) than the meri. N. B. I have not carried out the

noes of Spain. This is a very enprice of the lambs, because this is

couraging circumstance, and the rain some measure arbitrary, and pro

ther as I can add, from my own exportioned to the demand. I have

perience, that the French merinoes

improve here when well kept. That myself, however, purchased three. quarter bred ewes at 7 dollars, and

there is no error in my statement is sold my half bloods at 12 dollars. I

clear from this circumstance. Mr. value the seven-eighths at 40 dollars

Booth purchased thewool, and weighthe ewes, and 50 for the rams.

ed it a second time himself, after it Taking the average at 15 dollars

had been weighed by my overseer, for the whole 22 lambs, it would

their accounts agreeing exactly.

Though the wool of the fourth amount to 4401. to be added to the account of profits.

bred sheep was only sold at five

shillings, yet it was worth at least RECAPITULATION.

eight, since it was, in most of the Clear profit on 5 meri.

fleeces, nearly as fine as that of the

full bred sheep.. But as this was the noes

£78 0 6 Do. on the wool of 24 three.

first time I had sold the wool, and quarter bred do. 26 10

Mr. Booth took all I had, I gave it

0 Do. on 35 half bred do., in

to him at the price that he put upon cluding 5 sold

that of the half blood sheep. I should Clear profit on 64 sheep,

mention here, that Mr. Dean informs

me, that the five lambs he had of me exclusive of lambs £141 18 0

have given him five pounds of washAccount of 17 common sheen, part

ed wool per head, which he can sell

to the hatters at eight shillings per of the above flock.

pound, so that, had they been purKeeping at 12s. of 17

chased only for the wool, they would sheep

£10 4 0 have yielded about 30 per cent on Fleeces unwashed 624lbs.

the capital. at 28. 6d.

8 11 3 Though in the above statement I Loss, if lambs are not cre-

have credited the wool below its real - dited,

1 12 9 value, and at the price at which I 15 lambs at 12s. £9 00

sold it, yet, even at these prices, the

contrast between the merino and which the flock should be credited, the common sheep is sufficiently ob- and if sold in the winter when their vious to induce every intelligent far fleeces are grown, will give an ad. mer to change his stock as fast as ditional profit of $200, beyond the he can do it with convenience, and common sheep sold under similar without too much expence. With circumstances. out speaking of the full blood, which Who is there that does not feel it would be difficult as yet to pro the difference between receiving cure, I will contrast the half bloods 1001. yearly, and waiting 3 years be. with the common sheep kept with fore your capital produces any them, and fed exactly alike. Mything? It may be said the merinos half bloods gave in wool 118. 10d. are less profitable from want of size, per head profit, after paying 128. for as animals of the same species, getheir keeping; whereas the keeping nerally speaking, eat in proportion of the coinmon sheep amounting to to their size. I think then is no a fraction more than 18. 10d. per weight in this objection, if it was head beyond the value of their wool, really founded. But this I can say, making a difference of 138. 3d. per that I have no doubt that if my sheep head, between the profit of half bred of the full and mixed breed were merinoes and common sheep, sup- weighed against any common flock posing the lambs both equal in value, of equal numbers, they would outthough, in fact, the difference in the weigh them. They are certainly value of the sheep must necessarily heavier and better woolled than any extend to the lambs, and render the other sheep that I have seen, except contrast still more striking. Let some of the best English breeds. any agriculturalist make the calcu. We should add, the merino will lation upon a flock of one hundred yield a greater profit if kept seven wethers of each sort, and conviction years, whereas, every year that a must stare him in the face. One common sheep is kept after he is fit hundred common wethers would for the butcher is so much loss, ingive, if well kept, 250lbs. of washed asmuch as the wool does not pay wool, worth 38. per pound, 521. 108. for his keeping. The same number of half bred me. These observations, founded upon rinoes would yield at least 400lbs. undeniable facts, are so striking, that worth 88. or 1601. Deduct the keep. I hope to see this useful breed of ing at 12s. and the merino flock af- sheep as much encouraged as it de. fords a clear profit of 1001. while the serves to be, and I deem it a very loss upon the common sheep amounts happy circumstance, that the intro10 71. 108. They are then a losing duction of them by col. Humphreys stock till sold to the butchers, and into Connecticut from Spain, and by then, if killed at 3 years old, do not myself from France in the same give 78. a year profit per head. year, into this state, furnish the inThus if sold fat they are worth 300l.; telligent farmer with means for the from this must be deducted the an- gradual change of his flock, which nual loss for three years, 221. 138., may be effected by the purchase of leaving an ultimate clear profit of three quarter and half blooded rams, $243 25, at the end of three years, whose fleeces alone will annually during which time tlie owner has pay 30 per cent. upon the price they been paying an annual loss, with the cost, so that, in fact, the change interest of which the flock should be may be wrought without any excharged. While on the other hand the pence, and for a trifling advance of haif blood merinoes will obtain the money. I am satisfied that even same price from the butcher at the the introduction of one quarter Spaend of three years, and will in the nish blood into a flock will improve inean time have paid an annual pro- the fleece to the value of 58., so that fit of 1001. yearly for the interest of instead of losing annually 1s, 10d. on

the wool of every sheep in the of her beholders. The contest, in flock, 38. 2d. will be gained ; and short, grew so warm, that they ena ram who will cost about 31. more tertained thoughts of making their than a good common ram will add appeal to their mistress Venus on so 121. 10s, yearly to the value of a important and critical an affair. flock consisting of 50 ewes.

“For my part,” said miss EuClermont, July 2, 1807.

phrosyne, with a smile of indifference and disdain, “ I desire no better a judge, since no one will be

more impartial; and we are all For the Literary Magazine. sensible that no one can possibly be

better qualified to settle and adjust THE MELANGE.' the merit and prize of beauty. Let

us lay, I say, my dear sisters, all NO. VIII.

animosities aside, and at once, without more ado, agree to refer our

cause to her decision. Let her deBeauty destroyed by Affectation.

clare which of us is in reality The brightest forms through Affecta

possessed of the most prevailing

charms, the most resistless arts of tion fade To strange new things, which nature pleasing ; but, then, let us unaninever made :

mously agree, likewise, to make no Frown not, ye fair, so much your sex further appeals ; let us acquiesce we prize,

in, and subscribe to, her sentence, We hate those arts which take you as final and conclusive.from our eyes.

“ Subscribe to her yourself, if you In Albucinda's native grace is seen, please,” replied miss Thalia, not a What you, who labour at perfection, little nettled, and visibly chagrined

at her sister's seeming confidence Short is the rule, and to be learnt in the merit of her cause. with ease;

“Without any further words or Retain your gentle selves, and you dissention between us,” said miss must please.

Aglae, “ I highly approve of the YOUNG

proposal. I don't care, sisters, for

my part, how soon our petty conTHE graces, all three sisters, all troversy is drawn to a final conclu. extremely pretty ladies, and maids sion.” of honour to the goddess Venus, the This emulation of their's soon all-powerful queen of love, lived to- reached the ears of their mistress gether, for a long time, in the strict- Venus, who summoned them all imest bonds of affection and friendship mediately to make their personal one towards another, which is some appearance in court; and accordwhat extraordinary, indeed, as they ingly assumed the bed of justice were such near relations, such un- with such a grace, and such an air common beauties, and such distin- of complacency, as is beyond the guished favourites at court.

power of words to express ; reflectIn process of time, however, ing with a secret pleasure, how in pride and ambition sowed the seeds time past, upon a dispute of the of jealousy amongst them. Each be like nature, the golden apple was gan to plume herself on her own adjudged to herself by the shepherd imaginary charms, and each insisted Paris, in preference both to Juno on her precedence, as having the and Minerva. most fire in her eyes, the most re- The court being set, and all the sistless arts of pleasing in conversa contending parties present, Venus tion, and the surest and most en directed each of them to exert her chanting ways of making captives peculiar talents, and secret arts of

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