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The Olio, No. V

115 Showers of blood Anecdotes of dress

The life of Dr. Armstrong 148 On Education

121 Literary, philosophical, commerciDescription of Rhode Island

al, and agricultural intelligence 150 bridge


POETRY Account of the profit and loss up Friendship

157 on a flock of sheep wintered at The scold

158 Clermont, in the state of New Written extempore

ibid. York, in 1806—7.

The dying daughter to her mo. The Melange No. VIII 127 ther

159 Natural history of the bee 130 To Simplicity

160 Omar and Fatima ; or, the apothe Marriages and deaths

161 cary of Ispahan

136 Weekly register of mortality in New religious sect

142 || the cities of Philadelphia, New On the stomach of the camel 143 | York, and Baltimore

165 Account of a diving boat 146 || Price of stocks






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It is an incontestible truth, that the creatures as we are, we should not, faculties of the human mind are ea. however, implicitly adopt the opisily perverted by education, or false nion of the multitude. Such a comopinions. Yet such is the innate pliance is no less characteristic of a principle of the soul, we cannot but weak mind, than dangerous, because consider the credulity of some of our infatuation is generally the mistress species with astonishment. Even of popular opinions and actions. those who may be ranked amongst How then are we to extricate ourthe wisest of men have been ad. selves from the maze of surrounddicted to absurdities, and all are disc ing errors? How ! by summoning up tinguished for certain peculiarities. a virtuous courage, a magnanimous

It is unnecessary to launch out resolution, a calm exertion of reainto metaphysical argumentation son, and a firm compliance with the on the cause of those contrarieties dictates of true religion ; not that which render man a curious com- religion which is embraced by this position.

or that sect, to the utter expulsion Indeed such a proceeding borders of others; but to the religion of on impiety; for why question the the gospel, which explictly says, immutable appointment of Him " you cannot serve God and mamwhose wisdom formed, and whose mon.” Resting on this rock, will omnipotence rules the great stu. be to shun the sands of credulity. pendous whole? On surveying the We, who are now acting our seve. harmony displayed in the works of ral parts on the stage of life, are creation, our minds are impressed hastening off apace; it is therefore with sublime ideas, and the soul ex. our duty not only to prepare for pands with awful love. Reflecting eternity, but endeavour to secure on our own nothingness, proud ima- wisdom, virtue, and religion, to the gination dies within us, and we rising generation ! Our solicitude become of course all humility. Frail for the propagation of truth, una


dulterated with credulity, cannot individuals ; for every man is a be better shown than in educating little kingdom, where, if the infeour children in such a manner rior's powers and faculties are in as ultimately to establish them due subjection to the superior, he rein virtue and piety. Our Creator sembles a well governed state : evehath made us reasonable beings, ry part of the fabric is in peace and capable of attaining to a vast va tranquillity, consequently happy ; if, riety of matter; yet the soul may on the contrary, his inferior powers be said to come into the world un- rebel against the superior, there exfurnished with knowledge. The ists the same internal commotion in powers of our nature would be in the individual, as in a nation when struments of madness, and run into in a state of civil confusion. a thousand pernicious errors, if we The same history which shows had not the happiness of being pro. that the happiness of a nation deperly instructed. Hence the impor- pends on its virtue, informs us the tance of training up children in the happiness of individuals depends on path of virtue and knowledge ; in a the same principle ; and that ruin steady adherence to the truths of will as certainly be the consequence the gospel, made so clear, the most of vice in an individual, as in the simple can understand. Abiding by community at large. these will lead to happiness in this life, to a peace of conscience which will counteract the enmity of the Fenelon, Archbishop of Chambray. world, and secure us a blest immortality.

The person of Fenelon is thus described by one who was intimate

ly acquainted with him : History.

“ He was above the middle size,

elegantly formed, slender and pale. History acquaints us with the His nose was large and well shaped. transactions and characters of man- His eyes darted fire and vivacity. kind, from the remotest periods of His countenance was such, whoever antiquity to the present time ; and had seen it once could never forget it. gives us a knowledge of the most It contained every thing, and united distant nations, as well as our own. contrarieties, without their appearIt gives us a view of the powers of ing to be at variance. It contained man, by showing in what manner he gravity and sweetness, seriousness has improved, from the most bar- and cheerfulness. It exhibited barous and savage state of society, equally the man of learning, the to that in which we now behold the ecclesiastic, and nobleman; but most polished nations of the world. what universally pervaded it, as well What different pictures do the same as the whole of his person, were creatures exhibit, employed in hunt. finesse, understanding, decorum, the ing, fishing, and making war on graces, and particularly dignity ; each other with the most unrelent. insomuch that it required an effort ing cruelty, and, as we now behold to remove the eye from him. There them, improving life with useful appeared something more than morarts, and embellishing it with orna- tal blended o'er the whole. All the ments and elegances, suited to a portraits of him appeared to speak; state of refinement. Nor does history yet no painter could ever reach the do only this; it displays, in its ac- proportions, the harmony, and delicount of all nations, how essential cacy of character, that were united morality and virtue are to the happi. in his countenance. He possessed a ness of a state, and how constantly natural, soft, and flowery eloquence, vice and irreligion terminates in a politeness insinuating but noble, national ruin. This is not only a an elocution easy, neat, and agreeauseful lesson to communities, but to ble, with a clearness and precision

o as to be understood at once, even Defend, good sir, the ground you when treating on the most abstract

take, ed and difficult matter.

While I the charge repeat. 6 With all this superiority, he never permitted himself to appear You think, in citing thus from Pope,

ssess more understanding than To show your taste and sense : those with whom he conversed. He To copy him you need not hope,

Save but in imprdence. put himself on a level with every one, without their perceiving he did so. To such a degree did he fascinate all to whom he spoke, that they

Self Knowledge. could not quit him for a moment, without desiring to return to him. There are three characters This rare talent, which he possess- which every man sustains; and ed in so eminent a degree, attached these often extremely differ from his friends to him all his life, in de one another. One which he posfiance of his exile and disgrace, and sesses is his own opinion. Another the unhappy distance they were that which he carries in the estifrom him. It united them in the me- mation of the world; and a third lancholy pleasure of talking of him, which he bears in the judgment of regretting him, of sighing after of his maker: it is only the last his return, and expecting it with which ascertains what he really is. the ardour of desire."

Whether the character which the In the year 1709, a young sove- world forms of him be above or reign prince passed a few days with below the truth, it imports not Fenelon. Among other subjects, much to know. But it is of eterthey conversed on toleration. Ne- nal consequence, that the charac. ver, sir, said the archbishop, oblige ter which a man possesses in his your subjects to change their reli- own eyes, be formedupon that gion; no human power can force the which he bears in the sight of impenetrable intrenchment of the God. freedom of thinking. Violence will never convince the heart ; it can only make men hypocrites.

Euganimity. Grant to all men a civil toleration of religion ; not as if you approved I am no more raised or dejected, of every difference as a matter of said Politiano, by the flattery of indifference ; but as if you permit. my friends, or the accusations of ted every thing with patience which my enemies, than I am by the shaGod permitted. “ All forms of go dow of my own body; for although vernment,” said the good archbishop that shadow may be somewhat lonone day to the chevalier Ramsey, ger in the morning and evening than sare necessarily imperfect ; for the in the middle of the day, it does not supreme power in this world must induce me to think myself a taller ever be entrusted to man, yet all man at those times than at noon. forms are good, when those who A good and wise man explores govern attend only to the great law the recesses of his own heart daily, of the public welfare."

and enquires, when kept from vice, whether his innocence proceeded

from purity of principle, or from To Mr. , who affirmed Pope worldly motives; whether he has to have been correct in asserting, been as solicitous to regulate his that woman is at heart a rake.' heart, as to preserve his manners

from reproach. A heart bearing if woman is at heart a rake,

such a scrutiny, shrinks pot at the A pedant you complete ;

malignity of the world.


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