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. These, however, are desirable when they can be moved without excessive expence of carriage, and without injury to the roots.


MARCH 30. A view may sometimes be improved, at an easy expence. A few remaining trees, of one line of an avenue, had a bad effect, from the windows of a principal room, to which they nearly pointed, but not directly, their stems being seen distinct; and, of course, produced the bad effect of a straight line of trees.

This defect was remedied by a single shrub -a well furnished plant- about ten feet high, which covers the steins, while the cops take the form of a group; the idea of a line being lost, in the general effect. How often may similar defects be hid in this way. Had the width of the deformity been greater, a group, or a tuft of shrubs, would have been required.


APRIL 1. When shrubs have been drawn up call, and rendered naked at the bottom, by being


re desirable wat live expence de - roots.

crouded in a nursery, or a crouded plantation, it is almost impossible to prune them, indo forms which will please the eye. A low growing plant; which has been drawn up tall, and consists only of a few sprawling boughs, spreading out like a fan; has been improved into a well looking Trub, by planting a low spreading fucker, in the fame pit, and placing it in front, and so as to fill up the central vacancy: the two affording; in this combined form, a well furnished plant: a venial fraud, which may frequently be practised with advantage.

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April 1. In PRUNING SHRUBS, at the time of transplanting, much may be done towards the futúre appearance, as well as the future success of the plant. This is not to be effected by lopping off the ends of the twigs, in general, and thus giving the shrub the form of a cabbage ; but by taking out the inferior branches, close to the ftem or the thicker boughs; and even taking out fome of these, so as to make breaks in the outline ;-will often give additional feature and elegance to the plant; while, by thus reducing the top, the roots are rendered the better able to send up a fupply of fuítenance, to the parts which are left standing. Vol. I, BO


Minute The Nineteenth.

APRIL 2. In transplanting shrubs which throw up suckers, these should be carefully laid aside, and placed in a nursery quarter, to acquire roots, and become a supply of plants, in future, at a small cost. Also, from neglected shrubs, which afford natural LAYERS, wherever the boughs touch the ground, each rooted twig should be sedulously col. lected.


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April 2. In TRANSPLANTING top-heavy Evergreens, as Virginia Cedars, Junipers, Arbor-vitæs, &c. for standARDS, it is prudent to plant A SUPPORT with each of them. Not an ordinary ftake, but a larger and more clubbed truncheon ; placing the large end downward in the bottom of the pit, a straight part rising some few feet above the surface, and nearly close to the stem of the plant; which being fastened to it, by means of soft bandages, gains a seasonable firmness, without any outward appearance of support.



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APRIL 7. In LINING OUT WALKS, a night covering of snow is advantageous, in shewing the track of the designer; which may be improved, as occasion may require. Stakes, though proper in lining a plantation, as shewing at once the effect of the intended fence, or of the marginal shrubs, may tend to deceive the eye, in the effect of a walk; whereas a track, whether in snow, or on the surface of broken ground, or given by a sharp instrument, drawn by a second person, so as to ripple the surface of green turf, is in effect the walk; differing only in width, from the real walk when finished.



In wild or fortuitous scenery, the first devious tract will generally have the best effect. But, in highly embellished grounds, it requires to be lined out, with scrupulous attention to the beauty and gracefulness, which ought to mark every line, in polished scenery.

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When a walk winds across a lawn, broken by tufts and relieves of Ihrubs, it should appear as if attracted by the various beauties of the scene : it B b 2


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should make boldly towards them, hang to their margins, and seem to leave them with reluctance.

In tracing paths, through plantations of tall growing trees, intended to rise into groves, the trees themselves should seem to direct the path, which of course ought not to be determined on, before the trees are planted. In plantations formed of tall transplanted trees, such paths may be formed immediately after the trees are planted; otherwise, they should be deferred until the trees are grown up, and the obstructing plants be removed, in the thinnings: the direction of the path being determined (but not formally marked), , by evergreen underwood, as Holly, Privet, Box, or cuttings of Laurel; and a narrow pathway, no matter how intricate, may wind in among the young plants, for the purpose of rendering the plantation itself commodious, in viewing, thinning or pruning the plants. A path three feet wide is fufficient for this purpose.

NARROW paths of this kind render a plantation coinmodious, and are formed at a criting expence, The middle of the path is the natural surface of the ground, a Noping channel being struck with a spade on either side: this, and pruning off the boughs which shoot towards the path, affords the required accommodation,

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