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"Soon after these incidents, the King sent "the Dukes of Norfolk and Susfolk to demand "the Great Seal from the Cardinal. This was ** soon afterwards followed by the Cardinal's ar"rest, and his death."
The following distich was left upon the walls of the Cardinal's College, now that of ChristChurch, in Oxford, whilst it was building:
Nan Jtabat ijla domus, multis fundata rapinis;
These walls, which rapine rais'd, what ills await,
The foundation-stone of the College which the Cardinal founded at Ipswich was discovered a few years ago. It is now in the Chapter-house of Christ-Church, Oxford.
One of the most curious and entertaining pieces of biography in the English language is the account of the life of this great Child of Fortune by his gentleman-usher, Sir William Cavendish. It was first printed in the year 1641 by the Puritans, with many additions and interpolations, to render Archbishop Laud odious, by shewing how far an Archbishop had once carried Church G 4 power. i
power. Mr. Grove, about the year 1761, published a correct edition of this Work, collated from the various MSS. of it in the Museum and in other places.
According to this narrative, the Cardinal fays to Master Kingston upon his death-bed, " Let his ** Grace," meaning Henry the Eighth, **" con"sider the story of King Richard the Second, "son of his progenitor, who lived in the time "of Wickliffe's seditions and heresies. Did not "the Commons, I pray you, in his time rise "against the nobility and chief governors of this "realm, and at the last some of them were put "to death without justice or mercy? And, under "pretence of having all things common, did "they not fall to spoiling and robbing, and at ** last tooke the Kinge's person, and carried him "about the city, making him obedient to their * * proclamations?"
* # # • •
"Alas," if. .these be not plain precedents and "sufficient persuasions to admonish a Prince, "then God will take away from us our prudent "rulers, and leave us to the hands of our enemies, "& then will ensue mischiefe upon mischiefe, "inconveniencies, barrennesse, & scarcitie, for "want of good order in the Commonwealth,
"Master Kingston farewell. I wishe all things may have good successe! My time drawes on, I may not tarrie with you. I pray remember "my words."
Wolsey was buried in the Church of the Abbey of Leicester, on the 30th of November 1530, before-day, and not (as Lord Herbert fays) at Windsor, where he had begun a monument for himself; " wherein, as it appears," adds he, ** by our own records, he had not forgotten his "own image, which one Benedetto, a statuary "of Florence, took in hand in 1524, and con"tinued till 1529, receiving for so much as was "already done 4250 ducats; the designe whereof "was so glorious, that it exceeded far that of
Henry the Seventh. Neverthelesse I find the "Cardinal, when this was finished, did purpose "to make a tombe for Henry the Eighth *. But ** dying in this manner, the King made use of
* Osborne observes, that " Wolsey Thcwed himself no "accomplished courtier when he laid the foundation of a "grave for a living King, who could not be delighted with "the sight of his tomb, though never so magnificent: "having lived in so high sensuality, as I may doubt whether "he would have exchanged it for the joys of Heaven itself."
"so "so much as he found sit, and called it his. ** Thus did the tomb of the Cardinal partake ** the fame fortune with his College, as being ** assumed by the King. The news of the Car"dinal's death being brought to the King, it did ** so much afflict him, that he wished it had cost "him twenty thousand pounds, upon condition ** that he had lived. Howbeit, he omitted not ** to inquire of about fifteen hundred pounds "which the Cardinal had lately got, without "that the King could imagine how."
It is said in the Preface to a Grammar written by Mr. Haynes, the schoolmaster of ChristChurch, that Cardinal Wolsey made the Accidence before Lily's Grammar.
"The Cardinal was a short lusty man," fays Aubrey, " not unlike Martin Luther, as appears "by the paintings that remain of him." A great writer observes, that few ever fell from so high a situation with less crimes objected to him than Cardinal Wolsey: yet it must be remembered, that he gave a precedent to his rapacious Sovereign of seizing on the wealth of the Monasteries, which however the Cardinal might well apply, (supposing that injustice can ever be sanctified by its consequences,) by bestowing it on the erection of seminaries of learning, yet that wealth, in the hands of Henry, became the means of pro
fusion and oppression; and corrupted and subjugated that country, which it ought to have improved and protected.
When Campejus was in England on the business of King Henry's divorce, he spent his'time in hunting and gaming, and brought over with him a natural son, whom the King knighted. The Duke of Suffolk often asked his Majesty, how he could debase himself so, as to submit his cause to such a vile, vicious, stranger priest?
Menage fays, that there was a man of Campejus's acquaintance who took such care of his beard, that it cost him three crowns a month. The Cardinal told him one day, " That, by-and"by, his beard would cost more than his head "was worth."
Many letters written by Campejus, peculiarly interesting on the history of his own time, are to be met with in ** Epijiolarum Miscellanearum "Libri X.