« PreviousContinue »
“ Soon after these incidents, the King fent 6 the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk to demand " the Great Seal from the Cardinal. This was 6 soon afterwards followed by the Cardinal's ar66 rest, and his death."
The following distich was left upon the walls of the Cardinal's College, now that of ChristChurch, in Oxford, whilst'it was building :
Non ftabat isia domus, multis fundata rapinis;
Aut cadet, aut alius raptor habebit eam. These walls, which rapine rais’d, what ills await, By the just judgment of unerring fate ! Soon or to ruin they shall fall a prey, Or own a new usurper's lawless sway.
The foundation-stone of the College which the Cardinal founded at Ipswich was discovered a few years ago. It is now in the Chapter-house of Christ-Church, Oxford.
One of the most curious and entertaining pieces of biography in the English language is the account of the life of this great Child of Fortune by his gentleman-usher, Sir William Cavendish. It was first printed in the year 1641 by the Puritans, with many additions and interpolations, to render Archbishop Laud odious, by shewing how far an Archbishop had once carried Church
power. Mr. Grove, about the year 1761, published a correct edition of this Work, collated from the various MSS. of it in the Museum and in other places.
According to this narrative, the Cardinal says to Master Kingston upon his death-bed, “ Let his 6 Grace," meaning Henry the Eighth, “ con“ sider the story of King Richard the Second, 6 son of his progenitor, who lived in the time " of Wickliffe's feditions and heresies. Did not o the Commons, I pray you, in his time rise 6 against the nobility and chief governors of this 66 realm, and at the last some of them were put
to death without justice or mercy? And, under “ pretence of having all things common, did “ they not fall to spoiling and robbing, and at “ last tooke the Kinge's person, and carried him “ about the city, making him obedient to their “ proclamations ?”
“ Alas, if these be not plain precedents and “ sufficient persuasions to admonish a Prince, 66 then God will take away from us our prudent
65 rulers, and leave us to the hands of our enemies, .6.& then will ensue mischiefe upon mischiefe,
“ inconveniencies, barrennefle, & scarcitie, for as want of good order in the Commonwealth,
“ from which God of his tender mercy defend « us.
“ Master Kingston farewell. I wishe all things « may have good successe! My time drawes on, “ I may not tarrie with you. I pray remember “ my words.”
Wolsey was buried in the Church of the Abbey of Leicester, on the 30th of November 1530, before day, and not (as Lord Herbert says) at Windsor, where he had begun a monument for himself; “ wherein, as it appears,” adds he, “ by our own records, he had not forgotten his “ own image, which one Benedetto, a statuary " of Florence, took in hand in 1524, and con“ tinued till 1529, receiving for so much as was 66 already done 42 50 ducats; the designe whereof “ was so glorious, that it exceeded far that of 6 Henry the Seventh. Neverthelesse I find the 66 Cardinal, when this was finished, did purpose “ to make a tombe for Henry the Eighth *. But “ dying in this manner, the King made use of
* Osborne observes, that “ Wolsey Thewed himself no “ accomplished courtier when he laid the foundation of a “ grave for a living King, who could not be delighted with “ the fight of his tomb, though never so magnificent : “ having lived in so high sensuality, as I may doubt whether “ he would have exchanged it for the joys of Heaven itself.”
« so much as he found fit, and called it his. “ Thus did the tomb of the Cardinal partake “ the fame fortune with his College, as being “ assumed by the King. The news of the Car“ dinal's death being brought to the King, it did “ fo much amict him, that he wished it had cost " him twenty thousand pounds, upon condition 6 that he had lived. Howbeit, he omitted not « to inquire of about fifteen hundred pounds « which the Cardinal had lately got, without " that the King could imagine how.”
It is said in the Preface to a Grammar written by Mr. Haynes, the schoolmaster of ChristChurch, that Cardinal Wolsey made the Accidence before Lily's Grammar.
• The Cardinal was a short lusty man,” says Aubrey, “ not unlike Martin Luther, as appears “ by the paintings that remain of him.” A great writer observes, that few ever fell from so high a situation with less crimes objected to him than Cardinal Wolsey: yet it must be remembered, that he gave a precedent to his rapacious Sovereign of seizing on the wealth of the Monasteries, which however the Cardinal might well apply, (supposing that injustice can ever be sanctified by its consequences,) by beitowing it on the erection of seminaries of learning, yet that wealth, in the hands of Henry, became the means of pro
fusion and oppression ; and corrupted and fubjugated that country, which it ought to have improved and protected.
CARDINAL CAMPEJUS. When Campejus was in England on the business of King Henry's divorce, he spent his time in hunting and gaming, and brought over with him a natural son, whom the King knighted. The Duke of Suffolk often asked his Majesty, how he could debase himself so, as tɔ submit his cause to such a vile, vicious, stranger priest?
Menage says, that there was a man of Campejus's acquaintance who took such care of his beard, that it cost him three crowns a month.
The Cardinal told hiin one day, “ That, by-and" by, his beard would cost more than his head " was worth.”
Many letters written by Campejus, peculiarly interesting on the history of his own time, are to be met with in “ Epistolarum Miscellanearum . “ Libri X.