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« doth amiffe, wherein you will shew yourselves 66 friendly to him; and so I take my leave of - you. And son, go your wayes unto my Lord,

your Master, and serve him diligently. And “ fo parted my Lord of Northumberland, and “ went down into the Hall, and fo took his 66 barge.

The Cardinal does not appear to have been very fcrupulous in the means * by which he procured support for the pious and learned foundations which he raised. According to Lord Her. bert, by a concurrence of the papal and regal authority, he suppressed divers Monasteries, and gave such terror to the rest, that he drew large fums from them; but as this, at last, became a public grievance, the King took notice of it in so

* “ The Cardinal,” says Osborne acutely, “ had for. “ gotten an aphorism of policy, when he pulled down Mo« nasteries to build Colleges; by which he instructed that « docile Tyrant Henry to do the same. The wisdom of « Mofes,” adds Osborne, “ was superlative; who, lest one “ sacrilegious injury should have proved a precedent for a “ greater, (had the people made a benefit by the spoil,) “ employed the censers of Corah and his complices to make “ plates for the altar ; but finding the gold of idols too rank “ decently to be used in the service of God, he reduced them “ to powder, and threw them into thc River, left the Mule “ titude, having been fleshed on a Calf, (a false Deity,) “ should after assume the boldness to rob the true one, and “ those his institutes appointed to live by his service."


sharp a manner, that the Cardinal was enforced not only to excuse himself with much submission, but to promise never to do so any more; protesting withal, that he had made a last will and testament, wherein he had left a great part of his estate unto his Highness. « Upon which sub« mission of the Cardinal, as I take it,” says Lord Herbert, “ the King sent him this letter, 66 written all with his own hand, as we find it “ in our records :

“ As touching the matter of Wilton, seeing it es is in no other strain than you write of, and you “ being also so suddenly (with the falling fick of

your servants) afraid and troubled, I marvel 6 not that it overslipped you as it did. But it is “ no great matter, standing the case as it doth; 66 for it is yet in my hand, as I perceive by your « letter, and your default was not so great, seeing

the election was but conditional, Wherefore, “ my Lord, seeing the humbleness of your sub66 mission, and though the case were much more “ heynous, I can be content for to remit it; “ being right glad, that according to mine in

tent, my monitions and warnings have been « benignly and lovingly accepted on your be“ half; promising you, that the very affection I 66 bear you caused me thus to do. As touching « the help of religious houses to the building of your Colledge, I would it were more, so it be

- lawfully; «. lawfully; for my intent is none but that it s should so appear to all the world, and the oc“ casion of all their mumbling might be seclud. “ ed and put away; for surely, there is great “ murmuring of it throughout all the realm, « both good and bad. They say not, that all “ that is ill gotten is bestowed upon the Col“ ledge, but that the Colledge is the cloak for “ covering all mischiefs. This grieveth me, I « assure you, to hear it spoken of him which I “ so entirely love. Wherefore, methought I 6 could do no less than thus friendly to ad“ monish you. One thing more I perceive by

your own letter, which a little, methinketh,

toucheth conscience; and that is, that you “ have received money of the Exempts for hava 66 ing of their old Visitors. Surely, this can " hardly be with good conscience. For, and « they were good, why should you take money? 66 and if they were ill, it were a sinful act. “ Howbeit your legacy herein might peradven“ ture apud homines be a cloak, but not apud « Deum. Wherefore you, thus monished by “ him who fo entirely loveth you, I doubt not 66 will desist not only from this, (if conscience 66 will not bear it,) but from all other things 66 which should tangle the fame; and in so “ doing, we will sing,

Te laudant Angeli atque Archangeli.
66 Te laudat omnis Spiritus.

“ And ,“ And thus an end I make of this, though 6 rude yet loving letter, desiring you as bene. 66 volently to take it as I do mean it; for I 6. insure you (and I pray you think it so that “ there remaineth at this hour no spark of dif“ pleasure towards you in my heart. And thus a fare you well, and be no more perplext. 6 Written with the hand of your loving Sove6 reign and friend,


The Cardinal's naif and interesting Biographer gives the following account of his fall, and of the incidents that took place whilst it was impending.

« Now,” says he, “ the King commanded the 66 Queen (Catharine of Arragon) to be removed 66 from the Court, and sent to another place, 65 and presently after the King rode on progress, 66 and had in his company Mistress Anne Boleyn. 66 In which time Cardinal Campejus made suit to 66 be discharged, and sent home to Rome; and 66 in the interim returned Mr. Secretary (Gar6 diner); and it was concluded, that my Lord 66 (the Cardinal Wolfey) should come to the “ King to Grafton in Northamptonshire; as “ also, that Cardinal Campejus, being a stranger, “ should be conducted thither by my Lord Car“ dinal. And so next Sunday there were divers “ opinions that the King would not speak with

w my


CARDINAL WOLSEY. 81' * my Lord. Whereupon there were many 6 great wagers laid.

" These two Prelates being come to the Court, “ and alighting, expected to be received of the “ great Officers (as the manner was); but they “ found the contrary. Nevertheless, because 6 the Cardinal Campejus was a stranger, the 66 Oficers met him with staves in their hands in “ the outward court, and so conveyed him to “ his lodging prepared for him; and after my “ Lord had brought him to his lodging he de« parted, thinking to have gone to his chamber, " as he was wont to doe; but it was told him, '« he had no lodging or chamber appointed for 6 him in the Court, which news did much « astonish him.

6 Sir Henry Norris, who was then Groom of " the Stole, came unto my Lord, and desired 66 him to take his chamber for a while, until 6 another was provided for him. For I assure “ you (quoth he) here is but little room in this “ house for the King, and therefore I humbly “ beseech your Grace to accept of mine for a “ season. My Lord, thanking him for his « courtesie, went to his chamber, where he 56 shifted his riding apparel.

YOL. 1.

« In

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