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“ condemned to die. But I pray God save the “ King, and send him long to reign over you. « For a gentler nor a more merciful Prince there ¢ never was, and to me hee was ever a good, a “ gentle, and a foveraine Lord. And if any “ person will judge of my cause, I require them " to judge the best. And thus I take my leave “of the world, and of you all. And I heartily “ desire you all to pray for me.”

After which,” adds Lord Herbert, “coming “ to her devotions, her head was stricken off " by a sword. And thus ended the Queen, * lamented by many, both as she was desirous 6 to advance learned men, in which number « Latimer Bishop of Worcester and Saxton “ Bishop of Salisbury are recounted, and as she 6 was a great alms-giver, insomuch that she is 6 said in three quarters of a year to have be. • stowed fourteen or fifteen thousand pounds in “ this kinde, besides money intended by her 6 towards raising a stock for poor artificers in " the realme.”

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In one of the letters which she wrote to Henry previous to her trial, ihe says, “ You have chosen “ me from a low estate to be your Queen and “ companion, far beyond my desert or desire. “ If then you found me worthy of such honour,

" let

“ let not any light fancy or bad council of mine “ enemies withdraw your princely favour from « me. Neither let that stain, that unworthy « stain of a disloyal heart towards your good 66 Grace ever cast so foul a blot on your most “ dutiful wife, and the infant Princesse her “ daughter. Try me, good King, but let me “ have a lawfull trial, and let not my sworn ene“ mies sit as my accusers and judges. Yea, let 6 me receive an open trial, for my truth shall

fear no open shame.”


Told Sir William' Cavendish, his Gentleman Usher, that by means of his parents, and other his good friends, he was maintained at the University of Oxford, where he prospered so well, that in a short time he was made Bachelor of Arts when he was but fifteen years of age, and was commonly called there the Boy, Bachelor.

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Wolsey, on his return from Oxford, settled in the country as a schoolmaster, where happening to displease a powerful neighbour, Sir James Pawlet, “ he (as his Biographer, Cavendish, says) set « Wolsey by the heels; which affront," it is

added, added, “ was neither forgotten nor forgiven; « for when the schoolmaster mounted so high as « to be Lord Chancellor of England, he was w not forgetful of his old displeasure most cruelly “ ministered to him by Sir James, but sent for « him, and after a very sharp reproof, enjoined

him not to depart out of London without « licence first obtained; so that he continued in “ the Middle Temple for the space of five or six « years, and afterwards lay in the Gate-house

near the Stayres, which he re-edified, and

fumptuously beautified the same all over on the « outside with the Cardinal's arms, his hat, his “ cognizance, and badges, with other devices, « in so glorious a manner, as he thought thereby " to have appeared the Cardinal's displeasure.”

The eldest son of the Earl of Northumberland, who was in the Cardinal's household, was contracted in marriage to Anne Boleyn, to the extreme indignation of Henry the Eighth, who ordered the Cardinal to send for his father to London, to talk to him on the subject of his intended marriage. “ The Earl of Northumberland," says Cavendish, “ came to London very speedily, “ and came first to my Lord Cardinal, as all great - personages did that in such sort were sent for, " by whom they were advertised of the cause of “ their sending for ; and when the Earl was o come, he was presently brought into the gallery

ce to the Cardinal. After whose meeting, my « Lord Cardinal and he were in secret communi« cation a long space. After their long dis6 course, and drinking a cup of wine, the Earl “ departed; and at his going away, he fate “ down in the gallery, upon a form, and called « his son unto him, and said : Son, (quoth he,) 66 even as thou art and ever hast been a proud, « disdainful, and very unthrifty master, so thou “ hast now declared thyself. Wherefore what « joy, what pleasure, what comfort can I con6 ceive in thee, that thus, without discretion, “ hast abused thyself ; having neither regard to “ me thy natural father, nor unto thy sovereign " Lord, to whom all honest and loyal subjects 66 bear faithful obedience, nor yet to the pro“ sperity of thy own estate ; but hast fo unad. 6 visedly ensnared thyself to her, (Anne Boleyn,) 6 for whom thou hast purchased the King's cc high displeasure, intolerable for any subject to 66 sustain ? And but that the King doth consider " the lightness of thy head, and the wilful qua“ lities of thy person, his displeasure and indig66 nation were sufficient to cast me and all my es posterity into utter ruin and destruction. But " he being my fingular good Lord and favour« able Prince, and my Lord Cardinal my very “ good friend, hath and doth clearly excuse me " in thy lewdness, and doth rather lament thy

66 folly

« folly than malign thee; and hath advised an “ order to be taken for thee, to whom both you “ and I are more bound than we can conceive « of. I pray to God, that this may be a fuffi“ cient admonition to thee, to use thyself more « wisely hereafter. For assure thyself, that if « thou dost not mend thy prodigality, thou wilt 66 be the last Earl of our House. For thy na« tural inclination, thou art wasteful and prodigal 4 to consume all that thy progenitors have with “ great travail gathered, and kept together with “ honour ; but having the King's Majesty's my “ fingular good Lord's favour, I trust (I assure " thee) fo to order the succession, that thou shalt « consume thereof but little. For I do not intend “ (I tell thee truly) to make thee heir ; for, 65 thank God, I have other boys, that (I trust) “ will use themselves much better, and prove « more like to wise and honest men, of whom I 66 will chuse the most likely to succeed me."

" Then,” continues Cavendish, “ turning to 66 us who were the attendants of the Lord Car. 66 dinal, he said, Now, good Masters and Gen6.tlemen, it may be your chances, when I am “ dead, to see these things which I have spoken 6 to my son, prove as true as I now speak them.

Yet, in the mean time, I desire you all to be 66 his friends, and tell him his faults in what he

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