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That acute and comprehensive critic Dr. John, fon, in his remarks upon Shakespeare's tragedy of Henry the Eighth, says, “ that the meek sor. " rows and virtuous distress of Queen Catharine “ have furnished some scenes which may be justly “ numbered amongst the greatest efforts of Tra. “ gedy. But the genius of Shakespeare,” adds he, “ comes in and goes out with Catharine." Our great Dramatic Poet has, in the speeches of Queen Catharine, very often copied them from Hall and Hollinshed. It is the happy privilege of genius to know when to select and when to invent. According to Hall, when the Cardinals Wolsey and Campejus came to announce to her the appointment of the Tribunal at Black-Friars, to decide respecting the validity of her marriage with Henry, she thus addressed them: “ Alas, “ my Lords, whether I bee the Kinge's lawfull 66 wife or no, I have been married to him almost « twenty years, and in the meane season never

question was made before! Dyvers Prelates yet being alyve, and Lordes alsoe, and Privie

Counsellors with the King at that tyme, then « adjudged our marriage lawful and honest; and “ now to say it is detestable and abominable, I “ thinke it great marvel, and in especially when " I consider what a wise Prince the Kinges « father was, and also the love and affection that “ Kyng Ferdinando my father bare unto me. 6c I thinke in myself, that neither of our fathers

“ were


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weresouncircumspect, fo unwise, and of so small « imagination, but they forsawe what might fol*« lowe of our marriage; and in especial the Kyng “ my father sent to the Court of Rome, and “ there after long suite, with great coste and

charge, obteigned a license and dispensation,

that I being the one brother's wyfe and para“ venture carnally knowen, might, without scru. “ pul of conscience, marry with the other law, “ fully, which lycence under lead I have yet to « shew; which thinges make me to say, and

surely believe, that oure marriage was bothe “ lawful, good, and godlie. But of thys trouble “ I onley may thanke you, my Lorde Cardinal “ of Yorke ; for because I have wondered at “ your hygh pryde and vain-glory, and abhorre “ your volupteous lyfe and abominable lechery, 66 and little regard your presumpteous power and 66 tyranny, therefore of malice you have kindled • thys fyre, and set thys matter abroche; and “ in especial for the great malice that you bear so to my nephew the Emperour, whom I know “ you hate worse than a scorpion, because he so would not satisfie your ambition, and make

you Pope by force, and therefore you have “ fayed more than once, that you would trouble “ hym and hys frendes; and you have kept “ hym tru promyse, for of al hys warres and « vexacions he only may thanke you; and as “ for me, hys poor aunte and kynswoman, what

“ trouble

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" trouble you put me to by this new found “ doubt, God knoweth, to whom I commyt my 6c cause according to the truth.”

Hollinshed thus describes her last illness and death.

1536. « The Princess Dowager lieng at “ Kimbolton fell into her last sicknesse; whereof “ the King being advertised, appointed the Em“ perour's Ambassadour that was Leger here with “ him, named Eustachius Capucius, to go to “ visit her, and to doe his commendations to 6 her, and will her to be of good comforte. The “ Ambassadour with all diligence did his duty. " therein, comforting her the best he might; but • shee within fixe days after, perceiving herself s to waxe verie weake and feeble, and to feele “ death approaching at hande, caused one of her « gentlewomen to write a letter to the King, 66.commending to him her daughter and his, and " beseeching him to stande goodfather unto her; os and farther desired him to have some considerc ation of her gentlewomen that had served her, 66 and to see them bestowed in marriage. Fur“ ther, that it would please him to appoint that - her servants might have their due wages and “ a year's wages besides.

“ This in effect was all she requested; and so “ immediately hereupon she departed this life the

“ 8th of Januarie, at Kimbolton aforesaid, and " was buried at Peterborrowe.”

Lord Herbert, from Polydore Vergil, says, that Queen Katharine, falling into her last sick. ness at Kimbolton in Huntingdonshire, in the fiftieth year of her age, and finding her death approaching, caused a maid attending upon her to write to the King to this effect:


HUSBAND, “ The hour of my death now approaching, I • cannot choose but, out of the love I beare you, ss to advise you of your soule's health, which you " ought to prefer before all considerations of the “ world or flesh whatsoever ; for which yet you “ have cast me into many calamities, and your56 self into many troubles. But I forgive you 6 all, and pray God to do foe likewise. For 66 the rest, I commend unto you Mary our “ daughter, beseeching you to be a good father « to her, as I have heretofore desired. I must “ entreat you also to respect my maids, and give " them in marriage (which is not much, they “ being but three); and to all my other servants “ a year's pay, besides their due, lest otherwise - they should be unprovided for. Lastly, I « make this vow, that mine eyes desire you 66 above all things. Farewell.”

VOL. 1,

ANNE BOLEYN. This unfortunate Queen of Henry the Eighth is thus described by Lord Herbert, from a relation “ taken out (he says) of a MS. of one “ Master Cavendish, Gentleman Ulher to Car“ dinal Wolsey.”

« Anne Boleyn was descended, on the father's “ fide, from one of the heirs of the Earles of “ Ormonde, and on the mother's from a daugh« ter of the House of Norfolke; of that singular “ beautie and towardnesse, that her parents took 6 all care possible for her good education. “ Therefore, besides the ordinary parts of vir6 tuous instructions, wherewith shee was libe“ rally brought up, they gave her teachers in “ playing on musical instruments, singing, and “ dancing; insomuch, that when she composed 66 her hands to play and voice to fing, it was 66 joined with that sweetnesse of countenance " that three harmonies concurred. Likewise, 66 when she danced, her rare proportions varied - themselves into all the graces that belong “ either to rest or motion.”

The following original Letter is in the British Museum, and shews of what consequence Anne Boleyn thought Archbishop, Cranmer's inter


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